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Meiktila
မိတ္ထီလာမြို့
Skyline of Meiktila
Meiktila is located in Burma
Meiktila
Meiktila
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 20°53′0″N 95°53′0″E / 20.88333°N 95.88333°E / 20.88333; 95.88333
Country  Burma
Division Mandalay
District Meiktila District
Township Meiktila Township
Population (2005)
 • Ethnicities Bamar, Karen, Shan
 • Religions Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Meiktila (Burmese: မိတ္ထီလာမြို့; MLCTS: mik thi la mrui.; Burmese pronunciation: [meɪʔtʰìlà mjo̰]) is a city in central Myanmar, located on the banks of Lake Meiktila in Mandalay Division, at the junctions of the Bagan-Taunggyi, Yangon-Mandalay and Meiktila-Myingyan highways. Because of its strategic position, Meiktila is home to Myanmar Air Force's central command and Meiktila Air Force Base.[1] The country's main aerospace engineering university, Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University is also located in Meiktila.

History[edit]

The name Meiktila comes from Mithila, the name of an Indian kingdom in India.

The history of Meiktila is closely tied to that of central Myanmar's dry zone, home of the Bamar (Burmans). The region had been part of various Burman kingdoms at least from 11th century CE to 19th century CE before the British took over all of Upper Myanmar in 1885.

Meiktila was the site of the 1945 battle of Meiktila, in which the Allies forces under William Slim defeated the Japanese forces. Soon after Myanmar's independence from Britain in 1948, Meiktila briefly fell under the insurgent Karen forces.

On March 22, 2013, a state of emergency was imposed in the town after dozens of people were killed and more than 12,000 were forced from their homes, the overwhelming majority of whom were Muslims, due to Buddhist mob violence.[2][3] This violence later spread to other places in Burma such as Okpho and Gyobingauk Township.[4]

Geography[edit]

Meiktila district is the most easterly of the districts in Myanmar's central dry zone. It lies between Wundwin, Myingyan, Yamethin, and touches Shan State on the east. The chief feature of the region Lake Meiktila, an artificial irrigation and water reservoir, 7 miles (11 km) long, 0.5 miles (0.80 km) wide.[5] Mondai dam supplies water to the lake.

Climate[edit]

Meiktila has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, and the months before the monsoon (March to May) are especially hot, with average maxima around 36 °C (97 °F). There is a winter dry season (November–April) and a summer wet season (May–October).

Climate data for Meiktila
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
32.4
(90.3)
36.1
(97)
38.1
(100.6)
36.0
(96.8)
32.7
(90.9)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
32.6
(90.7)
31.9
(89.4)
29.9
(85.8)
28.3
(82.9)
32.62
(90.71)
Average low °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
16.2
(61.2)
20.8
(69.4)
24.5
(76.1)
25.0
(77)
24.4
(75.9)
24.0
(75.2)
24.0
(75.2)
24.5
(76.1)
23.1
(73.6)
19.7
(67.5)
15.6
(60.1)
21.35
(70.43)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
1
(0.04)
2
(0.08)
27
(1.06)
131
(5.16)
101
(3.98)
79
(3.11)
108
(4.25)
148
(5.83)
158
(6.22)
35
(1.38)
11
(0.43)
806
(31.74)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [6]

Culture[edit]

The city's well-known pagodas are Shwemyintin, Shweyinmi (asa Hteethonesint), Nagayon, Yele, Sutaung Pyi and Phaungdawoo.

Education[edit]

Meiktila is home to a national university in Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University, and regional universities and colleges such as Meiktila University, Meiktila Institute of Economics, Computer University, Meiktila, Technological University, Meiktila and Meiktila Education College.

Of the city's six public Basic Education High Schools, BEHS 1 Meiktila or Royal High School is considered the most selective.[citation needed]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 20°53′N 95°53′E / 20.883°N 95.883°E / 20.883; 95.883


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meiktila — Please support Wikipedia.
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2011 videos foundNext > 

Meiktila, Myanmar

Meiktila is a small town on the crossroads to Mandalay, Bagan and Inle.

50 People Killed and Burned On Spot in Meiktila,Burma ENGLISH SUBTITLED

Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/BurmeseMuslimsEverywhere Eye-Witness English Translation Credit: Video -- Kamayut Media Translated, Transcribed and S...

