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MG 17 machine gun
MG 17.jpg
Type Aircraft machine-gun
Place of origin  Germany
Service history
Used by Nazi Germany
Wars World War II
Production history
Designed 1934
Manufacturer Rheinmetall-Borsig
Produced 1934-1944
Number built 24,271
Variants Modular design
Weight 10.2 kg (22 lb)
Length 1,175 mm (46.3 in)

Cartridge 7.92x57mm IS
Caliber 7.92mm
Action Recoil with
closed bolt
Rate of fire 1, 200 rpm
Muzzle velocity from 855 m/s (2,810 ft/s) (Phosphor "B" round ) to 905 m/s (2,970 ft/s) (Armor Piercing Tracer "SmK L'spur" round)
Feed system 500 round belt
Sights Various types

The MG 17 was a 7.92 mm machine gun produced by Rheinmetall-Borsig for use at fixed mountings in many World War II Luftwaffe aircraft.


A mainstay fixed machine gun in German built aircraft (many of which were sold to other countries) well before World War II, by 1940 it was starting to be replaced with heavier caliber machine gun and cannons. By 1945 very few if any aircraft mounted the MG 17.

The MG 17 was installed in the Messerschmitt Bf 109, Messerschmitt Bf 110, Focke-Wulf Fw 190, Junkers Ju 87, Junkers Ju 88C Nightfighter, Heinkel He 111, Dornier Do 17/215 Nightfighter, Focke-Wulf Fw 189 and many other aircraft. Many MG 17s were later modified for infantry use, as the Luftwaffe replaced them with either the faster-firing MG 81 machine gun for bomber defense, and the heavier-calibre MG 131 for both bomber defense and for a fighter's forward-firing offensive armament. Official numbers of conversions was about 24,271 by January 1, 1944, although additional conversions may have been done as well.[1]


  • Calibre: 7.9 +/- .04 mm
  • Cartridge: 7.92x57mm IS
  • Round weight: 35.5 grams (cartridge 24 grams, bullet 11.5 grams)
  • Muzzle velocity: from 855 m/s (Phosphor "B" round ) to 905 m/s (Armor Piercing Tracer "SmK L'spur" round)
  • Rate of fire: 1200 rpm


  • Length: 1175 mm
  • Weight: 10.2 kg
  • Action: Recoil
  • Feed system: Belt magazine
  • Sights Remotely located, various types


See also[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MG_17_machine_gun — Please support Wikipedia.
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