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Meiktila
မိတ္ထီလာမြို့
Skyline of Meiktila
Meiktila is located in Myanmar
Meiktila
Meiktila
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 20°53′0″N 95°53′0″E / 20.88333°N 95.88333°E / 20.88333; 95.88333
Country  Burma
Division Mandalay
District Meiktila District
Township Meiktila Township
Population (2005)
 • Ethnicities Bamar, Karen, Shan
 • Religions Theravada Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Meiktila (Burmese: မိတ္ထီလာမြို့; MLCTS: mik thi la mrui.; Burmese pronunciation: [meɪʔtʰìlà mjo̰]) is a city in central Burma on the banks of Meiktila Lake in the Mandalay Region at the junctions of the Bagan-Taunggyi, Yangon-Mandalay and Meiktila-Myingyan highways. Because of its strategic position, Meiktila is home to Myanmar Air Force's central command and Meiktila Air Force Base.[1] The country's main aerospace engineering university, Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University is also located in Meiktila.

History[edit]

A Burmese family living in a dug-out share tea with a British soldier in Meiktila, 10 March 1945.

The name Meiktila comes from Mithila, the name of an Indian kingdom in India.

The history of Meiktila is closely tied to that of central Myanmar's dry zone, home of the Bamar people. The region had been part of various Bamar kingdoms at least from 11th century CE to 19th century CE before the British Empire took over all of Upper Myanmar in 1885.

Meiktila was part of the 1945 Battle of Meiktila and Mandalay, during which the Allied forces under William Slim defeated the Japanese forces. Soon after Burma's independence from Britain in 1948, Meiktila briefly fell under the insurgent Karen forces.

On 22 March 2013, a state of emergency was imposed in the town after two days of anti-Muslim riots after dozens of people were killed and more than 12,000 were forced from their homes, the overwhelming majority of whom were Muslims.[2][3] This violence later spread to other places in Burma such as Okpho and Gyobingauk Townships.[4]

Geography[edit]

Meiktila district is the most easterly of the districts in Myanmar's central dry zone. It lies between Wundwin, Myingyan, Yamethin, and touches Shan State on the east. The chief feature of the region Lake Meiktila, an artificial irrigation and water reservoir, 7 miles (11 km) long, 0.5 miles (0.80 km) wide.[5] Mondai dam supplies water to the lake.

Climate[edit]

Meiktila has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year, and the months before the monsoon (March to May) are especially hot, with average maxima around 36 °C (97 °F). There is a winter dry season (November–April) and a summer wet season (May–October).

Climate data for Meiktila
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
32.4
(90.3)
36.1
(97)
38.1
(100.6)
36.0
(96.8)
32.7
(90.9)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
32.6
(90.7)
31.9
(89.4)
29.9
(85.8)
28.3
(82.9)
32.62
(90.71)
Average low °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
16.2
(61.2)
20.8
(69.4)
24.5
(76.1)
25.0
(77)
24.4
(75.9)
24.0
(75.2)
24.0
(75.2)
24.5
(76.1)
23.1
(73.6)
19.7
(67.5)
15.6
(60.1)
21.35
(70.43)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
1
(0.04)
2
(0.08)
27
(1.06)
131
(5.16)
101
(3.98)
79
(3.11)
108
(4.25)
148
(5.83)
158
(6.22)
35
(1.38)
11
(0.43)
806
(31.74)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [6]

Culture[edit]

The city's well-known pagodas are Shwemyintin, Shweyinmi (asa Hteethonesint), Nagayon, Yele, Sutaung Pyi and Phaungdawoo.

Education[edit]

Meiktila is home to a national university in Myanmar Aerospace Engineering University, and regional universities and colleges such as Meiktila University, Meiktila Institute of Economics, Computer University, Meiktila, Technological University, Meiktila and Meiktila Education College.

Of the city's six public Basic Education High Schools, BEHS 1 Meiktila or Royal High School is considered the most selective.[citation needed] No (4), Basic Education High School(Meiktila) (No.4,BEHS, Meiktila) is located at the side of highways of Meiktila- Kyaukpataung.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 20°53′N 95°53′E / 20.883°N 95.883°E / 20.883; 95.883


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meiktila — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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2240 news items

 
Myanmar Times
Thu, 05 Nov 2015 17:52:30 -0800

Muslims in Meiktila, which was ravaged by communal violence in 2013, say they are afraid to vote for the opposition National League for Democracy in this weekend's election. They fear that being identified with the NLD could bring further religious ...
 
Myanmar Times
Wed, 11 Nov 2015 19:11:15 -0800

Haunted by a legacy of communal violence after religious tensions rent through the township in 2013, voters in Meiktila have swung decisively for the ruling party. The initial results – not all yet officially confirmed by the Union Election Commission ...

Frontier Myanmar

Frontier Myanmar
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 01:56:15 -0800

The previous year, similar communal riots saw a Muslim orphanage razed to the ground in Meiktila, U Win Htein's hometown and his constituency in the Pyithu Hluttaw until his retirement last year. In the aftermath, U Win Htein said he felt ashamed to be ...
 
Eleven Myanmar
Fri, 11 Dec 2015 21:37:30 -0800

Professor Dr. Ko Ko Kyaw Soe Head of Meiktila University is sued by the anti-corruption committee at the Meiktila Police Station for taking a bribe of more than 10 million kyats. Investigator U Than Htun Myint from the Anti-Corruption Committee filed ...
 
Frontier Myanmar
Thu, 21 Jan 2016 19:33:45 -0800

The portly 73-year-old certainly has time to spare, after he decided not to recontest his Pyithu Hluttaw seat in Meiktila before the November vote. When religious violence shook the city in 2013 and claimed the lives of more than 40 people, a group of ...
 
Myanmar Times
Mon, 25 Jan 2016 19:56:15 -0800

In panel discussions, participants – including religious leaders from 52 countries – discussed deadly sectarian fighting that flared through Rakhine State and Meiktila in Mandalay. The religious-infused riots in Meiktila in 2014 left two by-standers ...
 
Myanmar Times
Tue, 02 Feb 2016 07:45:28 -0800

In 2013 inter-communal violence spread to the town of Meiktila and other parts of central Myanmar, claiming dozens of lives. The UN Special Rapporteur for Human Rights at the time urged U Thein Sein's government to take immediate action to stop the ...

Eleven Myanmar

Eleven Myanmar
Wed, 03 Feb 2016 03:03:45 -0800

Facebook users responded by pointing out that during Ya Htut's tenure, the state-run dailies put a story on their front pages about President U Thein Sein campaigning for the USDP in Meiktila, despite the constitutional ban on presidents campaigning ...
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