digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Mangaka (漫画家?) is the Japanese word for a comic artist or cartoonist. Outside of Japan, manga usually refers to a Japanese comic book and mangaka refers to the author of the manga, who is usually Japanese. As of 2006, about 3000 professional mangaka were working in Japan.[1]

Most mangaka study at an art college, manga school, or take on an apprenticeship with another artist before entering the industry as a primary creator. More rarely a mangaka breaks into the industry directly, without previously being an assistant. For example, Naoko Takeuchi, author of Sailor Moon, won a contest sponsored by Kodansha, and manga pioneer Osamu Tezuka was first published while studying an unrelated degree, without ever working as an assistant.

A mangaka will rise to prominence through recognition of their ability when they spark the interest of institutions, individuals or a demographic of manga consumers. For example, there are contests which prospective mangaka may enter, sponsored by manga editors and publishers. They are also recognized for the number of manga they run at one time.[2]


The word can be broken down into two parts: manga (漫画?) and ka (?).

The manga corresponds to the medium of art the artist uses: comics, or Japanese comics, depending on how the term is used inside or outside of Japan.

The -ka (家) suffix implies a degree of expertise and traditional authorship. For example, this term would not be applied to a writer creating a story which is then handed over to a manga artist for drawing. The Japanese term for such a writer of comics is gensakusha (原作者?).

In a 2010 message from, at the time Japan Cartoonists Association (ja) chairman, Takashi Yanase it says: "[w]hile Japan is often said to be world’s cartoon kingdom, not a few people will surely be wondering what exactly the Japanese mean by the term "cartoon". Unfortunately, there is no hard- and- fast definition that I can offer, since the members of this association lay claim to an extensive variety of works."[3]

Relationship to other staff[edit]

While Japan does have a thriving independent comic market for amateur and semi-professional artists, creating manga professionally is rarely a solo effort. Mangaka must work with an assortment of others to get their work completed, published, and into the hands of readers.


Most professionally published mangaka work with an editor, who is considered the boss of the mangaka and supervises series production. The editor gives advice on the layout and art of the manga, vets the story direction and pace, ensures that deadlines are met, and generally makes sure that the manga stays up to company standards. An example of this is Akira Toriyama and his former editor Kazuhiko Torishima. The editor may also function as a brand manager and publicist for a series. When a manga is the basis for a media franchise, the editor may also supervise the designs for licensed merchandise, anime adaptations, and similar products, though this duty may also fall to the mangaka or an agent.


A mangaka may both write and illustrate a series of their own creation, or may work in collaboration with an author. The mangaka typically has a strong influence on dialog even when paired with a writer, as any conversation must fit within the physical constraints imposed by the art. Takeshi Obata of Death Note, Tetsuo Hara of Fist of the North Star, and Ryoichi Ikegami of Sanctuary are all successful mangaka who have worked with writers through the majority of their careers.


Most mangaka have assistants who help them complete their work in a clean and timely manner. The duties of assistants vary widely, as the term incorporates all people working for a mangaka's art studio, but is most commonly used to refer to secondary artists. The number of assistant artists also varies widely between mangaka, but is typically at least three. Other mangaka instead form collaborative groups known as "circles" but do not use additional assistants, such as the creative team CLAMP. A few mangaka have no assistants at all, and prefer to do everything themselves, but this is considered exceptional.

Assistants are commonly used for inking, lettering, and shading, though the predominance of black and white art in manga means that unlike in the western comic industry, a studio rarely employs a colorist. Some mangaka only do the sketchwork for their art, and have their numerous assistants fill in all of the details, but it is more common for assistants to deal with background and cameo art, leaving the mangaka to focus on drawing and inking the characters. Assistants may also be employed to perform specialized artistic tasks. Go Nagai, for instance, at one time employed a specialist to draw helicopters and other military vehicles,[2] Kaoru Mori employed a historical consultant for Emma, and series that incorporate photorealistic architecture, animals, computer-rendered imagery, or other technically demanding effects may employ or contract separate artists trained in those techniques. Assistants almost never help the mangaka with the plot of their manga, beyond being a sounding board for ideas. A mangaka's assistants will be listed in the credits for a manga tankōbon, and short interviews with or illustrations by assistant artists are a common form of bonus material in these collections, but they do not receive individual credits in magazine publication.

Most mangaka started out as assistants, such as Miwa Ueda to Naoko Takeuchi, Leiji Matsumoto to Osamu Tezuka, and Kaoru Shintani to Leiji Matsumoto. It is also possible for an assistant to have an entire career as such without becoming an independent mangaka. Assistants, particularly specialists, may work with several different mangaka at the same time, and many assistants also self-publish works of their own in the dōjinshi scene.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ McCarthy, Helen (2006). "Manga: A Brief History". 500 Manga Heroes & Villains. Hauppauge, New York, USA: Chrysalis Book Group. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-7641-3201-8. 
  2. ^ a b Schodt, Frederik L.: Manga! Manga!: The World of Japanese Comics, Kodansha International, August 18, 1997, ISBN 0-87011-752-1
  3. ^ "Message from the chairman". Archived from the original on December 26, 2010. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mangaka — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
36526 videos foundNext > 

Famous mangaka draw (Tite Kubo,Masashi Kishimoto,Takeshi Obata,Eiichiro Oda)

WATCH ALSO THE SECOND PART Tite Kubo (creator of Bleach) -0.00 Masashi Kishimoto (creator of Naruto) -2.08 Takeshi Obata (creator of Bakuman) -4.20 ...

profession Mangaka

part 1 part 2 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YpO5ZaFdDzU.

