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Lucy Cavendish at about the time of her marriage

Lady Frederick Cavendish (Lucy Caroline; née Lyttelton; 5 September 1841 – 22 April 1925) was a pioneer of women's education.

A daughter of George Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton, she married into another aristocratic family, the Cavendishes, in 1864. Eighteen years later her husband, Lord Frederick Cavendish, was murdered in Dublin by Irish nationalists. After his death she devoted much of her time to the cause of girls' and women's education, for which she was honoured in her lifetime with an honorary degree, and posthumously when, in 1965, Cambridge University named its first post-graduate college for women after her.

Biography[edit]

Lucy Cavendish was born at the Lyttelton family house, Hagley Hall, Worcestershire on 5 September 1841. She was the second daughter of George Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton and his wife, Mary, née Glynne, whose sister married W. E. Gladstone.[1] In 1863 she was appointed a Maid of Honour to Queen Victoria, whom she attended until marrying the following year.[2]

On 7 June 1864 she married Lord Frederick Cavendish, the second son of the Duke of Devonshire. They had no children. Cavendish was elected to Parliament in 1865 and was assassinated by Irish nationalists in the Phoenix Park Murders on 6 May 1882, the day on which he took the oath of office of Chief Secretary for Ireland.[1] Though devastated by the assassination, on the day before the ringleader was hanged she sent him the small gold crucifix she had long worn, as a token of her forgiveness.[3] Gladstone was greatly moved when she told him that she could bear the loss of her beloved husband "if his death were to work good to his fellow-men, which indeed was the whole object of his life."[2] She remained a firm supporter of home rule for Ireland.[1]

After Cavendish's death, Lucy Cavendish was active in the sphere of women's education. She was of President of the Yorkshire Ladies Council of Education from 1883 to 1912. She declined the offer of the post of Mistress of Girton College, Cambridge in 1884. She was a member of the Royal Commission on Secondary Education and was a founding member of the Council of the Girls' Public Day School Company, which had been founded by her father.[1] On 6 October 1904 she received the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws at the formal inauguration of the University of Leeds for "notable service to the cause of education".[4]

Lucy Cavendish died at her home, The Glebe, Penshurst, Tonbridge, on 22 April 1925. aged 84. She was buried in her husband's grave in Edensor churchyard, near Chatsworth.[1]

Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge was named in her honour in 1965.[1] She was the great-aunt of one of its founders, Margaret Braithwaite.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Boase G. C. "Cavendish, Lord Frederick Charles (1836–1882)" rev. H. C. G. Matthew, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, online edition, October 2005, accessed 23 April 2013 (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  2. ^ a b "Obituary – Lady Frederick Cavendish", The Times, 23 April 1925, p. 14
  3. ^ Lyttelton and Hart Davis, p. 40 – letter of 17 March 1960
  4. ^ "The Papers of Lucy Cavendish". 
  5. ^ Renfrew, Jane M. "Who was Lucy Cavendish?". Rooms of Our Own - Lucy Cavendish College. Retrieved 1 March 2012. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucy_Cavendish — Please support Wikipedia.
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17083 videos foundNext > 

Flower Guide Interview with Lucy Cavendish

THE WILDFLOWER ORACLE PODCAST 23rd December 2013 www.thewildfloweroracle.com.

Lucy Cavendish at Mind Body Spirit Festival Sydney May 2011

For more videos from the Mind Body Spirit Festival visit: http://www.naturaltherapypages.com.au/c/mindbodyspirit_festival_sydney_2011.

Magickal Spell Cards - Lucy Cavendish

A great little oracle deck by Lucy Cavendish. Even if you don't do any spellwork, the cards can be used as a focal point for meditation, for month-ahead pred...

CRAFTING YOUR MAGICKAL BOOK: Online Writer's Course Announcement with Lucy

If you want to write a book, or create an oracle deck in the spiritual "genre", I've created a course which helps you navigate the journey...and reach your d...

Interviews with Lucy Cavendish College Students

An interview with current Lucy Cavendish College students about their time at the College.

An evening blessing from an ancient forest, with Lucy Cavendish

For many of us, it's not so often we are able to be blessed by the rays of the sunset, Within that space where the light of the Day fades, giving way to the ...

Video tour of Lucy Cavendish College

A photographic tour of the Lucy Cavendish College grounds and facilities; the video is set to music by the Lucy Cavendish College Ladies of Steel - the Colle...

Interview with the Lucy Cavendish College President

This video features an interview with the President of Lucy Cavendish College, Professor Janet Todd.

Oracle "Les Vampires" de Lucy Cavendish (Review, video)

Présentation de l'Oracle "Les Vampires" de Lucy Cavendish (review, video). Superbe oracle destiné à explorer notre part d'ombre pour y apporter la lumière. E...

All-female Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge University

An all female college at Cambridge University - is it outdated and old fashioned or empowering women in further education? Music: Brandenburg No4 by Kevin Ma...

17083 videos foundNext > 

125 news items

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 01:03:45 -0700

So I decide to stay for about half an hour of Raymond's party. This is only because I want to have a quick squiz at all his friends. I know some of them – maybe five or six – but the other two score I know nothing about. (I demanded Raymond cull 60 ...

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Fri, 10 Oct 2014 01:03:53 -0700

Lucy Cavendish meets a man at the theatre. How the other half lives: about to see a play alone, Lucy Cavendish is approached by a champagne-toting stranger. Lucy Cavendish is at a theatre for an evening out. 'I am, as per usual, here on my own. I don't ...

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Fri, 03 Oct 2014 01:04:11 -0700

Every evening I watch out of my window and notice it getting darker and darker. This usually sends me into a panic. I hate the winter – the cold, the misery, the mud, the long nights and short days. I just want to find a hole, go in to it and refuse to ...

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 01:03:45 -0700

So the day of Raymond's party is upon us. I've spent the past week getting extremely nervous about it, mainly because all my friends keep saying things like, “Why on earth are you letting him have it at your house?” and, “You do know all his friends ...

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 01:03:45 -0700

I am not sure what's happening to me but, ever since I moved back home, a sense of domestic calm seems to be pervading my life. I am gliding over the surface of everything, pouring my own oil over troubled waters. In many ways, I don't understand this.

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Sat, 04 Oct 2014 23:05:02 -0700

This is what happens on a Saturday morning. At 8am my alarm shrieks me awake. I then get up reluctantly, sleepily, and look around me. My seven-year-old daughter is, inevitably, in bed with me, having crept in silently during the night. My son Jerry ...

Joplin Independent

Joplin Independent
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 11:11:15 -0700

Friday, Oct. 31 - Kristin Musgnug: A member of the art faculty at the University of Arkansas, Musgnug has held residencies a the Houston Museum of Fine Arts' Core Program, Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge University and the Norton Island Artists ...

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Mon, 06 Oct 2014 04:26:15 -0700

Learn how to be a stand-up comedian? You're having a laugh... Trying to be funny in front of a room full of strangers is nothing to joke about, Lucy Cavendish discovers. Lucy Cavendish tries stand-up comedy. Funny bones: Lucy Cavendish learns that ...
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