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For confectioner, see Mackintosh's. For other uses, see McIntosh.
Not to be confused with Macintosh, a line of personal computers created by Apple.
Private sector
Industry Textile industry
Founded Glasgow, 1846s
Headquarters Cumbernauld, Scotland
Key people
Charles Macintosh, Founder
Products Rubberised coats and accessories
Owner Yagi Tsusho[1]
Website mackintosh.com

The Mackintosh or raincoat (abbreviated as mac or mack) is a form of waterproof raincoat, first sold in 1824, made out of rubberised fabric.[2] The Mackintosh is named after its Scottish inventor Charles Macintosh, though many writers add a letter k (this variant spelling "Mackintosh" is now standard [3]).

Although the Mackintosh style of coat has become generic, a genuine Mackintosh coat should be made from rubberised or rubber laminated material.


A gentleman’s Macintosh, from an 1893 catalogue

It has been claimed that the fabric was invented by the surgeon James Syme but then copied and patented by Charles Macintosh;[4] Symes' method of creating the solvent from coal tar was published in Thomson's 'Annals of Philosophy' in 1818.[5] An exhaustive history of the invention of the mackintosh was published by Schurer in 1952.[6] The essence of Macintosh's process was the sandwiching of an impermeable layer of a solution of rubber in naphtha (derived from tar) between two layers of fabric. Syme did not propose the sandwich idea. Merely to waterproof garments with rubber was an old idea, and was practised in pre-Columbian times by Aztecs, who impregnated fabric with latex. Later, French scientists made balloons gas-tight (and incidentally, impermeable) by impregnating fabric with rubber dissolved in turpentine; however, this solvent was not satisfactory for making wearing apparel.

In 1830 Macintosh's company merged with the clothing company of Thomas Hancock in Manchester. Hancock had also been experimenting with rubber coated fabrics since 1819. Production of rubberised coats soon spread all over the UK. Every kind of coat was produced with rubberized material including riding coats and coats supplied to the British army, British railways and UK police forces.

Early coats had problems with smell, stiffness, and a tendency to melt in hot weather, but Hancock further improved their waterproof fabrics, patenting a method for vulcanising rubber in 1843 which solved many of the problems.[7]

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the company continued to make waterproof clothing. In 1925 the company was taken over by Dunlop Rubber.[8]


Mackintosh Store,104 Mount St, Mayfair, London.

In the mid 1990s the Mackintosh brand owner, Traditional Weatherwear, was on the verge of closing its factory in Cumbernauld near Glasgow.[9] Around the turn of the 21st century, senior staff members acquired the company and established the traditional rubberised Mackintosh coat as an upmarket brand in its own right. The company collaborated with leading fashion houses such as Gucci, Hermès, Louis Vuitton and Liberty. The coats became particularly popular with Japanese women, and the company won a Queen's Award for Enterprise in 2000 for its success in international trade.[10] In December 2003 the company name was formally changed to Mackintosh.

In 2007 Mackintosh was bought by Tokyo firm Yagi Tsusho.[1] With the backing of its parent company Mackintosh has continued to expand its reputation and marketing operations. In January 2011 the company opened its first fashion store in London.[11]


  • The Macintosh - the Paternity of an Invention by H. Schurer, Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 1951-53 Vol 28.


  1. ^ a b "The rebirth of the Mackintosh fashion label - The Scotsman". News.scotsman.com. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  2. ^ "Mrs Mac is back - The Scotsman". Thescotsman.scotsman.com. 2002-10-03. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  3. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 6th ed. (2007), p. 1668
  4. ^ "Whonamedit - James Syme". Whonamedit. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Thomson, T., Phillips, R., & Brayley, E. (1818). Article V: on a substance from coal tar. Annals Of Philosophy, XII, 112-113. Retrieved from https://books.google.com.au/books?id=tGY7AQAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=annals+of+philosophy+volume+12+thomson+1818&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj1ua-i8OLLAhWFFpQKHTPKBUEQ6AEIHDAA#v=onepage&q=annals%20of%20philosophy%20volume%2012%20thomson%201818&f=false
  6. ^ "The Macintosh: The Paternity of an Invention." Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 28(1), pp. 77–87 [1]
  7. ^ [2][dead link]
  8. ^ [3][dead link]
  9. ^ "Return of the Mac: The reinvention of Mackintosh - Features - Fashion". The Independent. 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  10. ^ "The Queen's Awards for Enterprise - GOV.UK". Queensawards.org.uk. 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  11. ^ "BBC News - Mackintosh opens first fashion store in London". Bbc.co.uk. 2011-01-21. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mackintosh — Please support Wikipedia.
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242787 news items

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Mon, 02 May 2016 06:46:09 -0700

They appear to have rekindled their relationship following her split from rapper husband Professor Green. And former Made In Chelsea stars Millie Mackintosh and Hugo Taylor enjoyed time together once again on Sunday as they celebrated Caggie Dunlop's ...


Mon, 02 May 2016 05:56:15 -0700

Millie Mackintosh has shared some sweet throwback snaps with fans - including one taken before her "first dance". The 26-year-old reality star posted the pictures on her Instagram after looking through some old family albums over the weekend. One of ...


Sun, 01 May 2016 18:18:45 -0700

Mackintosh, Rory Hutchings and his boss Chris Waller kept the Kiwi flag flying in Australia during the weekend. The Chris Waller-trained Mackintosh made a winning start to life as a true blue Australian when leading most of the way to score in the ...


Tue, 26 Apr 2016 05:04:13 -0700

Millie Mackintosh has been on a million and one holidays since she announced her split from husband Professor Green in February - seriously, count them - but it looks like she's now planning on taking an altogether more permanent one. She told Look ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sun, 24 Apr 2016 04:20:15 -0700

So it's likely that ex Made In Chelsea star Millie Mackintosh and her former co-star Rosie Fortescue had plenty to catch up on when they met for drinks on Saturday. The glamorous pair were spotted on their way to enjoy their catch-up on Chelsea's ...


Mon, 02 May 2016 09:30:00 -0700

Bored of throwing your hair up into a messy top knot on the beach but can't be bothered to go full Cheryl Cole-beehive? We get you. Instead we're going to steal Chelsea babe Millie Mackintosh's easy-peasy pom pom braids. The designer and fitness fan ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sat, 23 Apr 2016 05:42:29 -0700

So it was no surprise to see Millie Mackintosh, 26, tackle the Lady Garden 5K in London's Battersea Park on Saturday. The reality star joined other celebrities such as Cara Delevingne, 23, and Donna Air, 36, to raise money for the Gynaecological Cancer ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Mon, 11 Apr 2016 01:47:25 -0700

Ever the social sharer, the 26-year-old fitness fan shared a rather sexy snap of her pert derriere on her Instagram page on Sunday, with a rip in the pocket to reveal a hint of her behind. And her ex-beau, who she recently reportedly spent the night ...

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