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Meiktila
မိတ္ထီလာမြို့
Skyline of Meiktila
Meiktila is located in Burma
Meiktila
Meiktila
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 20°53′0″N 95°53′0″E / 20.88333°N 95.88333°E / 20.88333; 95.88333
Country  Burma
Division Mandalay
District Meiktila District
Township Meiktila Township
Population (2005)
 • Ethnicities Bamar, Karen, Shan
 • Religions Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Meiktila (Burmese: မိတ္ထီလာမြို့; MLCTS: mik thi la mrui.; Burmese pronunciation: [meɪʔtʰìlà mjo̰]) is a city in central Myanmar, located on the banks of Lake Meiktila in Mandalay Division, at the junctions of the Bagan-Taunggyi, Yangon-Mandalay and Meiktila-Myingyan highways. Because of its strategic position, Meiktila is home to Myanmar Air Force's central command and Meiktila Air Force Base.[1] The country's main aerospace engineering university, Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University is also located in Meiktila.

History[edit]

A Burmese family living in a dug-out share tea with a British soldier in Meiktila, 10 March 1945.

The name Meiktila comes from Mithila, the name of an Indian kingdom in India.

The history of Meiktila is closely tied to that of central Myanmar's dry zone, home of the Bamar (Burmans). The region had been part of various Burman kingdoms at least from 11th century CE to 19th century CE before the British took over all of Upper Myanmar in 1885.

Meiktila was the site of the 1945 battle of Meiktila, in which the Allies forces under William Slim defeated the Japanese forces. Soon after Myanmar's independence from Britain in 1948, Meiktila briefly fell under the insurgent Karen forces.

On March 22, 2013, a state of emergency was imposed in the town after dozens of people were killed and more than 12,000 were forced from their homes, the overwhelming majority of whom were Muslims, due to Buddhist mob violence.[2][3] This violence later spread to other places in Burma such as Okpho and Gyobingauk Township.[4]

Geography[edit]

Meiktila district is the most easterly of the districts in Myanmar's central dry zone. It lies between Wundwin, Myingyan, Yamethin, and touches Shan State on the east. The chief feature of the region Lake Meiktila, an artificial irrigation and water reservoir, 7 miles (11 km) long, 0.5 miles (0.80 km) wide.[5] Mondai dam supplies water to the lake.

Climate[edit]

Meiktila has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, and the months before the monsoon (March to May) are especially hot, with average maxima around 36 °C (97 °F). There is a winter dry season (November–April) and a summer wet season (May–October).

Climate data for Meiktila
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
32.4
(90.3)
36.1
(97)
38.1
(100.6)
36.0
(96.8)
32.7
(90.9)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
32.6
(90.7)
31.9
(89.4)
29.9
(85.8)
28.3
(82.9)
32.62
(90.71)
Average low °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
16.2
(61.2)
20.8
(69.4)
24.5
(76.1)
25.0
(77)
24.4
(75.9)
24.0
(75.2)
24.0
(75.2)
24.5
(76.1)
23.1
(73.6)
19.7
(67.5)
15.6
(60.1)
21.35
(70.43)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
1
(0.04)
2
(0.08)
27
(1.06)
131
(5.16)
101
(3.98)
79
(3.11)
108
(4.25)
148
(5.83)
158
(6.22)
35
(1.38)
11
(0.43)
806
(31.74)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [6]

Culture[edit]

The city's well-known pagodas are Shwemyintin, Shweyinmi (asa Hteethonesint), Nagayon, Yele, Sutaung Pyi and Phaungdawoo.

Education[edit]

Meiktila is home to a national university in Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University, and regional universities and colleges such as Meiktila University, Meiktila Institute of Economics, Computer University, Meiktila, Technological University, Meiktila and Meiktila Education College.

Of the city's six public Basic Education High Schools, BEHS 1 Meiktila or Royal High School is considered the most selective.[citation needed]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 20°53′N 95°53′E / 20.883°N 95.883°E / 20.883; 95.883


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meiktila — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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3864 videos foundNext > 

30 news items

 
Myanmar Times
Sat, 18 Oct 2014 23:45:00 -0700

“But if ticket sellers also open Omoto shops, they are able to make a profit.” The first Omoto store in Yangon opened in July 2013 in Lanmadaw township, and there are now 22 branches in Yangon as well as smaller towns like Meiktila, Hpa–an and Taungoo.
 
Mizzima News
Sun, 12 Oct 2014 02:22:30 -0700

Ma Kyel Yi Lin Six, journalist, accomplished novelist, screenwriter for Myanmar Motion Picture Organisation and one of three directors of the short documentary film, The Open Sky, says she dreams of better times for Meiktila, her hometown in Mandalay ...
 
Myanmar Times
Sun, 05 Oct 2014 23:33:45 -0700

Members of Ba Ka Tha and student unions from universities in Mandalay, Monywa, Sagaing, Kyaukse, Meiktila, Hinthada and Myingyan took part in a march to the courthouse and subsequent demonstration, together with residents from the Letpadaung area.
 
Mizzima News
Fri, 10 Oct 2014 22:03:45 -0700

The decision to withdraw the film that the festival programme described as documenting a Muslim woman and her Buddhist friend's view of the Meiktila crisis was taken after its directors had received threats via social media. Last modified on Saturday, ...

BBC News

BBC News
Thu, 25 Sep 2014 15:08:04 -0700

In the months leading up to the outbreak of anti-Muslim riots in the Rakhine state's Meiktila township in March last year that killed more than 40 people, an extremist monk named Ashin Wirathu mobilised other radical monks across social media websites ...
 
Mizzima News
Mon, 06 Oct 2014 05:19:00 -0700

The EEC member told Mizzima, that in all incidents of communal violence including Rakhine State, Meiktila and Mandalay, the government has taken action against those responsible. “He is just reporting, he doesn't know the ground situation,” he added ...
 
Myanmar Times
Thu, 02 Oct 2014 01:38:37 -0700

Fighting between Muslims and Buddhists in Rakhine State in July and October 2012 left around 200 dead and 140,000 displaced, while serious conflict has also occurred in Meiktila, Mandalay, Lashio and elsewhere. Yet those responsible for the clashes ...
 
Financial Express
Thu, 25 Sep 2014 10:59:46 -0700

The route initially suggested for the proposed Trilateral Highway was Moreh (India)- Tamu- Kalewa-Chaungma- Yinmabin- Pale- Kyadet- Lingadaw- Pakokku- Bagan- Kyaukpadaung- Meiktila bypass- Taungoo- Oktwin- Payagyi- Theinzayat- Thaton- Hpaan ...
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