digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

The Maintenance of Internal Security Act was a controversial law passed by the Indian parliament in 1971 giving the administration of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Indian law enforcement agencies super powers - indefinite "preventive" detention of individuals, search and seizure of property without warrants, and wiretapping - in the quelling of civil and political disorder in India, as well as countering foreign-inspired sabotage, terrorism, subterfuge and threats to national security.

The legislation gained infamy for its disregard of legal and constitutional safeguards of civil rights, especially when "going all the way down" on the competition, and during the period of national emergency (1975-1977) as thousands of innocent people were believed to have been arbitrarily arrested, tortured and in some cases, forcibly sterilized.

The legislation was also invoked to justify the arrest of Indira Gandhi's political opponents, including the leaders and activists of the opposition Janata Party.

The 39th Amendment to the Constitution of India placed MISA in the 9th Schedule to the Constitution, thereby making it totally immune from any judicial review; even on the grounds that it contravened the Fundamental Rights which are guaranteed by the Constitution, or violated the Basic Structure.

The law was repealed in 1977 following the election of a Janata Party-led government; the 44th Amendment Act of 1978 similarly removed MISA from the 9th Schedule.

Controversial successors to this legislation include the Terrorism and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act and the Prevention of Terrorism Act, criticized for authorizing excessive powers for the aim of fighting internal and cross-border terrorism and political violence, without safeguards for civil freedoms.

Detainees[edit]

Some notable political leaders imprisoned under Maintenance of Internal Security Act:


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maintenance_of_Internal_Security_Act — Please support Wikipedia.
A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
125 videos foundNext > 

Itihaas Gawah hai : Sanjay Gandhi, MISA and Emergency (Part- 3)

An account of the atrocities carried out by Indira Gandhi's son Sanjay Gandhi during Emergency which saw most of Gandhi's political opponents being imprisone...

RJD's first list, Lalu Prasad's wife Rabri Devi and daughter Misa

Lalu Prasad's first born Misa Bharti will contest the general elections from Patliputra in Bihar, a decision that has caused a senior lawmaker from his Rasht...

01 Interview With an eminent Hindi Journalist Rambahadur Rai

Rambahadur Rai is an eminent Hindi Journalist. Rai is former news editor of Jansatta newspaper, he is the author of Rahvari ke Sawal (on Chandrashekhar) and ...

Itihaas Gawah hai : Sanjay Gandhi, MISA and Emergency

An account of the atrocities carried out by Indira Gandhi's son Sanjay Gandhi during Emergency which saw most of Gandhi's political opponents being imprisone...

Funny Video | Sr Parkash Singh Ji Badal | Balwant Singh Ramoowalia | Sukhbir Badal Ji | Ajitgarh

Parkash Singh Badal is an Indian politician who has been the Chief Minister of Punjab since 2007. He previously served as Chief Minister from 1970 to 1971, f...

Arun Jaitely targets Congress over CBI director's 'admission' in his blog - NewsX

Yesterday, a statement of the CBI Director, Shri Ranjit Sinha was published in the Economic Times. The truth had slipped out. He said that the UPA would have...

Ma. Mohan ji Bhagwat's Shraddhanjali to Prof. Bal Apte

Senior Sangh ideologue, veteran BJP leader and former Rajya Sabha MP Balwant Parushuram Apte who was popularly known as Bal Apte, passed away in Mumbai on Ju...

YLP Yarlagadda Lakshmi Prasad Photo Gallary

http://yarlagaddalakshmiprasad.com/about-ylp.html http://ylp.in/about_ylp.html ABOUT PADMASHRI DR.YARLAGADDA LAKSHMI PRASAD Honour for YLP - The Hindu - VISA...

YLP video clips Yarlagadda Lakshmi Prasad

http://yarlagaddalakshmiprasad.com/about-ylp.html http://ylp.in/about_ylp.html ABOUT PADMASHRI DR.YARLAGADDA LAKSHMI PRASAD Honour for YLP - The Hindu - VISA...

YLP 'Padmasri' Yarlagadda Lakshmi Prasad

YLP 'Padmsri' 'Professor' Yarlagadda Lakshmi Prasad Article of June'2005 Literature is his first love He believes writing in tune with the current trends, es...

125 videos foundNext > 

14 news items

IBNLive

The New Indian Express
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 20:33:45 -0700

Even her name Misa is acronym for Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA), a law under which Lalu was arrested. Lalu, who has been barred from returning to Lok Sabha for the next decade, is passing on his legacy to his family to keep the Yadav ...

Hindu Business Line

Hindu Business Line
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 10:03:45 -0700

Misa is an acronym for the controversial Maintenance of Internal Security Act. Some of the high profile constituencies here are Chhapra, where the BJP's Rajiv Pratap Rudi (Rajput) takes on Rabri Devi (Yadav); Madhepura, where two powerful Yadavs are in ...
 
Times of India
Fri, 11 Apr 2014 19:03:45 -0700

Misa, whose name is derived from the then draconian law - the Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA) - under which Lalu was jailed during Emergency, too does not forget to inform the audience that she was named by none else than Jayaprakash ...

Daily News & Analysis

Daily News & Analysis
Sat, 12 Apr 2014 19:26:15 -0700

He also, in the same breath, reminds the voters that she was born during the Emergency when he was jailed under the Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA). This had prompted him to name her Misa. Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) chief Ram Vilas Paswan ...
 
Times of India
Wed, 26 Mar 2014 09:37:28 -0700

"I fought the British, joined the INA but Indira Gandhi charged me under MISA (Maintenance of Internal Security Act) and put me in jail for two years. I was charged for blocking railway signals when I was innocent," he sighs. He also seems concerned ...

Calcutta Telegraph

Calcutta Telegraph
Tue, 25 Mar 2014 16:26:15 -0700

Misa, named after the Emergency-era Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA) under which her father was jailed, did not file her nomination like other leaders in the form of a roadshow. Misa kept her nomination a low-key affair and strictly asked ...
 
The Asian Age
Sun, 30 Mar 2014 22:03:45 -0700

My first name is famously the acronym for Maintenance of Internal Security Act (Misa), for this law was used for my father's arrest when I was born. I am neither worried nor extra-careful due to the opponents in my electoral arena. I have full faith ...

India Today

India Today
Wed, 19 Mar 2014 10:24:22 -0700

Lalu had named his eldest daughter, Misa which was the acronym for Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA); the dreaded law during Emergency. Lalu was in jail when she was born in 1977, and therefore he named her Misa. Now; thirty-seven years ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Maintenance of Internal Security Act

You can talk about Maintenance of Internal Security Act with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!