digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

The term Melkite, also written Melchite, refers to various Byzantine Rite Christian churches and their members originating in the Middle East. The word comes from the Syriac word malkoyo (ܡܠܟܝܐ‎), and the Arabic word Malakī (Arabic: ملكي‎, meaning "royal", and by extension, "imperial").[1] When used in an ecclesiastical sense, it refers specifically to the Eastern Rite Catholic Patriarchate of Antioch.[2]

Melkites view themselves as the first Christian community, dating the Melkite Church back to the time of the Apostles.[3] This first community is said to have been a mixed one made up of individuals who were originally Greek, Roman, Syriac, and Jewish. After the Islamic conquests of the Levant in the 7th century, the Melkite community started incorporating Arabic language in the liturgical traditions as the Middle East became gradually Arabized.[3]

Melchite Hirmologion written in Syriac Sertâ book script (11th century, Saint Catherine's Monastery, Mount Sinai.

The term Melkite was originally used as a pejorative term after the acrimonious division that occurred in Eastern Christianity after the Council of Chalcedon (451). It was used by non-Chalcedonians to refer to those who backed the council and the Byzantine Emperor (malko and its cognates are Semitic words for "king"). "It was only towards the end of the fifth century that it took the name of Melkite".[4] The Melkites were generally Greek-speaking city-dwellers living in the west of the Levant and in Egypt, as opposed to the more provincial Syriac- and Coptic-speaking non-Chalcedonians. The Melkite Church was organised into three historic patriarchatesAlexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem — in union with the Patriarch of Constantinople. After the Council of Chalcedon, over the ensuing centuries those Churches which rejected this council recognised different patriarchs in Alexandria (Coptic Orthodox Church) and Antioch (Syriac Orthodox Church). The Nubian kingdom of Makuria (in modern Sudan) in contrast to their Non-Chalcedonian Ethiopian Orthodox neighbours, was also Chalcedonian, from c. 575 until ca. 710 and still had a large Melkite minority until the 1400s.

From 1342, Roman Catholic clergy were based in Damascus and other areas, and worked toward a union between Rome and the Orthodox. At that time, the nature of the East-West Schism, normally dated to 1054, was undefined, and many of those who continued to worship and work within the Melkite Church became identified as a pro-Western party. In 1724, Cyril VI (Seraphim Tanas) was elected in Damascus by the Synod as Patriarch of Antioch. Considering this to be a Catholic takeover attempt, Jeremias III of Constantinople imposed a deacon, the Greek monk Sylvester to rule the patriarchate instead of Cyril. After being ordained a priest, then bishop he was given Turkish protection to overthrow Cyril. Sylvester's heavy-handed leadership of the church encouraged many to re-examine the validity of Cyril's claim to the patriarchal throne.

The newly elected Pope Benedict XIII (1724–1730) also recognised the legitimacy of Cyril's claim and recognized him and his followers as being in communion with Rome. From that point onwards, the Melkite Church was divided between the Greek Orthodox (Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch), who continued to be appointed by the authority of the Patriarch of Constantinople until the late nineteenth century, and the Greek Catholics (Melkite Greek Catholic Church), who recognize the authority of the Pope of Rome. However, it is now only the Catholic group who continue to use the title Melkite; thus, in modern usage, the term applies almost exclusively to the Arabic-speaking Greek Catholics from the Middle East.

Some typically Grecian "Ancient Synagogal" priestly rites and hymns have survived partially to the present, notably in the distinct church services of the Melkite and Greek Orthodox communities of the Hatay Province of Southern Turkey, Syria and Lebanon. Members of theses communities still call themselves Rûm which literally means "Roman" or "Asian Greek" in Arabic (that is, those of the (Eastern) Roman Empire, what English speakers often call "Byzantine"). The term "Rûm" is used in preference to "Ionani" or "Yāvāni" which means "European-Greek" or Ionian in Classical Arabic and Biblical Hebrew.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dick (2004), p. 9
  2. ^ Sebastian P. Brock (2006). An introduction to Syriac studies (2, revised, illustrated ed.). Gorgias Press LLC. ISBN 9781593333492. 
  3. ^ a b David Little, Tanenbaum Center for Interreligious Understanding. Peacemakers in action: profiles of religion in conflict resolution (illustrated ed.). Cambridge University Press, 2007. ISBN 9780521853583. 
  4. ^ History of the Melkite Church from its Origins to the Present Day, by Mgr. Joseph Nasrallah, Melkite Exarque in Paris. http://phoenicia.org/melkites.html

References[edit]

  • Dick, Iganatios (2004). Melkites: Greek Orthodox and Greek Catholics of the Patriarchates of Antioch, Alexandria and Jerusalem. Boston: Sophia Press. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melkite — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
6923 videos foundNext > 

The Melkite, or Greek Catholic, Church in the Holy Land

The Melkite, or Greek Catholic Church, is a church of Byzantine tradition in full communion with the Roman Catholic Church.

