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For confectioner, see Mackintosh's. For other uses, see McIntosh.
Not to be confused with Macintosh, a line of personal computers created by Apple.
Mackintosh
Private sector
Industry Textile industry
Founded Glasgow, 1846s
Headquarters Cumbernauld, Scotland
Key people
Charles Macintosh, Founder
Products Rubberised coats and accessories
Owner Yagi Tsusho[1]
Website mackintosh.com

The Mackintosh or raincoat (abbreviated as mac or mack) is a form of waterproof raincoat, first sold in 1824, made out of rubberised fabric.[2] The Mackintosh is named after its Scottish inventor Charles Macintosh, though many writers add a letter k (this variant spelling "Mackintosh" is now standard [3]).

Although the Mackintosh style of coat has become generic, a genuine Mackintosh coat should be made from rubberised or rubber laminated material.

History[edit]

A gentleman’s Macintosh, from an 1893 catalogue

It has been claimed that the fabric was invented by the surgeon James Syme but then copied and patented by Charles Macintosh;[4] however this reference cites no supporting evidence. An exhaustive history of the invention of the mackintosh was published by Schurer in 1952.[5] The essence of Macintosh's process was the sandwiching of an impermeable layer of a solution of rubber in naphtha (derived from tar) between two layers of fabric. Syme did not propose the sandwich idea. Merely to waterproof garments with rubber was an old idea, and was practised in pre-Columbian times by Aztecs, who impregnated fabric with latex. Later, French scientists made balloons gas-tight (and incidentally, impermeable) by impregnating fabric with rubber dissolved in turpentine; however, this solvent was not satisfactory for making wearing apparel.

In 1830 Macintosh's company merged with the clothing company of Thomas Hancock in Manchester. Hancock had also been experimenting with rubber coated fabrics since 1819. Production of rubberised coats soon spread all over the UK. Every kind of coat was produced with rubberized material including riding coats and coats supplied to the British army, British railways and UK police forces.

Early coats had problems with smell, stiffness, and a tendency to melt in hot weather, but Hancock further improved their waterproof fabrics, patenting a method for vulcanising rubber in 1843 which solved many of the problems.[6]

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the company continued to make waterproof clothing. In 1925 the company was taken over by Dunlop Rubber.[7]

Revival[edit]

Mackintosh Store,104 Mount St, Mayfair, London.

In the mid 1990s the Mackintosh brand owner, Traditional Weatherwear, was on the verge of closing its factory in Cumbernauld near Glasgow.[8] Around the turn of the 21st century, senior staff members acquired the company and established the traditional rubberised Mackintosh coat as an upmarket brand in its own right. The company collaborated with leading fashion houses such as Gucci, Hermès, Louis Vuitton and Liberty. The coats became particularly popular with Japanese women, and the company won a Queen's Award for Enterprise in 2000 for its success in international trade.[9] In December 2003 the company name was formally changed to Mackintosh.

In 2007 Mackintosh was bought by Tokyo firm Yagi Tsusho.[1] With the backing of its parent company Mackintosh has continued to expand its reputation and marketing operations. In January 2011 the company opened its first fashion store in London.[10]

Bibliography[edit]

  • The Macintosh - the Paternity of an Invention by H. Schurer, Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 1951-53 Vol 28.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The rebirth of the Mackintosh fashion label - The Scotsman". News.scotsman.com. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  2. ^ "Mrs Mac is back - The Scotsman". Thescotsman.scotsman.com. 2002-10-03. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  3. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 6th ed. (2007), p. 1668
  4. ^ "Whonamedit - James Syme". Whonamedit. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "The Macintosh: The Paternity of an Invention." Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 28(1), pp. 77–87 [1]
  6. ^ [2][dead link]
  7. ^ [3][dead link]
  8. ^ "Return of the Mac: The reinvention of Mackintosh - Features - Fashion". The Independent. 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  9. ^ "The Queen's Awards for Enterprise - GOV.UK". Queensawards.org.uk. 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  10. ^ "BBC News - Mackintosh opens first fashion store in London". Bbc.co.uk. 2011-01-21. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mackintosh — Please support Wikipedia.
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451090 news items

Irish Independent

Irish Independent
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 01:56:15 -0800

LONDON, ENGLAND - MAY 18: Professor Green and Millie Mackintosh attends the Arqiva British Academy Television Awards at Theatre Royal on May 18, 2014 in London, England. (Photo by Stuart C. Wilson/Getty Images) Professor Green and Millie ...

The Stage

The Stage
Mon, 08 Feb 2016 08:52:16 -0800

Cameron Mackintosh funds Stiles and Drewe musical theatre writing award. Stiles and Drewe. Photo: Mug Photography. News. by Georgia Snow - Feb 8, 2016. Cameron Mackintosh is backing a new annual award to support musical theatre writing in the UK, ...

Nottingham Post

Nottingham Post
Sat, 06 Feb 2016 05:10:30 -0800

Get the look: Millie Mackintosh at the Zoolander 2 premiere. By Nottingham Post | Posted: February 06, 2016. Millie Mackintosh. Picture by Ian West/PA Wire. SHARE PICTURE. Copy link to paste in your message. Millie Mackintosh. Picture by Ian West/PA ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Tue, 02 Feb 2016 16:42:18 -0800

So it may surprise fans that Millie Mackintosh, 26, covered up when she dined out in central London on Tuesday evening. The former Made In Chelsea star wrapped up as she headed to the Richard Braqo VIP dinner in Clerkenwell's Farringdon Road, where ...

Winnipeg Sun

Winnipeg Sun
Fri, 05 Feb 2016 08:41:52 -0800

The race to replace Gord Mackintosh in St. Johns is getting crowded. Three people are now vying for the NDP nomination in the North End riding, a week after Mackintosh — the area's MLA since 1999 — announced he has decided not to seek re-election.

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 15:30:13 -0800

While Millie Mackintosh had party-hopped across town from the red carpet premiere of Zoolander No.2, still wearing her racy backless Balestra Couture gown from WilliamVintage gown, she seemed to fit in well with the second crowd, which included Ashley ...

Daily Star

Daily Star
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 13:02:55 -0800

Showing off her ass-ets: Millie Mackintosh bares bum in slashed gown. MILLIE Mackintosh left little to the imagination in her latest revealing outfit. By Jasmin Sahota / Published 4th February 2016. FAMEFLYNET. FLASHING: Millie suffered a slight ...

CBC.ca

CBC.ca
Wed, 03 Feb 2016 14:00:51 -0800

Since Gord Mackintosh announced he is not seeking re-election, a number of Winnipeggers have come forward to say they are considering a run at the nomination. Manitoba Justice Minister Gord Mackintosh won't seek re-election. Tyler Pearce, director of ...
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