digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Martin Becker
Martin Becker.jpg
Martin Becker
Born 12 April 1916
Wiesbaden
Died 8 February 2006(2006-02-08) (aged 89)
Oberneisen
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Balkenkreuz.svg Luftwaffe
Years of service 1940–45
Rank Hauptmann
Unit NJG 4, NJG 6
Commands held IV./NJG 6
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Martin Becker (12 April 1916 – 8 February 2006) was a German Luftwaffe night fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) during World War II. Becker claimed 58 aerial victories.[Note 1] The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Early life[edit]

Becker was born on 12 April 1916 at Wiesbaden at the time in Hesse-Nassau, a province of the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1940 he was posted to a reconnaissance unit.

Career[edit]

In early 1943 Becker transferred to the Nachtjagd, being posted to 11 staffel, Nachtjagdgeschwader 4 (NJG 4—4th Night Fighter Wing). On 1 August 11./NJG 4 became 2./Nachtjagdgeschwader 6 (NJG 6—6th Night Fighter Wing).

Becker scored his first victory on the night of 22–23 September 1943. In October 1943 Becker was promoted to Staffelkapitän (squadron leader), 2./NJG 6. He shot down three bombers on the night of 20–21 December. His career thereafter featured a series of multiple victory claims. Four victories were claimed on 19–20 February 1944 and six on 22–23 March (13-18). On 30–31 March 1944, the Royal Air Force (RAF) raided Nuremberg. Becker and his crew shot down three Avro Lancaster and three Handley Page Halifax bombers in the area of Wetzlar and Fulda. Returning to base they shot down another Halifax over Luxemburg.

Becker was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 20 April 1944 for 26 victories. Three bombers were shot down on 26–27 April and 27–28 April. On the night of 28–29 July four more were claimed and on the night of 25–26 August Becker claimed a further three to take his total to 41.

Becker was made Gruppenkommandeur (group commander) of IV./NJG 6 in October 1944.

On the night of 21–22 February 1945 he shot down another three bombers. Becker's crowning achievement, and a Nachtjagd record, was on 14–15 March 1945, when he claimed 8 Lancasters of 5 Group and a Halifax, alternatively one B-17 Flying Fortress III (HB802 "BU-O") from No. 214 (SD) Squadron flying an attack on Lützkendorf. The B-17 was shot down at 23.37 approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) southeast of Baiersbronn and may have also been brought down by light flak. This tally included three shot down by crewman Lt. Karl-Ludwig Johanssen with his MG-131 rearward facing machine gun. This achievement earned both Becker and Johanssen a reference in the daily Wehrmachtbericht. Becker recorded his last (58th) victory on 16–17 March.

Hauptmann Martin Becker received the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross on 20 March 1945.

Awards[edit]

Wehrmachtbericht references[edit]

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
23 March 1944 Oberleutnant Becker, Flugzeugführer in einem Nachtjagdgeschwader, schoß in einem Einsatz allein fünf feindliche Bomber ab.[9] First Lieutenant Becker, pilot in a night fighter wing, alone shot down five enemy bombers on one single mission.
31 March 1944 Oberleutnant Becker, Flugzeugführer in einem Nachtjagdgeschwader, errang in dieser Nacht erneut sieben Luftsiege.[10] First Lieutenant Becker, pilot in a night fighter wing, achieved again seven aerial victories this night.
16 March 1945 (addendum) Hauptmann Becker, Kommandeur in einem Nachtjagdgeschwader, und sein Bordfunker, Leutnant Johannsen, brachten in der Nacht vom 14. zum 15. März 9 viermotorige Bomber zum Absturz. Als Hauptmann Becker nach dem 6. Abschuß wegen Ladehemmung nicht mehr weiterschießen konnte, vernichtete sein Bordfunker, Leutnant Johannsen, 3 weitere anglo-amerikanische Bomber.[11] Captain Becker, commander in a night fighter wing, and his radio operator, Lieutenant Johannsen, brought down to a crash 9 four-engine bombers on the night of 14 to 15 March. When Captain Becker, after the 6 kill could not continue to shoot due to a gun jam, his radio operator, Lieutenant Johannsen, destroyed 3 more Anglo-American bombers.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ For a list of Luftwaffe night fighter aces see List of German World War II night fighter aces.
  2. ^ According to Scherzer as Oberleutnant (war officer) and pilot in the II./Nachtjagdgeschwader 6.[6]
  3. ^ According to Scherzer as Hauptmann of the Reserves.[6]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Patzwall 2008, p. 47.
  2. ^ a b Thomas 1997, p. 34.
  3. ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 31.
  4. ^ Fellgiebel 2003, p. 108.
  5. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 126.
  6. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 209.
  7. ^ Fellgiebel 2003, p. 83.
  8. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 100.
  9. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 64.
  10. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 70.
  11. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 490.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2003). Elite of the Third Reich:The Recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945: An Illustrated Reference. Helion and Company Limited. ISBN 1-874622-46-9.
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1939 – 1945] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D. (2008). Der Ehrenpokal für besondere Leistung im Luftkrieg [The Honor Goblet for Outstanding Achievement in the Air War] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-08-3. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Scutts, Jerry (1998). German Night Fighter Aces of World War 2. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-696-5.
  • Stockert, Peter (2008). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 8 [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 8] (in German). Bad Friedrichshall, Germany: Friedrichshaller Rundblick. OCLC 76072662. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, 1. Januar 1944 bis 9. Mai 1945 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 3, 1 January 1944 to 9 May 1945] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Becker — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
146967 videos foundNext > 

Martin Becker Viasto HR Tech World 2015 Paris

In this video Martin Becker of German video recruitment company Viasto explains how you can use video effectively in your recruitmentprocess.

cut-e Innovation Award - Martin Becker - 5

Tu Oracion - Martin Becker

Mi primer videito en iMovie para uno de mis temas.

