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This article is about the letter of the Roman alphabet. For the letter of the Cyrillic script (М, м), see Em (Cyrillic). For other uses, see M (disambiguation).
Writing cursive forms of M

M (named em /ˈɛm/)[1] is the 13th letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.


Egyptian hieroglyph "n" -Phoenician
Etruscan M Greek
Roman M
PhoenicianM-01.png EtruscanM-01.svg Mu uc lc.svg Roman M

The letter M is derived from the Phoenician Mem, via the Greek Mu (Μ, μ). Semitic Mem probably originally pictured water. It is thought that Semitic people working in Egypt c. 2000 BC borrowed a hieroglyph for "water" that was first used for an alveolar nasal (/n/), because of the Egyptian word for water, n-t. This same symbol became used for /m/ in Semitic, because the word for water began with that sound.

Use in writing systems[edit]

The letter m represents the bilabial nasal consonant sound [m] in the orthography of Latin as well as in that of many modern languages, and also in the International Phonetic Alphabet. In English, the Oxford English Dictionary (first edition) says that m is sometimes a vowel in words like spasm and in the suffix -ism. In modern terminology, this is described as a syllabic consonant (IPA [m̩]).

Other uses[edit]

The Roman numeral Ⅿ represents the number 1000, though it was not used in Roman times.[2]

Related characters[edit]

Ancestors, descendants and siblings[edit]

Ligatures and abbreviations[edit]

Computing codes[edit]

Character M m
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 77 U+004D 109 U+006D
UTF-8 77 4D 109 6D
Numeric character reference M M m m
EBCDIC family 212 D4 148 94
ASCII 1 77 4D 109 6D
1 Also for encodings based on ASCII, including the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 and Macintosh families of encodings.

Other representations[edit]


  1. ^ "M" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "em," op. cit.
  2. ^ Gordon, Arthur E. (1983). Illustrated Introduction to Latin Epigraphy. University of California Press. p. 45. Retrieved 3 October 2015. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to M at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionary definition of M at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of m at Wiktionary

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M&A_Today — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

71 news items

Pittsburgh Business Times (blog)

Pittsburgh Business Times (blog)
Fri, 15 Jan 2016 09:48:45 -0800

That's the word from Chairman, President and CEO William Demchak during PNC Financial Services Group Inc.'s fourth-quarter 2015 earnings call with analysts on Friday, even as the Dow Jones industrial average again was ravaged. PNC's 2016 operating ...
PR Newswire (press release)
Thu, 17 Dec 2015 07:00:00 -0800

M&A Today is the merger and acquisition industry's largest print magazine with 69,000 subscribers and a global readership in excess of 151,000. The M&A Today Awards strive to be the World's most coveted and complete awards programs, taking votes from ...
Crain's Cleveland Business
Sun, 29 Nov 2015 01:45:00 -0800

Bober Markey Fedorovich doubled down on Cleveland as other larger, out-of-town accounting firms have become increasingly interested in the local market. The company now is a year into its merger with Libman, Goldstine, Kopperman & Wolf that came last ...

Seeking Alpha

Seeking Alpha
Fri, 01 Jan 2016 08:59:38 -0800

Disclosure: I am/we are long MEG, VOD. (More...)I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is ...

Dallas Business Journal

Dallas Business Journal
Fri, 19 Jun 2015 10:37:30 -0700

Corporate attorney Christina Tate has joined Greenberg Traurig, LLP's Dallas office, further bolstering the law firm's M&A practice. Tate, 34, started on June 15 as a corporate shareholder at the firm. She worked previously at Vinson & Elkins' Dallas ...
Virtual-Strategy Magazine
Mon, 07 Dec 2015 22:00:00 -0800

According to a survey from the publication M&A Today, 85% of all business owners have no exit strategy-that is that they have no plan on how to pull their invested money and profits out of their business if they were to leave, vital when the average ...
Natural Gas Intelligence
Wed, 29 Apr 2015 11:39:35 -0700

Total SA CEO Patrick Pouyanne, who also was a keynoter at the conference, said he also doesn't see a drive for M&A today. He talked about the subject during a press conference following his speech. "I see nothing," the Total chief said. "I think these ...


Wed, 21 Oct 2015 06:41:39 -0700

We assumed no M&A today, but it strikes us that in the capital being raised and implied in the new disclosure there is a buffer for some small deals. We argued the parallel to GS was useful. We wrote previously that we assumed small private deals ...

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