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Meiktila
မိတ္ထီလာမြို့
Skyline of Meiktila
Meiktila is located in Burma
Meiktila
Meiktila
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 20°53′0″N 95°53′0″E / 20.88333°N 95.88333°E / 20.88333; 95.88333
Country  Burma
Division Mandalay
District Meiktila District
Township Meiktila Township
Population (2005)
 • Ethnicities Bamar, Karen, Shan
 • Religions Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Meiktila (Burmese: မိတ္ထီလာမြို့; MLCTS: mik thi la mrui.; Burmese pronunciation: [meɪʔtʰìlà mjo̰]) is a city in central Myanmar, located on the banks of Lake Meiktila in Mandalay Division, at the junctions of the Bagan-Taunggyi, Yangon-Mandalay and Meiktila-Myingyan highways. Because of its strategic position, Meiktila is home to Myanmar Air Force's central command and Meiktila Air Force Base.[1] The country's main aerospace engineering university, Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University is also located in Meiktila.

History[edit]

A Burmese family living in a dug-out share tea with a British soldier in Meiktila, 10 March 1945.

The name Meiktila comes from Mithila, the name of an Indian kingdom in India.

The history of Meiktila is closely tied to that of central Myanmar's dry zone, home of the Bamar (Burmans). The region had been part of various Burman kingdoms at least from 11th century CE to 19th century CE before the British took over all of Upper Myanmar in 1885.

Meiktila was the site of the 1945 battle of Meiktila, in which the Allies forces under William Slim defeated the Japanese forces. Soon after Myanmar's independence from Britain in 1948, Meiktila briefly fell under the insurgent Karen forces.

On March 22, 2013, a state of emergency was imposed in the town after dozens of people were killed and more than 12,000 were forced from their homes, the overwhelming majority of whom were Muslims, due to Buddhist mob violence.[2][3] This violence later spread to other places in Burma such as Okpho and Gyobingauk Township.[4]

Geography[edit]

Meiktila district is the most easterly of the districts in Myanmar's central dry zone. It lies between Wundwin, Myingyan, Yamethin, and touches Shan State on the east. The chief feature of the region Lake Meiktila, an artificial irrigation and water reservoir, 7 miles (11 km) long, 0.5 miles (0.80 km) wide.[5] Mondai dam supplies water to the lake.

Climate[edit]

Meiktila has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, and the months before the monsoon (March to May) are especially hot, with average maxima around 36 °C (97 °F). There is a winter dry season (November–April) and a summer wet season (May–October).

Climate data for Meiktila
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
32.4
(90.3)
36.1
(97)
38.1
(100.6)
36.0
(96.8)
32.7
(90.9)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
32.6
(90.7)
31.9
(89.4)
29.9
(85.8)
28.3
(82.9)
32.62
(90.71)
Average low °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
16.2
(61.2)
20.8
(69.4)
24.5
(76.1)
25.0
(77)
24.4
(75.9)
24.0
(75.2)
24.0
(75.2)
24.5
(76.1)
23.1
(73.6)
19.7
(67.5)
15.6
(60.1)
21.35
(70.43)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
1
(0.04)
2
(0.08)
27
(1.06)
131
(5.16)
101
(3.98)
79
(3.11)
108
(4.25)
148
(5.83)
158
(6.22)
35
(1.38)
11
(0.43)
806
(31.74)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [6]

Culture[edit]

The city's well-known pagodas are Shwemyintin, Shweyinmi (asa Hteethonesint), Nagayon, Yele, Sutaung Pyi and Phaungdawoo.

Education[edit]

Meiktila is home to a national university in Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University, and regional universities and colleges such as Meiktila University, Meiktila Institute of Economics, Computer University, Meiktila, Technological University, Meiktila and Meiktila Education College.

Of the city's six public Basic Education High Schools, BEHS 1 Meiktila or Royal High School is considered the most selective.[citation needed]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 20°53′N 95°53′E / 20.883°N 95.883°E / 20.883; 95.883


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meiktila — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
4007 videos foundNext > 

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4007 videos foundNext > 

31 news items

 
The Nation
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 05:45:00 -0700

Despite the fact many people remain in camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Meiktila following the violence there 19 months ago, local authorities will stop providing them with food next month, according to the District Administration. "We ...

Kansas City Star

Kansas City Star
Fri, 05 Sep 2014 13:30:08 -0700

Others came from the Sakya Reliquary in Tibet and Meiktila Museum in Burma. The collection has grown to 3,000 items, involving 40 Buddhist masters from around the world. The display cases encircle a life-size, golden statue of the Maitreya Buddha, who ...
 
Devex
Tue, 09 Sep 2014 04:03:45 -0700

Men in uniform carrying weapons patrol Meiktila, Myanmar where Buddhists and Muslims clashed in March 2013. A new legislation would condition U.S. security assistance funds to the Asian country to its human rights and pro-democracy efforts. Photo by: ...

The Irrawaddy News Magazine

Reuters Africa
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 05:56:15 -0700

Under an agreement between U.S.-based ACO Investment Group and the Ministry of Electric Power, two 150-megawatt solar plants are due to be built by 2016, most likely in the Myingyan and Meiktila districts. ACO Investment Managing Director Hari ...
 
The Interpreter
Thu, 04 Sep 2014 17:00:00 -0700

Since then, over 140,000 Muslims, known as Rohingya, have fled to internally displaced people (IDP) camps in western Rakhine state and central Meiktila. The al Qaeda video appears designed to attract recruits from disenfranchised Muslims on the ...
 
Law360 (subscription)
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 15:25:49 -0700

Law360, New York (August 29, 2014, 6:15 PM ET) -- New York-based private equity firm ACO Investment Group will partner with Myanmar to develop an approximately $480 million solar energy project in the Southeast Asian nation, U.S. Trade Representative ...
 
Mizzima News
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 03:50:50 -0700

An agreement to build Myanmar's first solar energy project at an estimated cost of about US$480 million has been signed by United-States based ACO Investment Group and the Ministry of Electric Power, US Trade Representative Michael Froman said in a ...
 
The Nation
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 04:37:30 -0700

Myanmar's opposition National League for Democracy (NLD) has worked hard to clear the way for its leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, to become her country's next president. But for all its troubles including the signature campaign, the NLD is unlikely to succeed.
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