Martin Becker on the aftermath of the bombing of Hiroshima

Martin Becker fled Nazi Germany and immigrated to the United States where he later joined the Armed Forces. He speaks about his experience of Hiroshima two ...

Puhdys mit Martin Becker (Karat) - Alt wie ein Baum - Rocklegenden, das Konzert (Chemnitz 2014)

Mit zehn ganz besonderen Konzerten werden die Puhdys, City und Karat im Herbst 2014 ihre Fans begeistern. Von Oktober bis November 2014 werden sie auf ...

Martin Becker - vom Irrgarten zum Schachbrett

Der gelernte Mathematiker brachte dem Publikum sog. Spanning Trees und perfekte Paarungen auf rechteckigen Gittern näher. In 10 Minuten sorgte er dafür, ...

Rollerdrome Oberhausen Martin Becker + Martin Stasch

"La Estatua" por Martin Becker.mov

Tema de Ricardo Becker (mi Tio)

Slalom MFC Schnee 2012 1 Wertungslauf Martin Becker

Slalom Recklinghausen MFC Schnee 2012 1 Wertungslauf Bmw E30 1.29.55 Leider sind mir im 2 Wertungslauf die Hardyschrauben Abgerissen.

Genocide Denial: Holocaust Liberator Martin Becker

Martin Becker talks about having various people walk through the concentration camp in Dachau and overhearing a man explaining that the various corpses ...

146967 videos foundNext > 

1403 news items

Yale News

Yale News
Mon, 25 Apr 2016 14:10:34 -0700

“Kristine Tompkins is probably one of the world's most influential conservationists,” said Martin Becker '16 M.E.M., a Chilean native who is helping to coordinate the F&ES event. “She is leading the largest private-land donation ever given to any ...
 
Salina.com
Tue, 19 Apr 2016 15:26:36 -0700

Martin-Becker-Carlson Funeral Home, in Abilene, is handling funeral arrangements. According to a KHP report, Leister was driving his car west on K-18, and an RV driven by Kenneth A. Becker, 74, of Olathe, was headed east. Leister's car, for an unknown ...

tz.de

tz.de
Mon, 02 May 2016 15:18:45 -0700

Die Idee: eine unbekannte, 1000 Meter hohe Wand zu finden; darin eine Route im Schwierigkeitsgrad neun bis zehn zu klettern. Und, ganz wichtig: den An- und Abmarsch in eine der entlegensten Regionen der Welt, 120 Kilometer vom letzten ...

SÜDKURIER Online

SÜDKURIER Online
Mon, 02 May 2016 07:15:00 -0700

1985 wurde der erste Stadtjugendpfleger und Jugendhausleiter Martin Becker, heute Professor in Freiburg, von der Stadt eingestellt. „Martin Becker, hat mit seiner damaligen Konzeption den Grundstein gelegt für eine offene Jugendarbeit, die auf die ...

TheWrap

TheWrap
Thu, 13 Mar 2014 12:13:24 -0700

Born in Karlsruhe, Germany, Martin Becker was sent to Auschwitz in 1941, as a child of 11. His parents and grandparents were marched off to the gas chambers. He was handed a pliers and ordered to pull gold from the teeth of gassed corpses, individuals ...

Augsburger Allgemeine

Augsburger Allgemeine
Wed, 27 Apr 2016 15:41:15 -0700

Was genau ist geplant? Laut Architekt Martin Becker wurden die Flächen großzügig bemessen. Der Gruppenraum ist 51 Quadratmeter groß, daran schließen sich eine Küche an, ein Wickelraum, ein Ruheraum mit neun Schlafplätzen sowie ein Spielraum mit ...

RP ONLINE

RP ONLINE
Thu, 28 Apr 2016 15:07:30 -0700

Diakon Martin Becker sprach davon, dass man sich selbst von zu hohen Erwartungen befreien müsse. Kaplan Mario Vera beklagte die fehlende Übereinstimmung von Form und Inhalt der Glaubensverkündigung besonders für Jüngere. Pfarrer Peter Seul ...

Augsburger Allgemeine

Augsburger Allgemeine
Fri, 29 Apr 2016 15:52:30 -0700

Begrüßt wurden die geladenen Gäste von Alexandra Beckmann, Leitung berufliche Integration, und Geschäftsführer Martin Becker, die sich beide über die schnelle und unbürokratische Unterstützung bei Eva Schmitt-Ott und Ottmar Brandl vom Bezirk ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight