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For confectioner, see Mackintosh's. For other uses, see McIntosh.
Not to be confused with Macintosh, a line of personal computers created by Apple.
Private sector
Industry Textile industry
Founded Glasgow, 1846s
Headquarters Cumbernauld, Scotland
Key people
Charles Macintosh, Founder
Products Rubberised coats and accessories
Owner Yagi Tsusho[1]
Website mackintosh.com

The Mackintosh or raincoat (abbreviated as mac or mack) is a form of waterproof raincoat, first sold in 1824, made out of rubberised fabric.[2] The Mackintosh is named after its Scottish inventor Charles Macintosh, though many writers add a letter k (this variant spelling "Mackintosh" is now standard [3]).

Although the Mackintosh style of coat has become generic, a genuine Mackintosh coat should be made from rubberised or rubber laminated material.


Mackintosh Store,104 Mount St, Mayfair, London.

It has been claimed that the fabric was invented by the surgeon James Syme but then copied and patented by Charles Macintosh;[4] however this reference is jejune and cites no supporting evidence. An exhaustive history of the invention of the mackintosh was published by Scourer in 1952.[5] The essence of Macintosh's process was the sandwiching of an impermeable layer of a solution of rubber in naphtha (derived from tar) between two layers of fabric. Syme did not propose the sandwich idea. The first waterproofed garments were made in pre-Columbian times by Aztecs, who impregnated fabric with latex. Later, French scientists made balloons gas-tight (and incidentally, impermeable) by impregnating fabric with rubber dissolved in turpentine; however, this solvent was not satisfactory for making wearing apparel.

In 1830 Macintosh's company merged with the clothing company of Thomas Hancock in Manchester. Hancock had also been experimenting with rubber coated fabrics since 1819. Production of rubberised coats soon spread all over the UK. Every kind of coat was produced with rubberized material including riding coats and coats supplied to the British army, British railways and UK police forces.

Early coats had problems with smell, stiffness, and a tendency to melt in hot weather, but Hancock further improved their waterproof fabrics, patenting a method for vulcanising rubber in 1843 which solved many of the problems.[6]

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the company continued to make waterproof clothing. In 1925 the company was taken over by Dunlop Rubber.[7]


In the mid 1990s the Mackintosh brand owner, Traditional Weatherwear, was on the verge of closing its factory in Cumbernauld near Glasgow.[8] Around the turn of the 21st century, senior staff members acquired the company and established the traditional rubberised Mackintosh coat as an upmarket brand in its own right. The company collaborated with leading fashion houses such as Gucci, Hermès, Louis Vuitton and Liberty. The coats became particularly popular with Japanese women, and the company won a Queen's Award for Enterprise in 2000 for its success in international trade.[9] In December 2003 the company name was formally changed to Mackintosh.

In 2007 Mackintosh was bought by Tokyo firm Yagi Tsusho.[1] With the backing of its parent company Mackintosh has continued to expand its reputation and marketing operations. In January 2011 the company opened its first fashion store in London.[10]


  • The Macintosh - the Paternity of an Invention by H. Schurer, Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 1951-53 Vol 28.


  1. ^ a b "The rebirth of the Mackintosh fashion label - The Scotsman". News.scotsman.com. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  2. ^ "Mrs Mac is back - The Scotsman". Thescotsman.scotsman.com. 2002-10-03. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  3. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 6th ed. (2007), p. 1668
  4. ^ "Whonamedit - James Syme". Whonamedit. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "The Macintosh: The Paternity of an Invention." Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 28(1), pp. 77–87 [1]
  6. ^ [2][dead link]
  7. ^ [3][dead link]
  8. ^ "Return of the Mac: The reinvention of Mackintosh - Features - Fashion". The Independent. 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  9. ^ "The Queen's Awards for Enterprise - GOV.UK". Queensawards.org.uk. 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  10. ^ "BBC News - Mackintosh opens first fashion store in London". Bbc.co.uk. 2011-01-21. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mackintosh — Please support Wikipedia.
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483838 news items

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Thu, 05 Mar 2015 02:55:55 -0800

She's got one of the most envied bodies in showbiz but Millie Mackintosh has revealed that it takes a lot of hard work and dedication to look as good as her. The fitness enthusiast and TV star shared her health and fitness regime as she showed off her ...


Sun, 01 Mar 2015 04:22:45 -0800

In 1909, on the completion of his greatest achievement, the Glasgow School of Art, one local newspaper queried why a house of correction had been built in the city centre, while another advocated Mackintosh's public whipping – reactions that no doubt ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Wed, 11 Feb 2015 03:35:25 -0800

Because what lies in store at 66 Portland Place is a brilliant show that ditches the doilies and the tearoom tat, and exposes the raw talent of Mackintosh the architect, through the original drawings of his buildings alone. It is, incredibly, the first ...

Financial Times

Financial Times
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 10:22:30 -0800

The blaze that had broken out in Charles Rennie Mackintosh's Glasgow School of Art had an entire city holding its breath and, for a few minutes, it seemed the worst might not happen. But then the flames reappeared, licking out of the tall, slender ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Tue, 03 Mar 2015 04:58:55 -0800

#BreakYourSelfie encourages fitness enthusiasts to rebel against the millions of shiny, happy selfies and instead post images to of themselves at their most depleted, raw, broken post-workout state. The latest posts comes as Millie talked about the ups ...


Wed, 04 Mar 2015 04:56:15 -0800

Portland may be known for its indie rock, but that's not to say local acts never get signed. Two of the city's newest major label bands have albums on the way this spring: up first, Mackintosh Braun will release "Arcadia" on Chop Shop Records (a ...

The Independent

The Independent
Tue, 17 Feb 2015 10:04:19 -0800

Charles Rennie Mackintosh created something from nothing: his designs were totally new, and totally modern, and they came to define a progressive "Glasgow style" a century ago. Whether it was furniture, rooms or whole buildings, Mackintosh had a flair ...

Evening Standard

Evening Standard
Fri, 06 Mar 2015 02:30:00 -0800

Cast your minds back to a time when Lucy Watson hadn't developed emotions. The season four newbie burst onto the Chelsea scene as a self-confessed “player” and left Millie Mackintosh baffled at dinner when she asked: "Why is everybody getting up in my ...

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