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For confectioner, see Mackintosh's. For other uses, see McIntosh.
Not to be confused with Macintosh, a line of personal computers created by Apple.
Private sector
Industry Textile industry
Founded Glasgow, 1846s
Headquarters Cumbernauld, Scotland
Key people
Charles Macintosh, Founder
Products Rubberised coats and accessories
Owner Yagi Tsusho[1]
Website mackintosh.com

The Mackintosh or raincoat (abbreviated as mac or mack) is a form of waterproof raincoat, first sold in 1824, made out of rubberised fabric.[2] The Mackintosh is named after its Scottish inventor Charles Macintosh, though many writers add a letter k (this variant spelling "Mackintosh" is now standard [3]).

Although the Mackintosh style of coat has become generic, a genuine Mackintosh coat should be made from rubberised or rubber laminated material.


A gentleman’s Macintosh, from an 1893 catalogue

It has been claimed that the fabric was invented by the surgeon James Syme but then copied and patented by Charles Macintosh;[4] however this reference is jejune and cites no supporting evidence. An exhaustive history of the invention of the mackintosh was published by Schurer in 1952.[5] The essence of Macintosh's process was the sandwiching of an impermeable layer of a solution of rubber in naphtha (derived from tar) between two layers of fabric. Syme did not propose the sandwich idea. Merely to waterproof garments with rubber was an old idea, and was practised in pre-Columbian times by Aztecs, who impregnated fabric with latex. Later, French scientists made balloons gas-tight (and incidentally, impermeable) by impregnating fabric with rubber dissolved in turpentine; however, this solvent was not satisfactory for making wearing apparel.

In 1830 Macintosh's company merged with the clothing company of Thomas Hancock in Manchester. Hancock had also been experimenting with rubber coated fabrics since 1819. Production of rubberised coats soon spread all over the UK. Every kind of coat was produced with rubberized material including riding coats and coats supplied to the British army, British railways and UK police forces.

Early coats had problems with smell, stiffness, and a tendency to melt in hot weather, but Hancock further improved their waterproof fabrics, patenting a method for vulcanising rubber in 1843 which solved many of the problems.[6]

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the company continued to make waterproof clothing. In 1925 the company was taken over by Dunlop Rubber.[7]


Mackintosh Store,104 Mount St, Mayfair, London.

In the mid 1990s the Mackintosh brand owner, Traditional Weatherwear, was on the verge of closing its factory in Cumbernauld near Glasgow.[8] Around the turn of the 21st century, senior staff members acquired the company and established the traditional rubberised Mackintosh coat as an upmarket brand in its own right. The company collaborated with leading fashion houses such as Gucci, Hermès, Louis Vuitton and Liberty. The coats became particularly popular with Japanese women, and the company won a Queen's Award for Enterprise in 2000 for its success in international trade.[9] In December 2003 the company name was formally changed to Mackintosh.

In 2007 Mackintosh was bought by Tokyo firm Yagi Tsusho.[1] With the backing of its parent company Mackintosh has continued to expand its reputation and marketing operations. In January 2011 the company opened its first fashion store in London.[10]


  • The Macintosh - the Paternity of an Invention by H. Schurer, Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 1951-53 Vol 28.


  1. ^ a b "The rebirth of the Mackintosh fashion label - The Scotsman". News.scotsman.com. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  2. ^ "Mrs Mac is back - The Scotsman". Thescotsman.scotsman.com. 2002-10-03. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  3. ^ Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 6th ed. (2007), p. 1668
  4. ^ "Whonamedit - James Syme". Whonamedit. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "The Macintosh: The Paternity of an Invention." Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 28(1), pp. 77–87 [1]
  6. ^ [2][dead link]
  7. ^ [3][dead link]
  8. ^ "Return of the Mac: The reinvention of Mackintosh - Features - Fashion". The Independent. 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  9. ^ "The Queen's Awards for Enterprise - GOV.UK". Queensawards.org.uk. 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  10. ^ "BBC News - Mackintosh opens first fashion store in London". Bbc.co.uk. 2011-01-21. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mackintosh — Please support Wikipedia.
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1244084 news items

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Fri, 09 Oct 2015 02:40:17 -0700

And Millie Mackintosh, 26, could hardly hide her delight as she had a feel of her pregnant pal Jaime Winston's blossoming baby bump at the W Amsterdam WXXX boat party on the River Thames Thursday night. The reality star flashed a huge, genuine smile ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Wed, 07 Oct 2015 08:45:07 -0700

In an exclusive interview with MailOnline recently Professor Green admitted that while he and his wife of two years are known for their 'heated' arguments, they are happier than ever. Amid claims the pair's relationship is on the rocks, the star, who ...

The Stage

The Stage
Fri, 09 Oct 2015 07:26:15 -0700

“Martin Guerre is ready. Alain just needs to meet with Cameron [Mackintosh] and spend a full day with him to listen to the new version. Once we find time with Cameron, it's okay [to go],” he revealed. The Stage first revealed in 2013 that Boublil and ...

Milngavie Herald

Milngavie Herald
Wed, 07 Oct 2015 09:07:26 -0700

There are loads of events including Tea, Talk & Tour at Willow Tea Rooms in Sauchiehall Street which offers the chance to hear about the history of the establishment and the partnership between its original owner Kate Cranston and Mackintosh.


Sat, 03 Oct 2015 23:03:08 -0700

Millie Mackintosh likes to share. From uploading images of pre-plastered walls to bubble baths à deux (below), her one million online followers have seen her and rapper husb Professor Green (known by his real, slightly more mundane, name of Stephen to ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sat, 03 Oct 2015 03:47:48 -0700

And Millie Mackintosh flaunted the toned fruits of her labour as she stepped out in Dublin with her rapper husband Professor Green on Friday night. The 26-year-old former Made In Chelsea star was dolled up to the nines for her romantic night out with ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Wed, 23 Sep 2015 08:34:17 -0700

Born in Glasgow, Scotland, in 1868, Charles Rennie Mackintosh was a designer in the Post-Impressionist movement. He trained as an architect in a local practice, while studying art and design at the Glasgow School of Art on his evenings. During his time ...


Fri, 09 Oct 2015 02:56:15 -0700

For any Instagram obsessives or health and fitness followers, it's safe to say Millie Mackintosh is held up for her dedication to clean eating and fitness routine. While the reality TV star and model has always been slender, her gruelling workouts and ...

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