digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Medical education is education related to the practice of being a medical practitioner; either the initial training to become a physician (i.e., medical school and internship), additional training thereafter (e.g., residency and fellowship), or training to become a Physician Assistant. Medical education and training varies considerably across the world. Various teaching methodologies have been utilised in medical education, which is an active area of educational research.[1]

Entry-level education[edit]

Main article: Medical school

Entry-level medical education programs are tertiary-level courses undertaken at a medical school. Depending on jurisdiction and university, these may be either undergraduate-entry (most of Europe, India, China), or graduate-entry programs (mainly Australia, Canada, United States).

In general, initial training is taken at medical school. Traditionally initial medical education is divided between preclinical and clinical studies. The former consists of the basic sciences such as anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, pathology. The latter consists of teaching in the various areas of clinical medicine such as internal medicine, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, psychiatry, and surgery. However, medical programs are using systems-based curricula in which learning is integrated, and several institutions do this. In the United States, until quite recently, the requirements for the M.D. degree did not include even one course in human nutrition. Today, this omission has been rectified, at least to the extent that one such course is required.

There has been a proliferation of programmes that combine medical training with research (D.O./Ph.D. or M.D./Ph.D.) or management programmes (D.O./MBA or M.D./ MBA), although this has been criticised because extended interruption to clinical study has been shown to have a detrimental effect on ultimate clinical knowledge.[2]

Postgraduate education[edit]

Following completion of entry-level training, newly graduated doctors are often required to undertake a period of supervised practice before full registration is granted; this is most often of one-year duration and may be referred to as "internship" or "provisional registration" or "residency".

Further training in a particular field of medicine may be undertaken. In some jurisdictions, this is commenced immediately following completion of entry-level training, while other jurisdictions require junior doctors to undertake generalist (unstreamed) training for a number of years before commencing specialisation.

Education theory itself is increasingly becoming an integral part of postgraduate medical training. Formal qualifications in education are becoming the norm for Medical School educators, who are becoming increasingly accountable for their students.

Continuing medical education[edit]

In most countries, continuing medical education (CME) courses are required for continued licensing.[3] CME requirements vary by state and by country. In the USA, accreditation is overseen by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME). Physicians often attend dedicated lectures, grand rounds, conferences, and performance improvement activities in order to fulfill their requirements.

Online learning[edit]

It is becoming more and more common for medical education around the world to be supported by online teaching, usually within learning management systems (LMSs) or virtual learning environments (VLEs).[4][5]

Research areas into online medical education include practical applications with virtual patients and virtual medical records.[6]

  • Dental Anatomy Software[7]
  • Virtual Dental Patients

Virtual Dental Patients is a combination of systems and methods that read digital medical records and create three-dimensional image simulations. This computerized method provides an accurate representation of the surface anatomy of hard and soft tissues, tooth contacts, and motion of the patient’s jaw while the teeth are in contact. Virtual Dental Patients provide valuable information in the diagnosis, prognosis, and outcome assessment of the patient’s dental health. This invention represents a paradigm shift in clinical measurement for dentistry.

Example of medical education systems[edit]

At present, in the United Kingdom, a typical medicine course at university is 5 years or 4 years if the student already holds a degree. Among some institutions and for some students, it may be 6 years (including the selection of an intercalated BSc—taking one year—at some point after the pre-clinical studies). All programs culminate in the Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery degree (abbreviated MBChB, MBBS, MBBCh, BM, etc.). This is followed by 2 clinical foundation years afterward, namely F1 and F2, similar to internship training. Students register with the UK General Medical Council at the end of F1. At the end of F2, they may pursue further years of study. The system in Australia is very similar, with registration by the Australian Medical Council (AMC).

In the US and Canada, a potential medical student must first complete an undergraduate degree in any subject before applying to a graduate medical school to pursue an (M.D. or D.O.) program. U.S. medical schools are almost all four-year programs. Some students opt for the research-focused D.O./Ph.D. or M.D./Ph.D. dual degree program, which is usually completed in 7–10 years. There are certain courses that are pre-requisite for being accepted to medical school, such as general chemistry, organic chemistry, physics, mathematics, biology, English, labwork, etc. The specific requirements vary by school.

In Australia, there are two pathways to a medical degree. Students can choose to take a five- or six-year undergraduate medical degree Bachelor of Medicine/Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS or BMed) as a first tertiary degree directly after secondary school graduation, or first complete a bachelors degree (in general three years, usually in the medical sciences) and then apply for a four-year graduate entry Bachelor of Medicine/Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) program.

