digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Mangaka (漫画家?) is the Japanese word for a comic artist or cartoonist. Outside of Japan, manga usually refers to a Japanese comic book and mangaka refers to the author of the manga, who is usually Japanese. As of 2006, about 3000 professional mangaka were working in Japan.[1]

Most mangaka study at an art college, manga school, or take on an apprenticeship with another artist before entering the industry as a primary creator. More rarely a mangaka breaks into the industry directly, without previously being an assistant. For example, Naoko Takeuchi, author of Sailor Moon, won a contest sponsored by Kodansha, and manga pioneer Osamu Tezuka was first published while studying an unrelated degree, without ever working as an assistant.

A mangaka will rise to prominence through recognition of their ability when they spark the interest of institutions, individuals or a demographic of manga consumers. For example, there are contests which prospective mangaka may enter, sponsored by manga editors and publishers. They are also recognized for the number of manga they run at one time.[2]

Etymology[edit]

The word can be broken down into two parts: manga (漫画?) and ka (?).

The manga corresponds to the medium of art the artist uses: comics, or Japanese comics, depending on how the term is used inside or outside of Japan.

The -ka (家) suffix implies a degree of expertise and traditional authorship. For example, this term would not be applied to a writer creating a story which is then handed over to a manga artist for drawing. The Japanese term for such a writer of comics is gensakusha (原作者?).

In a 2010 message from, at the time Japan Cartoonists Association (ja) chairman, Takashi Yanase it says: "[w]hile Japan is often said to be world’s cartoon kingdom, not a few people will surely be wondering what exactly the Japanese mean by the term "cartoon". Unfortunately, there is no hard- and- fast definition that I can offer, since the members of this association lay claim to an extensive variety of works."[3]

Relationship to other staff[edit]

While Japan does have a thriving independent comic market for amateur and semi-professional artists, creating manga professionally is rarely a solo effort. Mangaka must work with an assortment of others to get their work completed, published, and into the hands of readers.

Editor[edit]

Most professionally published mangaka work with an editor, who is considered the boss of the mangaka and supervises series production. The editor gives advice on the layout and art of the manga, vets the story direction and pace, ensures that deadlines are met, and generally makes sure that the manga stays up to company standards. An example of this is Akira Toriyama and his former editor Kazuhiko Torishima. The editor may also function as a brand manager and publicist for a series. When a manga is the basis for a media franchise, the editor may also supervise the designs for licensed merchandise, anime adaptations, and similar products, though this duty may also fall to the mangaka or an agent.

Writer[edit]

A mangaka may both write and illustrate a series of their own creation, or may work in collaboration with an author. The mangaka typically has a strong influence on dialog even when paired with a writer, as any conversation must fit within the physical constraints imposed by the art. Takeshi Obata of Death Note, Tetsuo Hara of Fist of the North Star, and Ryoichi Ikegami of Sanctuary are all successful mangaka who have worked with writers through the majority of their careers.

Assistants[edit]

Most mangaka have assistants who help them complete their work in a clean and timely manner. The duties of assistants vary widely, as the term incorporates all people working for a mangaka's art studio, but is most commonly used to refer to secondary artists. The number of assistant artists also varies widely between mangaka, but is typically at least three. Other mangaka instead form collaborative groups known as "circles" but do not use additional assistants, such as the creative team CLAMP. A few mangaka have no assistants at all, and prefer to do everything themselves, but this is considered exceptional.

Assistants are commonly used for inking, lettering, and shading, though the predominance of black and white art in manga means that unlike in the western comic industry, a studio rarely employs a colorist. Some mangaka only do the sketchwork for their art, and have their numerous assistants fill in all of the details, but it is more common for assistants to deal with background and cameo art, leaving the mangaka to focus on drawing and inking the characters. Assistants may also be employed to perform specialized artistic tasks. Go Nagai, for instance, at one time employed a specialist to draw helicopters and other military vehicles,[2] Kaoru Mori employed a historical consultant for Emma, and series that incorporate photorealistic architecture, animals, computer-rendered imagery, or other technically demanding effects may employ or contract separate artists trained in those techniques. Assistants almost never help the mangaka with the plot of their manga, beyond being a sounding board for ideas. A mangaka's assistants will be listed in the credits for a manga tankōbon, and short interviews with or illustrations by assistant artists are a common form of bonus material in these collections, but they do not receive individual credits in magazine publication.

Most mangaka started out as assistants, such as Miwa Ueda to Naoko Takeuchi, Leiji Matsumoto to Osamu Tezuka, and Kaoru Shintani to Leiji Matsumoto. It is also possible for an assistant to have an entire career as such without becoming an independent mangaka. Assistants, particularly specialists, may work with several different mangaka at the same time, and many assistants also self-publish works of their own in the dōjinshi scene.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McCarthy, Helen (2006). "Manga: A Brief History". 500 Manga Heroes & Villains. Hauppauge, New York, USA: Chrysalis Book Group. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-7641-3201-8. 
  2. ^ a b Schodt, Frederik L.: Manga! Manga!: The World of Japanese Comics, Kodansha International, August 18, 1997, ISBN 0-87011-752-1
  3. ^ "Message from the chairman". Archived from the original on December 26, 2010. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mangaka — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
33995 videos foundNext > 

Famous mangaka draw (Tite Kubo,Masashi Kishimoto,Takeshi Obata,Eiichiro Oda)

WATCH ALSO THE SECOND PART Tite Kubo (creator of Bleach) -0.00 Masashi Kishimoto (creator of Naruto) -2.08 Takeshi Obata (creator of Bakuman) -4.20 Eiichiro ...