Melkite Patriarch Gregorios Divine Liturgy in Rome

Patriarch Gregorios celebrates Divine Liturgy with the Melkite Synod of Bishops in the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls in Rome for the Year of St. Pau...

Melkite/Orthodox Baptismal Hymn

Another clip from Easter Byzantine chant sung in Arabic and Greek along with iconography. The music is from a recording of Catholic and Orthodox cantors. (Co...

Bishop Ibrahim Farewell Liturgy القداس الوداعي

Bishop Ibrahim's farewell Liturgy at St. Elias Church in Cleveland, Ohio 21 September, 2003 القداس الوداعي للمطران ابراهيم ابراهيم في كنيسة مار الياس في كليف...

Divine Liturgy (Melkite rite) at St. Albery the Great Priory, Part 1

February 8, 2014 St. Albert Priory, Oakland, CA Celebrant: Fr. Brendan McAnerney, O.P., Pastor of St. George Melkite-Greek Catholic Church, Sacramento, CA ht...

Melkite Liturgy at Radio Canada-part6

Divine Liturgy for Church Unity on January, 27, 2008 transmited by Radio Canada in the program "Jour Du Seigneur"="Day of the Lord" at St Sauveur Cathedral-M...

Melkite Convention 2014

Hosted by St. John the Baptist Byzantine Catholic Church.

Greek Melkite Catholic chant / Christ is risen

Ressurection hymn from www.melkite.com the video shows byzantine icons. the chant belongs to a Greek Melkite Catholic choir, USA.

Melkite Chant

A traditional chant performed at the start of the Holy Communion throughout Middle Eastern churches following the Byzantinian Rite liturgy. This piece is sun...

'FOR GOD IS WITH US' - لان الله معنا - Melkite Protopsalt Fouad Harraka

Hymn from the Melkite Great Compline Service, chanted during Great and Holy Lent.

6923 videos foundNext > 

154 news items

Georgia Bulletin

Georgia Bulletin
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 14:22:17 -0700

As the spiritual leader of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church in the United States presented him with the clothing of a deacon, the crowd in the church shouted in Arabic, Greek, and English, “He is worthy!” Deacon Hanna replaced his white garments with ...
 
The Plain Dealer - cleveland.com
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 06:29:06 -0700

BROOKLYN, Ohio – Residents know St. Elias Melkite Catholic Church as the edifice that dominates the area just west of City Hall. The church was built in 1964, and that's when the parishioners held the first St. Elias Labor Day Festival. This year's ...

Gospel Herald

New York Times (blog)
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 09:45:48 -0700

The first defense is that the conference in question included some attendees who have had dialogue with Hezbollah, some who have sided with the Assad regime in Syria's civil war, and one (the Patriarch of Antioch, the leader of the Melkite Greek ...

Pittsburgh Post Gazette

Pittsburgh Post Gazette
Sat, 13 Sep 2014 21:04:10 -0700

And as the night moved on, more services were planned using the robust Byzantine and Ukrainian liturgies of Slavic origin and the Melkite, Maronite and Syrian rites of the Middle East. The services were scheduled to conclude at 10:30 this morning with ...

FrontPage Magazine

FrontPage Magazine
Sun, 14 Sep 2014 21:21:54 -0700

Gregorios III Laham, the Melkite Greek Catholic Patriarch of Antioch urged people to walk out. Undeterred, Cruz continued to respond with “Let me say this: those who hate Israel hate America, and those who hate Jews hate Christians.” Boos enveloped the ...

Breitbart News

Breitbart News
Thu, 11 Sep 2014 20:00:00 -0700

The leaders attending the meeting with Obama were Maronite Patriarch Mar Bechara Boutros Cardinal Raï; Melkite Greek Catholic Patriarch Gregorius III Laham; Syriac Orthodox Patriarch Mor Ignatius Aphrem II; Syriac Catholic Patriarch Ignatius Youssef ...

Washington Times

Washington Times
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 08:47:47 -0700

The summit was attended by religious leaders from various churches in the Middle East – Coptic, Orthodox, Chaldean, Maronite, and Melkite among them. It was the first gathering of Eastern Catholic patriarchs in the U.S., and the purpose was to bring ...
 
Virginia Connection Newspapers
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 13:44:58 -0700

Father Joseph Francavilla and Middle Eastern Food Festival “sweets” chair Samira Bailey, of Holy Transfiguration Melkite Greek-Catholic Church in McLean, are ready for the church's 21st Annual Middle Eastern Food Festival on Labor Day weekend.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Melkite

You can talk about Melkite with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!