digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

This article is about the Mair subcaste of Punjabi origin. For the Mair-Minhas subcaste of the Salt Range, see Minhas.

The Mair are a Sunar community traditionally found in northern India, which identify themselves as Mair Rajputs.[1] Herbert Hope Risley and Horace Arthur Rose, both of whom were colonial administrators in India during the British Raj period, noted the community's presence as a Sunar subcaste in Bengal and in Punjab, respectively.[2][3]

Though they are the traditional goldsmiths of North India, now many are also landowners, involved in cultivation, as well as selling grocery. But their main occupation remains the manufacture and selling of jewellery. Members of the community are also involved in pawnbroking and moneylending.[citation needed]

Caste identity[edit]

The Mair community was among those that challenged their official classification by the British Raj administration, which was based in large part upon the theories of Risley. Under this system, the various communities of India were assigned a position on the social ladder in order to assist in categorisation for the 1901 census. In 1911, a caste association - the Hindu Mair and Tank Kshatriya Rajput Sabha of Lahore - petitioned the authorities in an attempt to overturn the classification that had been designated for both the Mair and the Tank communities, stating that

In early times we occupied the same high position in society as our brother-Rajputs. But under pressure of many vicissitudes we were driven to making our living by some handicraft. We generally preferred working in precious metals. Hence we came to be called Sonars (or jewelmakers) by the populace - Today, by the grace of the Almighty and the help of the British Officers, we have regained what we had almost lost, our Rajput prestige and title.[4]

E. A. H. Blunt noted in 1931 that the Mair and Tank claims to Kshatriya status had never been "satisfactorily proved", but allowed that some Sonar sub-castes "may well be of Kshatriya descent", taking as evidence the high social status of goldsmiths.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census of India. 1901. p. 309. 
  2. ^ Risley, Herbert Hope (1892). The Tribes and Castes of Bengal 2. p. 45. Retrieved 2011-12-17. 
  3. ^ Rose, Horace Arthur. A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North West Frontier 3. p. 440. Retrieved 2011-12-17. 
  4. ^ Rowe, William L. (2007) [1968]. "Mobility in the nineteenth-century caste system". In Singer, Milton; Cohn, Bernard S. Structure and Change in India Society (Reprinted ed.). Transaction Publishers. pp. 202–203. ISBN 9780202361383. Retrieved 2011-12-17. 
  5. ^ Blunt, Edward Arthur Henry (1931). The caste system of northern India: with special reference to the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. London: Oxford University Press. p. 211. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Chattopadhyaya, Brajadulal. The Making of Early Medieval India. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1994.
  • Ibbetson, Sir Denzil. Panjab Castes. Lahore: Superintendent, Gov't. Printing, Reprint 1916 (from 1883 original of 1881 census).
  • Jain, Kailash Chand. Ancient Cities and Towns of Rajasthan. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1972.
  • Saggar, Balraj. Who's Who in the History of Punjab: 1800-1849. New Delhi: National Book Organisation, 1993.
  • Singh, K.S. National Series Volume VIII: Communities, Segments, Synonyms, Surnames, & Titles. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1996.
  • Srivastava, Ashirbadi Lal. The History of India: 1000 A.D.-1707 A.D. Jaipur, Shiva Lal Agarwala & Co., 1964.
  • Walker, Benjamin. The Hindu World: An Encyclopedic Survey of Hinduism. New York: Frederick Praeger, 1968.
  • Talib, Gurbachan (1950). Muslim League Attack on Sikhs and Hindus in the Punjab 1947. India: Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mair_caste — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
60 videos foundNext > 

Craig Y Nos Castle Wedding - Mair & Rhys

Stunning Craig Y Nos Castle Wedding of Mair & Rhys. filmed by http://www.dreamweddingvideo.co.uk. The wedding ceremony was located in the old theater ...

The Sims Craft Ep.45 - Construindo Uma Montanha Russa !! - Minecraft

Mais The Sims Craft Aqui:http://bit.ly/1rNPtCS Animação The Sims Craft - http://youtu.be/y1SBzsroGK4 ✖Twitter: https://twitter.com/AuthenticGames ✖Facebook: ...

Kalar Kahar

Lying 30 miles southwest of Chakwal on the Chakwal-Sargodha road, Kallar Kahar is known for its peacocks, for its freshwater lake, and for the Takht-e-Babri, ...

Myweddingfayre.com - Craig Y Nos Caste wedding venue

www.myweddingfayre.com presents Craig Y Nos Castle wedding venue Craig Y Nos is one of the leading castle wedding venues in the UK, and when you visit ...

Craig y Nos Castle Wedding Venue

Our latest wedding at Craig Y Nos Wedding Venue. Filmed by http://www.dreamweddingvideo.co.uk & http://www.dreamweddingphotography. We fell in love this ...

Rajput Warriors | Son of King | History India

The Rajputs or Sons of Kings, as they called themselves, were a prominent clan in the Northern and North Western parts of India. They were known for their ...

Sarso Keth Maa | 2014 New Hit Kumaoni Song | Balveer Rana

Mp3 Download www.krishnatune.com Subscribe:- http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=indianvideohits Album/ Film:- Madhu Singer ...

Backstreet Boys - MCHS

2011 Annual Mearns Caste High School, Newton Mearns, 6th form talent show. Backstreet Boys.

Cops Attack and Strip Naked innocent woman

This Video Shows the police State in Full Swing of Mindless Brutality Against Anyone For any Reason,Six police Attack and Strip Naked this Poor Woman Leave ...

Jai Jai Rajputana - Richi Banna | New Hindi Songs 2014 | Official HD

Presenting the new Hindi song 2014 "Jai Jai Rajputana " sung by "Richi Banna" music of the song is given by "Richi Banna, Aditya Vyas & Vibhas Sawar" Lyrics ...

60 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Mair caste" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight