digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Manuel Mondragón
Mondragon.png
Born 1859
Ixtlahuaca, State of Mexico
Died 1922
(Aged 63)
San Sebastián, Spain
Allegiance Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
Years of service 1880 - 1914
Rank General de División
Commands held Secretario de Guerra y Marina
Battles/wars Mexican Revolution
Awards Légion d'honneur
Relations model/artist/poet Carmen Mondragón (Nahui Ollin)

Manuel Mondragón was a Mexican military officer who played a prominent role in the Mexican Revolution. He was born in Ixtlahuaca, State of Mexico in 1859 and died in exile in Spain in 1922. He graduated from the Mexican Military Academy as an artillery officer in 1880. He designed Mexico's first semi-automatic rifle, the M1908 rifle, and a 75mm howitzer. General Mondragón was the father of a model, artist and poet Carmen Mondragón, better known as Nahui Ollin.

Porfiriato[edit]

The Mondragón M1908 rifle.

As an adolescent Mondragón entered the Military Academy of Chapultepec, where he specialised in artillery. Upon finishing his studies, he worked developing military materiel. He modified the French 75mm howitzer, earning a name for himself among Porfirist military circles. He perfected a repeating rifle and a 75mm howitzer (the Saint Chamond-Mondragón), both of which still bear his name. In 1904 he wrote a manual Description and employment of the instruments for preparing and executing fires, and in 1910 Description of rapid-fire 75mm materiel. In 1907 he was named Director of the Department of Artillery.

He initiated a project on military organic law, based on mandatory military service, and as professor of the Military Academy released a work in 1910 entitled Defense of the Coasts. The artillery at the ports of Salina Cruz on the Pacific and Puerto México on the Gulf are due to his efforts.

As a military officer during the Porfirato, he worked against the Maderista movement. In September 1911, he took leave from the Federal Army, but in 1913 returned, reincorporated in the army to support Gregorio Ruiz in the anti-Maderista rebellion of the Decena trágica. He is suspected of having assassinated the Mexican President Francisco I. Madero and his Vice-President José María Pino.

Revolution[edit]

Militiamen beside a 75mm Saint Chamond-Mondragón field gun designed by Mondragon during the Mexican revolution.

At the side of Bernardo Reyes and Félix Díaz, Mondragón assisted in the start of the rebellion and coup against Francisco I. Madero. He allied with General Victoriano Huerta as Madero was obliged to renounce the presidency, thus frustrating the start of a new democratic direction in the country. Upon Huerta's assumption of the presidency, Mondragón was named Secretary of War and the Navy. He served in this position only a short time, as in June he resigned amid accusations from prominent Huertist politicians and public opinion of his culpability in the advance of revolutionary forces, due to his incompetence and poor planning in the campaign against them.

Exile[edit]

Following these accusations, Victoriano Huerta expelled Mondragón from Mexico, heeding the rumor of a plot to overthrow him. Mondragón left for Spain, where the government of France awarded him the Légion d'honneur. General Manuel Mondragón died in San Sebastián in 1922.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Francisco Naranjo. Diccionario biográfico Revolucionario. Imprenta Editorial "Cosmos", Mexico, 1935. ISBN 968-805-293-0

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manuel_Mondragón — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
5168 videos foundNext > 

ENTREVISTA ADELA MICHA A MANUEL MONDRAGON Y KALB 1ERA PARTE

Manuel Mondragón y Kalb presenta su renuncia/ Martin Espinosa

Manuel Mondragón y Kalb presenta su renuncia/ Martin Espinosa 14 de marzo 2014 Manuel Mondragón y Kalb presenta renuncia a su cargo de comisionado nacional d...

TEMBLOR 2 ABRIL MANUEL MONDRAGÓN sismo MEXICO DF 02 04 2012 SSP DF

ASI REACCIONO Mondragón EN LA SSP DF http://kikka-roja.blogspot.com.

MANUEL MONDRAGON Y KALB DANDO EL ROL A RITMO DE MENUDO. JORGE BECERRIL

MANUEL MONDRAGON JEFE DE LA POLICIA DANDO EL ROL EN SU MOTO. CON MUSIQUITA.

