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Meiktila
မိတ္ထီလာမြို့
Skyline of Meiktila
Meiktila is located in Burma
Meiktila
Meiktila
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 20°53′0″N 95°53′0″E / 20.88333°N 95.88333°E / 20.88333; 95.88333
Country  Burma
Division Mandalay
District Meiktila District
Township Meiktila Township
Population (2005)
 • Ethnicities Bamar, Karen, Shan
 • Religions Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Meiktila (Burmese: မိတ္ထီလာမြို့; MLCTS: mik thi la mrui.; Burmese pronunciation: [meɪʔtʰìlà mjo̰]) is a city in central Myanmar, located on the banks of Lake Meiktila in Mandalay Division, at the junctions of the Bagan-Taunggyi, Yangon-Mandalay and Meiktila-Myingyan highways. Because of its strategic position, Meiktila is home to Myanmar Air Force's central command and Meiktila Air Force Base.[1] The country's main aerospace engineering university, Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University is also located in Meiktila.

History[edit]

A Burmese family living in a dug-out share tea with a British soldier in Meiktila, 10 March 1945.

The name Meiktila comes from Mithila, the name of an Indian kingdom in India.

The history of Meiktila is closely tied to that of central Myanmar's dry zone, home of the Bamar (Burmans). The region had been part of various Burman kingdoms at least from 11th century CE to 19th century CE before the British took over all of Upper Myanmar in 1885.

Meiktila was the site of the 1945 battle of Meiktila, in which the Allies forces under William Slim defeated the Japanese forces. Soon after Myanmar's independence from Britain in 1948, Meiktila briefly fell under the insurgent Karen forces.

On March 22, 2013, a state of emergency was imposed in the town after dozens of people were killed and more than 12,000 were forced from their homes, the overwhelming majority of whom were Muslims, due to Buddhist mob violence.[2][3] This violence later spread to other places in Burma such as Okpho and Gyobingauk Township.[4]

Geography[edit]

Meiktila district is the most easterly of the districts in Myanmar's central dry zone. It lies between Wundwin, Myingyan, Yamethin, and touches Shan State on the east. The chief feature of the region Lake Meiktila, an artificial irrigation and water reservoir, 7 miles (11 km) long, 0.5 miles (0.80 km) wide.[5] Mondai dam supplies water to the lake.

Climate[edit]

Meiktila has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, and the months before the monsoon (March to May) are especially hot, with average maxima around 36 °C (97 °F). There is a winter dry season (November–April) and a summer wet season (May–October).

Climate data for Meiktila
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
32.4
(90.3)
36.1
(97)
38.1
(100.6)
36.0
(96.8)
32.7
(90.9)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
32.6
(90.7)
31.9
(89.4)
29.9
(85.8)
28.3
(82.9)
32.62
(90.71)
Average low °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
16.2
(61.2)
20.8
(69.4)
24.5
(76.1)
25.0
(77)
24.4
(75.9)
24.0
(75.2)
24.0
(75.2)
24.5
(76.1)
23.1
(73.6)
19.7
(67.5)
15.6
(60.1)
21.35
(70.43)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
1
(0.04)
2
(0.08)
27
(1.06)
131
(5.16)
101
(3.98)
79
(3.11)
108
(4.25)
148
(5.83)
158
(6.22)
35
(1.38)
11
(0.43)
806
(31.74)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [6]

Culture[edit]

The city's well-known pagodas are Shwemyintin, Shweyinmi (asa Hteethonesint), Nagayon, Yele, Sutaung Pyi and Phaungdawoo.

Education[edit]

Meiktila is home to a national university in Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University, and regional universities and colleges such as Meiktila University, Meiktila Institute of Economics, Computer University, Meiktila, Technological University, Meiktila and Meiktila Education College.

Of the city's six public Basic Education High Schools, BEHS 1 Meiktila or Royal High School is considered the most selective.[citation needed]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 20°53′N 95°53′E / 20.883°N 95.883°E / 20.883; 95.883


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meiktila — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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40 news items

 
Myanmar Times
Sun, 10 Aug 2014 21:12:33 -0700

Girls and young women in brightly coloured dresses and laden with food parcels, many heavy with vermicelli pudding, dodge the rain in Meiktila. A Muslim woman reads the Koran in an IDP camp in Meiktila on June 30. Photo: (Yu Yu/The Myanmar Times).
 
Myanmar Times
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 20:33:45 -0700

Public assemblies organised in major cities in the 14 states and regions were funded by local supporters, said U Win Htein, the Pyithu Hluttaw representative for Meiktila and a party central executive committee member. “In business terms you would call ...

TIME

TIME
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 02:53:22 -0700

During her long career as a teacher, Nafeesathiek Thahira Sahabdeen prided herself on treating children of all backgrounds the same. That didn't help her on June 15, though, when a radical Buddhist mob ransacked her home in Dharga Town, a thriving ...

SFGate

Al Jazeera America
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 22:38:39 -0700

In Southeast Asia, the spread of anti-Muslim violence spread from Myanmar's volatile west to central Meiktila, with up to 100 deaths and 12,000 displaced. Kerry further cited the "savagery and incredible brutality" by the al-Qaeda-inspired militant ...
 
Mizzima News
Sat, 09 Aug 2014 03:41:15 -0700

For more than a year, he received hand-written love letters and phone calls from a young woman in Meiktila. She even posted him a CD containing images of international male models, complete with tips on how to strike a pose. Hpone Thaik said he wasn't ...

Ecumenical News

Ecumenical News
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 11:07:03 -0700

Anti-Muslim violence led to 100 deaths and 12,000 individuals evicted from their homes in Meiktila, Myanmar. The report stressed that many individuals around the world experienced discrimination, violence, and abuse because of their beliefs. Shia ...

Asian Correspondent

Asian Correspondent
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 00:03:17 -0700

The commercial launch will expand calling and Internet services from Mandalay, Nay Pyi Taw, and Yangon to 68 other cities throughout the country, including Meiktila and Dagon. Ooredoo also announced that it is bringing a UMTS900 network, “the most ...

InterAksyon

InterAksyon
Sun, 10 Aug 2014 02:17:11 -0700

The report also highlighted anti-Muslim violence in Myanmar that led to up to 100 deaths and 12,000 being forced from their homes in the area of the town of Meiktila in early 2013. According to an earlier Agence France-Presse report Sunday about a ...
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