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This article is about the advocate for women's education. For the Cambridge college named after her, see Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge.
Lucy Cavendish at about the time of her marriage

Lady Frederick Cavendish (Lucy Caroline; née Lyttelton; 5 September 1841 – 22 April 1925) was a pioneer of women's education.

A daughter of George Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton, she married into another aristocratic family, the Cavendishes, in 1864. Eighteen years later her husband, Lord Frederick Cavendish, was murdered in Dublin by Irish nationalists. After his death she devoted much of her time to the cause of girls' and women's education, for which she was honoured in her lifetime with an honorary degree, and posthumously when, in 1965, Cambridge University named its first post-graduate college for women after her.


Lucy Cavendish was born at the Lyttelton family house, Hagley Hall, Worcestershire on 5 September 1841. She was the second daughter of George Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton and his wife, Mary, née Glynne, whose sister married W. E. Gladstone.[1] In 1863 she was appointed a Maid of Honour to Queen Victoria, whom she attended until marrying the following year.[2]

On 7 June 1864 she married Lord Frederick Cavendish, the second son of the Duke of Devonshire. They had no children. Cavendish was elected to Parliament in 1865 and was assassinated by Irish nationalists in the Phoenix Park Murders on 6 May 1882, the day on which he took the oath of office of Chief Secretary for Ireland.[1] Though devastated by the assassination, on the day before the ringleader was hanged she sent him the small gold crucifix she had long worn, as a token of her forgiveness.[3] Gladstone was greatly moved when she told him that she could bear the loss of her beloved husband "if his death were to work good to his fellow-men, which indeed was the whole object of his life."[2] She remained a firm supporter of home rule for Ireland.[1]

After Cavendish's death, Lucy Cavendish was active in the sphere of women's education. She was of President of the Yorkshire Ladies Council of Education from 1883 to 1912. She declined the offer of the post of Mistress of Girton College, Cambridge in 1884. She was a member of the Royal Commission on Secondary Education and was a founding member of the Council of the Girls' Public Day School Company, which had been founded by her father.[1] On 6 October 1904 she received the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws at the formal inauguration of the University of Leeds for "notable service to the cause of education".[4]

Lucy Cavendish died at her home, The Glebe, Penshurst, Tonbridge, on 22 April 1925. aged 83. She was buried in her husband's grave in Edensor churchyard, near Chatsworth.[1]

Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge was named in her honour in 1965.[1] She was the great-aunt of one of its founders, Margaret Braithwaite.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Boase G. C. "Cavendish, Lord Frederick Charles (1836–1882)" rev. H. C. G. Matthew, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, online edition, October 2005, accessed 23 April 2013 (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  2. ^ a b "Obituary – Lady Frederick Cavendish", The Times, 23 April 1925, p. 14
  3. ^ Lyttelton and Hart Davis, p. 40 – letter of 17 March 1960
  4. ^ "The Papers of Lucy Cavendish". 
  5. ^ Renfrew, Jane M. "Who was Lucy Cavendish?". Rooms of Our Own - Lucy Cavendish College. Retrieved 1 March 2012. 


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucy_Cavendish — Please support Wikipedia.
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20183 videos foundNext > 

Lucy Cavendish Full Moon Reading with the Oracle of the Mermaids... June 2 2015

Find out about the expansive, exciting time we are all entering - what lies beneath it, what it will bring, and its ultimate purpose, for you, your tribe, your future. )O(

Flower Guide Interview with Lucy Cavendish

THE WILDFLOWER ORACLE PODCAST 23rd December 2013 www.thewildfloweroracle.com.

Lucy Cavendish on Sensitive Children

An interview with our dear friend Lucy, asking about her experiences, wisdom, and knowledge about children, their sensitivity, and connections to all that is ...

Lucy Cavendish at Mind Body Spirit Festival Sydney May 2011

For more videos from the Mind Body Spirit Festival visit: http://www.naturaltherapypages.com.au/c/mindbodyspirit_festival_sydney_2011.

Blood Moon Magick and Les Vampires Reading with Lucy Cavendish

During the night of the Blood Moon eclipse, April 4, 2015, Lucy shared some of the night's magickal meanings, and did a reading for you all working with Les ...

Interviews with Lucy Cavendish College Students

An interview with current Lucy Cavendish College students about their time at the College.

Lucy Cavendish College A Day in the Life

A Day in the Life of Lucy Cavendish College, University of Cambridge, women's college for students age 21 year and above.

Video tour of Lucy Cavendish College

A photographic tour of the Lucy Cavendish College grounds and facilities; the video is set to music by the Lucy Cavendish College Ladies of Steel - the ...

All-female Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge University

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An evening blessing from an ancient forest, with Lucy Cavendish

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20183 videos foundNext > 

2366 news items

Liberal Democrat Voice
Mon, 24 Aug 2015 00:31:52 -0700

Yesterday at the Scottish Lib Dem Women Anti Sexism Open Mike session I referred to having the first considerate behaviour contract with builders in 1994 when I was Bursar at Lucy Cavendish College (an all women's college in Cambridge), which was ...


Fri, 03 Jul 2015 09:07:30 -0700

Lucy Cavendish on being unhappy alone. How the other half lives: while thinking about the ways she wants her life to change, Lucy Cavendish receives a text from her Handsome Friend. Lucy Cavendish finds herself sitting alone at a family party.


Fri, 10 Jul 2015 01:12:09 -0700

The Builder is standing in front of me. I haven't seen him for a year. The last time we were together, I'd moved to the Other Place and… well, it wasn't easy. I ended up fending off the police and angry neighbours who were cross with the noise my ...


Fri, 05 Jun 2015 01:08:29 -0700

So it turns out that WK is in a bit of a state. We are on our “date” and he has now had three glasses of wine and is telling me all about his life. It turns out that, despite outward appearances of success (he drives a Porsche and seems to have endless ...


Fri, 17 Jul 2015 01:03:08 -0700

The Builder is back, offering me flowers but now relegated to his car as HF is on his way. He stares out of the window of his car as HF approaches, clutching a bottle of wine. “Hi,” he says, smiling away. “How are you?” “Fine,” I say, looking nervously ...


Fri, 19 Jun 2015 01:05:55 -0700

By the morning, I have no idea what is going on. Lovely Anna is still by my bedside. I am still feeling terrible. The children have disappeared. My head is aching really badly and I try turning it in the other direction on my pillow. My brain thumps to ...


Fri, 26 Jun 2015 01:01:46 -0700

Lucy Cavendish on her children's squabbles. How the other half lives: recovering from illness, Lucy Cavendish watches her sons and daughter enjoy the beginning of summer. Lucy Cavendish's children are playing outside now that it's summer. 'The summer ...

Irish Times

Irish Times
Fri, 21 Aug 2015 17:00:00 -0700

A devoutly religious woman, Lucy Cavendish is said to have quickly forgiven her husband's killer, expressing hope his sacrifice would bring peace to Ireland. She died in 1925. But on the eve of The Invincibles opening at the Abbey in 1937, an ...

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