Myanmar :: State of emergency imposed in Meiktila

Collection of http://zomidaily.com Burma :: State of emergency imposed in Meiktila MEIKTILA, Myanmar: Myanmar declared a state of emergency on Friday for a r...

snake and his victim in Meiktila - My Myanmar 48,

4. March 2012 near the bus station of Meiktila a snake kills... what?

MEIKTILA VIOLENCE MARCH 2013

Burma Meiktila Muslim Houses and Mosque set fire by Both government Police and Buddhist Extremists 969 Wiratu Group Credit - Channel NewsAsia.

39 Local bus from Inle Lake to Meiktila, Myanmar (Burma)

We Said Go Travel http://www.wesaidgotravel.com/ October 23, 2012 We wanted to travel during the day from Inle Lake to Mandalay. They kept saying, "no" to us...

Interview with Meiktila Myanmar Muslim

မ်က္ျမင္ကိုယ္ေတြ ခံစားခဲ့ရသူ တစ္ဦး.

Burma Meiktila Muslims People beaten by Buddhist Monks and 969 Terrorists Group

The extremist Buddhists and Monks of Myanmar(Burma) are brutally and severely killing the Burma Muslims in front of the local security forces and the voices ...

Tonsure in Meiktila - the peaceful city ever in Burma

Meiktila - the peaceful city ever in Burma.

Horrifying video footage of Meiktila

NY Kogyi: The horrifying video footage has been emerged of '969' Buddhists extremists, dragging a Muslim man on the road in riots, which happened in the city...

2011 videos foundNext > 

22 news items

 
Asia Times Online
Wed, 23 Apr 2014 00:52:30 -0700

In late February Min Aung Hlaing was conveying a rather blunter message from the Tatmadaw: a divisional-level live-fire exercise held outside the central Myanmar town of Meiktila. Dubbed "Anawratha" after the founder of the 11th century Pagan Empire ...
 
The Irrawaddy News Magazine
Tue, 25 Mar 2014 20:45:00 -0700

As Ko Soe Naing helped our group with our dinner on the sands, I found out that he began traveling to survive and work after losing his restaurant business during Cyclone Nargis in 2008. For a time he was in Meiktila, and then Chaung Tha, before he ...

Democratic Voice of Burma

Democratic Voice of Burma
Sun, 06 Apr 2014 00:13:04 -0700

The house belonging to War War, 42, a mother of four, is still standing in the Yan Myo Aung quarter in downtown Meiktila. Her husband goes to the town every day to work, but she and her family cannot go back because the chairman of the quarter would ...
 
Bangkok Post
Fri, 04 Apr 2014 11:15:35 -0700

Last April, I joined Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) in documenting a massacre of Muslim students and teachers at a boarding school in Meiktila, located in central Myanmar. After hiding from marauding bands all night, a desperate group of about 150 ...
 
Myanmar Times
Mon, 31 Mar 2014 22:48:45 -0700

In February, Commander-in-Chief Senior General Min Aung Hlaing oversaw a series of ground-based military trainings in Meiktila featuring coordination among land troops, armoured battalions and the Air Force, images of which were officially shown on ...

CNN

TIME
Wed, 26 Mar 2014 22:54:13 -0700

“It is not stable, and conditions are still very dangerous,” says Aung Thein, a 51-year-old Muslim lawyer in Meiktila, a central Burmese town of 100,000 people, where at least five mosques and more than 800 homes were razed to the ground. “Extremists ...
 
Narinjara News
Thu, 10 Apr 2014 01:15:00 -0700

Their descendants were to be found in the village of Bono (situated west of Meiktila) and also in Taungmyin (in Rakhine State, to which they had presumably returned). These would undoubtedly be the people whom the polymath Dr Francis Buchanan ...

Myanmar Times

Myanmar Times
Sun, 30 Mar 2014 20:45:00 -0700

Although Mandalay Region has been the scene of tension between the Buddhist and Muslim communities, such as the violence in Meiktila one year ago, U Maung Maung Lay downplayed concerns that anti-Muslim prejudice affects the Panthay community.
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