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For confectioner, see Mackintosh's. For other uses, see McIntosh.
Not to be confused with Macintosh, a line of personal computers created by Apple.
Mackintosh
Private sector
Industry Textile industry
Founded Glasgow, 1846s
Headquarters Cumbernauld, Scotland
Key people
Charles Macintosh, Founder
Products Rubberised coats and accessories
Owner Yagi Tsusho[1]
Website mackintosh.com

The Mackintosh or raincoat (abbreviated as mac or mack) is a form of waterproof raincoat, first sold in 1824, made out of rubberised fabric.[2] The Mackintosh is named after its Scottish inventor Charles Macintosh, though many writers add a letter k (this variant spelling "Mackintosh" is now standard [3]).

Although the Mackintosh style of coat has become generic, a genuine Mackintosh coat should be made from rubberised or rubber laminated material.

History[edit]

A gentleman’s Macintosh, from an 1893 catalogue

It has been claimed that the fabric was invented by the surgeon James Syme but then copied and patented by Charles Macintosh;[4] however this reference is jejune and cites no supporting evidence. An exhaustive history of the invention of the mackintosh was published by Scourer in 1952.[5] The essence of Macintosh's process was the sandwiching of an impermeable layer of a solution of rubber in naphtha (derived from tar) between two layers of fabric. Syme did not propose the sandwich idea. The first waterproofed garments were made in pre-Columbian times by Aztecs, who impregnated fabric with latex. Later, French scientists made balloons gas-tight (and incidentally, impermeable) by impregnating fabric with rubber dissolved in turpentine; however, this solvent was not satisfactory for making wearing apparel.

In 1830 Macintosh's company merged with the clothing company of Thomas Hancock in Manchester. Hancock had also been experimenting with rubber coated fabrics since 1819. Production of rubberised coats soon spread all over the UK. Every kind of coat was produced with rubberized material including riding coats and coats supplied to the British army, British railways and UK police forces.

Early coats had problems with smell, stiffness, and a tendency to melt in hot weather, but Hancock further improved their waterproof fabrics, patenting a method for vulcanising rubber in 1843 which solved many of the problems.[6]

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the company continued to make waterproof clothing. In 1925 the company was taken over by Dunlop Rubber.[7]

Revival[edit]

Mackintosh Store,104 Mount St, Mayfair, London.

In the mid 1990s the Mackintosh brand owner, Traditional Weatherwear, was on the verge of closing its factory in Cumbernauld near Glasgow.[8] Around the turn of the 21st century, senior staff members acquired the company and established the traditional rubberised Mackintosh coat as an upmarket brand in its own right. The company collaborated with leading fashion houses such as Gucci, Hermès, Louis Vuitton and Liberty. The coats became particularly popular with Japanese women, and the company won a Queen's Award for Enterprise in 2000 for its success in international trade.[9] In December 2003 the company name was formally changed to Mackintosh.

In 2007 Mackintosh was bought by Tokyo firm Yagi Tsusho.[1] With the backing of its parent company Mackintosh has continued to expand its reputation and marketing operations. In January 2011 the company opened its first fashion store in London.[10]

Bibliography[edit]

  • The Macintosh - the Paternity of an Invention by H. Schurer, Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 1951-53 Vol 28.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The rebirth of the Mackintosh fashion label - The Scotsman". News.scotsman.com. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  2. ^ "Mrs Mac is back - The Scotsman". Thescotsman.scotsman.com. 2002-10-03. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  3. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 6th ed. (2007), p. 1668
  4. ^ "Whonamedit - James Syme". Whonamedit. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "The Macintosh: The Paternity of an Invention." Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 28(1), pp. 77–87 [1]
  6. ^ [2][dead link]
  7. ^ [3][dead link]
  8. ^ "Return of the Mac: The reinvention of Mackintosh - Features - Fashion". The Independent. 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  9. ^ "The Queen's Awards for Enterprise - GOV.UK". Queensawards.org.uk. 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  10. ^ "BBC News - Mackintosh opens first fashion store in London". Bbc.co.uk. 2011-01-21. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mackintosh — Please support Wikipedia.
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313203 news items

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sun, 24 May 2015 10:37:15 -0700

She oozed heaps of elegance in a blush pink gown at the launch of new beverage J20 Spritz last week. But on Saturday, Millie Mackintosh slipped into something a little more summery as she enjoyed a leisurely shopping spree on Kings Road in the affluent ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Mon, 25 May 2015 09:11:09 -0700

But it appears Camilla 'Millie' Mackintosh and Professor Green could soon be adding a new job to their resume - baby sitters. The couple were seen alongside Erin McNaught and Example's son Evander in a shot uploaded to Example's Instagram page, ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Fri, 22 May 2015 00:39:50 -0700

She recently revealed her anguish at being bullied during her school years, but Millie Mackintosh was top of the class at a celebratory launch party on Thursday evening. The former Made In Chelsea star was hard to miss in a vibrant Matthew Williamson ...

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Sun, 17 May 2015 23:08:27 -0700

Putting aside for one moment the wierdness of treating a social media site like the swimwear edition of Sports Illustrated, Mackintosh, who is naturally slim if unnaturally glamorous, does have 953,000 Instagram followers, who avidly listen to what she ...

Huffington Post

Huffington Post
Fri, 22 May 2015 11:45:00 -0700

Mackintosh Braun has received a lot of TV and film exposure. Their music has been featured on "Gossip Girl," "Grey's Anatomy," "Chuck," "How to Make It in America," and "The Carrie Diaries." The band's track "Frozen" was featured in the 2011 film The ...

Scottish Daily Record

Scottish Daily Record
Thu, 21 May 2015 04:56:14 -0700

GLASGOW School of Art has unveiled a meticulous scale model of the destroyed Mackintosh Library as its planned restoration is underway. A year on from the blaze that seriously damaged part of the historic structure, GSA product design graduate Franki ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sun, 10 May 2015 10:45:11 -0700

And she showed it off once again as she graced the red carpet at the TV BAFTA Awards 2015 at the Theatre Royal on London's Drury Lane on Sunday evening. The 24-year-old former Made In Chelsea star looked impeccable in a Rami Al Ali couture gown, ...
 
Marketing
Tue, 19 May 2015 04:25:33 -0700

Britvic has signed the reality star, who is married to musician Professor Green, to appear in a series of photos aimed at promoting the new drink. Mackintosh will appear in photos that are said to represent the sparking nature of Spritz, including one ...
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