Mahdia, (Arabic: المهدية al-Mahdiya), is a Tunisian coastal city with 45,977 inhabitants, south of Monastir and southeast of Sousse.
Mahdia is a provincial centre north of Sfax. It is important for the associated fish-processing industry, as well as weaving. It is the capital of Mahdia Governorate.
Marine cemetery in Mahdia
A city already existed at this site during the time of the Phoenicians and Romans; classically it was known as Ruspae and later as Henchir Sbia or just Sbia. The Mahdia shipwreck – a sunken ship found off Mahdia's shore, containing Greek art treasures – is dated to about 80 BC, the early part of Roman rule in this region.
In the sixth century it was known as Ruspina, and had a western church diocese. It was destroyed during the Arab conquest of North Africa.
The Muslim Mahdia was founded by the Fatimids under the Caliph Abdallah al-Mahdi in 921 and made the capital city of Ifriqiya, by caliph Abdallah El Fatimi. It was chosen as the capital because of its proximity to the sea, and the promontory on which an important military settlement had been since the time of the Phoenicians.
In 1087 the town was attacked by raiding ships from Genoa and Pisa who burned the Muslim fleet in the harbor. The attack played a critical role in Christians' seizure of control of the Western Mediterranean, which allowed the First Crusade to be supplied by sea. The Zirid dynasty had its residence here in the 11th century, but was brought to an end by the Norman conquest of the city in 1148. In 1160 the city came under Almohad rule.
The role of the capital was taken over by Tunis in the 12th century during the Almohad era, which it remained during the Hafsid Dynasty. Some buildings still exist from the 10th and 11th centuries, such as the Great Mosque and the Casbah, which have helped make the city an important tourist attraction.
Later the city was subject to many raids. In 1390 it was the target of the Mahdian Crusade, when a French army laid siege to the city but failed to take it. Eventually the city was destroyed and burnt down by the Spanish. Though rebuilt, in later times the town lost its logistic and commercial importance.
During the Nazi Occupation of Tunisia in World War II, Mahdia was the site where Khaled Abdelwahhab hid approximately two dozen persecuted Jews.
Twin cities 
See also 
- ^ a b "MAHDIA:Finger pointing at the sea". Lexicorient.com. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- ^ Favreau, Robert (1995) Etudes d'epigraphie medievale: recueil d'articles de Robert Favreau rassemblés à l'occasion de son départ à la retraite Pulim, Limoges, page 357, footnote 113; in French
- ^ Thomas, Joseph (1887) "Fulgentius" The Universal Dictionary of Biography and Mythology: Volume II CLU-HYS (second edition) J.S. Virtue, London, page 976, OCLC 5462851
- ^ a b "Mahdia: Historical Background". Commune-mahdia.gov.tn. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- ^ Fuller, J.F.C., A Military History of the Western World, Volume I, Da Capo Press, 1987, p. 408 ISBN 0-306-80304-6
- ^ Tunisia: History. LookLex Encyclopaedia.
External links 
Media related to Mahdia at Wikimedia Commons Coordinates: 35°30′N 11°04′E / 35.500°N 11.067°E
Visite du centre ville histoire de Mahdia en juin 2012. C'est l'occasion de passé quelque heure a voir la medina et les petites ruelle pour faire du shopping...
La beaute de Mahdia Tunisie 2012
Tunesien - Mahdia - Ferienort am Cap Afrique
PMMedia1: Music by Michael Donner http://www.michael-donner-music.de Die Stadt Mahdia liegt 40 Kilometer südlich von Monastir. Die auf einer kleinen Halbinse...
www.mahdia-beach.com Sur les côtes Est de la Tunisie, surgit une paisible presqu´île au passé glorieux et au charme irrésistible. Le ville de Mahdia a fait l...
Tunesien - Mahdia - Wochenmarkt
PMMedia1: Die Stadt Mahdia liegt reizvoll auf einer felsigen Halbinsel am Cap Afrique. Ein riesiges Stadttor, das Wahrzeichen Mahdias, kündet von der großen ...
Harlem Shake (Lycée Technique Mahdia)
Exceptionnelle .. Comme pas possible ... (Officiel)
Ziana Mahdia Princesses Bollywood Dream
Ziana Mahdia présente sa nouvelle collection "Toutes des Princesse" Ziana Mahdia Bruxelles +32 484 418 405 www.zianamahdia.be firstname.lastname@example.org Tourné au...
Mahdia beach and Nour Palace 2012
12th and 13th August 2012 After five days iin Sousse, we took a train to Mahdia, a two hour trip. A lively group of young men got on at Monastir and tried to...
Urlaub in Mahdia, Tunesien, im Mai 2013.
Marketwire (press release)
Wed, 15 May 2013 08:46:48 -0700
Andre Douchane the CEO and President stated: "Without Mr. Zaakir, Mahdia would never have been able to obtain the OMAI. His unrelenting pursuit of success for Mahdia in its infancy has carried the Company forward and allowed it to accumulate the asset ...
SYS-CON Media (press release)
Thu, 09 May 2013 12:56:19 -0700
TORONTO, ONTARIO -- (Marketwired) -- 05/09/13 -- Mahdia Gold Corp. (CNSX:MGD) (the "Company" or "Mahdia") is pleased to announce the analytical results from phase 1 test pitting in the Wenot East alluvial target, located within the Roraima mining ...
Marketwire (press release)
Wed, 08 May 2013 07:09:54 -0700
TORONTO, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - May 8, 2013) - Mahdia Gold Corporation (the "Company") (CNSX:MGD) is pleased to announce that it has raised gross proceeds of C$500,000.00 through a non-brokered private placement of units at a price of C$1,000 ...
Sun, 28 Apr 2013 02:16:49 -0700
A field demonstration on reclamation/reforestation techniques for mined-out gold areas was recently conducted at Mahdia for miners and other industry stakeholders. The demonstration was conducted on Saturday, April 20th by the World Wildlife ...
Wed, 22 May 2013 10:55:11 -0700
Des bidons d'essence de contrebande ont pris feu à Mahdia (Sahel Tunisien), causant des dégâts matériels, mais heureusement on n'a compté aucun blessé dans cet incident spectaculaire. La marchandise (illicite) était disposée sur un trottoir, près d'un ...
Wed, 22 May 2013 23:06:14 -0700
The team, coached by Corey Woodring, was paced by captain Kyrsten Fabbricatore, who had the low round of the day, and the Choudhury sisters, Mahdia and Edhia. Sophomores Tran Nguyen and Brianna Capuano also contributed to the win. The Bucs had ...
Tue, 21 May 2013 08:23:59 -0700
Les forces de la sûreté nationale ont arrêté, lundi dans la ville de Mahdia, le leader de la mouvance salafiste jihadiste dans la région, Ouanes Fékih Hassen, a indiqué une source sécuritaire au correspondant de l'Agence TAP dans la région. "Agé de 35 ...
Mon, 20 May 2013 13:23:48 -0700
Une brigade spéciale a pu, ce lundi après-midi appréhender, en collaboration avec les forces de l'ordre locales, le dénommé « Wannes » l'Emir des salafistes de la région de Mahdia. Le prévenu a été immédiatement transféré devant le juge d'instruction.
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