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For other uses of Mahé, see Mahé.
Mahé
മയ്യഴി
Geographical area
The Mahé Riverside walkway
The Mahé Riverside walkway
Map of Mahé District
Map of Mahé District
Coordinates: 11°42′4″N 75°32′12″E / 11.70111°N 75.53667°E / 11.70111; 75.53667Coordinates: 11°42′4″N 75°32′12″E / 11.70111°N 75.53667°E / 11.70111; 75.53667
Country India
State Puducherry
District Mahé Sub-division
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Body Mahé Region
Area
 • Total 9 km2 (3 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 41,816 (approx.)
 • Density 4,646/km2 (12,030/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, French, Tamil, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 673 310
Telephone code 91 (0)490
Vehicle registration PY-03
Sex ratio 1000 /1184
Literacy 97.87%%
Vidhan Sabha constituency 1
Civic agency Mahé Region
Climate Good (Köppen)
Website mahe.gov.in
Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais, by Antoine Graincourt

Mahé, also known as Mayyazhi is a small town (9 km²) surrounded on all sides by Kerala. It is officially a part of the Union Territory of Puducherry. The Kannur District surrounds Mahé on three sides and Calicut District from one side. The nearest airport is Calicut International Airport, Karipur, at a distance of 85 km; Kannur Airport under construction is nearing completion at Mattannur at a distance of 40 km. The nearest Railway Station is Mahé, where a few local and express trains stop. The nearest major railway stations, where several long distance trains stop, are Thalassery, Kannur and Vatakara.

Formerly a French colony, Mahé now forms a municipality in Mahé district of the Union Territory of Puducherry (based on the east coast). Mahé has one member (MLA) in the Puducherry Legislative Assembly, representing Mahé. Current MLA of Mahé is E. Valsaraj.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[1] Mahé had a population of 41,816, predominantly Malayalis. Males constitute 46.5% of the population. Mahé has an average literacy rate of 97.87%; male and female literacy were 98.63 and 97.25 respectively. In Mahé, 10.89% of the population consists of children under 6 years of age.

Etymology[edit]

The name Mahé originated in honour of Bertrand François Mahé de La Bourdonnais (1699–1753), a key architect of French policy in India. One hypothesis suggests that the form of the word originated from Mayyazhi, which evolved to sound like Mayye, and which the French adopted as "Mahé".

An alternative account suggests that the Count de La Bourdonnais adopted the name of the Indian town as part of his own name, rather than vice versa.[2]

The official name of Mahé is Mayyazhi in the local Malayalam language.[citation needed] The original name of Mahé, Mayyazhi, means "eyebrow of the sea".

History[edit]

See also: French India

Before the incursion of European colonial powers into India, this area was part of Kolathu Nadu which comprised Thulunadu, Chirakkal and Kadathanadu.

The French East India Company constructed a fort on the site of Mahé in 1724, in accordance with an accord concluded between André Mollandin and Raja Vazhunnavar of Badagara three years earlier. In 1741, Mahé de La Bourdonnais retook the town after a period of occupation by the Marathas.

In 1761 the British captured Mahé, and the settlement was handed over to the Rajah of Kadathanadu. The British restored Mahé to the French as a part of the 1763 Treaty of Paris. In 1779, the Anglo-French war broke out, resulting in the French loss of Mahé. In 1783, the British agreed to restore to the French their settlements in India, and Mahé was handed over to the French in 1785.[3]

Mahé in 1920s: 1:63,360 map

On the outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars in 1793, a British force under James Hartley captured Mahé. In 1816 the British restored Mahé to the French as a part of the 1814 Treaty of Paris, after the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars.

Mayyazhi remained under French jurisdiction as a small French colony, an enclave within British India, during the long span that began in 1816. After the Independence of India the area continued to be French-ruled until 13 June 1954, when a long anti-colonial struggle culminated in its joining the Indian Union (see Causes for liberation of French colonies in India).

Mahé in 1726. Map made after taking possession of the place and the war against the Indian king of the region supported by the British.

After the French left, Mahé stood as a Union Territory. Later this became a Sub-Division of Puducherry Union Territory. The area of Mahé begins from Mayyazhi puzha in the north to Azhiyoor at the south.

Mahé consists of Mahé town and Naluthara, which includes four villages: Pandakkal, Pallur, Chalakara and Chembra. The ruler of Kingdom of Mysore from the 1760s, Hyder Ali (ca 1722–1782), gifted Naluthara to the French as a token of appreciation for the help they gave in opposing the British.

Educational Institutions in Mahé[edit]

Schools[edit]

Mahe has a high density of educational institutions when compared to the size of the town. Many of the institutions and Schools excel in their academic fronts.

  • Excel Public School, Mahe(private)
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Govt. Higher Secondary School, Mahé (Previously known as La Bourdonnais College)
  • Ecole Centrale et Cours Complémentaire, Mahé (French Medium High School)
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Mahé
  • C.E Bharatan Memorial Government higher secondary school, Mahé (Previously known as Govt. Girls High Schoolor Ecole de Filles)
  • V.N Purushothaman memorial government higher secondary school, Palloor - V.N. Purushothaman Govt. Higher Secondary School – Started in 1869 and earlier called as "Echole Mixed De Palloor"
  • Kasturbha Gandhi Govt. High School, Palloor
  • I.K Kumaran Memorial Government Higher Secondary School, Pandakkal
  • Usman Govt. High School, Chalakkara
  • Jawahar Mini Bal Bhavan Palloor and Mahé
  • HHF international school, Chembra, Mahé
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya chembra, Mahé
  • Govt.Middle School Avaroth, East Palloor SCHOOL BLOG
  • Govt.Lower Primary School palloor west.mahe.Started in 1962 as a single teacher school.

Many private schools also operate in Mahé. for example, Avila primary School Mahé, Sree Narayana School Palloor, St. Theresa's higher secondary School at Chembra, Dr. Ambedkar Public School Chalakkara, M.M.Nursery and Upper Primer School Cherukallayi, Eden School Mahe, P.K. Raman Memorial School etc.

Mahatma Gandhi Government Arts College[edit]

Mahatma Gandhi Government Arts College, the premier college in Mahé, was established in the year 1970, as realisation of the dream project of I. K. Kumaran, the leader of French-Indian Liberation Movement, who was the representative from Mahé to the Legislative assembly. The founder Principal was Prof K.Ravindran.the college was inaugurated on 11 December 1970 by Shri.B.D.Jatti, His Excellency the Lt.Governor of Puducherry.

The college is situated at the picturesque Mount Vera, Chalakkara, a short distance from Mahé Town. Affiliated to Pondicherry University, the college offers undergraduate courses in Malayalam, Hindi, English, Economics, Chemistry, Plant Science, Physics, Computer Science, Zoology and Mathematics. Post-graduate courses in Plant Science and Hindi are also conducted here. the College celebrated the silver jubilee during the academic year 1995–96. the silver jubilee celebrations were inaugurated on 13 th September 1995 by Rajendra Kumari Bajpai the Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry. NAAC team visited the college in February 2009 and accredited the college with "B" Grade. Based on an agreement with the Government of Kerala, 10 seats in 7 undergraduate courses are reserved to the students from Kerala State.

Mahé Co-operative College of Teacher Education (MCCTE)[edit]

This college was established in 2005 and is part of the Mahé Co-operative Centre for Information Technology Ltd. It is recognized by the National Council for Teacher Education. Their mission is to: "Our mission is to provide individual attention, academic efficiency, monitoring the progress of each student or trainee and keep in touch with the parents, eliciting their cooperation in shaping their character".[4][5] The President of the society is Mr. E.Valsaraj, currently Mahé MLA and then Minister for health and education. The Principal of the MCCTE is Mr. A.P. Aravindakshan.[citation needed]

Indira Gandhi Polytechnic College, Mahe[edit]

Mahé Institute of Dental Sciences & Hospital[edit]

Rajiv Gandhi Govt Ayurveda College, Mahé[edit]

Rajiv Gandhi Govt Industrial training Institute, Mahé[edit]

This institute is located in east Palloor about 6 km from Township. It began during 1993, with the introduction of two engineering trades—namely Draughtsman (civil) and Fitter. A further two trades—Electrician and Mechanic (Refrigeration and Air conditioning) – were introduced during 1997 and 2001, respectively.

