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Manuel Mondragón
Mondragon.png
Born 1859
Ixtlahuaca, State of Mexico
Died 1922
(Aged 63)
San Sebastián, Spain
Allegiance Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
Years of service 1880 - 1914
Rank General de División
Commands held Secretario de Guerra y Marina
Battles/wars Mexican Revolution
Awards Légion d'honneur
Relations model/artist/poet Carmen Mondragón (Nahui Ollin)

Manuel Mondragón was a Mexican military officer who played a prominent role in the Mexican Revolution. He was born in Ixtlahuaca, State of Mexico in 1859 and died in exile in Spain in 1922. He graduated from the Mexican Military Academy as an artillery officer in 1880. He designed Mexico's first semi-automatic rifle, the M1908 rifle, and a 75mm howitzer. General Mondragón was the father of a model, artist and poet Carmen Mondragón, better known as Nahui Ollin.

Porfiriato[edit]

The Mondragón M1908 rifle.

As an adolescent Mondragón entered the Military Academy of Chapultepec, where he specialised in artillery. Upon finishing his studies, he worked developing military materiel. He modified the French 75mm howitzer, earning a name for himself among Porfirist military circles. He perfected a repeating rifle and a 75mm howitzer (the Saint Chamond-Mondragón), both of which still bear his name. In 1904 he wrote a manual Description and employment of the instruments for preparing and executing fires, and in 1910 Description of rapid-fire 75mm materiel. In 1907 he was named Director of the Department of Artillery.

He initiated a project on military organic law, based on mandatory military service, and as professor of the Military Academy released a work in 1910 entitled Defense of the Coasts. The artillery at the ports of Salina Cruz on the Pacific and Puerto México on the Gulf are due to his efforts.

As a military officer during the Porfirato, he worked against the Maderista movement. In September 1911, he took leave from the Federal Army, but in 1913 returned, reincorporated in the army to support Gregorio Ruiz in the anti-Maderista rebellion of the Decena trágica. He is suspected of having assassinated the Mexican President Francisco I. Madero and his Vice-President José María Pino.

Revolution[edit]

Militiamen beside a 75mm Saint Chamond-Mondragón field gun designed by Mondragon during the Mexican revolution.

At the side of Bernardo Reyes and Félix Díaz, Mondragón assisted in the start of the rebellion and coup against Francisco I. Madero. He allied with General Victoriano Huerta as Madero was obliged to renounce the presidency, thus frustrating the start of a new democratic direction in the country. Upon Huerta's assumption of the presidency, Mondragón was named Secretary of War and the Navy. He served in this position only a short time, as in June he resigned amid accusations from prominent Huertist politicians and public opinion of his culpability in the advance of revolutionary forces, due to his incompetence and poor planning in the campaign against them.

Exile[edit]

Following these accusations, Victoriano Huerta expelled Mondragón from Mexico, heeding the rumor of a plot to overthrow him. Mondragón left for Spain, where the government of France awarded him the Légion d'honneur. General Manuel Mondragón died in San Sebastián in 1922.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Francisco Naranjo. Diccionario biográfico Revolucionario. Imprenta Editorial "Cosmos", Mexico, 1935. ISBN 968-805-293-0

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manuel_Mondragón — Please support Wikipedia.
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3150 news items

SDPnoticias.com

SDPnoticias.com
Mon, 04 May 2015 04:35:05 -0700

El comisionado nacional contra las adicciones aseguró que la postura del gobierno es abordar la problemática desde un punto de vista de salud pública. México.- El comisionado nacional contra las adicciones, Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, declaró que ...

Vanguardia.com.mx

Vanguardia.com.mx
Wed, 29 Apr 2015 15:52:30 -0700

México.- El doctor Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, titular de la Comisión Nacional contra las Adicciones, expresó el compromiso de nuestro país con el esfuerzo continental para el control de las drogas, y señaló que el problema del consumo debe ser tratado ...

XEU

XEU
Wed, 27 May 2015 16:15:00 -0700

Con el propósito de fortalecer la prevención, detección y atención a las adicciones, en el Estado de Querétaro, el Comisionado Nacional contra las Adicciones, doctor Manuel Mondragón y Kalb y el gobierno la entidad, que encabeza el licenciado José ...

Hora Cero

Hora Cero
Sat, 23 May 2015 23:11:15 -0700

... en la lucha contra el tabaquismo, es que, al término de este sexenio, el país sea 100% libre de humo en instalaciones gubernamentales y comerciales, aseguró el titular de la Comisión Nacional Contra las Adicciones (Conadic), Manuel Mondragón y Kalb.

LaRed21

El Mexicano
Wed, 29 Apr 2015 05:00:00 -0700

Ciudad de México.- El uso de mariguana con fines medicinales, el abuso y dependencia de drogas con una perspectiva de salud pública, la prevención de daños sociales y la despenalización del consumo de drogas, son temas que se tratarán en el 57° ...

Latin Times

Latin Times
Sun, 16 Mar 2014 16:49:44 -0700

Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, the head of Mexico's National Security Commission (CNS), will be resigning from his post on Monday. Accorging to sources close to the security head, Mondragón y Kalb will be stepping down as National Security Commissioner ...

ESPN Deportes

ESPN Deportes
Mon, 18 May 2015 11:56:15 -0700

En aquél entonces se enfrentaron a Tigres y quedaron eliminados por un inesperado autogol de Manuel Mondragón en los últimos minutos del cotejo; en esta ocasión se medirán ante Pachuca con un plantel completamente renovado. Raúl Rico y Marco ...
 
Noticieros Televisa
Wed, 06 May 2015 14:31:06 -0700

En el año 2003, Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, entonces subsecretario de Prevención del Delito y Participación Ciudadana de la Secretaría de Seguridad Pública del Distrito Federal (SSPDF), tenía como encomienda implementar el programa, una medida ...
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