The Masalit (masara in Masalit; Arabic: ماساليت) are a nation of people of Darfur in western Sudan and Wadai in eastern Chad. They speak Masalit, a Nilo-Saharan language of the Maba group. They numbered about 440,000 in 2011[update].
Between 1884 and 1921 they established a state called Dar Masalit.
The Masalit are well known for their Muslim piety.
They have a common language, Shuwa Arabic, which is one of the regional varieties of Arabic. They also have a common traditional mode of subsistence, nomadic cattle herding, although nowadays many lead a settled existence. Nevertheless, collectively they do not all necessarily consider themselves one people, i.e., a single ethnic group. The term "baggara culture" was introduced in 1994 by Braukämper.
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- The Hidden Slaughter and Ethnic Cleansing in Western Sudan: An Open Letter to the International Community (1999)