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Margaret Hutchinson Rousseau

Margaret Hutchinson Rousseau (27 October 1910 - 12 January 2000) was a chemical engineer who designed the first commercial penicillin production plant.[1] She was also the first female member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers.[2]

Life[edit]

Margaret Hutchinson was born in 1910 in Houston, Texas, the daughter of a clothing store owner, and married William C. Rousseau, a co-worker, who was later a chemical engineering lecturer at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). They had one son. She received her Bachelor of Science degree from Rice Institute in 1932 and her Doctor of Science degree in chemical engineering from MIT in 1937, the first woman to earn a doctorate in the subject in the USA. She died 12 January 2000 at her home in Weston, Massachusetts.[3]

Career[edit]

She started her professional career with E. B. Badger (where she met her husband to be) and during the Second World War she oversaw the design of production plants for the stragically important materials of penicillin and synthetic rubber.[4] She also worked on the development of high-octane gasoline for aviation fuel.[1] Her later work included improved distillation column design and plants for the production of ethylene glycol and glacial acetic acid.[4]

Honours and Other Activities[edit]

In 1955 she received the Achievement Award of the Society of Women Engineers.[5]

She retired in 1961 and became an overseer of the Boston Symphony Orchestra.[5]

In 1983 she was the first recipient of the prestigious Founders Award of the AIChE.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chemical Heritage Manufacturing a Cure: Mass Producing Penicillin
  2. ^ a b AIChE Centennial Celebrations Milestones
  3. ^ MIT Women's Association The 1920s and 1930s
  4. ^ a b Sybyl E. Hatch Changing Our World: True Stories of Women Engineers Chapter 12
  5. ^ a b web.mit.edu news Feb 2000 In Memoriam

Images[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Hutchinson_Rousseau — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

6 news items

The Guardian (blog)

The Guardian (blog)
Fri, 05 Jun 2015 00:00:14 -0700

... shy of publicity. Instead Fleming took the limelight. Full-scale production of penicillin took off in 1944 when the chemical engineer Margaret Hutchinson Rousseau took Florey's Heath Robinson-esque design and converted it into a full-scale ...

Discover Magazine (blog)

Discover Magazine (blog)
Tue, 02 Jun 2015 09:49:17 -0700

... shy of publicity. Instead Fleming took the limelight. Full-scale production of penicillin took off in 1944 when the chemical engineer Margaret Hutchinson Rousseau took Florey's Heath Robinson-esque design and converted it into a full-scale ...
 
American Thinker
Thu, 17 Feb 2011 23:06:07 -0800

... allowed the United States to produce 2.3 million doses in time for the invasion of Normandy in the spring of 1944. Large-scale production resulted from the development of deep-tank fermentation by chemical engineer Margaret Hutchinson Rousseau .

Scientific American

Scientific American
Thu, 18 Jun 2015 02:22:30 -0700

图片来源:Howard Florey. Wikimedia. 青霉素的大规模生产始于1944年,化学工程师玛格丽特•哈钦森•鲁索(Margaret Hutchinson Rousseau)将弗洛里设计的半调子的仪器设备改进为大规模生产车间。 哈伯-博斯(Haber ...

Giornalettismo

Giornalettismo
Fri, 05 Jun 2015 05:45:01 -0700

Sapevate che la scoperta su come produrre l'ammoniaca è stata la causa principale della crescita della popolazione mondiale da 1,6 miliardi di persone a 1,7 nel solo '900? Oppure che il polietilene, il tipo di plastica maggiormente diffuso, è stato ...

대기원시보

대기원시보
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 01:39:45 -0700

1900년에 16억이던 인구가 오늘날 70억 인구로 폭발하게 된 가장 중요한 한 가지 이유는 암모니아를 만드는 방법이 발견된 것이었다고 한다. 또 세계에서 가장 많이 쓰이는 플라스틱인 폴리에틸렌(우리가 흔히 아는 비닐봉지)도 우연히 발명된 두 가지에 의한 것이었다.
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