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This article is about the advocate for women's education. For the Cambridge college named after her, see Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge.
Lucy Cavendish at about the time of her marriage

Lady Frederick Cavendish (Lucy Caroline; née Lyttelton; 5 September 1841 – 22 April 1925) was a pioneer of women's education.

A daughter of George Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton, she married into another aristocratic family, the Cavendishes, in 1864. Eighteen years later her husband, Lord Frederick Cavendish, was murdered in Dublin by Irish nationalists. After his death she devoted much of her time to the cause of girls' and women's education, for which she was honoured in her lifetime with an honorary degree, and posthumously when, in 1965, Cambridge University named its first post-graduate college for women after her.


Lucy Cavendish was born at the Lyttelton family house, Hagley Hall, Worcestershire on 5 September 1841. She was the second daughter of George Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton and his wife, Mary, née Glynne, whose sister married W. E. Gladstone.[1] In 1863 she was appointed a Maid of Honour to Queen Victoria, whom she attended until marrying the following year.[2]

On 7 June 1864 she married Lord Frederick Cavendish, the second son of the Duke of Devonshire. They had no children. Cavendish was elected to Parliament in 1865 and was assassinated by Irish nationalists in the Phoenix Park Murders on 6 May 1882, the day on which he took the oath of office of Chief Secretary for Ireland.[1] Though devastated by the assassination, on the day before the ringleader was hanged she sent him the small gold crucifix she had long worn, as a token of her forgiveness.[3] Gladstone was greatly moved when she told him that she could bear the loss of her beloved husband "if his death were to work good to his fellow-men, which indeed was the whole object of his life."[2] She remained a firm supporter of home rule for Ireland.[1]

After Cavendish's death, Lucy Cavendish was active in the sphere of women's education. She was of President of the Yorkshire Ladies Council of Education from 1883 to 1912. She declined the offer of the post of Mistress of Girton College, Cambridge in 1884. She was a member of the Royal Commission on Secondary Education and was a founding member of the Council of the Girls' Public Day School Company, which had been founded by her father.[1] On 6 October 1904 she received the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws at the formal inauguration of the University of Leeds for "notable service to the cause of education".[4]

Lucy Cavendish died at her home, The Glebe, Penshurst, Tonbridge, on 22 April 1925. aged 83. She was buried in her husband's grave in Edensor churchyard, near Chatsworth.[1]

Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge was named in her honour in 1965.[1] She was the great-aunt of one of its founders, Margaret Braithwaite.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Boase G. C. "Cavendish, Lord Frederick Charles (1836–1882)" rev. H. C. G. Matthew, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, online edition, October 2005, accessed 23 April 2013 (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  2. ^ a b "Obituary – Lady Frederick Cavendish", The Times, 23 April 1925, p. 14
  3. ^ Lyttelton and Hart Davis, p. 40 – letter of 17 March 1960
  4. ^ "The Papers of Lucy Cavendish". 
  5. ^ Renfrew, Jane M. "Who was Lucy Cavendish?". Rooms of Our Own - Lucy Cavendish College. Retrieved 1 March 2012. 


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucy_Cavendish — Please support Wikipedia.
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14857 videos foundNext > 

Flower Guide Interview with Lucy Cavendish

THE WILDFLOWER ORACLE PODCAST 23rd December 2013 www.thewildfloweroracle.com.

Lucy Cavendish at Mind Body Spirit Festival Sydney May 2011

For more videos from the Mind Body Spirit Festival visit: http://www.naturaltherapypages.com.au/c/mindbodyspirit_festival_sydney_2011.

CRAFTING YOUR MAGICKAL BOOK: Online Writer's Course Announcement with Lucy

If you want to write a book, or create an oracle deck in the spiritual "genre", I've created a course which helps you navigate the journey...and reach your destination!

Lucy Cavendish on Sensitive Children

An interview with our dear friend Lucy, asking about her experiences, wisdom, and knowledge about children, their sensitivity, and connections to all that is within and around us. Thank you Lucy :)

All-female Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge University

An all female college at Cambridge University - is it outdated and old fashioned or empowering women in further education? Music: Brandenburg No4 by Kevin Macleod.

An evening blessing from an ancient forest, with Lucy Cavendish

For many of us, it's not so often we are able to be blessed by the rays of the sunset, Within that space where the light of the Day fades, giving way to the velvet of the Night, there is magick....

Oracle des Métamorphes de Lucy Cavendish (review, video)

Présentation de l'Oracle des Métamorphes de Lucy Cavendish : la boite, le livret, chaque carte. Cet oracle est très intéressant car il permet un accompagnement très pertinent en période...

Video tour of Lucy Cavendish College

A photographic tour of the Lucy Cavendish College grounds and facilities; the video is set to music by the Lucy Cavendish College Ladies of Steel - the College's steel pan society.

Interviews with Lucy Cavendish College Students

An interview with current Lucy Cavendish College students about their time at the College.

Interviews with Lucy Cavendish College Alumnae

An interview with Lucy Cavendish College Alumnae discussing what they enjoyed about their time at the College.

14857 videos foundNext > 

758 news items


Fri, 27 Mar 2015 02:00:00 -0700

So, the final hour has come. Our beautiful dog Georgie is about to be taken to the vet for the last time. But before I go the children and I sit down in the kitchen to discuss tactics. “Right,” I say, trying to be businesslike. “We need to talk about ...


Fri, 06 Mar 2015 01:05:46 -0800

Lucy Cavendish questions her attraction to certain men. How the other half lives: does Lucy Cavendish need a new approach to choosing who to date? Lucy Cavendish wishes she was romantically interested in different men. 'My chemistry is all wonky' ...


Fri, 13 Mar 2015 02:16:29 -0700

Lucy Cavendish's daughter is emotional after hurting her ankle. How the other half lives: when she injures herself while playing, Lucy Cavendish's daughter is upset about more than the pain. Lucy Cavendish's ex puts frozen peas on and then bandages ...


Fri, 20 Mar 2015 02:00:00 -0700

It is Mothering Sunday, and instead of lying in bed being treated to breakfast, I am on the way to see the vet. This is because our old dog, Georgie, who is nearly 13, has taken a turn for the worse. She hasn't been that well over the past year – she ...


Fri, 27 Feb 2015 01:03:51 -0800

It's only when I am safely ensconced in the Ladies that I text Handsome Friend. I have no idea what else to do. I can't walk back into the racing lunch. I have huffed out, leaving the Horrible Man and White Knight probably still wondering what has gone on.


Fri, 02 Jan 2015 01:00:00 -0800

Lucy Cavendish has a new plan for her love life. How the other half lives: from now on Lucy Cavendish will consider what friends may think about potential suitors. Lucy Cavendish discusses romantic relationships with a friend. 'Handsome Friend thinks ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Thu, 20 Nov 2014 16:05:13 -0800

Political journalist and broadcaster Jackie Ashley has been appointed president of Lucy Cavendish College at the University of Cambridge, which champions the education of women. Ashley, who has written a Guardian column for 12 years, will take on her ...
The Cambridge Student
Mon, 16 Mar 2015 11:27:57 -0700

The Cambridge Student recently sent Freedom of Information Requests to Newnham, Murray Edwards, and Lucy Cavendish, requesting clarification on their policy towards trans students, including students who decide to undergo gender transition during ...

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