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Martin de Goiti
Born Martín de Goiti
c. 1534
Basque Country, Spain
Died 1575 (aged 40–41)
Spanish East Indies
Nationality Spanish
Occupation Conquistador

Martín de Goiti (c. 1534 - 1575) was one of the soldiers who accompanied the Spanish colonization of the East Indies and the Pacific, in 1565. From his main base in Mexico City, he was the leader of the expedition to Manila, ordered by Miguel López de Legazpi in 1569. There, he fought a number of battles against the Muslim, Tariq Suleiman/Soliman (Arabic سليمان), the hindu Rajah Matanda (Hindi ऋअज ंअतन्द), and the Taoist Lakan Dula (trad. Chinese 王 杜拉) of the kingdoms in Luzon; for control of the lands and its settlements. He is also known for his statesmanship by betrothing his sister to Batang Dula, the eldest son and successor apparent of Lakan Dula of Tondo (trad. Chinese"東都" pronounced Dongdu), the paramount ruler of Manila. Eventually their descendants unified the 3 royal houses of Tariq Suleiman, Rajah Matanda and Lakan Dula with the Basque Goiti family. The Dula y Goiti family eventually married with the Mendoza family who came over from Latin-America, who were Sephardic Hebrews that were practicing Catholics. Afterwards, the Dula y Goiti surname was shortened to Dulay. However, during the Spanish era, some descendants changed their surnames even further in order to avoid persecution and among which; the Salonga and Macapagal families are known descendants of these royal houses albeit only through a different family name.

The Battles for Manila (1570-1575)[edit]

The Spaniards arrived in Luzon on May 8, 1570, and camped on the shores of Manila Bay for several weeks, while forming an alliance with the Muslims. On May 24, 1570, disputes and hostility erupted between the two groups. The Spaniards occupied the city of Tondo where they were greeted with thousands of warriors. There, they defeated most of Tariq Suleiman's (سليمان), Rajah Matanda's (ऋअज ंअतन्द), and Lakan Dula's (王 杜拉) people. The Spaniards marched their armies towards the Pasig River, and occupied the settlements in Manila on June 6, 1570 and burned them.

Guerrilla warfare broke out following the battle, which continued for about ten months. The Spaniards fortified themselves in the area and constructed their military barracks of Fort Santiago, which became their outpost for trade with Mexico. The Spaniards gained control of the settlements on June 24, 1571, after the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi in Manila, who agreed to a peace agreement sealed by betrothing one of his half-caste (Half Aztec and Half Spanish) daughters to Batang Dula, heir apparent of Lakan Dula. Eventually their descendants unified the 3 royal houses of Tariq Suleiman, Rajah Matanda and Lakan Dula with the half-Aztec and half Spanish de Goiti family. The Dula y Goiti family married with the Mendoza family who were Catholic Sephardic Hebrews and to mark the dynasty, changed the surname to Dulay. However, upon the commencement of persecutions the Dulay family's descendants changed their surnames even further and thus we have the Salonga and Macapagal families are known descendants of these royal houses but subsist under a different family name.

The Spanish colonization paved the way for the establishment of Manila as a permanent settlement and capital city of the Spanish East Indies. He later explored Pampanga, Pangasinan and founded several Spanish cities in Luzon between the periods of 1571 -1573. De Goiti, along with other soldiers were granted with haciendas (estates) for the lands they had conquered, by Philip II of Spain.

In 1574, De Goiti fought in the war during the invasion of about 3,000 Chinese sea pirates who had sailed from the South China sea. Their leader, Limahong, besieged on the Spanish settlements in Manila. De Goiti was killed by these pirates. Most of the Spanish reinforcements came from Vigan and Cebu. Martín de Goiti's second in command, Juan de Salcedo left Ilocos Sur, after hearing the news and traveled to Manila where he discovered their settlements had been ceded to the pirates. Salcedo's forces attacked and drove the pirates out of Manila. Limahong and his fleets retreated to Pangasinan where they re-organize their forces.

In 1575, Salcedo's army marched north to Pangasinan, in pursuit of the pirates, and besieged them for three months. There the Spaniards captured Limahong and his fleets in the river of Pangasinan and executed them.

Legacy[edit]

De Goiti's remains were laid to rest in a tomb inside the San Agustin Church, in Intramuros.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • de Morga, Antonio. (2004). The Project Gutenberg Edition Book : History of the Philippine Islands - 1521 to the Beginning of the XVII century. Volume 1 and 2.
  • López de Legazpi, Don Miguel. (1564–1572). Cartas al Rey Don Felipe II : sobre la expedicion, conquistas y progresos de las islas Felipinas. Sevilla, España.

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_de_Goiti — Please support Wikipedia.
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18 news items

The Guam Daily Post (press release) (registration)

The Guam Daily Post (press release) (registration)
Sat, 16 Apr 2016 10:48:45 -0700

I remember reading about how the Spanish forces led by Martin De Goiti attacked the palisaded Kota Selurong or Fort Selurong of Manila which was then under a rajahnate or Islamic chieftain. On its ruins rose the walled city of Intramuros and the famous ...

Inquirer.net

Inquirer.net
Tue, 12 Apr 2016 11:00:00 -0700

One of the earliest political units in the country, Pangasinan was conquered and colonized by D. Martin de Goiti in 1571. On April 5,1572, it was made an “encomienda” by the Spanish royal crown. Eight years later, in 1580, it was organized into a ...

Sinarharian

Sinarharian
Mon, 18 Apr 2016 20:12:04 -0700

Beliau mengatur rancangan untuk menyerang Manila dan menghantar Martin de Goiti dan Juan de Salcedo sebagai utusan untuk rundingan 'persahabatan' dengan Raja Sulaiman. Pada mulanya, mereka disambut baik, namun apabila menyedari muslihat ...
 
Inquirer.net
Tue, 26 Jan 2016 08:52:30 -0800

In 1570, Martin de Goiti reported to Legazpi an encounter with 20 Japanese in the place known as Maynila. Since this was one year before the establishment of Spanish Manila as capital of Filipinas, it is safe to presume that Japanese traders were ...
 
Manila Bulletin
Sun, 13 Sep 2015 07:03:45 -0700

The expedition was led by Martin de Goiti and Andres de Urdaneta, a fellow Basque and Agustinian friar. Urdaneta was also responsible for plotting the navigational route between Mexico and the Philippines. The expedition traversed Samar, Bohol, Mindoro ...
 
Tempo
Thu, 11 Jun 2015 14:49:41 -0700

Spanish explorers led by Martin de Goiti and Juan de Salcedo came in 1570 and after a short-lived war with the natives set up the capital of the new Spanish colony in 1571. Work on the great wall, for which Intramuros later came to be known, was begun ...
 
Inquirer.net
Tue, 24 Jun 2014 10:03:45 -0700

An uneasy peace was concluded between Martin de Goiti and Raja Laya (Raja Matanda), an old and trustworthy ruler, as well as his young nephew Raja Soliman, suspected of lack of good faith. When Salcedo arrived and joined Goiti in Manila, he asked to ...
 
Inquirer.net
Tue, 11 Mar 2014 12:07:30 -0700

Spanish chronicles note that in 1570, Soliman declared he was not subservient like the pintados of the Visayas and denied Martin de Goiti permission to settle in Manila. Despite a peace pact between Soliman and the Spaniards, hostilities broke out and ...
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