Mbabane (/(əm)bɑˈbɑn(i)/, Swazi: ÉMbábáne), with an estimated population of 95,000 (2007), is the capital and second largest city in Swaziland. It is located on the Mbabane River and its tributary the Polinjane River in the Mdzimba Mountains. It is located in the district of Hhohho, of which it is also the capital. The average elevation of the city is 1243 meters. The population (estimated) in 1987 was 30,000. It lies on the MR3 road.
The town grew after the nation's administrative centre moved from Bremersdorp (now called Manzini) in 1902. It derives its name from a Chief, Mbabane Kunene, who lived in the area when British settlers arrived.
Geography and climate 
Mbabane is located in the district of Hhohho, of which it is also the capital, and lies on the Mbabane River and its tributary the Polinjane River in the Mdimba Mountains. The average elevation of the city is 1243 meters. Neighbourhoods and suburbs include Mbangweni, Sidwashini, Kent Rock, Sandla, Westridge Park, Malunge, New Checkers, Msunduza and Vukutentele.
Due to its altitude, Mbabane features a milder, more moderate form of a humid subtropical climate. The city has a mild climate and snow is a rare event, which has occurred only 3 times since 1900. The city averages only four days of frost a year. The average annual temperature is 15°C in July and 22°C in January.
|Climate data for Mbabane
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|Source: South African Weather Service,
Mbabane's closest border crossing to South Africa is Ngwenya-Oshoek, and though siSwati is the primary language, English is widespread. Mbabane, and Swaziland itself, depend on tourism and sugar exports. It is also a commercial hub for the surrounding region, while tin and iron were mined nearby. The city has two sites for light industries.
Education and culture 
Mbabane is the home of the Waterford-KaMhlaba United World College of Southern Africa, as well as one of the three campuses of the University of Swaziland. Also in Mbabane is the British High Commission which is responsible for relations between the governments of Swaziland and the United Kingdom. Indingilizi Gallery is an art gallery in Mbabane, established in 1982 and showcases a range of Swazi art, including sculptures, paintings, batiks, mohair, ethnic jewellery and pottery.
Portable market hut in Mbabane, 1979
Sister cities 
- ^ Whitaker's Almamack; 1988
- ^ The Cambridge Factfinder; 4th ed.
- ^ "Indingilizi Gallery". Swaziplace.com. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
Capitals of Africa
- Abuja, Nigeria
- Accra, Ghana
- Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
- Algiers, Algeria
- Antananarivo, Madagascar
- Asmara, Eritrea
- Bamako, Mali
- Bangui, Central African Republic
- Banjul, Gambia
- Bissau, Guinea-Bissau
- Bloemfontein, South Africa1
- Brazzaville, Rep. of the Congo
- Bujumbura, Burundi
- Cairo, Egypt
- Cape Town, South Africa2
- Conakry, Guinea
- Dakar, Senegal
- Djibouti, Djibouti
- Dodoma, Tanzania
- El Aaiún, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic4
- Freetown, Sierra Leone
- Gaborone, Botswana
- Harare, Zimbabwe
- Hargeisa, Somaliland4
- Jamestown, Saint Helena5
- Juba, South Sudan
- Kampala, Uganda
- Khartoum, Sudan
- Kigali, Rwanda
- Kinshasa, D.R. Congo
- Libreville, Gabon
- Lilongwe, Malawi
- Lobamba, Swaziland2
- Lomé, Togo
- Luanda, Angola
- Lusaka, Zambia
- Malabo, Equatorial Guinea
- Mamoudzou, Mayotte6
- Maputo, Mozambique
- Maseru, Lesotho
- Mbabane, Swaziland3
- Mogadishu, Somalia
- Monrovia, Liberia
- Moroni, Comoros
- Nairobi, Kenya
- N'Djamena, Chad
- Niamey, Niger
- Nouakchott, Mauritania
- Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
- Port Louis, Mauritius
- Porto-Novo, Benin
- Praia, Cape Verde
- Pretoria, South Africa3
- Rabat, Morocco
- Saint-Denis, Réunion6
- São Tomé, São Tomé and Príncipe
- Tripoli, Libya
- Tunis, Tunisia
- Victoria, Seychelles
- Windhoek, Namibia
- Yamoussoukro, Côte d'Ivoire
- Yaoundé, Cameroon
- 1 Judicial.
- 2 Parliamentary.
- 3 Executive.
- 4 An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation.
- 5 Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.
- 6 Overseas region of France.
Coordinates: 26°19′S 31°08′E / 26.317°S 31.133°E
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Mon, 13 May 2013 05:49:13 -0700
The agile shot stopper got the shock of his life when he was told to leave the line of Swallows players who were receiving their gold medals for winning the MTN League after their last game of the season against rivals Mbabane Highlanders on Sunday.
Times of Swaziland
Thu, 09 May 2013 17:51:29 -0700
The history books were rewritten yesterday when Midas City beat Royal Leopard 2-0 to effectively escape the dreaded axe and in the process automatically sending the country's most successful side Mbabane Highlanders down the relegation tube en route ...
Times of Swaziland
Fri, 24 May 2013 17:55:36 -0700
“Ever since I started driving in the early 90s, I had never driven about 10 minutes from Mbabane to Lobamba, but I did on Sunday. I had intended to drive him to hospital and unfortunately, I found him already dead,” he said. He pointed out that he was ...
Fri, 24 May 2013 15:12:00 -0700
Red and white glamour giants Mbabane Swallows will host the mother of all parties on June 8. It will be a double celebration – in the literal sense as there are two functions scheduled for the day that promises to be one to remember for the 'Birds ...
Sat, 25 May 2013 09:30:36 -0700
To get there you turn left off the James Gichuru Rd at what we call the Strathmore Junction, at Mbabane Road with the Nairobi International School on its left and the Fang Fang Chinese restaurant on its right. Then, after about 100m, you turn right ...
Times of Swaziland
Fri, 24 May 2013 17:26:54 -0700
MBABANE - A new form of conducting surgery was last week introduced in the country by the Taiwanese Medical University (TMU) team stationed at the Mbabane Government Hospital. Laparoscopic surgery, also known as keyhole surgery, is a new kind of ...
Times of Swaziland
Thu, 23 May 2013 16:45:26 -0700
Mbabane will come alive after quite a silent period after Lifestyle Centre which had become one of the only few venues to hangout in Mbabane during weekends closed. Limkokwing which has become one of the most creative and lively tertiary institutions ...
Sat, 25 May 2013 00:01:10 -0700
Mbabane - A Swaziland high court judge has become entangled in messy battle over custody of a dachshund puppy, which he is accused of dog-napping from a neighbour using a falsified court order. Judge Jacobus Annandale, an avid dog-breeder, ...
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