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Meiktila
မိတ္ထီလာမြို့
Skyline of Meiktila
Meiktila is located in Myanmar
Meiktila
Meiktila
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 20°53′0″N 95°53′0″E / 20.88333°N 95.88333°E / 20.88333; 95.88333
Country  Burma
Division Mandalay
District Meiktila District
Township Meiktila Township
Population (2005)
 • Ethnicities Bamar, Karen, Shan
 • Religions Theravada Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Meiktila (Burmese: မိတ္ထီလာမြို့; MLCTS: mit thi la mrui.; Burmese pronunciation: [meɪʔtʰìlà mjo̰]) is a city in central Burma on the banks of Meiktila Lake in the Mandalay Region at the junctions of the Bagan-Taunggyi, Yangon-Mandalay and Meiktila-Myingyan highways. Because of its strategic position, Meiktila is home to Myanmar Air Force's central command and Meiktila Air Force Base.[1] The country's main aerospace engineering university, Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University is also located in Meiktila.

History[edit]

A Burmese family living in a dug-out share tea with a British soldier in Meiktila, 10 March 1945.

The name Meiktila comes from Mithila, the name of an Indian kingdom in India.

The history of Meiktila is closely tied to that of central Myanmar's dry zone, home of the Bamar people. The region had been part of various Bamar kingdoms at least from 11th century CE to 19th century CE before the British Empire took over all of Upper Myanmar in 1885.

Meiktila was part of the 1945 Battle of Meiktila and Mandalay, during which the Allied forces under William Slim defeated the Japanese forces. Soon after Burma's independence from Britain in 1948, Meiktila briefly fell under the insurgent Karen forces.

On 22 March 2013, a state of emergency was imposed in the town after two days of anti-Muslim riots after dozens of people were killed and more than 12,000 were forced from their homes, the overwhelming majority of whom were Muslims.[2][3] This violence later spread to other places in Burma such as Okpho and Gyobingauk Townships.[4]

Geography[edit]

Meiktila district is the most easterly of the districts in Myanmar's central dry zone. It lies between Wundwin, Myingyan, Yamethin, and touches Shan State on the east. The chief feature of the region Lake Meiktila, an artificial irrigation and water reservoir, 7 miles (11 km) long, 0.5 miles (0.80 km) wide.[5] Mondai dam supplies water to the lake.

Climate[edit]

Meiktila has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, and the months before the monsoon (March to May) are especially hot, with average maxima around 36 °C (97 °F). There is a winter dry season (November–April) and a summer wet season (May–October).

Climate data for Meiktila
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
32.4
(90.3)
36.1
(97)
38.1
(100.6)
36.0
(96.8)
32.7
(90.9)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
32.6
(90.7)
31.9
(89.4)
29.9
(85.8)
28.3
(82.9)
32.62
(90.71)
Average low °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
16.2
(61.2)
20.8
(69.4)
24.5
(76.1)
25.0
(77)
24.4
(75.9)
24.0
(75.2)
24.0
(75.2)
24.5
(76.1)
23.1
(73.6)
19.7
(67.5)
15.6
(60.1)
21.35
(70.43)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
1
(0.04)
2
(0.08)
27
(1.06)
131
(5.16)
101
(3.98)
79
(3.11)
108
(4.25)
148
(5.83)
158
(6.22)
35
(1.38)
11
(0.43)
806
(31.74)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [6]

Culture[edit]

The city's well-known pagodas are Shwemyintin, Shweyinmi (asa Hteethonesint), Nagayon, Yele, Sutaung Pyi and Phaungdawoo.

Education[edit]

Meiktila is home to a national university in Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University, and regional universities and colleges such as Meiktila University, Meiktila Institute of Economics, Computer University, Meiktila, Technological University, Meiktila and Meiktila Education College.

Of the city's six public Basic Education High Schools, BEHS 1 Meiktila or Royal High School is considered the most selective.[citation needed] No (4), Basic Education High School(Meiktila) (No.4,BEHS, Meiktila) is located at the side of highways of Meiktila- Kyaukpataung.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 20°53′N 95°53′E / 20.883°N 95.883°E / 20.883; 95.883


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meiktila — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Meiktila, Myanmar

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မ်က္ျမင္ကိုယ္ေတြ ခံစားခဲ့ရသူ တစ္ဦး.

Myanmar Police do nothing during Meiktila crisis ~ BBC Report

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Buddish Extremists killing Muslims in Meiktila,Burma (Myanmar)

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WW2: Meiktila Campaign, Mandalay, Upper Burma (February 1945)

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MEIKTILA VIOLENCE MARCH 2013

Burma Meiktila Muslim Houses and Mosque set fire by Both government Police and Buddhist Extremists 969 Wiratu Group Credit - Channel NewsAsia.

6343 videos foundNext > 

2371 news items

 
Frontier Myanmar
Wed, 20 Apr 2016 22:50:15 -0700

Muslim Muyar, left, and Buddhist Aye Kyiphyu live next to each other in Meiktila's Chan Aye Quarter, which was burnt down during the 2013 religious riots. “We are good friends, whatever happened,” Muyar said. “Both of our families tried together to ...

Eleven Myanmar

Eleven Myanmar
Sat, 30 Apr 2016 06:07:30 -0700

Our convoy was banned between Wundwin and Meiktila townships. And then the authorities pledged to settle the dispute so we returned to the office but nothing was resolved. “So we began another protest march, submitting the 161 sackings to a tribunal in ...

Voice of America

New York Times
Tue, 26 Apr 2016 01:38:02 -0700

The Myawaddy newspaper said on its Facebook page that the Bell helicopter crashed into the reservoir after taking off from Meiktila airport in central Myanmar. Meiktila is about 510 kilometers (315 miles) north of Yangon, the country's main city ...
 
Eleven Myanmar
Sat, 30 Apr 2016 06:07:30 -0700

Daytime temperatures in 11 townships recorded new highs in the last week, according to the Department of Meteorology and Hydrology. The townships were Nay Pyi Taw's Tatkon, Namhsan, Heho, Meiktila, Myingyan, Yamethin, Chauk, Magway, Aunglan, ...
 
Myanmar Times
Wed, 11 Nov 2015 19:11:15 -0800

Haunted by a legacy of communal violence after religious tensions rent through the township in 2013, voters in Meiktila have swung decisively for the ruling party. The initial results – not all yet officially confirmed by the Union Election Commission ...
 
Myanmar Times
Thu, 05 Nov 2015 17:52:30 -0800

Muslims in Meiktila, which was ravaged by communal violence in 2013, say they are afraid to vote for the opposition National League for Democracy in this weekend's election. They fear that being identified with the NLD could bring further religious ...
 
Eleven Myanmar
Fri, 11 Dec 2015 21:37:30 -0800

Professor Dr. Ko Ko Kyaw Soe Head of Meiktila University is sued by the anti-corruption committee at the Meiktila Police Station for taking a bribe of more than 10 million kyats. Investigator U Than Htun Myint from the Anti-Corruption Committee filed ...

Frontier Myanmar

Frontier Myanmar
Sat, 23 Apr 2016 19:48:45 -0700

The central Myanmar trading town of Meiktila is convulsed by violence between its Buddhist and Muslim communities after an argument in a gold shop descends into bloodshed. More than 40 people die and arson attacks leave thousands homeless.
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