Mangaka-san to Assistant-san to - Stuck in the elevator

Tags: The Comic Artist And His Assistants bottle pee sena chan need to go to the bathroom.

Advices for becoming a mangaka in Japan (Felipe Smith) - mastersofmanga.com

American comics author Felipe Smith, the first and for the moment only Westerner to have been successful, independently, to publish during a long period of ...


Do you want to make your own manga but you don't exactly know where to start? From writing, how to draw manga, and get your manga online or get it ...

GC Artists' Spotlight #4: Hiro Sono on Life as a Manga Artist

Gaijin Channel's exclusive interview with Manga artist Yoshihiro "Hiro" Sono, author of the Gundam side stories "Mobile Suit Gundam: We're Federation ...

Wie man Mangaka wird - Sozan - Leipziger Buchmesse 2011

Zur Leipziger Buchmesse 2011 wurde ein Mangawettbewerb veranstaltet. Die deutsche Nachwuchs-Mangaka Sozan hat mit ihrer selbst ausgedachten ...

Consejos para ser mangaka en Japón (Felipe Smith) - mastersofmanga.com

El autor de cómics norteamericano Felipe Smith, el primer y de momento único occidental que ha conseguido, de forma independiente, publicar durante un ...


Welcome to the second episode of "Famous mangaka draw". In this video there are other four important mangakas: 0.00-1.23: TORIKO (Mitsutoshi ...

Yoshihiro Togashi - HxH's Mangaka

Yoshihiro Togashi, Mangaka (the creator) of Hunter X Hunter!!! The great mangaka whole time...!! Hunter X Hunter has inspired my life... And it has changed my ...

36526 videos foundNext > 

21637 news items

Softpedia News

Softpedia News
Sun, 21 Jun 2015 22:03:45 -0700

That was fast! Animesoft International, the developers of the beautiful Mangaka Linux distribution have just announced that the final version of the Nyu edition is now available for download for users worldwide. Using elementary OS' gorgeous Pantheon ...

Softpedia News (blog)

Softpedia News (blog)
Mon, 15 Jun 2015 20:47:30 -0700

Two weeks after the announcement of the Beta version of the upcoming Mangaka Nyu Linux distribution for anime and manga fans, based on Ubuntu, Animesoft International has released the RC (Release Candidate) version. At the moment of writing this ...

Softpedia News (blog)

Softpedia News (blog)
Sat, 06 Jun 2015 13:27:19 -0700

After having reported last month that the first Alpha version of the upcoming Mangaka Nyu Linux distribution was available for testing, we're now informing you about the immediate availability for download and testing of the Beta release. Animesoft ...

ilmamilio.it - L'informazione dei Castelli romani

ilmamilio.it - L'informazione dei Castelli romani
Tue, 30 Jun 2015 02:56:15 -0700

FRASCATI - L'Okiagari Koboshi project for Fukushima, 150 okiagari koboshi, decorate da mangaka, illustratori, artisti di tutto il mondo in mostraalle Scuderie Aldobrandini. A Frascati saranno in mostra tra le altre anche le koboshi realizzate da ...

CHIP Online

CHIP Online
Mon, 22 Jun 2015 03:41:30 -0700

Ein eigenes Betriebssystem für alle Manga- und Anime-Fans und Otakus: "Linux Mangaka Nyu" ist eine Linux-Version, die komplett auf Anime und Manga gestylt ist und viele bekannte Zeichen und Logos aus bekannten Mangas aufgreift. Basierend auf der ...

Kotaku Australia

Kotaku Australia
Tue, 30 Jun 2015 12:17:22 -0700

The feeling shown in some tweets and comments on Yaraon! is that the paper should have referred to him as a “self-published artist” (同人作家 or doujin sakka) instead of as a “manga artist” (漫画家 or mangaka), making a distinction between the two ...


Tue, 09 Jun 2015 08:41:52 -0700

L'école offrira à ses étudiants la possibilité d'acquérir toutes les compétences nécessaires au métier de mangaka (nom donné aux dessinateurs et scénaristes de mangas, ndlr). "Le dessin n'est qu'une partie du travail de mangaka, la part la plus ...


Fri, 26 Jun 2015 09:07:30 -0700

Le mangaka et cofondateur du Studio Ghibli, Hayao Miyazaki, a fait un don de 300 millions de yens (soit 2,17 millions €) à Kume-jima, île de la préfecture d'Okinawa. Cette somme colossale servira à la construction d'une aire de jeux pour enfants dans ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight