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Manuel Mondragón
Mondragon.png
Born 1859
Ixtlahuaca, State of Mexico
Died 1922
(Aged 63)
San Sebastián, Spain
Allegiance Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
Years of service 1880 - 1914
Rank General de División
Commands held Secretario de Guerra y Marina
Battles/wars Mexican Revolution
Awards Légion d'honneur
Relations model/artist/poet Carmen Mondragón (Nahui Ollin)

Manuel Mondragón was a Mexican military officer who played a prominent role in the Mexican Revolution. He was born in Ixtlahuaca, State of Mexico in 1859 and died in exile in Spain in 1922. He graduated from the Mexican Military Academy as an artillery officer in 1880. He designed Mexico's first semi-automatic rifle, the M1908 rifle, and a 75mm howitzer. General Mondragón was the father of a model, artist and poet Carmen Mondragón, better known as Nahui Ollin.

Porfiriato[edit]

The Mondragón M1908 rifle.

As an adolescent Mondragón entered the Military Academy of Chapultepec, where he specialised in artillery. Upon finishing his studies, he worked developing military materiel. He modified the French 75mm howitzer, earning a name for himself among Porfirist military circles. He perfected a repeating rifle and a 75mm howitzer (the Saint Chamond-Mondragón), both of which still bear his name. In 1904 he wrote a manual Description and employment of the instruments for preparing and executing fires, and in 1910 Description of rapid-fire 75mm materiel. In 1907 he was named Director of the Department of Artillery.

He initiated a project on military organic law, based on mandatory military service, and as professor of the Military Academy released a work in 1910 entitled Defense of the Coasts. The artillery at the ports of Salina Cruz on the Pacific and Puerto México on the Gulf are due to his efforts.

As a military officer during the Porfirato, he worked against the Maderista movement. In September 1911, he took leave from the Federal Army, but in 1913 returned, reincorporated in the army to support Gregorio Ruiz in the anti-Maderista rebellion of the Decena trágica. He is suspected of having assassinated the Mexican President Francisco I. Madero and his Vice-President José María Pino.

Revolution[edit]

Militiamen beside a 75mm Saint Chamond-Mondragón field gun designed by Mondragon during the Mexican revolution.

At the side of Bernardo Reyes and Félix Díaz, Mondragón assisted in the start of the rebellion and coup against Francisco I. Madero. He allied with General Victoriano Huerta as Madero was obliged to renounce the presidency, thus frustrating the start of a new democratic direction in the country. Upon Huerta's assumption of the presidency, Mondragón was named Secretary of War and the Navy. He served in this position only a short time, as in June he resigned amid accusations from prominent Huertist politicians and public opinion of his culpability in the advance of revolutionary forces, due to his incompetence and poor planning in the campaign against them.

Exile[edit]

Following these accusations, Victoriano Huerta expelled Mondragón from Mexico, heeding the rumor of a plot to overthrow him. Mondragón left for Spain, where the government of France awarded him the Légion d'honneur. General Manuel Mondragón died in San Sebastián in 1922.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Francisco Naranjo. Diccionario biográfico Revolucionario. Imprenta Editorial "Cosmos", Mexico, 1935. ISBN 968-805-293-0

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manuel_Mondragón — Please support Wikipedia.
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3190 news items

Mi Morelia.com

Mi Morelia.com
Thu, 19 Mar 2015 16:15:00 -0700

Manuel Mondragón y Kalb tiene el título de médico cirujano otorgado por la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México y el rango de contralmirante médico-naval de la Armada de México; realizó un posgrado en medicina interna y otro en reumatología, ...

El Mexicano

El Mexicano
Mon, 23 Mar 2015 06:01:32 -0700

Ciudad de México.- El comisionado nacional Contra las Adicciones Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, destacó la importancia de sensibilizar a la población en torno al tema de las adicciones y afirmó que "nadie está exento a hacer su parte en el terreno de las ...

Excélsior

Excélsior
Fri, 20 Mar 2015 18:03:39 -0700

El negocio del narcomenudeo produce una cantidad de 400 mil billones de dólares en todo el mundo, reconoció el Comisionado Nacional Contra las Adicciones, Manuel Mondragón y Kalb. MORELIA, 20 de marzo.- El negocio del narcomenudeo produce ...
 
Uniradio Informa
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 02:33:45 -0700

Cuando menos una parte importante de la bancada del PAN en el Senado está dispuesta a revisar y modificar la figura del fuero de los servidores públicos, inclusive al presidente de la república, comenta a este espacio Roberto Gil Zuarth. El coordinador ...

El Sol de Cordoba

El Sol de Cordoba
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 00:18:45 -0700

... inolvidable para doña Reyna quien disfrutó muy feliz su aniversario de vida, escuchando las alegres Mañanitas y recibiendo los mejores deseos salud y bienestar de parte de todos sus invitados, entre ellos Juan Manuel Mondragón, Reyna Péz Larrínaga, ...

Latin Times

Latin Times
Sun, 16 Mar 2014 16:49:44 -0700

Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, the head of Mexico's National Security Commission (CNS), will be resigning from his post on Monday. Accorging to sources close to the security head, Mondragón y Kalb will be stepping down as National Security Commissioner ...

La Región: Diario Judicial de Loreto

La Región: Diario Judicial de Loreto
Sat, 28 Mar 2015 01:48:45 -0700

... dispuso la presencia de técnicos y especialistas del Dpto. de Control de Calidad para descartar tal afirmación, tomaron las muestras en presencia de los vecinos: Alberti Veintemilla de calle 6 N° 2 con (0.6 cloro), Manuel Mondragon N° 10 con (0.5 ...
 
XEU
Wed, 11 Mar 2015 19:15:00 -0700

Durante 2014 se crearon 450 variedades de drogas para uso psicoactiva en Europa, informó el Comisionado Nacional contra las Adicciones, Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, quien señaló como un peligro legalizar la mariguana en México, lo que llevaría a la ...
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