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This article is about the advocate for women's education. For the Cambridge college named after her, see Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge.
Lucy Cavendish at about the time of her marriage

Lady Frederick Cavendish (Lucy Caroline; née Lyttelton; 5 September 1841 – 22 April 1925) was a pioneer of women's education.

A daughter of George Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton, she married into another aristocratic family, the Cavendishes, in 1864. Eighteen years later her husband, Lord Frederick Cavendish, was murdered in Dublin by Irish nationalists. After his death she devoted much of her time to the cause of girls' and women's education, for which she was honoured in her lifetime with an honorary degree, and posthumously when, in 1965, Cambridge University named its first post-graduate college for women after her.


Lucy Cavendish was born at the Lyttelton family house, Hagley Hall, Worcestershire on 5 September 1841. She was the second daughter of George Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton and his wife, Mary, née Glynne, whose sister married W. E. Gladstone.[1] In 1863 she was appointed a Maid of Honour to Queen Victoria, whom she attended until marrying the following year.[2]

On 7 June 1864 she married Lord Frederick Cavendish, the second son of the Duke of Devonshire. They had no children. Cavendish was elected to Parliament in 1865 and was assassinated by Irish nationalists in the Phoenix Park Murders on 6 May 1882, the day on which he took the oath of office of Chief Secretary for Ireland.[1] Though devastated by the assassination, on the day before the ringleader was hanged she sent him the small gold crucifix she had long worn, as a token of her forgiveness.[3] Gladstone was greatly moved when she told him that she could bear the loss of her beloved husband "if his death were to work good to his fellow-men, which indeed was the whole object of his life."[2] She remained a firm supporter of home rule for Ireland.[1]

After Cavendish's death, Lucy Cavendish was active in the sphere of women's education. She was of President of the Yorkshire Ladies Council of Education from 1883 to 1912. She declined the offer of the post of Mistress of Girton College, Cambridge in 1884. She was a member of the Royal Commission on Secondary Education and was a founding member of the Council of the Girls' Public Day School Company, which had been founded by her father.[1] On 6 October 1904 she received the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws at the formal inauguration of the University of Leeds for "notable service to the cause of education".[4]

Lucy Cavendish died at her home, The Glebe, Penshurst, Tonbridge, on 22 April 1925. aged 83. She was buried in her husband's grave in Edensor churchyard, near Chatsworth.[1]

Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge was named in her honour in 1965.[1] She was the great-aunt of one of its founders, Margaret Braithwaite.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Boase G. C. "Cavendish, Lord Frederick Charles (1836–1882)" rev. H. C. G. Matthew, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, online edition, October 2005, accessed 23 April 2013 (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  2. ^ a b "Obituary – Lady Frederick Cavendish", The Times, 23 April 1925, p. 14
  3. ^ Lyttelton and Hart Davis, p. 40 – letter of 17 March 1960
  4. ^ "The Papers of Lucy Cavendish". 
  5. ^ Renfrew, Jane M. "Who was Lucy Cavendish?". Rooms of Our Own - Lucy Cavendish College. Retrieved 1 March 2012. 


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucy_Cavendish — Please support Wikipedia.
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16873 videos foundNext > 

Lucy Cavendish at Mind Body Spirit Festival Sydney May 2011

For more videos from the Mind Body Spirit Festival visit: http://www.naturaltherapypages.com.au/c/mindbodyspirit_festival_sydney_2011.

An evening blessing from an ancient forest, with Lucy Cavendish

For many of us, it's not so often we are able to be blessed by the rays of the sunset, Within that space where the light of the Day fades, giving way to the ...

First Look: LES VAMPIRES by Lucy Cavendish and Jasmine Becket-Griffith!

A quick video showing off the latest collaboration deck by Lucy Cavendish and Jasmine Becket-Griffith: LES VAMPIRES. I show off all the cards, and say a litt...

Flower Guide Interview with Lucy Cavendish

THE WILDFLOWER ORACLE PODCAST 23rd December 2013 www.thewildfloweroracle.com.

All-female Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge University

An all female college at Cambridge University - is it outdated and old fashioned or empowering women in further education? Music: Brandenburg No4 by Kevin Ma...

TRWT: Revised Edition of the Oracle of the Dragonfae by Lucy Cavendish

A look at the new images and artwork in the updated, revised edition of the beloved deck by the amazing Lucy Cavendish. The original review: http://youtu.be/...

Interviews with Lucy Cavendish College Students

An interview with current Lucy Cavendish College students about their time at the College.

Lucy Cavendish on Sensitive Children

An interview with our dear friend Lucy, asking about her experiences, wisdom, and knowledge about children, their sensitivity, and connections to all that is...

Oracle des êtres d'Ombre et de Lumière - Lucy Cavendish (review, video)

Je suis fan des illustrations de Jasmin Becket-Griffith et de la façon dont Lucy Cavendish crée ses oracles ! Cet oracle est le premier de leur collaboration...

Interviews with Lucy Cavendish College Alumnae

An interview with Lucy Cavendish College Alumnae discussing what they enjoyed about their time at the College.

16873 videos foundNext > 

1275 news items


Fri, 27 Feb 2015 01:03:51 -0800

It's only when I am safely ensconced in the Ladies that I text Handsome Friend. I have no idea what else to do. I can't walk back into the racing lunch. I have huffed out, leaving the Horrible Man and White Knight probably still wondering what has gone on.

Cambridge News

Cambridge News
Mon, 16 Feb 2015 00:08:28 -0800

Lucy Cavendish College's Fifty Poems project was launched last month by three Lucy Cavendish College students, Kassi Chalk, Charlotte Quinney and Hannah Schühle-Lewis, mirroring the college's formation by three women who first formed a dining club in ...


Fri, 20 Feb 2015 01:00:00 -0800

So here I am at the races and I am not sure if it is going that well. This is not the fault of White Knight. He tried hard, meeting me in the bar clutching a glass of champagne and looking a mixture of terrified and nervous. “We are having lunch,” he ...


Fri, 06 Feb 2015 01:00:00 -0800

Lucy Cavendish reflects on her ideal man. How the other half lives: having considered Clooney and Pitt, Lucy Cavendish decides on another actor. Lucy Cavendish's first idea when thinking about her perfect man was George Clooney. 'I started with George ...


Fri, 13 Feb 2015 01:00:00 -0800

Lucy Cavendish's children's social lives take precedence over her own. How the other half lives: trying to organise a date, Lucy Cavendish finds her days are filled with work and her children's plans. Lucy Cavendish tries to schedule a meeting with a ...


Thu, 26 Feb 2015 22:56:15 -0800

I am sitting by the swimming pool at the Canyon Ranch resort in Tucson, Arizona, only it is not really a resort, it is a fitness/wellness/life-enhancing centre where people who are very stressed come to detox and, as I am discovering, “find” themselves ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 16:05:13 -0800

Political journalist and broadcaster Jackie Ashley has been appointed president of Lucy Cavendish College at the University of Cambridge, which champions the education of women. Ashley, who has written a Guardian column for 12 years, will take on her ...

Cambridge News

Cambridge News
Sun, 25 Jan 2015 00:01:05 -0800

A Cambridge college is celebrating 50 years of educating women by hearing from a series of 'outstanding women of achievement'. Lucy Cavendish College, the only women's college in the country exclusively for students aged 21 and over, will be marking ...

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