Manuel Mondragón en entrevista con Carmen Aristegui habla sobre conflictos del 1D

Aquí la nota completa: http://tinyurl.com/apcrg6t En entrevista con Noticias MVS Primera emisión, Mondragón afirmó que no hubo "encapsulamiento" de grupos de...

Todo Personal - Manuel Mondragón y la seguridad de México, 06 de marzo 2013 por Proyecto 40

http://www.proyecto40.com http://www.youtube.com/user/informativos40 Y no olvides seguirnos: FACEBOOK http://www.facebook.com/proyecto40 TWITTER http://www.t...

Renuncia de Manuel Mondragón, MORENA y en Cuaresma los sacerdotes perdonarán el aborto

Hoy hablaremos de la renuncia de Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, de que en Cuaresma los sacerdotes perdonarán el aborto, de MORENA y su posición sobre la Reforma En...

Entrevista con Manuel Mondragón Y Kalb, Comisionado Nacional de Seguridad / Titulares de la noche

Entrevista con Manuel Mondragón Y Kalb, Comisionado Nacional de Seguridad / Titulares de la noche 06 de Noviembre 2013 En exclusiva para ExcelsiorTv, el Comi...

Manuel Mondragón y Kalb rinde informe de labores / Excélsior Informa con Mariana H

Manuel Mondragón y Kalb rinde informe de labores / Excélsior Informa con Mariana H 6 de noviembre 2013 El comisionado nacional de seguridad, Manuel Mondragón...

Entrevista a Manuel Mondragón y Kalb

5168 videos foundNext > 

1682 news items

Excélsior

Excélsior
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 01:15:00 -0700

El presidente Enrique Peña Nieto designó a Manuel Mondragón y Kalb como nuevo titular de la Comisión Nacional contra las Adicciones (Conadic), quien se reincorpora a la administración federal. El mandatario enfatizó que la experiencia y vocación de ...

Excélsior

Excélsior
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 11:22:30 -0700

El presidente Enrique Peña Nieto designó a Manuel Mondragón y Kalb como titular de la Comisión Nacional contra las Adicciones (Conadic). Durante la inauguración de la nueva torre de Hospitalización del Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, el Ejecutivo ...

El Semanario Sin Limites

El Semanario Sin Limites
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 11:54:56 -0700

Ciudad de México.- Manuel Mondragón y Kalb será el nuevo titular de la Comisión Nacional Contra las Adicciones, dependencia encargada de promover y proteger la salud de los mexicanos, mediante la definición y conducción de la política nacional, en ...

LaRepública.pe

LaRepública.pe
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 02:45:00 -0700

Los jefes de las regiones policales de Cusco, Ica y Puno, los generales PNP Rodrigo Prada Vargas, Manuel Mondragón Campuzano y Alberto Villalobos Fernández, respectivamente, serán reemplazados en el cargo por disposición del ministro del Interior, ...
 
Valley Courier
Fri, 03 Oct 2014 21:30:00 -0700

She was united in marriage to Manuel Mondragon; the two shared a long and happy union together. Viola dedicated her life to take care of the needs of her husband, children and grandchildren. She was a selfless person who always helped anyone and ...

Informador.com.mx

Informador.com.mx
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 11:33:45 -0700

CIUDAD DE MÉXICO (23/OCT/2014).- Al inaugurar una nueva torre en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, el Presidente Enrique Peña Nieto anunció la designación de Manuel Mondragón y Kalb al frente de la Comisión Nacional contra las Adicciones ...

El Golfo Info

El Golfo Info
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 17:45:00 -0700

Ciudad de México.- El presidente Enrique Peña Nieto designó a Manuel Mondragón y Kalb como el nuevo titular de la comisión nacional contra las Adicciones (Conadic). Durante la inauguración de la nueva torre de Hospitalización del Instituto Nacional de ...
 
El Siglo de Torreón
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 12:41:15 -0700

Mondragón y Kalb, nuevo titular de la Conadic. Por: Notimex/México, DF. El presidente Enrique Peña Nieto anunció la designación de Manuel Mondragón y Kalb al frente de la Comisión Nacional contra las Adicciones. (Archivo) ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!