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Lute guitar

A lute guitar or German lute (German: Gitarrenlaute, Deutsche Laute or Wandervogellaute, less commonly a lutar (modern Turkish), gui-lute or gittar) is a stringed musical instrument, common in Germany from around 1850. The instrument has a regular six-stringed guitar setup on a lute bowl,[1] however there are many theorboed variants with up to 11 strings.

The instrument is associated with the Wandervogel countercultural movement in Germany in the first half of the 20th century.[2][1]

The name German lute is sometimes also used for the waldzither, for both gaining the status of a national instrument in the early 20th century.

Design[edit]

Headstock[edit]

The headstock commonly ends in two styles, either a head (representing animals or humanoids) or a curve (into a flat finial, carved or undecorated). Less commonly, instead of gears, wooden pegs may be used to tune the strings. Lute guitar headstocks are thinner and more curved than their modern guitar counterparts.

Neck and fretboard[edit]

While the neck of a lute guitar is very similar to that of a modern classical guitar, the fretboard (or fingerboard) design is often different. The fretboard of a modern guitar extends down over the soundboard all the way to the sound hole. However, the lute guitar's fretboard may stop at the bottom of the neck, with the frets continuing down the soundboard independently. The fretboard is occasionally scalloped.

Body[edit]

The body of the lute guitar is similar to the rounded body of the traditional lute. Several ribs (or panels) of curved wood (usually maple or rosewood) make up the back of body, glued to a wooden frame underneath. These ribs are sometimes painted to resemble the traditional (or stereotypical) perception of a medieval minstrel or jester. For example, ribs may be painted in alternating colors (e.g. white, green, white and so on).

Sound hole and rosette[edit]

A modern classical guitar usually has a simply cut sound hole. Lute guitars, however, may have intricate designs carved into the soundboard, such as geometric patterns or representational decorations such as flowers, castles, and scrolls. Alternatively, a simple hole may be cut and a pre-carved disk of wood then glued onto the inside of the soundboard; in some cases, multiple layers of disks are designed in a cascading effect.

Bridge[edit]

The bridge of a lute guitar works in the same manner as a modern guitar bridge, but also serves as a decorative piece made in various shapes, sizes, and styles, often elaborately carved, for example, ending in swirls on each side.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jeffrey Noonan (1 January 2008). The Guitar in America: Victorian Era to Jazz Age. Univ. Press of Mississippi. pp. 209–. ISBN 978-1-60473-302-0. 
  2. ^ Lute News: The Lute Society Newsletter. The Society. 2003. pp. 21–22. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lute_guitar — Please support Wikipedia.
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29 news items

The Quietus

The Quietus
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 01:15:00 -0700

After successful duo collaborations between Jarmusch and lute/guitar maestro Jozef van Wissem, he too has been wrapped into the fold, and works with SQÜRL regularly both on stage and in the studio. On this current foray across the eastern half of the ...

Allentown Morning Call

Allentown Morning Call
Wed, 21 Jan 2015 19:00:21 -0800

Ayreheart's original music reflects its members' eclectic tastes, melding traditional Renaissance material with folk, Celtic, bluegrass, classical and jazz. The band includes Brian Kay, vocals, lute, guitar and komuz (an ancient fretless string ...
 
Cleveland Scene Weekly
Thu, 11 Jun 2015 10:03:45 -0700

The ensemble — which also includes Amanda Powell (soprano), Ross Hauck (tenor), Susanna Gilmore (fiddle), Kathie Stewart (flute), Brian Kay (lute, guitar, banjo), René Schiffer (cello), Jeannette Sorrell (harpsichord and direction) — is celebrating ...

CapeNews.net

CapeNews.net
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 09:34:41 -0700

Jan Elliott on recorder and crumhorn, Lisa Esperson on percussion, Tom Hanna on lute, guitar, and mandolin, and Molly Johnston on viola da gamba and vielle will play music from the medieval and Renaissance eras to the present. At 3:30 PM at Quicks Hole ...
 
The Whittier Daily News
Tue, 02 Dec 2014 19:33:45 -0800

... mariachi players stand in a line, there's a lyre-shaped table, a violin-shaped bottle of maple syrup, old violin cases, 11 vintage violins hanging in a glass case, a flat-backed lute-guitar, walls covered with garage-sale style prints of people ...

LinkedIn

LinkedIn
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 08:31:23 -0800

Apple has won a major challenge to how it manages its music business. (Or, rather, how it did. More on that later.) It wasn't a close call: After a 10-year wind-up, an eight-person jury took about three hours to unanimously clear Apple of anti-trust ...
 
The Plain Dealer
Mon, 16 Jun 2014 10:03:45 -0700

Singers Ross Hauck and Amanda Powell are backed by AF stalwarts Tina Bergman, hammered dulcimer, Kathie Stewart, wooden flutes and pennywhistle, Brian Kay, lute, guitar and long-necked dulcimer, and René Schiffer, cello. Violinist Susanna Perry ...
 
The Times (subscription)
Mon, 04 Aug 2014 04:48:45 -0700

With the English Concert's harpsichord, lute, guitar and single strings on one side of the Old Vic stage, and its oboes, recorders and bassoon on the other, we took our seats (or standing places) to dances from The Fairy Queen. To Purcell's audience ...
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