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For confectioner, see Mackintosh's. For other uses, see McIntosh.
Not to be confused with Macintosh, a line of personal computers created by Apple.
Monte
Type Private sector
Industry Textile industry
Founded Glasgow, 1846s
Headquarters Cumbernauld, Scotland
Area served MonteMonte
Key people Charles Macintosh, Founder
Products Rubberised coats and accessories
Owners Yagi Tsusho[1]
Website mackintosh.com

The Mackintosh or raincoat (abbreviated as mac or mack) is a form of waterproof raincoat, first sold in 1824, made out of rubberised fabric.[2] The Mackintosh is named after its Scottish inventor Charles Macintosh, though many writers add a letter k (this variant spelling "Mackintosh" is now standard [3]).

Although the Mackintosh style of coat has become generic, a genuine Mackintosh coat should be made from rubberised or rubber laminated material.

History[edit]

Mackintosh Store,104 Mount St, Mayfair, London.

It has been claimed that the fabric was invented by the surgeon James Syme but then copied and patented by Charles Macintosh;[4] however this reference is jejune and cites no supporting evidence. An exhaustive history of the invention of the mackintosh was published by Scourer in 1952.[5] The essence of Macintosh's process was the sandwiching of an impermeable layer of a solution of rubber in naphtha (derived from tar) between two layers of fabric. Syme did not propose the sandwich idea. The first waterproofed garments were made in pre-Columbian times by Aztecs, who impregnated fabric with latex. Later, French scientists made balloons gas-tight (and incidentally, impermeable) by impregnating fabric with rubber dissolved in turpentine; however, this solvent was not satisfactory for making wearing apparel.

In 1830 Macintosh's company merged with the clothing company of Thomas Hancock in Manchester. Hancock had also been experimenting with rubber coated fabrics since 1819. Production of rubberised coats soon spread all over the UK. Every kind of coat was produced with rubberized material including riding coats and coats supplied to the British army, British railways and UK police forces.

Early coats had problems with smell, stiffness, and a tendency to melt in hot weather, but Hancock further improved their waterproof fabrics, patenting a method for vulcanising rubber in 1843 which solved many of the problems.[6]

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the company continued to make waterproof clothing. In 1925 the company was taken over by Dunlop Rubber.[7]

Revival[edit]

In the mid 1990s the Mackintosh brand owner, Traditional Weatherwear, was on the verge of closing its factory in Cumbernauld near Glasgow.[8] Around the turn of the 21st century, senior staff members acquired the company and established the traditional rubberised Mackintosh coat as an upmarket brand in its own right. The company collaborated with leading fashion houses such as Gucci, Hermès, Louis Vuitton and Liberty. The coats became particularly popular with Japanese women, and the company won a Queen's Award for Enterprise in 2000 for its success in international trade.[9] In December 2003 the company name was formally changed to Mackintosh.

In 2007 Mackintosh was bought by Tokyo firm Yagi Tsusho.[1] With the backing of its parent company Mackintosh has continued to expand its reputation and marketing operations. In January 2011 the company opened its first fashion store in London.[10]

Bibliography[edit]

  • The Macintosh - the Paternity of an Invention by H. Schurer, Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 1951-53 Vol 28.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The rebirth of the Mackintosh fashion label - The Scotsman". News.scotsman.com. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  2. ^ "Mrs Mac is back - The Scotsman". Thescotsman.scotsman.com. 2002-10-03. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  3. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 6th ed. (2007), p. 1668
  4. ^ "Whonamedit - James Syme". Whonamedit. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "The Macintosh: The Paternity of an Invention." Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 28(1), pp. 77–87 [1]
  6. ^ [2][dead link]
  7. ^ [3][dead link]
  8. ^ "Return of the Mac: The reinvention of Mackintosh - Features - Fashion". The Independent. 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  9. ^ "The Queen's Awards for Enterprise - GOV.UK". Queensawards.org.uk. 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  10. ^ "BBC News - Mackintosh opens first fashion store in London". Bbc.co.uk. 2011-01-21. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mackintosh — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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109799 news items

Mirror.co.uk

Mirror.co.uk
Mon, 22 Dec 2014 06:19:58 -0800

Millie Mackintosh has given us all a little glimpse into how she stays in such amazing shape. While most people are holding off on their gym memberships until January, the gorgeous reality star has instead upped her game with a super-intense workout.

Mirror.co.uk

Mirror.co.uk
Mon, 22 Dec 2014 07:45:00 -0800

The news, which is the result of analysis from the last 12 months of Celebrity Intelligence's data, will probably not come as much as a surprise to anyone as the 25-year-old has been pretty much everywhere. This year alone she has put her name and face ...

Herald Scotland

Herald Scotland
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 16:11:15 -0800

Professor Dunlop, who with Gordon Murray designed the copper-clad Radisson Hotel on Glasgow's Argyle Street, and the steel-clad Spectrum Building in the city's Blythswood Street, said he is "seriously against the idea of remaking the Mackintosh library.".

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sun, 14 Dec 2014 17:24:08 -0800

And despite recent talk of wanting a family together one day, Millie Mackintosh insists she is in no rush to have babies any time soon. The couple have just moved into their renovated home and are looking forward to spending Christmas together in it.

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Wed, 03 Dec 2014 16:05:13 -0800

She's often been accused of being too thin, but Millie Mackintosh has silenced her critics by posing for a sizzling new photoshoot. And the 25-year-old beauty proved she's more than comfortable in her own skin by showing off her incredible gym-honed ...

Tampabay.com

Tampabay.com
Wed, 10 Dec 2014 09:15:00 -0800

Mackintosh's new production of Phantom, directed by Laurence Connor, has been on tour for a year following a sold-out run in the United Kingdom. It's designed to get in and out of venues with ease and less expense, tweaked to feel relevant to a ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sat, 06 Dec 2014 07:29:44 -0800

And Millie Mackintosh ensured its continued success as she revealed her designs at the Clothes Show Live on Saturday. The former Made In Chelsea star made her catwalk debut in style as she strutted her stuff in a chic black ensemble. Scroll down for video.

Mirror.co.uk

Mirror.co.uk
Wed, 10 Dec 2014 06:10:39 -0800

After spending her first year of married life doing up her new home, former reality star Millie Mackintosh is ready to host Christmas for her family. Speaking to Mirror Celeb at the Tassimo Christmas dinner, Millie said she was already thinking about ...
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