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Cavandoli Macramé

Macramé or macrame is a form of textile-making using knotting rather than weaving or knitting. Its primary knots are the square knot and forms of "hitching": full hitch and double half hitches. It was long crafted by sailors, especially in elaborate or ornamental knotting forms, to decorate anything from knife handles to bottles to parts of ships.

Cavandoli macramé is a variety of macramé used to form geometric patterns and free-form patterns like weaving. The Cavandoli style is done mainly in a single knot, the double half-hitch knot. Reverse half hitches are sometimes used to maintain balance when working left and right halves of a balanced piece.

Leather or fabric belts are another accessory often created via macramé techniques. Most friendship bracelets exchanged among schoolchildren and teens are created using this method. Vendors at theme parks, malls, seasonal fairs and other public places may sell macramé jewelry or decoration as well.

History[edit]

Macramé comes from a 13th Century Arabic weavers’ word “migramah” meaning “Fringe” This refers to the decorative fringes on camels and horses which help, amongst other things, to keep the flies off in the hot desert regions of northern Africa.

Another school of thought thinks that it comes from Turkish “makrama”: “napkin,” or “towel” and was a way to secure the ends of pieces of weaving by using the excess thread and yarn along the top and bottom edges of loomed fabrics.

One of the earliest recorded uses of macramé style knots as decoration appeared in the carvings of the Babylonians and Assyrians. Fringe-like plaiting and braiding adorned the costumes of the time and were captured in their stone statuary. Macramé traveled from north Africa, with the Moors during their conquests, to Spain, and as a result of this conquest it spread, firstly to France, and then throughout Europe.

Decorative macramé owls
necklaces from Tobati (Paraguay).

In the Western Hemisphere, macramé is believed to have originated with 13th-century Arab weavers. These artisans knotted the excess thread and yarn along the edges of hand-loomed fabrics into decorative fringes on bath towels, shawls, and veils. The Spanish word macramé is derived from the Arabic migramah (مقرمة), believed to mean "striped towel", "ornamental fringe" or "embroidered veil." After the Moorish conquest, the art was taken to Spain, then to Italy, especially in the region of Liguria, and then spread through Europe. It was introduced into England at the court of Mary II in the late 17th century. Queen Mary taught the art of macramé to her ladies-in-waiting.[1]

Sailors made macramé objects in off hours while at sea, and sold or bartered them when they landed, thus spreading the art to places like China and the New World. Nineteenth-century British and American sailors made hammocks, bell fringes, and belts from macramé. They called the process "square knotting" after the knot they used most frequently. Sailors also called macramé "McNamara's Lace".[1]

Macramé was most popular in the Victorian era. Sylvia's Book of Macramé Lace (1882), a favorite, showed readers how "to work rich trimmings for black and coloured costumes, both for home wear, garden parties, seaside ramblings, and balls—fairylike adornments for household and underlinens ..." Most Victorian homes were adorned by this craft. Macramé was used to make household items such as tablecloths, bedspreads and curtains.[1]

Though the craze for macramé faded, it regained popularity during the 1970s as a means to make wall hangings, articles of clothing, bedspreads, small jean shorts, tablecloths, draperies, plant hangers and other furnishings. By the early 1980s macramé had again begun to fall out of fashion as a decoration trend.[2]

Macramé jewelry has become popular among the American neo-hippie and grunge crowd, starting in the early 1970s. Using mainly square knots and granny knots, this jewelry often features handmade glass beads and natural elements such as bone and shell. Necklaces, anklets and bracelets have become popular forms of macramé jewelry.

Materials[edit]

A large macramé project in progress, using rope as cord, tied to a wooden dowel.

Materials used in macramé include cords made of cotton twine, linen, hemp, jute, leather or yarn. Cords are identified by construction, such as a 3-ply cord, made of 3 lengths of fibre twisted together.[1] Jewelry is often made in combination of both the knots and various beads (glass, wooden, and so on), pendants or shells. Sometimes 'found' focal points are used for necklaces, such as rings or gemstones, either wire-wrapped to allow for securing or captured in a net-like array of intertwining overhand knots. A knotting board is often used to mount the cords for macramé work. Cords may be held in place using a C-clamp, straight pins, T-pins, U-pins, or upholstery pins.[1]

For larger decorative pieces, such as wall hangings or window coverings, a work of macramé might be started out on a wooden or metal dowel, allowing for a spread of dozens of cords that are easy to manipulate. For smaller projects, push-pin boards are available specifically for macramé, although a simple corkboard works adequately. Many craft stores offer beginners' kits, work boards, beads and materials ranging in price for the casual hobbyist or ambitious craftsperson.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Virginia Colton, ed. (1979). Complete Guide to Needlework. Montreal: The Reader's Digest Association Canada. p. 445. ISBN 0888500858. 
  2. ^ Chace, Susan; Pennant, Lilla; Warde, John Maury; Wright, David (1981), Crafts & Hobbies, Reader's Digest, p. 28, ISBN 0-89577-063-6, retrieved 2009-09-20 

External links[edit]

http://paperic3.wix.com/macrameengineering


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macramé — Please support Wikipedia.
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5579 news items

The Guardian

The Guardian
Sun, 15 Mar 2015 00:00:15 -0700

That 70s passion for knotting everything from handbags to hanging baskets in rope or twine is back, thanks to an obsession with all things crafty. Macramé adds a layer of texture to interiors, and they are an interesting way to introduce greenery too ...

DealBreaker

DealBreaker
Wed, 01 Apr 2015 09:18:45 -0700

When Etsy was founded in a Brooklyn apartment almost a decade ago, it was designed as a website to sell wooden computers. It evolved very quickly into a popular online flea market where users could purchase anything from macramé bikinis to super trippy ...
 
Washington Post
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 14:00:00 -0700

Many baby boomers, the parents of millennials, had it pretty good, with their vinyl records, macramé necklaces, waterbeds, log-based coffee tables, disposable furniture and rapidly obsolescing electronics. Now the challenge for grown-up millennials ...

Jeunes d'Exception

Jeunes d'Exception
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 08:29:20 -0700

VICTORIAVILLE. Quatre individus, arrêtés dans le cadre de l'opération Macramé, ont plaidé coupable, vendredi, au palais de justice de Victoriaville. Les policiers ont effectué 48 arrestations reliées au projet Macramé. (Photo TC Media - Archives) ...

New York Times

New York Times
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 04:01:04 -0700

“Game recognizes game” reflects love of oneself, a kiss upon a mirror. It fixes the observed in his or her place while flattering the speaker: “I'm calling you out for possessing a particular set of skills” (in lovemaking, basketball or macramé), for I ...
 
LA Magazine
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 14:56:15 -0700

Ceramicist/interior designer Desanka Fasiska's seriously coveted “Lux Lodge” is reminiscent of a '60s era Laurel Canyon A-frame cabin with its macramé plant hangers and vintage rattan egg chairs. The dreamy abode features an open floor plan with a ...

Jadaliyya

Jadaliyya
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 05:40:31 -0700

As an extension of this series, the artist uses the textile knotting technique of macramé that she learned as a young child. By using the colourful yarn as another vehicle to experiment with doodling, she takes the concept in a whimsical direction. In ...
 
Fond du Lac Reporter
Sun, 29 Mar 2015 15:41:08 -0700

Crafternoon: Signup starts at 9 a.m. April 4 for April 18 session on upcycled picnic table center piece, a Hippie Macramé Bottle candleholder or vase with an upcycled wine or liquor bottle, some twine and carefully placed knots. Space is limited ...
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