digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

The term Melkite, also written Melchite, refers to various Byzantine Rite Christian churches and their members originating in the Middle East. The word comes from the Syriac word malkoyo (ܡܠܟܝܐ‎), and the Arabic word Malakī (Arabic: ملكي‎, meaning "royal", and by extension, "imperial").[1] When used in an ecclesiastical sense, it refers specifically to the Eastern Rite Catholic Patriarchate of Antioch.[2]

Melkites view themselves as the first Christian community, dating the Melkite Church back to the time of the Apostles.[3] This first community is said to have been a mixed one made up of individuals who were originally Greek, Roman, Syriac, and Jewish. After the Islamic conquests of the Levant in the 7th century, the Melkite community started incorporating Arabic language in the liturgical traditions as the Middle East became gradually Arabized.[3]

Melchite Hirmologion written in Syriac Sertâ book script (11th century, Saint Catherine's Monastery, Mount Sinai.

The term Melkite was originally used as a pejorative term after the acrimonious division that occurred in Eastern Christianity after the Council of Chalcedon (451). It was used by non-Chalcedonians to refer to those who backed the council and the Byzantine Emperor (malko and its cognates are Semitic words for "king"). "It was only towards the end of the fifth century that it took the name of Melkite".[4] The Melkites were generally Greek-speaking city-dwellers living in the west of the Levant and in Egypt, as opposed to the more provincial Syriac- and Coptic-speaking non-Chalcedonians. The Melkite Church was organised into three historic patriarchatesAlexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem — in union with the Patriarch of Constantinople. After the Council of Chalcedon, over the ensuing centuries those Churches which rejected this council recognised different patriarchs in Alexandria (Coptic Orthodox Church) and Antioch (Syriac Orthodox Church). The Nubian kingdom of Makuria (in modern Sudan) in contrast to their Non-Chalcedonian Ethiopian Orthodox neighbours, was also Chalcedonian, from c. 575 until ca. 710 and still had a large Melkite minority until the 1400s.

From 1342, Roman Catholic clergy were based in Damascus and other areas, and worked toward a union between Rome and the Orthodox. At that time, the nature of the East-West Schism, normally dated to 1054, was undefined, and many of those who continued to worship and work within the Melkite Church became identified as a pro-Western party. In 1724, Cyril VI (Seraphim Tanas) was elected in Damascus by the Synod as Patriarch of Antioch. Considering this to be a Catholic takeover attempt, Jeremias III of Constantinople imposed a deacon, the Greek monk Sylvester to rule the patriarchate instead of Cyril. After being ordained a priest, then bishop he was given Turkish protection to overthrow Cyril. Sylvester's heavy-handed leadership of the church encouraged many to re-examine the validity of Cyril's claim to the patriarchal throne.

The newly elected Pope Benedict XIII (1724–1730) also recognised the legitimacy of Cyril's claim and recognized him and his followers as being in communion with Rome. From that point onwards, the Melkite Church was divided between the Greek Orthodox (Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch), who continued to be appointed by the authority of the Patriarch of Constantinople until the late nineteenth century, and the Greek Catholics (Melkite Greek Catholic Church), who recognize the authority of the Pope of Rome. However, it is now only the Catholic group who continue to use the title Melkite; thus, in modern usage, the term applies almost exclusively to the Arabic-speaking Greek Catholics from the Middle East.

Some typically Grecian "Ancient Synagogal" priestly rites and hymns have survived partially to the present, notably in the distinct church services of the Melkite and Greek Orthodox communities of the Hatay Province of Southern Turkey, Syria and Lebanon. Members of theses communities still call themselves Rûm which literally means "Roman" or "Asian Greek" in Arabic (that is, those of the (Eastern) Roman Empire, what English speakers often call "Byzantine"). The term "Rûm" is used in preference to "Ionani" or "Yāvāni" which means "European-Greek" or Ionian in Classical Arabic and Biblical Hebrew.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dick (2004), p. 9
  2. ^ Sebastian P. Brock (2006). An introduction to Syriac studies (2, revised, illustrated ed.). Gorgias Press LLC. ISBN 9781593333492. 
  3. ^ a b David Little, Tanenbaum Center for Interreligious Understanding. Peacemakers in action: profiles of religion in conflict resolution (illustrated ed.). Cambridge University Press, 2007. ISBN 9780521853583. 
  4. ^ History of the Melkite Church from its Origins to the Present Day, by Mgr. Joseph Nasrallah, Melkite Exarque in Paris. http://phoenicia.org/melkites.html

References[edit]

  • Dick, Iganatios (2004). Melkites: Greek Orthodox and Greek Catholics of the Patriarchates of Antioch, Alexandria and Jerusalem. Boston: Sophia Press. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melkite — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
6901 videos foundNext > 

The Melkite, or Greek Catholic, Church in the Holy Land

The Melkite, or Greek Catholic Church, is a church of Byzantine tradition in full communion with the Roman Catholic Church.

