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Manuel Mondragón
Mondragon.png
Born 1859
Ixtlahuaca, State of Mexico
Died 1922
(Aged 63)
San Sebastián, Spain
Allegiance Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
Years of service 1880 - 1914
Rank General de División
Commands held Secretario de Guerra y Marina
Battles/wars Mexican Revolution
Awards Légion d'honneur
Relations model/artist/poet Carmen Mondragón (Nahui Ollin)

Manuel Mondragón was a Mexican-Spanish military officer who played a prominent role in the Mexican Revolution. He was born in Ixtlahuaca, State of Mexico in 1859 and died in exile in Spain in 1922. He graduated from the Mexican Military Academy as an artillery officer in 1880. He designed Mexico's first semi-automatic rifle, the M1908 rifle, and a 75mm howitzer. General Mondragón was the father of a model, artist and poet Carmen Mondragón, better known as Nahui Ollin.

Porfiriato[edit]

The Mondragón M1908 rifle.

As an adolescent Mondragón entered the Military Academy of Chapultepec, where he specialised in artillery. Upon finishing his studies, he worked developing military materiel. He modified the French 75mm howitzer, earning a name for himself among Porfirist military circles. He perfected a repeating rifle and a 75mm howitzer (the Saint Chamond-Mondragón), both of which still bear his name. In 1904 he wrote a manual Description and employment of the instruments for preparing and executing fires, and in 1910 Description of rapid-fire 75mm materiel. In 1907 he was named Director of the Department of Artillery.

He initiated a project on military organic law, based on mandatory military service, and as professor of the Military Academy released a work in 1910 entitled Defense of the Coasts. The artillery at the ports of Salina Cruz on the Pacific and Puerto México on the Gulf are due to his efforts.

As a military officer during the Porfirato, he worked against the Maderista movement. In September 1911, he took leave from the Federal Army, but in 1913 returned, reincorporated in the army to support Gregorio Ruiz in the anti-Maderista rebellion of the Decena trágica. He is suspected of having assassinated the Mexican President Francisco I. Madero and his Vice-President José María Pino.

Revolution[edit]

Militiamen beside a 75mm Saint Chamond-Mondragón field gun designed by Mondragon during the Mexican revolution.

At the side of Bernardo Reyes and Félix Díaz, Mondragón assisted in the start of the rebellion and coup against Francisco I. Madero. He allied with General Victoriano Huerta as Madero was obliged to renounce the presidency, thus frustrating the start of a new democratic direction in the country. Upon Huerta's assumption of the presidency, Mondragón was named Secretary of War and the Navy. He served in this position only a short time, as in June he resigned amid accusations from prominent Huertist politicians and public opinion of his culpability in the advance of revolutionary forces, due to his incompetence and poor planning in the campaign against them.

Exile[edit]

Following these accusations, Victoriano Huerta expelled Mondragón from Mexico, heeding the rumor of a plot to overthrow him. Mondragón left for Spain, where the government of France awarded him the Légion d'honneur. General Manuel Mondragón died in San Sebastián in 1922.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Francisco Naranjo. Diccionario biográfico Revolucionario. Imprenta Editorial "Cosmos", Mexico, 1935. ISBN 968-805-293-0

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manuel_Mondragón — Please support Wikipedia.
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7796 news items

El Financiero

El Financiero
Fri, 26 Jun 2015 10:03:45 -0700

En Europa han surgido 450 nuevas drogas en 3 años: Manuel Mondragón. El presidente de la Comisión Nacional Contra las Adicciones aseguró que sólo en el último año 150 drogas de diseño han surgido en el mundo. Arturo Estrada/Corresponsal.

Contraparte

El Mexicano
Wed, 10 Jun 2015 11:56:15 -0700

México.- El titular de la Comisión Nacional contra las Adicciones (Conadic), Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, señaló que alistan la aplicación del programa Conduce Sin Alcohol a nivel nacional, y confió en que se logre la unificación de los procedimientos de ...

Milenio.com

Milenio.com
Tue, 30 Jun 2015 14:00:00 -0700

El comisionado nacional contra las Adicciones, Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, destacó hoy la importancia del trabajo conjunto entre sociedad y gobiernos para hacer frente al problema que representan las drogas. Luego de encabezar la firma del Convenio ...

Milenio.com

Milenio.com
Sat, 27 Jun 2015 02:19:56 -0700

El comisionado Nacional Contra las Adicciones, Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, reveló que durante los tres años recientes han sido detectadas más de 450 nuevas drogas de “diseño”, de las cuales no se sabe con precisión cuándo podrían entrar al mercado ...
 
Lampasas Dispatch Record
Tue, 09 Jun 2015 04:48:55 -0700

At his revocation hearing, 36-year-old Manuel Mondragon Martinez of Austin had his probation revoked, and he was given three years in the Texas Department of Criminal Justice Institutional Division. Martinez also was assessed court costs of $463.
 
Noticieros Televisa
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 09:17:50 -0700

CIUDAD DE MÉXICO, México, jul. 02, 2015.- A través de redes sociales, gobernantes y políticos de todos los partidos y personalidades de diversos ámbitos lamentaron el deceso del periodista mexicano Jacobo Zabludovsky, ocurrido esta madrugada en un ...
 
Uniradio Informa
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 16:48:45 -0700

... los centros de rehabilitación de los adictos, y adelantó que el 9 de julio, el gobernador de Baja California, Francisco Vega de Lamadrid y el Comisionado Nacional contra las Adicciones, Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, firmarán un convenio de colaboración.

Pulso de San Luis

La Crónica de Hoy (Comunicado de prensa) (Registro) (blog)
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 11:11:15 -0700

En las graduaciones existe el riesgo de que los jóvenes consuman alcohol en grandes cantidades en un tiempo breve, que al combinarlo con el volante puede tener consecuencias fatales. Vea También; Cerebro y alcohol no se llevan. Con el fin del ciclo ...
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