digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Merikare (also Merykare and Merykara) was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 10th Dynasty lived towards the end of the First Intermediate Period. His name can't be recognized in the Turin King List; also his dates are uncertain.

Reign[edit]

According to many scholars, he ruled at the end of the 10th Dynasty[4][5][6][2][7] following his father's long reign in his middle-age. The identity of his predecessor (the so-called "Khety III" who was the purported author of the Teaching for King Merikare) is still a question of debate among Egyptologists. Some scholars tends to identify Merikare's predecessor with Wahkare Khety.[8][6][7] These sebayt ("teachings", in ancient Egyptian) – possibly composed under the reign of Merikare himself and fictitiously attributed to his father – are a collection of precepts for good governance. The text also mentions the eastern borders, recently secured but still in need of the king's attention.[9] In the text, Merikare's unnamed father mentions having sacked Thinis, but he advises Merikare to deal more leniently with the troublesome Upper Egyptian realms.[8]

Once coronated, around 2075 BCE,[10] Merikare wisely resigned himself to the existence of two separate kingdoms (the Herakleopolite and the Theban ones) and tried to maintain the policy of peaceful coexistence achieved by his father.[8] It seems that the period of peace brought a certain amount of prosperity to Merikare's realm.[7] Some time later, the pharaoh himself was forced to sail up the Nile with his court on a great fleet. Once he reached Asyut, the king installed the loyalist nomarch Khety II, who succeeded his deceased father Tefibi.[8] After this installation, Merikare advanced farther upstream to the town of Shashotep, likely to quell a revolt, and at the same time as a show of force to the turbulent southern border areas.[11]

Merikare died in c. 2040 BCE, few months before the fall of Herakleopolis. Thus, the final defeat by the hand of the Thebans, led by Mentuhotep II of the 11th Dynasty, was likely inflicted upon an ephemeral, unnamed successor.[1]

Burial[edit]

Main article: Pyramid of Merikare
Stele of Anpuemhat, attesting the funerary cult of Merikare in Saqqara during the 12th Dynasty.

Many sources suggest that Merikare was buried in a yet-undiscovered pyramid in Saqqara, called Flourishing are the Abodes of Merikare, that had to be near to the pyramid of Teti of the 6th Dynasty.[1] The titles of the officials involved in its construction are documented, as his funerary cult endured into the 12th Dynasty; in fact, Merikare's cartouche appears on the stelae of at least four priests who were responsible for the funerary cult of Teti and Merikare during the Middle Kingdom.[12]

Attestations[edit]

Merikare is possibly the most attested among the Herakleopolite rulers. His name appears on:

  • the Teaching for King Merikare;
  • a wooden scribe palette belonged to the chancellor Orkaukhety, found in a tomb near Asyut (along with a brazier dedicated to Meryibre Khety) and now at the Louvre;[4]
  • the inscriptions from the tomb of the nomarch Khety II, in Asyut;[4]
  • nine steles attesting the existence of his pyramid and his funerary cult in Saqqara.[3]

Hypothesis of an earlier reign[edit]

In 2003 the Egyptologist Arkadi F. Demidchik suggested that Merikare's placement within the dynasty should be reconsidered. According to him, if Merikare reigned during the campaign led by Mentuhotep II then the former's pyramid and its cult couldn't have survived the Theban conquest; again, Merikare likely would not be able to obtain granite from the South as mentioned in the Teachings. Demidchik also argued that the battles for Thinis mentioned by Tefibi and Merikare were the same fought – in the opposite front – by the Theban ruler Wahankh Intef II, thus suggesting that Merikare's reign should be placed some decades earlier than usually thought, when the 10th Dynasty's power was at its peak.[3]

Sayings[edit]

"The Pharaonic institution is the perfect way to govern."

"He who rules over the Two Lands is a wise man.
As Master of the nobility, Pharaoh cannot be an ignorant man.
He was already wise at his mother's breast,
Since God has chosen him from millions of men."

"The companions of Pharaoh are the Gods."

"Pharaoh is he who increases wealth and knows how to give.
Pharaoh is the lord of joy.
He who rebels against him would pull down Heaven."[13]

References[edit]

  • Wolfgang Kosack: Berliner Hefte zur ägyptischen Literatur 1 - 12: Teil I. 1 - 6/ Teil II. 7 - 12 (2 Bände). Paralleltexte in Hieroglyphen mit Einführungen und Übersetzung. Heft 8: Die Lehre für König Merikarê. Verlag Christoph Brunner, Basel 2015. ISBN 978-3-906206-11-0.
  1. ^ a b c William C. Hayes, in The Cambridge Ancient History, vol 1, part 2, 1971 (2008), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-077915, pp. 467–78.
  2. ^ a b Jürgen von Beckerath, Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, 2nd edition, Mainz, 1999, p. 74.
  3. ^ a b c Arkadi F. Demidchik (2003), "The reign of Merikare Khety", Göttinger Miszellen 192, pp. 25–36.
  4. ^ a b c Flinders Petrie, A History of Egypt, from the Earliest Times to the XVIth Dynasty (1897), pp. 115-16.
  5. ^ William C. Hayes, op. cit. p. 996.
  6. ^ a b Nicolas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt, Oxford, Blackwell Books, 1992, pp. 141–45.
  7. ^ a b c Michael Rice, Who is who in Ancient Egypt, 1999 (2004), Routledge, London, ISBN 0-203-44328-4, p. 113.
  8. ^ a b c d William C. Hayes, op. cit. p. 466–67.
  9. ^ William C. Hayes, op. cit. p. 237.
  10. ^ Miriam Lichtheim, Ancient Egyptian Literature, vol. 2. pp. 97-109. University of California Press 1980, ISBN 0-520-02899-6, p. 97.
  11. ^ Alan Gardiner, Egypt of the Pharaohs. An introduction, Oxford University Press, 1961, p. 113.
  12. ^ James Edward Quibell, Excavations at Saqqara (1905-1906), Le Caire, Impr. de l'Institut français d'archéologie orientale (1907), p. 20 ff; pl. XIII, XV.
  13. ^ Per Ankh, The House of Life website

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merikare — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
77 videos foundNext > 

allah meri kare manzoor

i love you songs.