Melkite Patriarch Gregorios Divine Liturgy in Rome

Patriarch Gregorios celebrates Divine Liturgy with the Melkite Synod of Bishops in the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls in Rome for the Year of St. Pau...

Melkite/Orthodox Baptismal Hymn

Another clip from Easter Byzantine chant sung in Arabic and Greek along with iconography. The music is from a recording of Catholic and Orthodox cantors. (Co...

Divine Liturgy (Melkite rite) at St. Albery the Great Priory, Part 1

February 8, 2014 St. Albert Priory, Oakland, CA Celebrant: Fr. Brendan McAnerney, O.P., Pastor of St. George Melkite-Greek Catholic Church, Sacramento, CA ht...

Bishop Ibrahim Farewell Liturgy القداس الوداعي

Bishop Ibrahim's farewell Liturgy at St. Elias Church in Cleveland, Ohio 21 September, 2003 القداس الوداعي للمطران ابراهيم ابراهيم في كنيسة مار الياس في كليف...

Melkite Liturgy at Radio Canada-part6

Divine Liturgy for Church Unity on January, 27, 2008 transmited by Radio Canada in the program "Jour Du Seigneur"="Day of the Lord" at St Sauveur Cathedral-M...

Greek Melkite Catholic chant / Christ is risen

Ressurection hymn from www.melkite.com the video shows byzantine icons. the chant belongs to a Greek Melkite Catholic choir, USA.

Melkite Convention 2014

Hosted by St. John the Baptist Byzantine Catholic Church.

Melkite Chant

A traditional chant performed at the start of the Holy Communion throughout Middle Eastern churches following the Byzantinian Rite liturgy. This piece is sun...

Worship at Greek Catholic Patriarchate (Melkite) church in Jerusalem

Sunday, May 11, our group (a Virginia Mennonite Missions work group) walked through the Old City of Jerusalem to the Greek Catholic (Melkite) church near Jaf...

6901 videos foundNext > 

102 news items

 
Catholic Culture
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 12:31:48 -0700

Patriarch Gregory III Laham of Antioch, the leader of the world's Melkite Catholics, has issued an appeal to the Arab world to unite against Islamic extremism. The Melkite prelate called upon "Arab brothers to come together to save Islam and Muslims ...

The Economist (blog)

The Economist (blog)
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 16:57:52 -0700

Also significant are the Melkite Greek Catholics, who accept both Chalcedon and (as of the 1700s) the authority of Rome; and the Syrian Orthodox, who reject Chalcedon and insist on the single, divine nature of Christ. The main Armenian church, present ...

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 23:36:31 -0700

The delegation, which includes Greek Melkite Patriarch Gregory III Laham, Syriac Catholic Patriarch Joseph Younan and Syriac Orthodox Patriarch Ignatius Ephrem, left the airport directly for the Chaldean Catholic Church, which is housing Christian ...
 
Telegraph.co.uk
Sat, 16 Aug 2014 02:33:45 -0700

Speaking at a news conference in Damascus, Gregory III Laham, the Greek Melkite Patriarch of Antioch and all the East, said that the heads of Eastern churches had met in Lebanon earlier this month to see how they could "play a real role in this very ...
 
Politics.hu
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 08:38:47 -0700

Bertalan Havasi said the performance held in the Saint Stephen Basilica on Monday was attended by Joseph Zerey, archbishop of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church, Bishop Melki Murad of the Syriac Orthodox Church, Bishop Pierre Melki of the Syriac ...

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 14:08:45 -0700

She moved to Syria in 1993 in order to help restore the Monastery of Saint James the Mutilated, an ancient Greek-Melkite convent in Qalamoun, where she now serves as Mother Superior. By her own account, Agnes became involved with the refugees on the ...
 
Over the Mountain Journal
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 12:27:46 -0700

A food festival that drew some 200 people in its first year now attracts more than 8,500. Saint George Melkite Catholic Church started its Middle Eastern Food Festival 33 years ago. This year's event is set for Sept. 18,19 and 20 at the church, 425 ...
 
NewHampshire.com
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 17:35:22 -0700

The Mahrajan Festival, a celebration of Middle Eastern culture, will take place at Our Lady of the Cedars Melkite Catholic Church, 140 Mitchell St., from 5 to 10 p.m. Friday, noon to 10 p.m. Saturday and noon to 6 p.m. Sunday. Traditional Lebanese food ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Melkite

You can talk about Melkite with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!