GC Artists' Spotlight #4: Hiro Sono on Life as a Manga Artist

Gaijin Channel's exclusive interview with Manga artist Yoshihiro "Hiro" Sono, author of the Gundam side stories "Mobile Suit Gundam: We're Federation Hoolig...

Top 10 Greatest Mangaka Of All Time

Here's my Top 10 Best / Favorite Mangaka Of All Time - Remember this is my personal Top 10 Mangaka list so yours may vary, in fact it's ideal if it does, if ...

Mangaka drawing & inking manga page

A quick video of a mangaka working on his project. Traditional way. Do you want help to become a mangaka? Check out my new channel for tips, tutorials and ho...

Mangaka-san to Assistant-san to Episode 1 EngSub

Mangaka-san to Assistant-san to Episode EngSub マンガ家さんとアシスタントさんと Other name: マンガ家さんとアシスタントさんと; The Comic Artist and Assistants (TV); Mangaka san to Assistant ...

Consejos para ser mangaka en Japón (Felipe Smith) - mastersofmanga.com

El autor de cómics norteamericano Felipe Smith, el primer y de momento único occidental que ha conseguido, de forma independiente, publicar durante un períod...

PREP YOURSELF: WATCH THIS VIDEO BEFORE Becoming a Manga Artist

Do you want to make your own manga but you don't exactly know where to start? From writing, how to draw manga, and get your manga online or get it published,...

profession Mangaka

part 1 part 2 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YpO5ZaFdDzU.

Wie wird man Mangaka? Tipps zur Bewerbung - Teil 1 mit Niloo und Millus | J-Mag Tutorial

Mangaka werden - der große Traum und Berufswunsch. Niloo und Millus geben hilfreiche Tipps zur erfolgreichen Bewerbungsmappe. ▻ Zur Show und allen Videos ber...

Wie man Mangaka wird - Sozan - Leipziger Buchmesse 2011

Zur Leipziger Buchmesse 2011 wurde ein Mangawettbewerb veranstaltet. Die deutsche Nachwuchs-Mangaka Sozan hat mit ihrer selbst ausgedachten Geschichte zum Th...

33995 videos foundNext > 

1025 news items

El Periódico

El Periódico
Sun, 02 Nov 2014 12:43:51 -0800

'I am a hero' conquista medio mundo con un estilo de dibujo realista y un protagonista que, aunque es lo más alejado posible a un héroe, tiene que sobrevivir a una extraña epidemia zombi en Japón. Su autor, Kengo Hanazawa, ha visitado el Salón del ...

El Mundo

El Mundo
Sat, 01 Nov 2014 19:57:54 -0700

Takeshi Obata juega en la Champions del manga. Es uno de esos dibujantes venerados en Japón. Sus dibujos no sólo son brillantes, sino que se reinventan con cada nueva historia. Y conseguir una firma suya en el Salón del Manga, que le ha otorgado el ...

El Periódico de Catalunya

El Periódico de Catalunya
Sun, 02 Nov 2014 15:37:30 -0800

-La primera obra que vaig llegir quan feia primària va ser Doraemon. Em va impressionar molt, i vaig decidir fer-me dibuixant de manga. -¿Quines són les seves influències? -La meva principal influència és el cine. M'agraden els films gravats en primera ...

Sumikai

Sumikai
Mon, 10 Nov 2014 05:37:27 -0800

Da Naruto, nach 15 Jahren, zu ende geht, verabschieden sich einige Mangaka, die aktuell für das Shonen Jump Magazin arbeiten. Naruto erschien seit 1999 im Weekly Shonen Jump und umfasst 700 Kapitel. Der Abschied wird groß zelebriert, Shueisha ...
 
Fumettologica
Thu, 06 Nov 2014 00:02:32 -0800

Boichi vive in Giappone, ma è nato in Corea del Sud. Il che significa almeno due cose: innanzitutto che il suo stile è quello tipico di tanti coreani influenzati dal fumetto giapponese, figli della crescente globalizzazione “interna” all'Asia; ma anche ...

Sumikai

Sumikai
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 13:28:03 -0700

Mangaka Shin Takahashi – neuer Manga im Dezember. 0. Von Micha am 28. Oktober 2014 Manga/Anime. Das Melody Magazin des Hakusensha Verlag gab bekannt, dass Mangaka Shin Takahashi (Saikano), eine neue Manga Serie in der Februar Ausgabe ...

Sumikai

Sumikai
Sat, 01 Nov 2014 04:22:54 -0700

Shueshia Auf der offiziellen Webseite des Office You Magazin des Shueshia Verlages, wurde angekündigt, dass am 23 Oktober eine neue Manga Serie der Mangaka starten wird. Der Manga wirt Terrific” heißen und es gab auch einen kleinen Teaser zur ...

Sumikai

Sumikai
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 13:22:30 -0700

Auf der offiziellen Webseite des ARIA Shójo Magazin wurde bekannt gegeben, dass Mangaka Lalako Kojima die geplante Autogrammstunde auf dem Animate Girls Festival 2014 wegen einer Morddrohung absagen. Die Drohung ging im Aria Redaktion Büro ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight