digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Martin Becker
Martin Becker.jpg
Martin Becker
Born 12 April 1916
Wiesbaden
Died 8 February 2006(2006-02-08) (aged 89)
Oberneisen
Allegiance Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Balkenkreuz.svg Luftwaffe
Years of service 1940–1945
Rank Hauptmann
Unit NJG 4, NJG 6
Commands held IV./NJG 6
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Martin Becker (12 April 1916 – 8 February 2006) was a German Luftwaffe night fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) during World War II. Becker claimed 58 aerial victories.[Note 1] The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Early life[edit]

Becker was born on 12 April 1916 at Wiesbaden in Hesse. In 1940 he was posted to a reconnaissance unit.

Career[edit]

In early 1943 Becker transferred to the Nachtjagd, being posted to 11 staffel, Nachtjagdgeschwader 4 (NJG 4—4th Night Fighter Wing). On 1 August 11./NJG 4 became 2./Nachtjagdgeschwader 6 (NJG 6—6th Night Fighter Wing).

Becker scored his first victory on the night of 22–23 September 1943. In October 1943 Becker was promoted to Staffelkapitän (squadron leader), 2./NJG 6. He shot down three bombers on the night of 20–21 December. His career thereafter featured a series of multiple victory claims. Four victories were claimed on 19–20 February 1944 and six on 22–23 March (13-18). On 30–31 March 1944, the Royal Air Force (RAF) raided Nuremberg. Becker and his crew shot down three Avro Lancaster and three Handley Page Halifax bombers in the area of Wetzlar and Fulda. Returning to base they shot down another Halifax over Luxemburg.

Becker was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 20 April 1944 for 26 victories. Three bombers were shot down on 26–27 April and 27–28 April. On the night of 28–29 July four more were claimed and on the night of 25–26 August Becker claimed a further three to take his total to 41.

Becker was made Gruppenkommandeur (group commander) of IV./NJG 6 in October 1944.

On the night of 21–22 February 1945 he shot down another three bombers. Becker's crowning achievement, and a Nachtjagd record, was on 14–15 March 1945, when he claimed 8 Lancasters of 5 Group and a Halifax, alternatively one B-17 Flying Fortress III (HB802 "BU-O") from No. 214 (SD) Squadron flying an attack on Lützkendorf. The B-17 was shot down at 23.37 approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) southeast of Baiersbronn and may have also been brought down by light flak. This tally included three shot down by crewman Lt. Karl-Ludwig Johanssen with his MG-131 rearward facing machine gun. This achievement earned both Becker and Johanssen a reference in the daily Wehrmachtbericht. Becker recorded his last (58th) victory on 16–17 March.

Hauptmann Martin Becker received the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross on 20 March 1945.

Awards[edit]

Wehrmachtbericht references[edit]

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
23 March 1944 Oberleutnant Becker, Flugzeugführer in einem Nachtjagdgeschwader, schoß in einem Einsatz allein fünf feindliche Bomber ab.[9] First Lieutenant Becker, pilot in a night fighter wing, alone shot down five enemy bombers on one single mission.
31 March 1944 Oberleutnant Becker, Flugzeugführer in einem Nachtjagdgeschwader, errang in dieser Nacht erneut sieben Luftsiege.[10] First Lieutenant Becker, pilot in a night fighter wing, achieved again seven aerial victories this night.
16 March 1945 (addendum) Hauptmann Becker, Kommandeur in einem Nachtjagdgeschwader, und sein Bordfunker, Leutnant Johannsen, brachten in der Nacht vom 14. zum 15. März 9 viermotorige Bomber zum Absturz. Als Hauptmann Becker nach dem 6. Abschuß wegen Ladehemmung nicht mehr weiterschießen konnte, vernichtete sein Bordfunker, Leutnant Johannsen, 3 weitere anglo-amerikanische Bomber.[11] Captain Becker, commander in a night fighter wing, and his radio operator, Lieutenant Johannsen, brought down to a crash 9 four-engine bombers on the night of 14 to 15 March. When Captain Becker, after the 6 kill could not continue to shoot due to a gun jam, his radio operator, Lieutenant Johannsen, destroyed 3 more Anglo-American bombers.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ For a list of Luftwaffe night fighter aces see List of German World War II night fighter aces.
  2. ^ According to Scherzer as Oberleutnant (war officer) and pilot in the II./Nachtjagdgeschwader 6.[6]
  3. ^ According to Scherzer as Hauptmann of the Reserves.[6]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Patzwall 2008, p. 47.
  2. ^ a b Thomas 1997, p. 34.
  3. ^ Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 31.
  4. ^ Fellgiebel 2003, p. 108.
  5. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 126.
  6. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 209.
  7. ^ Fellgiebel 2003, p. 83.
  8. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 100.
  9. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 64.
  10. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 70.
  11. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 490.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2003). Elite of the Third Reich:The Recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945: An Illustrated Reference. Helion and Company Limited. ISBN 1-874622-46-9.
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1941 – 1945] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D. (2008). Der Ehrenpokal für besondere Leistung im Luftkrieg [The Honor Goblet for Outstanding Achievement in the Air War] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-08-3. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Scutts, Jerry (1998). German Night Fighter Aces of World War 2. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-696-5.
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, 1. Januar 1944 bis 9. Mai 1945 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 3, 1 January 1944 to 9 May 1945] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Becker — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
255981 videos foundNext > 

Auto Slalom, MFC-Schnee, Recklinghausen 2010, Martin Becker, BMW E30, Gr. H+2000

slippin´& ´slidin´- wie hier, in gezeigtem Video - der Spass *am Fahren* ist entscheidend ... - wir freuen uns, den spektakulär fahrenden Martin in Saison 2...

Slalom MFC Schnee 2012 1 Wertungslauf Martin Becker

Slalom Recklinghausen MFC Schnee 2012 1 Wertungslauf Bmw E30 1.29.55 Leider sind mir im 2 Wertungslauf die Hardyschrauben Abgerissen.

Rollerdrome Oberhausen Martin Becker + Martin Stasch

Recruiting 2018: Ein Blick in die Zukunft mit Martin Becker

Martin Becker, Gründer und CEO von viasto, hat mit uns auf der Zukunft Personal einen Blick in die Zukunft des Recruiting gewagt und uns spannende Trends ver...

Martin Becker Directing and Editing Folio

Here's some of my work in directing and editing. DISCLAIMER The song in this video is copyrighted material. I do not claim ownership.

Měsíc autorského čtení 2013: Lost in Martin Becker

Vystoupení Martina Beckera v rámci Měsíce autorského čtení 2013: Brno 13. 7. v 19:00, Košice 14. 7. v 19.00, Ostrava 15. 7. v 19:00, Wroclaw 16. 7. ve 20.30....

Ulm: Science Slam im Roxy - Martin Becker

Auch der letzte Science Slam 2012 war restlos ausverkauft. Und das mit gutem Grund. Hier der Auftritt von Martin Becker in voller Länge.

"La Estatua" por Martin Becker.mov

Tema de Ricardo Becker (mi Tio)

cut-e Innovation Award - Martin Becker - 1

martin becker 95

255981 videos foundNext > 

36 news items

 
Salina.com
Sat, 05 Jul 2014 07:26:15 -0700

She was preceded in death by her dad, Jack Hamme; grandfather, Lewis Macy; and grandparents, Jesse and Adelia Hamme. Family will receive friends from 6-8 p.m. Sunday, July 6, at Martin-Becker-Carlson Funeral Home in Abilene. Funeral services for Niki ...
 
Salina.com
Mon, 14 Jul 2014 22:26:15 -0700

CLYDE -- Myrna M. Corcoran, 93, formerly of Oberlin, died Saturday, July 12, 2014. She was born Sept 20, 1920, in Oberlin. Survivors include two sons, Mick Corcoran and Jan (Susan) Sigwin; two daughters, Marcia Douglas Doughman and Mitzi (Daniel) ...
 
Salina.com
Thu, 10 Jul 2014 06:07:30 -0700

TOPEKA -- Mildred Fern (Bantam) Engelhardt, 92, passed away Sunday, June 29, 2014. She was born Jan. 17, 1922, in Flagler, Colo., to Sylvester and Myrtle (Posey) Bantam. Survivors: daughter, Colette Craig; sons, Delwyn and Steven; 11 grandchildren; ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Tue, 08 Jul 2014 17:48:18 -0700

After the game, hearing rumours of fighting on the beach, she asked her German boyfriend, Martin Becker, to change into a Brazil shirt on the way home through the streets. Becker said he had been well treated. "Everyone was very friendly. They all came ...
 
Schwarzwälder Bote
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 09:30:00 -0700

Als weitere Stammspieler waren Alexander Huber, Marcel Beyerle, Martin Becker und Achim Aldinger im Einsatz. Dazu kommen die Ersatzspieler Bernd Grüninger, Alexander Wohlfarth und Roland Haselwander, die in den Einzeln jeweils einen Einsatz ...

Deutschland Today

Deutschland Today
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 01:26:15 -0700

Rundeten das erste Treffen der neuen Arbeitsgruppe zum Schwerpunktthema „Chronische Schmerzen“ mit einem herrlichen Blick über die Stadt von der Dachterrasse des Klinikums Warburg ab (v.l.): Martin Becker, Uwe Wöhrmann, Steffi Kühne, Dr. Volker ...
 
tz online
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 15:52:30 -0700

Fazit. Alte, gut gepflegte Ausrüstung hält mehr (aus), als man denkt. Im Zweifel sollten Kletterer aber auf Nummer sicher gehen. Von Martin Becker. Was hält wie lange – ein Überblick. Seile: Die Hersteller geben für die Lebensdauer eine Garantie von ...

Derwesten.de

Derwesten.de
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 10:03:45 -0700

Auch die Netto-C-Klasse ging an einen Gastspieler – Hans Komander vom Dortmunder GC siegte mit 50 Punkten vor Martin Becker mit 43 und Thomas Fischer mit 39 Punkten, beide GCUF. Der Sonderpreis, ein Getränkekühlschrank, wurde an Heribert ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Martin Becker

You can talk about Martin Becker with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!