Culture and geography[edit]

The culture and geography of this area are like almost all of those in the Malabar Coast of Kerala.

The major festival of this region is Vishu and Onam. The Mahé Palli (Mahé Church or Shrine of St. Theresa of Avila) is a famous pilgrimage center for Christians. The major language is Malayalam. The population includes Tamil and Telugu speakers.

Mahé, like most union territories in India, has low taxes which include low electricity costs. Mahe also experinces no load shedding/power cuts even during the rest of Kerala which surrounds it get its often.

Mahé Municipality[edit]

Mahé Municipality is the seat of Local Administration in Mahé. Mahé Municipality is in existence 200 years before under the French Regime. Mahé Municipal area comprises 9 km². with two Assembly Constituencies, i.e. Mahé and Palloor. The first Mayor of this municipality was Vellavil Kesavan. He was also an MLA and an eminent personality in French Law. The last Mayor and the first Chairman of this Municipality is Late. V. N. Purushothaman. Municipal Council was not in existence with effect from 1978. Thereafter the Regional Administrator, Mahé / Regional Executive Officer, Mahé used to exercise the power of the chairman and Vice-Chairman in the capacity of Special Officer of Mahé Municipal Council.

Divisions under Mahé Municipality[edit]

  1. Mahé Town
  2. Cherukallayi
  3. Chalakkara (part of Naluthara pocket)
  4. Chembra (part of Naluthara pocket)
  5. Palloor (part of Naluthara pocket)
  6. Pandakkal (part of Naluthara pocket)

Present Wards of Mahé Municipality[edit]

Mahé Municipality consists of 15 wards. They are: Mahé Pocket

  1. Mundock
  2. Manjakkal
  3. Choodikotta
  4. Parakkal
  5. Valavil

Naluthara Pocket

  1. Pandakkal North
  2. Pandakkal Central
  3. Pandakkal South
  4. Palloor North-East
  5. Palloor North-West
  6. Palloor South-West
  7. Palloor South-East
  8. Chalakkara North
  9. Chalakkara South

Cherukallayi Pocket

  1. Cherukallayi

Civic elections were held during 2006 after nearly 30 years. Based on the elections, the chairman and fifteen councilors of Mahé Municipality were sworn in. After the term of the 2006 candidates new civic elections are yet to be held in Mahé .[citation needed]

Famous and popular people[edit]

  • P. K. Raman, leader of the French Indian Liberation movement and treasurer of the first independent Mahé. Founder of Sree Krishna Bhajana Samithi and
  • M. Mukundan, Malayalam novelist and fiction writer. His novel, Mayyazhippuzhayude Theerangalil, vividly describes the political and social background of Mahé in the past, in a mystical way.
  • I. K. Kumaran, leader of French Indian Liberation Movement (Mahé Mahajana Sabha party), known as Mayyazhi Gandhi, and the first Administrator of free Mahé.
  • M. Night Shyamalan, filmmaker and script writer of Hollywood.
  • V. N. Purushothaman, the last Mayor and the first chairman of the Mahé Municipality.
  • P.K.Usman Master, Leader of French Indian Liberation movement.
  • Paramil Shishupal Master, Professor and Freedom fighter in Mahé.
  • Pondayat Anandan Nair, Advocate and Notary Public, leader of Mahé Mahajana Sabha, the intellectual face of Mahe Freedom Struggle.
  • C. E. Barathan, secretary of Mahé Mahajana Sabha. Minister in Goubert's first ministry in Puducherry.
  • M. Raghavan Novelist and short story writer, recipient of Malayala Ratna Award for his contributions to Malayalam language and literature.
  • Paleri Damodharan Master :Former president and founding director of Alliance française MAHE or AF MAHE
  • Adiyeri Gangadharan, Malayalam Poet, Writer. Recipient of the Puducherry Government's Malayala Ratna Award 2003[6] & Editor, Bharathadesom Magazine.
  • P. Kumaran, founder member and vice-President of the Mahé Mahajana Sabha party during freedom struggle.
  • K. Govindan Master, Noted freedom fighter and past president of Mahe Pradesh Congress Committee.

Major worship places in Mahé[edit]

  • Sree Krishna temple, Choodikotta, Mahé
  • Sree Kurumba Bagavathi Temple – Parakkal, Mahé
  • Sree Kurumba Bagavathi Temple – Valavil Mahé
  • Puthalam temple in Mahé, known for its Theyyam
  • Mandola temple in Mahe, Known for its Theyyam "Angakaran"
  • Koyyodan Koroth Temple, Palloor
  • Puthanambalam Temple, Palloor
  • Avaroth,Vettakkorumakan Temple, East Palloor
  • Sree Maha Ganapathi Temple, Koyyot Street, Palloor
  • Ayyappan Kavu or Pandokkavu, Pandakkal
  • Pandokooloth Temple, Pandakkal
  • Sree Hareeshvara temple, Mundok, Mahé
  • Sree Varaprath Kavu, Challakkra
  • St Theresa Church, Mahé
  • Kallappalli, Cherukallayi
  • Mahe Juma Masjid, Manjackal, Mahe
  • Islahi Centre – Masjid, Mundock, Mahe
  • Juma Masjid, Gramathi
  • Juma Masjid, Mangad

Other Notable Locations[edit]

  • Tagore Park at the mouth of the Mahe river.
  • Mahé Walkway - Known for its beautiful sunsets.
  • Water Sports Complex also known as Boat House at Manjakkal. It offers a scenic view if the Hills and the Railway bridge across Mahe river.
  • Mahe Indoor Stadium, Manjackal.
  • Mahe lighthouse - A beautiful birds eye view of the Mahe river joining Arabian Sea.
  • Fishing Harbour in Mahe.
  • Spinning & Weaving Mills NTC, East Pallor

In art and literature[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahé,_India — Please support Wikipedia.
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7 news items

 
Daily News & Analysis
Sat, 06 Feb 2010 00:23:21 -0800

A medical college offering Ayurveda courses would be started next year in Mahe as there was good response to it in the region, home and health minister E Valsaraj said. A medical college offering Ayurveda courses would be started next year in Mahe as ...
 
Times of India
Thu, 07 Jun 2012 00:00:37 -0700

Children subjected to CT scans with high radiation doses face a three time increased risk of suffering from leukaemia and brain cancer during their lifetime. In the most conclusive evidence till date, a study published in British medical journal Lancet ...
 
Times of India
Tue, 06 Dec 2011 09:13:16 -0800

mahe (India). The central govt should play a pro active role in this matter. They should bring in International experts and bring out the findings on whether the Dam is safe or not. Only that will put things to rest. With the fighting going on in this ...
 
Times of India
Wed, 11 Apr 2012 07:50:32 -0700

NEW DELHI/GHAZIABAD: Murdered school girl Aarushi Talwar's mother Nupur faced arrest after a special court issued a non-bailable warrant against her today following which CBI carried out searches at her Delhi home. The searches were carried out by a ...
 
Times of India
Fri, 27 May 2011 15:07:23 -0700

MUMBAI: A full grown leopard entered actor Hema Malini's bungalow in Goregaon (East) on Friday. However, the big cat escaped and went into the nearby forest by jumping off the bungalow's compound wall, before the forest officials could reach the site.
 
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Sun, 22 Jan 2012 23:55:23 -0800

January 23, 2012 at 8:47am. Add a Reply... Reply using... Facebook; Yahoo; AOL; Hotmail. Reply using... Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Windows Live. Shabeena Deepak · Mahe, India. I am proud of my amma kerala team. Reply · Like. · 2 · January 23, 2012 at 9: ...
 
Gulf News
Wed, 25 Jul 2007 12:45:40 -0700

There are workers from other parts of the world, especially females, who vitiate the great cultural legacy of Arabian lifestyle. Muhammad Mahe,India Posted: July 26, 2007, 09:03. So, a question needs to be asked. Is Dubai evolving to a more forward ...
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