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Coordinates: 53°25′34″N 1°10′19″W / 53.426°N 1.172°W / 53.426; -1.172

Maltby Main Colliery in 2007

Maltby Main Colliery was a coal mine situated on the eastern edge of the township of Maltby, South Yorkshire, some 7 miles east of Rotherham. The mine was closed in 2013.


The first shafts at Maltby Main Colliery were sunk in 1910,[1] and the first coal produced four years later.[citation needed] Situated in a wooded area on Tickhill Road the colliery was some distance from the township of Maltby and in order to gain a workforce the colliery company commissioned the building of Maltby Model Village, an estate of 1,000 houses.[citation needed] The colliery was opened by the Maltby Main Colliery Company, a subsidiary of the Sheepbridge Iron and Coal Company.[1] Before nationalisation the owners were given as Amalgamated Denaby Collieries Ltd.

An explosion in the pit occurred 28 July 1923, resulting in 27 deaths.[2][3]

The two shafts were deepened in the ten years from 1951 and this allowed horizontal access to the Barnsley seam. This also gave access to a new Swallow Wood seam. By 1969 the Barnsley seam was considered exhausted and production went over to Swallow Wood. In 1981 a major project commenced to mine the Parkgate seam. Costing £180,000,000 the first coal was brought to the surface just one year later.

The colliery was mass picketed during the 1984–1985 miners' strike during attempts by contractors to carry out building work at the pit.[4]

The colliery was bought by RJB Mining, later renamed UK Coal, in 1994. Silverwood Colliery, the adjacent mine, closed in 1994 but had good reserves which could be worked from Maltby. Uncertainties with contracts, notably with the electricity generators, production was stopped in 1997. The pit recommenced operations and coal was gained from both the Parkgate seam, which is estimated to be exhausted by 2014, and the Silkstone seam, which will extend the life of the pit beyond that date.

In 2007 Maltby Colliery was sold by UK Coal to Hargreaves Services plc for £21.5 million, resulting in the continued employment of 500 people.[5]

Access to the reserves is gained by two shafts, No.2 984m deep and No.3 991m deep, with the capability of winding up to 1,500 tonnes of mineral an hour to the surface.[when?][citation needed]

In May 2012 unusual and dangerous geological conditions (oil, water and gas ingress) were discovered in workings of the T125 block that was to be exploited in 2013, resulting in abandonment of the tailgate for that block (see Longwall mining), and was expected to cause an gap in production of 1.5 to 3 months.[6] In late 2012 the 540 employees were given redundancies notices, and the pit owner announced it was to mothball the colliery due to dangerous underground conditions.[7] On December 2012 Hargeaves announced that the colliery was to close due to the geological problems.[8]

The mine was closed in 2013,[9] and the above ground structures demolished in 2014.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Carolyn Baylies (1993), "10. The Yorkshire Coalfield after 1900 – opening up of the Doncaster Area", The History of the Yorkshire Miners, 1881–1918, Routledge, Table 10.3 "Pits sunk near to or on the concealed coalfield", p.278, ISBN 0-415-09359-7 
  2. ^ "Maltby Pit Disaster of 1923", www.rotherhamweb.co.uk 
  3. ^ "27 Miners Killed, Terrific Explosion in Maltby Colliery, England", The Montreal Gazette, 30 July 1923: 1 
  4. ^ Sources:
  5. ^ Sources:
  6. ^ Sources:
  7. ^ "Maltby Colliery owner plans to mothball mine", BBC News, 7 November 2012 
  8. ^ "Owners confirm closure of Rotherham coal mine", BBC News, 17 December 2012 
  9. ^ Miners march to mark closure of Maltby Colliery, BBC News, 2013 
  10. ^ Norcliffe, Liam (16 July 2014), "BREAKING: Maltby Colliery has been demolished", Retford Today 


  • Handbook of Maltby Main Colliery 
  • C.T. Goode, Railways in South Yorkshire, Dalesman Publications, ISBN 0-85206-307-5 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maltby_Main_Colliery — Please support Wikipedia.
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6 news items

The Star

The Star
Sat, 25 Jul 2015 02:33:45 -0700

At a shareholders' meeting in July 1911, Maurice Deacon, chairman and managing director of the Maltby Main Colliery Co, reported that the erection of plant was proceeding satisfactorily. The winding part of the plant was laid out for raising 5,000 to 6 ...

The Star

The Star
Tue, 06 Oct 2015 05:33:45 -0700

According to the Rotherham Web website, the village was built around 1911 to accommodate the miners required to work the new Maltby Main Colliery. There was a circular park containing a bandstand, a church and school buildings and an institute with a ...
Rotherham Advertiser
Fri, 18 Sep 2015 02:56:15 -0700

The opening meeting of the winter programme will take place at Maltby Library 2pm on Thursday when Dave Fordham, author of the recently published Maltby Main Colliery: The Development of a Mining Community, will be giving a talk. Mr Fordham will also ...

Worksop Today

Worksop Today
Thu, 09 Oct 2014 02:00:00 -0700

The book covers old mines across North Nottinghamshire and South Yorkshire which include: Maltby Main Colliery, Harworth Colliery, Shireoaks and Kiveton Park Colliery. The book also tells of heartfelt stories of the disasters which happened whilst ...

Worksop Today

Worksop Today
Thu, 19 Jun 2014 03:07:30 -0700

There were also several Coke ovens at Harworth, and like Maltby Main Colliery it was decided to modernise the pit in the 1950s, rebuilding with the concrete headgears began in the late 1950s. These structures were replaced in 1989 (no.1 shaft) and 1996 ...

Gainsborough Standard

Gainsborough Standard
Fri, 12 Oct 2012 03:07:24 -0700

TWO former miners who worked most of their lives at Maltby Main Colliery have had a book published. Dave Brennan and Eric Beckett have written A Shaft Full Of Shadows, a book which lists most of the men killed while working at the pit. Dave came up ...

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