digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For the first-century Roman historian, see Tacitus.
Tacitus
45th Emperor of the Roman Empire
EmpereurTacite.jpg
Bust of the Emperor Tacitus
Reign September 25, 275 – June 276
Full name Marcus Claudius Tacitus (from birth to accession);
Caesar Marcus Claudius Tacitus Augustus (as emperor)
Born c. 200
Birthplace Interamna, Italia
Died June 276 (aged 76)
Place of death Antoniana Colonia Tyana, Cappadocia
Predecessor Aurelian
Successor Florianus

Tacitus (/ˈtæsɨtəs/; Latin: Marcus Claudius Tacitus Augustus;[1][2] c. 200 – June 276), was Roman Emperor from 275 to 276. During his short reign he campaigned against the Goths and the Heruli, for which he received the title Gothicus Maximus.

Early life[edit]

Antoninianus of Tacitus

Tacitus was born in Interamna (Terni), in Italia.[3] He circulated copies of the historian Gaius Cornelius Tacitus' work, which was barely read at the time, and so we perhaps have him to thank for the partial survival of Tacitus' work; however, modern historiography[4] rejects his claimed descent from the historian as forgery. In the course of his long life he discharged the duties of various civil offices, including that of consul in 273, with universal respect.[5]

Emperor[edit]

After the assassination of Aurelian, Tacitus was chosen by the Senate to succeed him, and the choice was cordially ratified by the army.[2] This was the last time the Senate elected a Roman Emperor. There was an interregnum between Aurelian and Tacitus, and there is substantial evidence that Aurelian's wife, Ulpia Severina, ruled in her own right before the election of Tacitus.[6][7] At any rate, Tacitus was situated at Campania when he heard the news of his election, and he quickly rushed to Rome.[8] He decided to re-involve the Senate in some consultative manner in the mechanisms of government[9] and asked the Senate to deify Aurelian, before arresting and executing Aurelian's murderers.[8]

Fighting barbarians[edit]

Next he moved against the barbarian mercenaries that had been gathered by Aurelian to supplement Roman forces for his Eastern campaign.[10] These mercenaries had plundered several towns in the Eastern Roman provinces after Aurelian had been murdered and the campaign cancelled.[9] His half-brother, the Praetorian Prefect Florianus, and Tacitus himself won a victory against these tribes, among which were the Heruli, gaining the emperor the title Gothicus Maximus.[8]

Death[edit]

On his way back to the west to deal with a Frankish and Alamannic invasion of Gaul, according to Aurelius Victor, Eutropius and the Historia Augusta, Tacitus died of fever at Tyana in Cappadocia in June 276.[11][12] It was reported that he began acting strangely, declaring that he would alter the names of the months to honor himself, before succumbing to a fever.[10] In a contrary account, Zosimus claims he was assassinated, after appointing one of his relatives to an important command in Syria.[13]

In popular culture[edit]

He appears in Harry Sidebottom's historical fiction novel series Warrior Of Rome.

Sources[edit]

Primary sources[edit]

Secondary sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ In Classical Latin, Tacitus' name would be inscribed as MARCVS CLAVDIVS TACITVS AVGVSTVS.
  2. ^ a b Jones, pg. 873
  3. ^ Historia Augusta, Vita Taciti, 15:1
  4. ^ McMahon, http://www.roman-emperors.org/tacitus.htm#N_3_
  5. ^ Canduci, pg. 100
  6. ^ Watson, Alaric (1999). Aurelian and the Third Century. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-07248-4. 
  7. ^ Körner, Christian (December 23, 2008). "Aurelian (A.D. 270–275)". De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and Their Families. Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c Southern, pg. 127
  9. ^ a b Gibbon, Ch. 12
  10. ^ a b Canduci, pg. 101
  11. ^ Aurelius Victor, 36:1
  12. ^ Historia Augusta, Vita Taciti, 13:5
  13. ^ Zosimus, I:63:2

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Aurelian
Roman Emperor
275–276
Succeeded by
Florianus
Political offices
Preceded by
Titus Flavius Postumius Quietus ,
Junius Veldumnianus,
Tetricus I
Consul of the Roman Empire
273
with Placidianus,
Tetricus I
Succeeded by
Aurelian,
Capitolinus
Preceded by
Aurelian ,
Marcellinus
Consul of the Roman Empire
276
with Aemilianus
Succeeded by
Probus,
Paulinus


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcus_Claudius_Tacitus — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
25 videos foundNext > 

The Collapse of the Occidental Roman Empire (476 CE)

(By Conrad Jalowski) All polities undergo a beginning phase and ascend to a particular height of power. During the apogee of the state, there is a great degr...

Nero One of History's Cruelest & Murderous Emperors [FULL DOCUMENTARY]

The Roman Emperor Nero, renowned for playing the fiddle whilst Rome burned, was infamous for cruelty, incest and murder. Nero (Latin: Nero Claudius Caesar Au...

Tacitus Was Afraid - Caratacus The Bad Boy.

Emperors of Rome: Claudius

The Emperors of Rome podcast looks at the achievements of Rome's emperors.

Letters to Tacitus

A visual version of poems from the (as yet unpublished) book Letters to Tacitus.

Roman Emperors ローマ皇帝

27BC - AD14 Augustus 14 - 37 Tiberius 37 - 41 Caligula 41 - 54 Claudius 54 - 68 Nero 68 Galba (7 months) 69 Otho (3 months) 69 Vitellius (8 months) 69 - 79 V...

The Life And Death Of Emperor Nero

Nero (/ˈnɪəroʊ/; Latin: Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 15 December 37 -- 9 June 68) was Roman Emperor from 54 to 68, and the last in the Julio-Cla...

Augustus Caesar ~ Hero of Rome part 1

Part one of my Ancient History documentary on Augustus. This part basicly gives an overview of his life before making judgements on his reign. Some classical...

SDV_0234.MP4

Analyze the Positive and Negative view the Roman's had on the religions in it's Empire from its beginning( the Republic) to its end in the 5th century. Doc 1...

Der Erbe Caesars

Während Antonius Ende des Jahres 44 v. Chr. in Gallia cisalpina Decimus Brutus angriff, baute Octavian in Italien ein Heer aus Veteranen Caesars auf. Auf Drä...

25 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Marcus Claudius Tacitus" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Marcus Claudius Tacitus

You can talk about Marcus Claudius Tacitus with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!