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Meiktila
မိတ္ထီလာမြို့
Skyline of Meiktila
Meiktila is located in Burma
Meiktila
Meiktila
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 20°53′0″N 95°53′0″E / 20.88333°N 95.88333°E / 20.88333; 95.88333
Country  Burma
Division Mandalay
District Meiktila District
Township Meiktila Township
Population (2005)
 • Ethnicities Bamar, Karen, Shan
 • Religions Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Meiktila (Burmese: မိတ္ထီလာမြို့; MLCTS: mik thi la mrui.; Burmese pronunciation: [meɪʔtʰìlà mjo̰]) is a city in central Myanmar, located on the banks of Lake Meiktila in Mandalay Division, at the junctions of the Bagan-Taunggyi, Yangon-Mandalay and Meiktila-Myingyan highways. Because of its strategic position, Meiktila is home to Myanmar Air Force's central command and Meiktila Air Force Base.[1] The country's main aerospace engineering university, Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University is also located in Meiktila.

History[edit]

A Burmese family living in a dug-out share tea with a British soldier in Meiktila, 10 March 1945.

The name Meiktila comes from Mithila, the name of an Indian kingdom in India.

The history of Meiktila is closely tied to that of central Myanmar's dry zone, home of the Bamar (Burmans). The region had been part of various Burman kingdoms at least from 11th century CE to 19th century CE before the British took over all of Upper Myanmar in 1885.

Meiktila was the site of the 1945 Battle of Meiktila, in which the Allies forces under William Slim defeated the Japanese forces. Soon after Myanmar's independence from Britain in 1948, Meiktila briefly fell under the insurgent Karen forces.

On March 22, 2013, a state of emergency was imposed in the town after dozens of people were killed and more than 12,000 were forced from their homes, the overwhelming majority of whom were Muslims, due to Buddhist mob violence.[2][3] This violence later spread to other places in Burma such as Okpho and Gyobingauk Township.[4]

Geography[edit]

Meiktila district is the most easterly of the districts in Myanmar's central dry zone. It lies between Wundwin, Myingyan, Yamethin, and touches Shan State on the east. The chief feature of the region Lake Meiktila, an artificial irrigation and water reservoir, 7 miles (11 km) long, 0.5 miles (0.80 km) wide.[5] Mondai dam supplies water to the lake.

Climate[edit]

Meiktila has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, and the months before the monsoon (March to May) are especially hot, with average maxima around 36 °C (97 °F). There is a winter dry season (November–April) and a summer wet season (May–October).

Climate data for Meiktila
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
32.4
(90.3)
36.1
(97)
38.1
(100.6)
36.0
(96.8)
32.7
(90.9)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
32.6
(90.7)
31.9
(89.4)
29.9
(85.8)
28.3
(82.9)
32.62
(90.71)
Average low °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
16.2
(61.2)
20.8
(69.4)
24.5
(76.1)
25.0
(77)
24.4
(75.9)
24.0
(75.2)
24.0
(75.2)
24.5
(76.1)
23.1
(73.6)
19.7
(67.5)
15.6
(60.1)
21.35
(70.43)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
1
(0.04)
2
(0.08)
27
(1.06)
131
(5.16)
101
(3.98)
79
(3.11)
108
(4.25)
148
(5.83)
158
(6.22)
35
(1.38)
11
(0.43)
806
(31.74)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [6]

Culture[edit]

The city's well-known pagodas are Shwemyintin, Shweyinmi (asa Hteethonesint), Nagayon, Yele, Sutaung Pyi and Phaungdawoo.

Education[edit]

Meiktila is home to a national university in Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University, and regional universities and colleges such as Meiktila University, Meiktila Institute of Economics, Computer University, Meiktila, Technological University, Meiktila and Meiktila Education College.

Of the city's six public Basic Education High Schools, BEHS 1 Meiktila or Royal High School is considered the most selective.[citation needed]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 20°53′N 95°53′E / 20.883°N 95.883°E / 20.883; 95.883


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meiktila — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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1046 news items

The Irrawaddy News Magazine

The Irrawaddy News Magazine
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 02:29:43 -0800

In August 2013, then UN Special Rapporteur for Burma Tomas Ojea Quintana slammed the government for failing to protect him when his convoy was attacked near Meiktila in central Burma, where anti-Muslim violence broke out in March that year, leaving at ...
 
Mizzima News
Thu, 15 Jan 2015 00:25:57 -0800

He was the target of an ugly incident in August 2013 when his convoy was attacked by demonstrators while travelling through Meiktila in central Myanmar. The government rejected Mr Quintana's version of the incident in Meiktila, where communal unrest in ...
 
Eleven Myanmar
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 04:45:00 -0800

“In situation like Rakhine and Meiktila riots, things have changed from bad to good as the authorities followed the rule of law in ending the riots. If we looked back at these incidents, the final decision maker is the president. He has the power to ...
 
Zee News
Thu, 08 Jan 2015 00:12:34 -0800

In August 2013 a previous UN rights envoy was forced to abandon plans to visit Rohingya displaced by a spate of anti-Muslim violence in the town of Meiktila, central Myanmar, when his convoy came under attack by an angry mob. Lee`s visit comes days ...
 
Human Rights Watch
Sun, 31 Mar 2013 15:54:46 -0700

(Bangkok) – The Burmese government should thoroughly investigate and hold accountable those who incited and committed deadly violence in Meiktila in central Burma from March 20 to 22, 2013. Decisive government action to combat impunity, end ...
 
Myanmar Times
Thu, 15 May 2014 22:29:15 -0700

Displaced families in Meiktila have been allowed to leave relief camps and rebuild their homes ahead of the fasting season for both Buddhists and Muslims – provided they can show proof of ownership, local officials say. Workers build detached houses in ...
 
Myanmar Times
Mon, 05 May 2014 23:24:27 -0700

Refugee camps in Meiktila urgently need tarpaulins to provide shelter during the rainy season for the thousands of people still displaced as a result of deadly communal violence more than a year ago. People made refugees from the 2013 violence in ...
 
BBC News
Fri, 22 Mar 2013 03:42:44 -0700

A state of emergency has been imposed in the Burmese town of Meiktila following three days of communal violence between Buddhists and Muslims. A statement announcing the decision on behalf of President Thein Sein was broadcast on state television.
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