Exploring Ancient Literature: Egypt's "wisdom books"

We discuss Egyptian instructions, lamentations, dialogues, etc, including Hardedef, Ptahhotep, Kagemni, Ammunakhte, Amenemope, Onchsheshonqy, Teaching for King Merikare, Teaching of King ...

Proverbs 7,8 & 9

Proverbs 7,8 & 9 Vanity of Vanities: Whether or not Solomonic authorship is accepted, one can agree that the background of Proverbs seems to be the royal court at Jerusalem. Although wisdom...

Proverbs 16, 17 & 18

Proverbs 16, 17 & 18 Vanity of Vanities: Whether or not Solomonic authorship is accepted, one can agree that the background of Proverbs seems to be the royal court at Jerusalem. Although wisdom...

Proverbs 14 & 15

Proverbs 14 & 15 Vanity of Vanities: Whether or not Solomonic authorship is accepted, one can agree that the background of Proverbs seems to be the royal court at Jerusalem. Although wisdom...

Vanity of Vanities: Proverbs 1

Vanity of Vanities: Whether or not Solomonic authorship is accepted, one can agree that the background of Proverbs seems to be the royal court at Jerusalem. Although wisdom lit. in the ancient...

Proverbs 10 & 11

Proverbs 10 & 11 Vanity of Vanities: Whether or not Solomonic authorship is accepted, one can agree that the background of Proverbs seems to be the royal court at Jerusalem. Although wisdom...

Vanity Vanity: Proverbs 3 & 4

Vanity Vanity: Proverbs 3 & 4 Vanity of Vanities: Whether or not Solomonic authorship is accepted, one can agree that the background of Proverbs seems to be the royal court at Jerusalem. Although...

Proverbs 19 & 20

Proverbs 19 & 20 Vanity of Vanities: Whether or not Solomonic authorship is accepted, one can agree that the background of Proverbs seems to be the royal court at Jerusalem. Although wisdom...

Vanity Vanity: Proverbs 5 & 6

Vanity Vanity: Proverbs 5 & 6 Vanity of Vanities: Whether or not Solomonic authorship is accepted, one can agree that the background of Proverbs seems to be the royal court at Jerusalem. Although...

77 videos foundNext > 

12 news items

spyghana.com

spyghana.com
Mon, 17 Nov 2014 16:56:15 -0800

When you say “A dead God” and “A living God” what do you have in mind? Obviously, from the Nigerian Christians' periscope, they refer “A Dead God” to represent the numerous Gods that Africa has and use “A living God” to quantify the God that is called ...

Haaretz

Haaretz
Sun, 20 Oct 2013 08:35:32 -0700

Perhaps there was nothing much to redistribute, as indicated by ancient Egyptian Middle Kingdom instructions to King Merikare, which portrayed the Levant as a place plagued by subsistence difficulties, endemic war, and a lack of rulership. But there ...
 
Huffington Post
Fri, 31 May 2013 06:07:30 -0700

"We have to be darn careful not to put any children into the juvenile-justice system who don't need intensive rehabilitation." Those were the words spoken by Bill Sublette, chairman of the Florida Orange County School Board and a former state legislator.
 
Florida Times-Union
Fri, 07 Jun 2013 12:43:08 -0700

Shaheim Hasaan Lomax was convicted Thursday for the second-degree murder of Spencer Eugene Winkfield, 20. He faces up to life in prison when Circuit Judge Mallory Cooper sentences him the week of July 15. Winkfield was shot in the foot and stomach ...
 
Modern Ghana
Mon, 20 Sep 2010 00:06:14 -0700

This philosophy changes in the First Intermediate Period to concentrate more on how to deal effectively with Ma'at in obtaining a desired after-life as shown in The Teaching for King Merikare. Through The Tale of the Eloquent Peasant, we observe a text ...

Affaritaliani.it

Affaritaliani.it
Wed, 10 Sep 2014 06:43:13 -0700

I Filosofi africani (egiziani) antichi sono: Imhotep (2700 a.C.), Akhenaten, Ptahhotep (2414 a.C.), Kagemni (2300 a.C.), Merikare (1990 a.C?), Duauf, Amenemope (980 a.C.), Sohotepibre (1991 a.C.), Amenemhat (1991 a.C.), Amenhotep, figlio di Hapu, ...

SDP Noticias

SDP Noticias
Wed, 02 Apr 2014 20:22:30 -0700

El entonces "vanguardista" sistema egipcio, también permitía que cualquier buen profesionista pudiera ir subiendo de puesto, incluso hasta llegar a ser personal de confianza del faraón, sin importar su origen humilde. De hecho el padre de Merikare ...
 
Periodista Digital
Wed, 16 Jan 2013 00:48:45 -0800

Los afectos de Dios en la tradición mesopotámica, por D. José Antonio Castro Lodeiro. - Dios silente en las lamentaciones bíblicas y mesopotámicas, por D. José Sánchez Abarrio. - La imagen de Dios en Egipto y en la Biblia: la instrucciones de Merikare.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight