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Magar
मगर भाषा
Native to Nepal
Ethnicity 1.9 million Magar people and others who claim to be Magar (2011 census)
Native speakers
840,000  (2001–2006)[1]
Official status
Official language in
Nepal Magarat, Nepal, Sikkim
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
mgp – Eastern Magar
mrd – Western Magar

Not to be confused with the Magyar language, known in English as Hungarian

Magar (Nepali: मगर भाषा Magar bhasa) is a language spoken mainly in Nepal, Southern Bhutan, Darjeeling, India, and Sikkim, India, by the Magar people. It is divided into two groups (Eastern and Western) and further dialect divisions give distinct tribal identity.[2] In Nepal 788,530 people speak the language.

While the government of Nepal developed Magar language curricula, as provisioned by constitution, the teaching materials haven't successfully reached Magar schools.[3] At least one Magar[who?] feels that failure among members of his caste to take education seriously may be the result of school instruction in Nepali language. It's not unusual for groups with their own language to feel that the "mother-tongue" is an essential part of identity. Magar language is sometimes lumped with Kham language spoken further west in Bheri, Dhaulagiri, Karnali and Rapti zones. Although the two languages have a large number of words in common, they have major structural differences and are not mutually intelligible.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eastern Magar at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Western Magar at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ "The Eastern Magar of Nepal". Archived from the original on 2007-03-18. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  3. ^ B. K. Rana. "Mother Tongue Education for Social Inclusion and Conflict Resolution". Appeals, News and Views from Endangered Communities. Foundation for Endangered Languages. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  4. ^ http://www.thlib.org/static/reprints/contributions/CNAS_20_02_02.pdf

Further reading[edit]

  • Shepherd, Gary, and Barbara Shepherd. A Vocabulary of the Magar Language. Comparative vocabularies of languages of Nepal. Kirtipur: Summer Institute of Linguistics [and] Institute of Nepal Studies, Tribhuvan University, 1972.
  • Shepherd, Gary, and Barbara Shepherd. Magar Phonemic Summary. Tibeto-Burman phonemic summaries, 8. Kirtipur: Summer Institute of Linguistics, Tribhuvan University, 1971.

External links[edit]



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