See:

Medical Education Journals[edit]

As the field of medical education grows, it is being supported by a wide range of journals, both Open Access and Subscription, devoted exclusively to medical education. These include (in alphabetical order):

An exhaustive list of peer-reviewed medical education journals can be found at:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Flores-Mateo G, Argimon JM (26 July 2007). "Evidence based practice in postgraduate healthcare education: A systematic review". BMC Health Serv Res 7: 119. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-7-119. PMC 1995214. PMID 17655743. 
  2. ^ Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Natt N, Rohren CH (2007). "Prolonged Delays for Research Training in Medical School are Associated with Poorer Subsequent Clinical Knowledge". J Gen Intern Med 22 (8): 1101–6. doi:10.1007/s11606-007-0200-x. PMC 2305740. PMID 17492473. 
  3. ^ Ahmed K; Ashrafian H; Hanna GB; Darzi A; Athanasiou T. (Oct 2009). "Assessment of specialists in cardiovascular practice". Nature Reviews Cardiology 6 (10). 
  4. ^ Ellaway R, Masters K. (2008). "AMEE Guide 32: e-Learning in medical education Part 1: Learning, teaching and assessment". Med Teach 30 (5): 455–473. doi:10.1080/01421590802108331. PMID 18576185. 
  5. ^ Masters K, Ellaway R (2008). "e-Learning in medical education Guide 32 Part 2: Technology, management and design". Med Teach 30 (5): 474–489. doi:10.1080/01421590802108349. PMID 18576186. 
  6. ^ Favreau, Annie. "Minnesota Virtual Clinic Medical Education Software". Regents of the University of Minnesota. Retrieved 2011-09-13. 
  7. ^ Favreau, Annie. "Three Dimensional Dental Anatomy Software". Regents of the University of Minnesota. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  8. ^ BMC Medical Education
  9. ^ Medical Teacher

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medical_education — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

TEDxMaastricht - Lawrence Sherman - "Turning medical education inside out and upside down"

"Turning medical education inside out and upside down" Lawrence (@meducate) is known globally as a Continuing Medical Education innovator. Lawrence uses humo...

*WARNING: GRAPHIC CONTENT* MEDICOLEGAL AUTOPSY - PART I | Medical Education

MEDICOLEGAL AUTOPSY - PART I - Department of Defense 1980 - PIN 69151 - DEMONSTRATES HOW THE MEDICOLEGAL AUTOPSY EXAMINATION AND DISSECTION CAN DEVELOP KNOWL...

Life, Learning and a Liberal Medical Education: Philip Gruppuso at TEDxBrownUniversity

In this talk, Philip Gruppuso, a professor of pediatrics and a jazz musician, explains the importance of liberal education and arts to medical education toda...

Competency-Based Medical Education: Focus on Undergraduate Medical Education

Coordinator: Michael Green, MD, MSc, Department of Medicine, Yale University Additional Faculty: Alan L. Hull, MD, PhD, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Me...

General Surgery 3: Other Post Op -- Medical Education Online

Medical Education in Belarus

Watch ABN Andhrajyothy, the no 1 Telugu news channel, a 24/7 LIVE news channel dedicated to live reports, exclusive interviews, breaking news, sport, weather, entertainment, business updates...

Undergraduate Medical Education at Queen's

The School of Medicine at Queen's University offers a four-year undergraduate medical program leading to the degree of Doctor of Medicine. Our medical studen...

MOOCs in Medical Education

What role can Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) play in medical education? What can they offer learners ranging from pre-med students to practicing clinici...

Google Glass Transforms Medical Education

Two fourth-year students at the University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix received five of the limited number of Google Glass units distributed. Je...

Ultrasound in Medical Education - Ultrasound First

Chris Fox, MD, RDMS, Emergency Medicine Physician at University of California Irvine Medical Center describes the benefit of integrating ultrasound into the ...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

7405 news items

Medscape

ModernHealthcare.com
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 05:28:07 -0700

Physician organizations are not happy that an Institute of Medicine panel's vision for overhauling Medicare-funded medical training questions two beliefs that are widely held in healthcare: that a severe physician shortage is imminent and the only way ...
 
Kaiser Health News
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 06:41:15 -0700

The report, which says the $15 billion spent annually to train doctors is failing, could lead to congressional battles and rivalries among doctors' groups. The Fiscal Times: Gov't Spends $15 Billion To Train Incompetent Doctors The government spends ...

National Institutes of Health (press release)

National Institutes of Health (press release)
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 06:07:30 -0700

Medical education in sub-Saharan Africa is being revitalized and expanded through a U.S.-funded effort that is dramatically increasing enrollment, broadening curricula, upgrading Internet access and providing cutting-edge skills labs and other ...

NPR

Health Affairs (blog)
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 14:00:00 -0700

The members of the Committee and the IOM are to be commended for their hard work, vision, and a high quality report. The report presents a clear path to a system that would help produce a physician workforce better aligned with the nation's needs and a ...
 
VEGAS INC
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 02:03:19 -0700

Pending approval from the 2015 Legislature, the funding for expanding the graduate medical education program would be split across the state based on population, with $9 million going to Southern Nevada and $3 million going to Northern and rural Nevada ...
 
American Medical Association (press release) (blog)
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 13:03:45 -0700

"In light of the Institute of Medicine's report on graduate medical education governance and finance released today, the AMA is renewing its commitment to addressing physician shortages in needed specialties and regions to improve access to health care.

New York Times

New York Times
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 05:57:20 -0700

More students see osteopathy as a sensible alternative to conventional medical school, a way to get a medical education with M.C.A.T. scores that may not make the cut for traditional medical schools. According to the American Association of Colleges of ...

Economic Times

Economic Times
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 05:04:59 -0700

HYDERABAD: Belarus has shown keen interest to coordinate efforts with Telangana in the realm of medical education including research, student exchange programmes and also conducting international conferences, the government said. A delegation from ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Medical education

You can talk about Medical education with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!