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For confectioner, see Mackintosh's. For other uses, see McIntosh.
Not to be confused with Macintosh, a line of personal computers created by Apple.
Mackintosh
Private sector
Industry Textile industry
Founded Glasgow, 1846s
Headquarters Cumbernauld, Scotland
Key people
Charles Macintosh, Founder
Products Rubberised coats and accessories
Owner Yagi Tsusho[1]
Website mackintosh.com

The Mackintosh or raincoat (abbreviated as mac or mack) is a form of waterproof raincoat, first sold in 1824, made out of rubberised fabric.[2] The Mackintosh is named after its Scottish inventor Charles Macintosh, though many writers add a letter k (this variant spelling "Mackintosh" is now standard [3]).

Although the Mackintosh style of coat has become generic, a genuine Mackintosh coat should be made from rubberised or rubber laminated material.

History[edit]

A gentleman’s Macintosh, from an 1893 catalogue

It has been claimed that the fabric was invented by the surgeon James Syme but then copied and patented by Charles Macintosh;[4] however this reference is jejune and cites no supporting evidence. An exhaustive history of the invention of the mackintosh was published by Scourer in 1952.[5] The essence of Macintosh's process was the sandwiching of an impermeable layer of a solution of rubber in naphtha (derived from tar) between two layers of fabric. Syme did not propose the sandwich idea. The first waterproofed garments were made in pre-Columbian times by Aztecs, who impregnated fabric with latex. Later, French scientists made balloons gas-tight (and incidentally, impermeable) by impregnating fabric with rubber dissolved in turpentine; however, this solvent was not satisfactory for making wearing apparel.

In 1830 Macintosh's company merged with the clothing company of Thomas Hancock in Manchester. Hancock had also been experimenting with rubber coated fabrics since 1819. Production of rubberised coats soon spread all over the UK. Every kind of coat was produced with rubberized material including riding coats and coats supplied to the British army, British railways and UK police forces.

Early coats had problems with smell, stiffness, and a tendency to melt in hot weather, but Hancock further improved their waterproof fabrics, patenting a method for vulcanising rubber in 1843 which solved many of the problems.[6]

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the company continued to make waterproof clothing. In 1925 the company was taken over by Dunlop Rubber.[7]

Revival[edit]

Mackintosh Store,104 Mount St, Mayfair, London.

In the mid 1990s the Mackintosh brand owner, Traditional Weatherwear, was on the verge of closing its factory in Cumbernauld near Glasgow.[8] Around the turn of the 21st century, senior staff members acquired the company and established the traditional rubberised Mackintosh coat as an upmarket brand in its own right. The company collaborated with leading fashion houses such as Gucci, Hermès, Louis Vuitton and Liberty. The coats became particularly popular with Japanese women, and the company won a Queen's Award for Enterprise in 2000 for its success in international trade.[9] In December 2003 the company name was formally changed to Mackintosh.

In 2007 Mackintosh was bought by Tokyo firm Yagi Tsusho.[1] With the backing of its parent company Mackintosh has continued to expand its reputation and marketing operations. In January 2011 the company opened its first fashion store in London.[10]

Bibliography[edit]

  • The Macintosh - the Paternity of an Invention by H. Schurer, Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 1951-53 Vol 28.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The rebirth of the Mackintosh fashion label - The Scotsman". News.scotsman.com. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  2. ^ "Mrs Mac is back - The Scotsman". Thescotsman.scotsman.com. 2002-10-03. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  3. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 6th ed. (2007), p. 1668
  4. ^ "Whonamedit - James Syme". Whonamedit. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "The Macintosh: The Paternity of an Invention." Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 28(1), pp. 77–87 [1]
  6. ^ [2][dead link]
  7. ^ [3][dead link]
  8. ^ "Return of the Mac: The reinvention of Mackintosh - Features - Fashion". The Independent. 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  9. ^ "The Queen's Awards for Enterprise - GOV.UK". Queensawards.org.uk. 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  10. ^ "BBC News - Mackintosh opens first fashion store in London". Bbc.co.uk. 2011-01-21. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mackintosh — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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1404009 news items

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 08:42:23 -0700

It's been claimed she demanded a divorce during a row while on a recent holiday to Istanbul. But Millie Mackintosh and Professor Green looked as though they were having a second honeymoon as they posted pictures from an idyllic, sun-soaked getaway on ...

Evening Standard

Evening Standard
Tue, 07 Jul 2015 01:48:45 -0700

Nicholas Allott, managing director of Cameron Mackintosh Ltd, said: “We would be satisfying a need that isn't satisfied in the West End as things stand. But there are very few people who would do what Cameron Mackintosh is proposing to do. He's made a ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Mon, 06 Jul 2015 05:49:04 -0700

When she's not whipping up a mouth-watering roast dinner or a delicious healthy fish dish, Millie Mackintosh is busy broadening her culinary horizons. The 25-year-old foodie stars in a new four-part mini series where she is mentored by award-winning ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sat, 04 Jul 2015 03:24:08 -0700

She vowed to take revenge after he shared a video of her snoozing with his million of followers, and Millie Mackintosh has stayed true to her word. The socialite uploaded a clip of her rapper husband Professor Green nodding off as they travelled in a ...

BLABBERMOUTH.NET

BLABBERMOUTH.NET
Sun, 05 Jul 2015 09:30:00 -0700

During a brand new question-and-answer session with asQme, guitarist Greg Mackintosh of British gothic metal pioneers PARADISE LOST was asked how he sees the music industry evolving in the next ten years. He responded: "Well, it's obviously gonna ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 15:42:21 -0700

They're approaching their second wedding anniversary and Millie Mackintosh and Professor Green are happier than ever. The couple stepped out together in London on Wednesday night to attend artist Jonathan Yeo's Summer Party where they kept cool ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Mon, 29 Jun 2015 08:29:53 -0700

As a former Made In Chelsea star, Millie Mackintosh is used to the finer things in life. And the 25-year-old beauty was enjoying a sunny afternoon on the opening day of Wimbledon at the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club on Monday alongside a ...

The Stage

The Stage
Tue, 07 Jul 2015 03:18:45 -0700

The programme pairs emerging composers with theatres across the UK to work on a variety of projects, including underscoring new plays, setting text to music and creating new works of musical theatre. The first placement will take place at two theatres ...
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