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For confectioner, see Mackintosh's. For other uses, see McIntosh.
Not to be confused with Macintosh, a line of personal computers created by Apple.
Mackintosh
Private sector
Industry Textile industry
Founded Glasgow, 1846s
Headquarters Cumbernauld, Scotland
Key people
Charles Macintosh, Founder
Products Rubberised coats and accessories
Owner Yagi Tsusho[1]
Website mackintosh.com

The Mackintosh or raincoat (abbreviated as mac or mack) is a form of waterproof raincoat, first sold in 1824, made out of rubberised fabric.[2] The Mackintosh is named after its Scottish inventor Charles Macintosh, though many writers add a letter k (this variant spelling "Mackintosh" is now standard [3]).

Although the Mackintosh style of coat has become generic, a genuine Mackintosh coat should be made from rubberised or rubber laminated material.

History[edit]

A gentleman’s Macintosh, from an 1893 catalogue

It has been claimed that the fabric was invented by the surgeon James Syme but then copied and patented by Charles Macintosh;[4] however this reference is jejune and cites no supporting evidence. An exhaustive history of the invention of the mackintosh was published by Schurer in 1952.[5] The essence of Macintosh's process was the sandwiching of an impermeable layer of a solution of rubber in naphtha (derived from tar) between two layers of fabric. Syme did not propose the sandwich idea. Merely to waterproof garments with rubber was an old idea, and was practised in pre-Columbian times by Aztecs, who impregnated fabric with latex. Later, French scientists made balloons gas-tight (and incidentally, impermeable) by impregnating fabric with rubber dissolved in turpentine; however, this solvent was not satisfactory for making wearing apparel.

In 1830 Macintosh's company merged with the clothing company of Thomas Hancock in Manchester. Hancock had also been experimenting with rubber coated fabrics since 1819. Production of rubberised coats soon spread all over the UK. Every kind of coat was produced with rubberized material including riding coats and coats supplied to the British army, British railways and UK police forces.

Early coats had problems with smell, stiffness, and a tendency to melt in hot weather, but Hancock further improved their waterproof fabrics, patenting a method for vulcanising rubber in 1843 which solved many of the problems.[6]

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the company continued to make waterproof clothing. In 1925 the company was taken over by Dunlop Rubber.[7]

Revival[edit]

Mackintosh Store,104 Mount St, Mayfair, London.

In the mid 1990s the Mackintosh brand owner, Traditional Weatherwear, was on the verge of closing its factory in Cumbernauld near Glasgow.[8] Around the turn of the 21st century, senior staff members acquired the company and established the traditional rubberised Mackintosh coat as an upmarket brand in its own right. The company collaborated with leading fashion houses such as Gucci, Hermès, Louis Vuitton and Liberty. The coats became particularly popular with Japanese women, and the company won a Queen's Award for Enterprise in 2000 for its success in international trade.[9] In December 2003 the company name was formally changed to Mackintosh.

In 2007 Mackintosh was bought by Tokyo firm Yagi Tsusho.[1] With the backing of its parent company Mackintosh has continued to expand its reputation and marketing operations. In January 2011 the company opened its first fashion store in London.[10]

Bibliography[edit]

  • The Macintosh - the Paternity of an Invention by H. Schurer, Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 1951-53 Vol 28.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The rebirth of the Mackintosh fashion label - The Scotsman". News.scotsman.com. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  2. ^ "Mrs Mac is back - The Scotsman". Thescotsman.scotsman.com. 2002-10-03. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  3. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 6th ed. (2007), p. 1668
  4. ^ "Whonamedit - James Syme". Whonamedit. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "The Macintosh: The Paternity of an Invention." Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 28(1), pp. 77–87 [1]
  6. ^ [2][dead link]
  7. ^ [3][dead link]
  8. ^ "Return of the Mac: The reinvention of Mackintosh - Features - Fashion". The Independent. 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  9. ^ "The Queen's Awards for Enterprise - GOV.UK". Queensawards.org.uk. 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  10. ^ "BBC News - Mackintosh opens first fashion store in London". Bbc.co.uk. 2011-01-21. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mackintosh — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

403182 news items

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sun, 30 Aug 2015 06:08:46 -0700

The sun may not have been out, but that didn't stop Amanda Holden from getting her legs out at a food and drink festival on the weekend. The presenter flaunted her toned legs in short denim hotpants at The Big Feastival, a weekend-long food and drink ...

Mirror.co.uk

Mirror.co.uk
Sun, 30 Aug 2015 10:19:31 -0700

Among the crowds at The Big Feastival, a weekend-long food and drink event run by chef Jamie Oliver and Blur's Alex James, were happy couple Millie Mackintosh and Professor Green. Surrounded by their pals including Kate Moss, Laura Whitmore, and ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sat, 29 Aug 2015 17:01:24 -0700

Watching this scene again (which culminates in Millie theatrically flinging a cocktail into his face), all the participants look as though they're about to giggle. She admits much of the show was staged. 'They would film me getting out of a Bentley ...

NPR

NPR
Fri, 28 Aug 2015 09:18:45 -0700

In spite of this success, Mackintosh Braun remains largely under the radar in its hometown of Portland, Ore., where the group formed in 2006. At that time, Ben Braun was mixing hip-hop beats and samples when he stumbled upon Ian Mackintosh's music on ...

Deadline

Deadline
Fri, 28 Aug 2015 07:01:56 -0700

Mackintosh, who controls the licensing rights to the groundbreaking Lionel Bart musical, has lent his support to the first-ever Arab-language presentation of the show, based on Charles Dickens' exclamation point-free Oliver Twist. The production will ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 07:41:57 -0700

'It's funny whenever there's press about me and Millie not being together: the truth is, I don't really want to go out and have a camera shoved in my face all the time,' he told the Daily Star. 'I'm getting too long in the tooth and I don't want any ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Mon, 24 Aug 2015 20:21:01 -0700

They're both married to British rappers, so Erin McNaught, who is with Elliot 'Example' Gleave, and Millie Mackintosh, who is the wife of Stephen 'Professor Green' Manderson, have at least one thing in common. And over the weekend, the twosome ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sat, 22 Aug 2015 14:25:15 -0700

Millie Mackintosh and Professor Green have been quibbling over whose new tome is more valuable. my mole heard Millie, whose book Made is as selfie obsessed as she is, telling her rapper husband she was surprised his book costs only 30p less than hers, ...
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