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Manuel Mondragón
Mondragon.png
Born 1859
Ixtlahuaca, State of Mexico
Died 1922
(Aged 63)
San Sebastián, Spain
Allegiance Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
Years of service 1880 - 1914
Rank General de División
Commands held Secretario de Guerra y Marina
Battles/wars Mexican Revolution
Awards Légion d'honneur
Relations model/artist/poet Carmen Mondragón (Nahui Ollin)

Manuel Mondragón was a Mexican military officer who played a prominent role in the Mexican Revolution. He was born in Ixtlahuaca, State of Mexico in 1859 and died in exile in Spain in 1922. He graduated from the Mexican Military Academy as an artillery officer in 1880. He designed Mexico's first semi-automatic rifle, the M1908 rifle, and a 75mm howitzer. General Mondragón was the father of a model, artist and poet Carmen Mondragón, better known as Nahui Ollin.

Porfiriato[edit]

The Mondragón M1908 rifle.

As an adolescent Mondragón entered the Military Academy of Chapultepec, where he specialised in artillery. Upon finishing his studies, he worked developing military materiel. He modified the French 75mm howitzer, earning a name for himself among Porfirist military circles. He perfected a repeating rifle and a 75mm howitzer (the Saint Chamond-Mondragón), both of which still bear his name. In 1904 he wrote a manual Description and employment of the instruments for preparing and executing fires, and in 1910 Description of rapid-fire 75mm materiel. In 1907 he was named Director of the Department of Artillery.

He initiated a project on military organic law, based on mandatory military service, and as professor of the Military Academy released a work in 1910 entitled Defense of the Coasts. The artillery at the ports of Salina Cruz on the Pacific and Puerto México on the Gulf are due to his efforts.

As a military officer during the Porfirato, he worked against the Maderista movement. In September 1911, he took leave from the Federal Army, but in 1913 returned, reincorporated in the army to support Gregorio Ruiz in the anti-Maderista rebellion of the Decena trágica. He is suspected of having assassinated the Mexican President Francisco I. Madero and his Vice-President José María Pino.

Revolution[edit]

Militiamen beside a 75mm Saint Chamond-Mondragón field gun designed by Mondragon during the Mexican revolution.

At the side of Bernardo Reyes and Félix Díaz, Mondragón assisted in the start of the rebellion and coup against Francisco I. Madero. He allied with General Victoriano Huerta as Madero was obliged to renounce the presidency, thus frustrating the start of a new democratic direction in the country. Upon Huerta's assumption of the presidency, Mondragón was named Secretary of War and the Navy. He served in this position only a short time, as in June he resigned amid accusations from prominent Huertist politicians and public opinion of his culpability in the advance of revolutionary forces, due to his incompetence and poor planning in the campaign against them.

Exile[edit]

Following these accusations, Victoriano Huerta expelled Mondragón from Mexico, heeding the rumor of a plot to overthrow him. Mondragón left for Spain, where the government of France awarded him the Légion d'honneur. General Manuel Mondragón died in San Sebastián in 1922.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Francisco Naranjo. Diccionario biográfico Revolucionario. Imprenta Editorial "Cosmos", Mexico, 1935. ISBN 968-805-293-0

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manuel_Mondragón — Please support Wikipedia.
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3112 news items

Libertad de Expresión Yucatán

Libertad de Expresión Yucatán
Sun, 26 Apr 2015 14:22:30 -0700

A raíz de que tomó las riendas de este organismo Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, ya existe un proyecto enviado a la Comisión Federal de Mejora Regulatoria para que la Conadic sea un órgano desconcentrado de la Secretaría de Salud y se construya un frente ...

El Sol de México

El Sol de México
Sun, 26 Apr 2015 06:07:30 -0700

Finalmente si de comida se trata, sus cartas ofrecen las mejores opciones de platillos tradicionales poblanos elaborados con un toque contemporáneo, opciones creadas por el chef Manuel Mondragón, quien a su vez funge como gerente general del hotel.

Siempre

Siempre
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 10:26:15 -0700

Aquí en estas mismas páginas nos hemos referido a las razones por las cuales Manuel Mondragón tuvo que renunciar a la Comisión de Seguridad. El excomisionado siempre estuvo en contra, como el mismo Ejército mexicano, de que las autodefensas ...

Latin Times

Latin Times
Sun, 16 Mar 2014 16:49:44 -0700

Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, the head of Mexico's National Security Commission (CNS), will be resigning from his post on Monday. Accorging to sources close to the security head, Mondragón y Kalb will be stepping down as National Security Commissioner ...

Diario Perú21

Diario Perú21
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 17:00:47 -0700

Nunca se ha visto una (mantarraya) de gran tamaño”, contó Manuel Mondragón al WhatsApp de Perú21 (950-899-541). De acuerdo a la Agencia Andina, este jueves el fiscal de Prevención del Delito de Tumbes, Félix Quinde Feijoo, fue alertado del hallazgo ...

Al Momento Noticias

Al Momento Noticias
Wed, 22 Apr 2015 17:33:45 -0700

El titular la CONADIC, doctor Manuel Mondragón mencionó “En este objetivo no basta con tener buenos deseos, la mejor infraestructura o los mejores programas, si no se cuenta con especialistas capacitados en el tratamiento de las personas que enfrentan ...

Excélsior

Excélsior
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 11:34:54 -0700

CIUDAD DE MÉXICO, 24 de octubre.- El presidente Enrique Peña Nieto designó a Manuel Mondragón y Kalb como nuevo titular de la Comisión Nacional contra las Adicciones (Conadic), quien se reincorpora a la administración federal. El mandatario ...

Quadratín

Quadratín
Sat, 18 Apr 2015 09:30:00 -0700

... se reunirán con el secretario de Salud, Carlos Aranza Donis, para gestionar a su vez una audiencia con el titular de la Comisión Nacional contra las Adicciones (Conadic), Manuel Mondragón y Kalb, para negociar la instalación de esye centro en Morelia.
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