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Meiktila
မိတ္ထီလာမြို့
Skyline of Meiktila
Meiktila is located in Burma
Meiktila
Meiktila
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 20°53′0″N 95°53′0″E / 20.88333°N 95.88333°E / 20.88333; 95.88333
Country  Burma
Division Mandalay
District Meiktila District
Township Meiktila Township
Population (2005)
 • Ethnicities Bamar, Karen, Shan
 • Religions Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Meiktila (Burmese: မိတ္ထီလာမြို့; MLCTS: mik thi la mrui.; Burmese pronunciation: [meɪʔtʰìlà mjo̰]) is a city in central Myanmar, located on the banks of Lake Meiktila in Mandalay Division, at the junctions of the Bagan-Taunggyi, Yangon-Mandalay and Meiktila-Myingyan highways. Because of its strategic position, Meiktila is home to Myanmar Air Force's central command and Meiktila Air Force Base.[1] The country's main aerospace engineering university, Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University is also located in Meiktila.

History[edit]

A Burmese family living in a dug-out share tea with a British soldier in Meiktila, 10 March 1945.

The name Meiktila comes from Mithila, the name of an Indian kingdom in India.

The history of Meiktila is closely tied to that of central Myanmar's dry zone, home of the Bamar (Burmans). The region had been part of various Burman kingdoms at least from 11th century CE to 19th century CE before the British took over all of Upper Myanmar in 1885.

Meiktila was the site of the 1945 Battle of Meiktila, in which the Allies forces under William Slim defeated the Japanese forces. Soon after Myanmar's independence from Britain in 1948, Meiktila briefly fell under the insurgent Karen forces.

On March 22, 2013, a state of emergency was imposed in the town after dozens of people were killed and more than 12,000 were forced from their homes, the overwhelming majority of whom were Muslims, due to Buddhist mob violence.[2][3] This violence later spread to other places in Burma such as Okpho and Gyobingauk Township.[4]

Geography[edit]

Meiktila district is the most easterly of the districts in Myanmar's central dry zone. It lies between Wundwin, Myingyan, Yamethin, and touches Shan State on the east. The chief feature of the region Lake Meiktila, an artificial irrigation and water reservoir, 7 miles (11 km) long, 0.5 miles (0.80 km) wide.[5] Mondai dam supplies water to the lake.

Climate[edit]

Meiktila has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, and the months before the monsoon (March to May) are especially hot, with average maxima around 36 °C (97 °F). There is a winter dry season (November–April) and a summer wet season (May–October).

Climate data for Meiktila
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
32.4
(90.3)
36.1
(97)
38.1
(100.6)
36.0
(96.8)
32.7
(90.9)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
32.6
(90.7)
31.9
(89.4)
29.9
(85.8)
28.3
(82.9)
32.62
(90.71)
Average low °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
16.2
(61.2)
20.8
(69.4)
24.5
(76.1)
25.0
(77)
24.4
(75.9)
24.0
(75.2)
24.0
(75.2)
24.5
(76.1)
23.1
(73.6)
19.7
(67.5)
15.6
(60.1)
21.35
(70.43)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
1
(0.04)
2
(0.08)
27
(1.06)
131
(5.16)
101
(3.98)
79
(3.11)
108
(4.25)
148
(5.83)
158
(6.22)
35
(1.38)
11
(0.43)
806
(31.74)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [6]

Culture[edit]

The city's well-known pagodas are Shwemyintin, Shweyinmi (asa Hteethonesint), Nagayon, Yele, Sutaung Pyi and Phaungdawoo.

Education[edit]

Meiktila is home to a national university in Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University, and regional universities and colleges such as Meiktila University, Meiktila Institute of Economics, Computer University, Meiktila, Technological University, Meiktila and Meiktila Education College.

Of the city's six public Basic Education High Schools, BEHS 1 Meiktila or Royal High School is considered the most selective.[citation needed]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 20°53′N 95°53′E / 20.883°N 95.883°E / 20.883; 95.883


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meiktila — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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3265 videos foundNext > 

1172 news items

 
Myanmar Times
Thu, 15 May 2014 22:29:15 -0700

Displaced families in Meiktila have been allowed to leave relief camps and rebuild their homes ahead of the fasting season for both Buddhists and Muslims – provided they can show proof of ownership, local officials say. Workers build detached houses in ...
 
Myanmar Times
Sun, 10 Aug 2014 21:12:33 -0700

Girls and young women in brightly coloured dresses and laden with food parcels, many heavy with vermicelli pudding, dodge the rain in Meiktila. A Muslim woman reads the Koran in an IDP camp in Meiktila on June 30. Photo: (Yu Yu/The Myanmar Times).
 
Myanmar Times
Mon, 05 May 2014 23:24:27 -0700

Refugee camps in Meiktila urgently need tarpaulins to provide shelter during the rainy season for the thousands of people still displaced as a result of deadly communal violence more than a year ago. People made refugees from the 2013 violence in ...
 
Human Rights Watch
Sun, 31 Mar 2013 15:54:46 -0700

(Bangkok) – The Burmese government should thoroughly investigate and hold accountable those who incited and committed deadly violence in Meiktila in central Burma from March 20 to 22, 2013. Decisive government action to combat impunity, end ...
 
BBC News
Fri, 22 Mar 2013 03:42:44 -0700

A state of emergency has been imposed in the Burmese town of Meiktila following three days of communal violence between Buddhists and Muslims. A statement announcing the decision on behalf of President Thein Sein was broadcast on state television.

BBC News

BBC News
Tue, 21 May 2013 02:25:37 -0700

Seven Muslims have been jailed for their role in religious clashes in the Burmese town of Meiktila in March. One man was jailed for 34 years for killing a monk; the others received sentences ranging from two to 14 years for crimes including unlawful ...

CNN

CNN
Mon, 09 Jun 2014 20:42:27 -0700

Meiktila, Myanmar (CNN) -- Hnin Ei Phyu rides her motorbike across the city, goes out to dinner with Buddhist friends and has resumed her studies at a local university. Life has made a 180-degree turn for this 20-year-old Muslim woman. In March last ...
 
Center for Research on Globalization
Sun, 26 May 2013 05:08:47 -0700

This report details the results of a PHR investigation into the March 20 and 21, 2013, attacks on Muslim students, teachers, and residents in the Mingalar Zayyone quarter of Meiktila, a small town in central Burma. A two-person team from PHR conducted ...
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