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Manuel Mondragón
Mondragon.png
Born 1859
Ixtlahuaca, State of Mexico
Died 1922
(Aged 63)
San Sebastián, Spain
Allegiance Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
Years of service 1880 - 1914
Rank General de División
Commands held Secretario de Guerra y Marina
Battles/wars Mexican Revolution
Awards Légion d'honneur
Relations model/artist/poet Carmen Mondragón (Nahui Ollin)

Manuel Mondragón was a Mexican military officer who played a prominent role in the Mexican Revolution. He was born in Ixtlahuaca, State of Mexico in 1859 and died in exile in Spain in 1922. He graduated from the Mexican Military Academy as an artillery officer in 1880. He designed Mexico's first semi-automatic rifle, the M1908 rifle, and a 75mm howitzer. General Mondragón was the father of a model, artist and poet Carmen Mondragón, better known as Nahui Ollin.

Porfiriato[edit]

The Mondragón M1908 rifle.

As an adolescent Mondragón entered the Military Academy of Chapultepec, where he specialised in artillery. Upon finishing his studies, he worked developing military materiel. He modified the French 75mm howitzer, earning a name for himself among Porfirist military circles. He perfected a repeating rifle and a 75mm howitzer (the Saint Chamond-Mondragón), both of which still bear his name. In 1904 he wrote a manual Description and employment of the instruments for preparing and executing fires, and in 1910 Description of rapid-fire 75mm materiel. In 1907 he was named Director of the Department of Artillery.

He initiated a project on military organic law, based on mandatory military service, and as professor of the Military Academy released a work in 1910 entitled Defense of the Coasts. The artillery at the ports of Salina Cruz on the Pacific and Puerto México on the Gulf are due to his efforts.

As a military officer during the Porfirato, he worked against the Maderista movement. In September 1911, he took leave from the Federal Army, but in 1913 returned, reincorporated in the army to support Gregorio Ruiz in the anti-Maderista rebellion of the Decena trágica. He is suspected of having assassinated the Mexican President Francisco I. Madero and his Vice-President José María Pino.

Revolution[edit]

Militiamen beside a 75mm Saint Chamond-Mondragón field gun designed by Mondragon during the Mexican revolution.

At the side of Bernardo Reyes and Félix Díaz, Mondragón assisted in the start of the rebellion and coup against Francisco I. Madero. He allied with General Victoriano Huerta as Madero was obliged to renounce the presidency, thus frustrating the start of a new democratic direction in the country. Upon Huerta's assumption of the presidency, Mondragón was named Secretary of War and the Navy. He served in this position only a short time, as in June he resigned amid accusations from prominent Huertist politicians and public opinion of his culpability in the advance of revolutionary forces, due to his incompetence and poor planning in the campaign against them.

Exile[edit]

Following these accusations, Victoriano Huerta expelled Mondragón from Mexico, heeding the rumor of a plot to overthrow him. Mondragón left for Spain, where the government of France awarded him the Légion d'honneur. General Manuel Mondragón died in San Sebastián in 1922.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Francisco Naranjo. Diccionario biográfico Revolucionario. Imprenta Editorial "Cosmos", Mexico, 1935. ISBN 968-805-293-0

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manuel_Mondragón — Please support Wikipedia.
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10582 news items

Uno TV Noticias

Uno TV Noticias
Wed, 13 Apr 2016 15:40:55 -0700

El comisionado Nacional contra las Adicciones, Manuel Mondragón, advirtió que la apertura para el consuno libre de marihuana repercutirá en el costo de atención de personas adictas. "... esto va a costar en contratar médicos, capacitar psicólogos ...

El Financiero

El Financiero
Mon, 11 Apr 2016 19:48:45 -0700

Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, Comisionado Nacional contra las Adicciones, dijo que no se han tenido los avances que esperaban en la materia por lo que después de las elecciones se pondrá en marcha el Programa Nacional de Prevención de las Adicciones ...

Milenio.com

Milenio.com
Tue, 19 Apr 2016 12:46:06 -0700

El titular de la Comisión Nacional contra las Adicciones, Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, dijo que es necesario actualizar la tabla de portación legal de drogas en México, y que en el caso de la mariguana la cantidad permitida podría pasar de 5 a 15 gramos, ...

El Sol de México

El Sol de México
Mon, 14 Mar 2016 22:47:15 -0700

México, 14 Mar. (OEM-Informex).- El comisionado Nacional contra las Adicciones (Conadic), Manuel Mondragón y Kalb dijo que no se legalizará la marihuana en México, por lo que aseguró que con ello, “habremos ganado la batalla”. Y para ello, el titular ...

Impacto: El Diario

Impacto: El Diario
Tue, 26 Apr 2016 21:18:45 -0700

Más que reflexivo, triste, ven sus cercanos a Manuel Mondragón y Kalb por la visión anti-adicciones de José Narro Robles en la Secretaría de Salud y la aceptación, a regañadientes, de la iniciativa para aumentar la posesión de mariguana a 28 gramos, ...

El Sol de México

El Sol de México
Wed, 13 Apr 2016 17:20:29 -0700

Ante Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, comisionado nacional contra las Adicciones (Conadic), quien acudió como testigo de honor de dicha firma, Tapia Medina habló de la importancia que es ubicar a los enfermos que buscaron un apoyo, y si realmente ...

Tribuna de los Cabos

Tribuna de los Cabos
Sun, 03 Apr 2016 21:18:33 -0700

Por su parte, el comisionado Nacional contra las Adicciones, Manuel Mondragón y Kalb dijo que con el trabajo de todos, Baja California Sur será modelo nacional de prevención de adicciones, debido a que cuenta con las condiciones propicias para ...
 
Milenio.com
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 00:32:47 -0800

Manuel Mondragon y Kalb*. Seleccionar una fecha; Ver índice de autores. AUTHOR_NAME. Acerca del autor. *Comisionado nacional contra las Adicciones. 05/02/2016. Manuel Mondragon y Kalb* | Articulista invitado. Precisión sobre la encuesta de la ...
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