The first shafts at Maltby Main Colliery were sunk in 1910, and the first coal produced four years later. Situated in a wooded area on Tickhill Road the colliery was some distance from the township of Maltby and in order to gain a workforce the colliery company commissioned the building of Maltby Model Village, an estate of 1000 houses. The colliery was opened by the Maltby Main Colliery Company, a subsidiary of the Sheepbridge Iron and Coal Company. Prior to nationalisation the owners were given as Amalgamated Denaby Collieries Ltd.
The two shafts were deepened in the ten years from 1951 and this allowed horizontal access to the Barnsley seam. This also gave access to a new Swallow Wood seam. By 1969 the Barnsley seam was considered exhausted and production went over to Swallow Wood. In 1981 a major project commenced to mine the Parkgate seam. Costing £180,000,000 the first coal was brought to the surface just one year later.
The colliery was bought by RJB Mining, later renamed UK Coal, in 1994. Silverwood Colliery, the adjacent mine, closed in 1994 but had good reserves which could be worked from Maltby. Uncertainties with contracts, notably with the electricity generators, production was stopped in 1997. The pit recommenced operations and coal was gained from both the Parkgate seam, which is estimated to be exhausted by 2014, and the Silkstone seam, which will extend the life of the pit beyond that date.
Access to the reserves is gained by two shafts, No.2 984m deep and No.3 991m deep, with the capability of winding up to 1,500 tonnes of mineral an hour to the surface.
In May 2012 unusual and dangerous geological conditions (oil, water and gas ingress) were discovered in workings of the T125 block that was to be exploited in 2013, resulting in abandonment of the tailgate for that block (see Longwall mining), and causing an expected gap in production of 1.5 to 3 months. [dated info]
- Miners march to mark closure of Maltby Colliery, BBC news, 2013
- "Maltby Pit Disaster of 1923", www.rotherhamweb.co.uk
- "27 Miners Killed, Terrific Explosion in Maltby Colliery, England", The Montreal Gazette, 30 July 1923: 1
- "Incident at Maltby Decreases 2012/13 Profit Outlook". HARGREAVES SERVICES PLC. 28 May 2012.
- "Hargreaves Services shares fall by a third as production at Maltby Colliery grinds to halt", www.thisismoney.co.uk, 28 May 2012
- "Hargreaves warns of mining production gap", www.yorkshirepost.co.uk, 28 May 2012
- Handbook of Maltby Main Colliery
- C.T. Goode, Railways in South Yorkshire, Dalesman Publications, ISBN 0-85206-307-5
- "DIVISIONS : Maltby", www.hargreavesservices.co.uk (Hargreaves Services plc), archived from the original on 17 October 2009
- "Maltby Colliery", www.minersadvice.co.uk