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Meiktila
မိတ္ထီလာမြို့
Skyline of Meiktila
Meiktila is located in Myanmar
Meiktila
Meiktila
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 20°53′0″N 95°53′0″E / 20.88333°N 95.88333°E / 20.88333; 95.88333
Country  Burma
Division Mandalay
District Meiktila District
Township Meiktila Township
Population (2005)
 • Ethnicities Bamar, Karen, Shan
 • Religions Theravada Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Meiktila (Burmese: မိတ္ထီလာမြို့; MLCTS: mik thi la mrui.; Burmese pronunciation: [meɪʔtʰìlà mjo̰]) is a city in central Burma on the banks of Meiktila Lake in the Mandalay Region at the junctions of the Bagan-Taunggyi, Yangon-Mandalay and Meiktila-Myingyan highways. Because of its strategic position, Meiktila is home to Myanmar Air Force's central command and Meiktila Air Force Base.[1] The country's main aerospace engineering university, Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University is also located in Meiktila.

History[edit]

A Burmese family living in a dug-out share tea with a British soldier in Meiktila, 10 March 1945.

The name Meiktila comes from Mithila, the name of an Indian kingdom in India.

The history of Meiktila is closely tied to that of central Myanmar's dry zone, home of the Bamar people. The region had been part of various Bamar kingdoms at least from 11th century CE to 19th century CE before the British Empire took over all of Upper Myanmar in 1885.

Meiktila was part of the 1945 Battle of Meiktila and Mandalay, during which the Allied forces under William Slim defeated the Japanese forces. Soon after Burma's independence from Britain in 1948, Meiktila briefly fell under the insurgent Karen forces.

On 22 March 2013, a state of emergency was imposed in the town after two days of anti-Muslim riots after dozens of people were killed and more than 12,000 were forced from their homes, the overwhelming majority of whom were Muslims.[2][3] This violence later spread to other places in Burma such as Okpho and Gyobingauk Townships.[4]

Geography[edit]

Meiktila district is the most easterly of the districts in Myanmar's central dry zone. It lies between Wundwin, Myingyan, Yamethin, and touches Shan State on the east. The chief feature of the region Lake Meiktila, an artificial irrigation and water reservoir, 7 miles (11 km) long, 0.5 miles (0.80 km) wide.[5] Mondai dam supplies water to the lake.

Climate[edit]

Meiktila has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, and the months before the monsoon (March to May) are especially hot, with average maxima around 36 °C (97 °F). There is a winter dry season (November–April) and a summer wet season (May–October).

Climate data for Meiktila
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
32.4
(90.3)
36.1
(97)
38.1
(100.6)
36.0
(96.8)
32.7
(90.9)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
32.6
(90.7)
31.9
(89.4)
29.9
(85.8)
28.3
(82.9)
32.62
(90.71)
Average low °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
16.2
(61.2)
20.8
(69.4)
24.5
(76.1)
25.0
(77)
24.4
(75.9)
24.0
(75.2)
24.0
(75.2)
24.5
(76.1)
23.1
(73.6)
19.7
(67.5)
15.6
(60.1)
21.35
(70.43)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
1
(0.04)
2
(0.08)
27
(1.06)
131
(5.16)
101
(3.98)
79
(3.11)
108
(4.25)
148
(5.83)
158
(6.22)
35
(1.38)
11
(0.43)
806
(31.74)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [6]

Culture[edit]

The city's well-known pagodas are Shwemyintin, Shweyinmi (asa Hteethonesint), Nagayon, Yele, Sutaung Pyi and Phaungdawoo.

Education[edit]

Meiktila is home to a national university in Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University, and regional universities and colleges such as Meiktila University, Meiktila Institute of Economics, Computer University, Meiktila, Technological University, Meiktila and Meiktila Education College.

Of the city's six public Basic Education High Schools, BEHS 1 Meiktila or Royal High School is considered the most selective.[citation needed] No (4), Basic Education High School(Meiktila) (No.4,BEHS, Meiktila) is located at the side of highways of Meiktila- Kyaukpataung.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 20°53′N 95°53′E / 20.883°N 95.883°E / 20.883; 95.883


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meiktila — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

948 news items

Scottish Daily Record

Scottish Daily Record
Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:56:15 -0700

He would read from his favourite poem Towards the East and when times were tough with jobs, he'd say: “I walked through Burma, I was in the Battle of Meiktila, I marched in the Victory Parade in Rangoon.” He would also tell tales about being in the ...

Gazette Live

Gazette Live
Fri, 28 Aug 2015 02:32:42 -0700

The horrors witnessed are still vivid for Gordon, with an airstrike in Meiktila in March 1945 a defining moment. He said: “Later on, we realised we were right in the path of the Japanese retreat from Mandalay. They occupied one side of the airstrip and ...

Financial Times

Financial Times
Fri, 21 Aug 2015 03:03:58 -0700

Some Buddhists in Meiktila were angry with him and accused him of favouring Muslims. Today Win Htein plays the reaction down, saying it was only ever a minority view and has, in any case, died down: “We Burmese have very short memories, very short ...
 
Hindustan Times
Sun, 09 Aug 2015 03:13:41 -0700

An official account of his exploits says that despite the conditions, Judge's platoon spearheaded the British advance in what would come to be known as the Battle of Meiktila. During the battle, Judge "dominated the entire battlefield by his numerous ...
 
Religion News Service
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 08:18:45 -0800

A view of Chanaye Tharyar Quarter in Meiktila. Buddhists and Muslims in Meiktila, Myanmar, were separated along faith lines after interreligious violence destroyed roughly 800 homes in 2013. Now residents have petitioned the government to allow them to ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sat, 08 Aug 2015 14:39:57 -0700

With fellow soldiers from the Royal West Kent Regiment, he fought the Japanese in the Battle of Meiktila in 1945. Doug Marsh, 92, a former RAF navigator who guided Allied aircraft over Burma during the same campaign, said: 'I've never known the VJ Day ...

The Indian Express

The Indian Express
Mon, 10 Aug 2015 14:11:15 -0700

It took us about 32 days to reach Mingledon Camp near Meiktila Warfront in Burma. After the Burma campaign, I spent six months at Surabaya, a beautiful Dutch colony taken over by the British on behalf of the Dutch after the Japanese withdrew. As a ...
 
Williams Lake Tribune
Thu, 13 Aug 2015 14:45:00 -0700

There are a total of 3,000 relics in the collection including those offered by His Holiness the Dalai Lama which are more than 2,600 years old; a collection from the Sakya Reliquary in Tibet and also from Meiktila Museum in Burma; as well as some ...
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