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For confectioner, see Mackintosh's. For other uses, see McIntosh.
Not to be confused with Macintosh, a line of personal computers created by Apple.
Mackintosh
Private sector
Industry Textile industry
Founded Glasgow, 1846s
Headquarters Cumbernauld, Scotland
Key people
Charles Macintosh, Founder
Products Rubberised coats and accessories
Owner Yagi Tsusho[1]
Website mackintosh.com

The Mackintosh or raincoat (abbreviated as mac or mack) is a form of waterproof raincoat, first sold in 1824, made out of rubberised fabric.[2] The Mackintosh is named after its Scottish inventor Charles Macintosh, though many writers add a letter k (this variant spelling "Mackintosh" is now standard [3]).

Although the Mackintosh style of coat has become generic, a genuine Mackintosh coat should be made from rubberised or rubber laminated material.

History[edit]

Mackintosh Store,104 Mount St, Mayfair, London.

It has been claimed that the fabric was invented by the surgeon James Syme but then copied and patented by Charles Macintosh;[4] however this reference is jejune and cites no supporting evidence. An exhaustive history of the invention of the mackintosh was published by Scourer in 1952.[5] The essence of Macintosh's process was the sandwiching of an impermeable layer of a solution of rubber in naphtha (derived from tar) between two layers of fabric. Syme did not propose the sandwich idea. The first waterproofed garments were made in pre-Columbian times by Aztecs, who impregnated fabric with latex. Later, French scientists made balloons gas-tight (and incidentally, impermeable) by impregnating fabric with rubber dissolved in turpentine; however, this solvent was not satisfactory for making wearing apparel.

In 1830 Macintosh's company merged with the clothing company of Thomas Hancock in Manchester. Hancock had also been experimenting with rubber coated fabrics since 1819. Production of rubberised coats soon spread all over the UK. Every kind of coat was produced with rubberized material including riding coats and coats supplied to the British army, British railways and UK police forces.

Early coats had problems with smell, stiffness, and a tendency to melt in hot weather, but Hancock further improved their waterproof fabrics, patenting a method for vulcanising rubber in 1843 which solved many of the problems.[6]

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the company continued to make waterproof clothing. In 1925 the company was taken over by Dunlop Rubber.[7]

Revival[edit]

In the mid 1990s the Mackintosh brand owner, Traditional Weatherwear, was on the verge of closing its factory in Cumbernauld near Glasgow.[8] Around the turn of the 21st century, senior staff members acquired the company and established the traditional rubberised Mackintosh coat as an upmarket brand in its own right. The company collaborated with leading fashion houses such as Gucci, Hermès, Louis Vuitton and Liberty. The coats became particularly popular with Japanese women, and the company won a Queen's Award for Enterprise in 2000 for its success in international trade.[9] In December 2003 the company name was formally changed to Mackintosh.

In 2007 Mackintosh was bought by Tokyo firm Yagi Tsusho.[1] With the backing of its parent company Mackintosh has continued to expand its reputation and marketing operations. In January 2011 the company opened its first fashion store in London.[10]

Bibliography[edit]

  • The Macintosh - the Paternity of an Invention by H. Schurer, Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 1951-53 Vol 28.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The rebirth of the Mackintosh fashion label - The Scotsman". News.scotsman.com. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  2. ^ "Mrs Mac is back - The Scotsman". Thescotsman.scotsman.com. 2002-10-03. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  3. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 6th ed. (2007), p. 1668
  4. ^ "Whonamedit - James Syme". Whonamedit. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "The Macintosh: The Paternity of an Invention." Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 28(1), pp. 77–87 [1]
  6. ^ [2][dead link]
  7. ^ [3][dead link]
  8. ^ "Return of the Mac: The reinvention of Mackintosh - Features - Fashion". The Independent. 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  9. ^ "The Queen's Awards for Enterprise - GOV.UK". Queensawards.org.uk. 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  10. ^ "BBC News - Mackintosh opens first fashion store in London". Bbc.co.uk. 2011-01-21. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mackintosh — Please support Wikipedia.
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1104415 news items

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 08:20:13 -0700

She made her name on Made in Chelsea, but these days Mille Mackintosh can usually be found in some far-flung, sunny destination. The 24-year-old has jetted off for another break, this time topping up her tan on a beautiful Ibiza beach with her good ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 12:57:24 -0700

So Millie Mackintosh was naturally the guest of honour at the Get The Glow launch party, held at Harvey Nichols in London on Thursday night. The former Made In Chelsea star kept her look simple for the bash, donning cute matching separates from her own ...

Herald Scotland

Herald Scotland
Wed, 22 Apr 2015 17:00:00 -0700

Barbara Mackintosh, who has died aged 83, was the co-hostess and post mistress of Inverailort Castle, an open house estate half way between Fort William and Mallaigwhere a number of innovations in Highland development were gestated and many lives ...

Las Vegas Blog (blog)

Las Vegas Blog (blog)
Sat, 18 Apr 2015 09:18:34 -0700

The Radio One breakfast DJ has whisked away Millie Mackintosh, her beau Pro Green, designer Henry Holland, model Daisy Lowe and his BFF Pixie Geldof for a wild trip to the Turkish capital. Daisy Lowe/Instagram Daisy Lowe and Pixie Geldof on holiday in ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sat, 11 Apr 2015 12:00:49 -0700

The first weekend of the Coachella Valley Music and Arts festival is in full swing and it is safe to say Millie Mackintosh is having a blast so far. Keeping her fans updated about her looks for the star-studded festival on social media, the former ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sun, 05 Apr 2015 06:28:09 -0700

She's been making the most of the London social scene without Professor Green in recent weeks. But Millie Mackintosh ditched her gal pals in favour of her husband as she enjoyed an evening out at Hawker House in Dalston on Saturday. The duo called it a ...

The Stage

The Stage
Tue, 14 Apr 2015 03:12:33 -0700

Mackintosh told The Stage he felt the lack of nominations for the cast of Miss Saigon was “very curious” given the ongoing debate about diversity on and offstage and the fact Miss Saigon “has attracted a higher proportion of [those] audiences than any ...

The Stage

The Stage
Wed, 15 Apr 2015 03:59:20 -0700

Cameron Mackintosh has hired outgoing Chichester Festival Theatre executive director Alan Finch as he moves to secure the long-term future of his theatre empire. Finch's appointment comes as Mackintosh unveils a global expansion of Music Theatre ...
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