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This article is about the advocate for women's education. For the Cambridge college named after her, see Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge.
Lucy Cavendish at about the time of her marriage

Lady Frederick Cavendish (Lucy Caroline; née Lyttelton; 5 September 1841 – 22 April 1925) was a pioneer of women's education.

A daughter of George Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton, she married into another aristocratic family, the Cavendishes, in 1864. Eighteen years later her husband, Lord Frederick Cavendish, was murdered in Dublin by Irish nationalists. After his death she devoted much of her time to the cause of girls' and women's education, for which she was honoured in her lifetime with an honorary degree, and posthumously when, in 1965, Cambridge University named its first post-graduate college for women after her.


Lucy Cavendish was born at the Lyttelton family house, Hagley Hall, Worcestershire on 5 September 1841. She was the second daughter of George Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton and his wife, Mary, née Glynne, whose sister married W. E. Gladstone.[1] In 1863 she was appointed a Maid of Honour to Queen Victoria, whom she attended until marrying the following year.[2]

On 7 June 1864 she married Lord Frederick Cavendish, the second son of the Duke of Devonshire. They had no children. Cavendish was elected to Parliament in 1865 and was assassinated by Irish nationalists in the Phoenix Park Murders on 6 May 1882, the day on which he took the oath of office of Chief Secretary for Ireland.[1] Though devastated by the assassination, on the day before the ringleader was hanged she sent him the small gold crucifix she had long worn, as a token of her forgiveness.[3] Gladstone was greatly moved when she told him that she could bear the loss of her beloved husband "if his death were to work good to his fellow-men, which indeed was the whole object of his life."[2] She remained a firm supporter of home rule for Ireland.[1]

After Cavendish's death, Lucy Cavendish was active in the sphere of women's education. She was of President of the Yorkshire Ladies Council of Education from 1883 to 1912. She declined the offer of the post of Mistress of Girton College, Cambridge in 1884. She was a member of the Royal Commission on Secondary Education and was a founding member of the Council of the Girls' Public Day School Company, which had been founded by her father.[1] On 6 October 1904 she received the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws at the formal inauguration of the University of Leeds for "notable service to the cause of education".[4]

Lucy Cavendish died at her home, The Glebe, Penshurst, Tonbridge, on 22 April 1925. aged 83. She was buried in her husband's grave in Edensor churchyard, near Chatsworth.[1]

Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge was named in her honour in 1965.[1] She was the great-aunt of one of its founders, Margaret Braithwaite.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Boase G. C. "Cavendish, Lord Frederick Charles (1836–1882)" rev. H. C. G. Matthew, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, online edition, October 2005, accessed 23 April 2013 (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  2. ^ a b "Obituary – Lady Frederick Cavendish", The Times, 23 April 1925, p. 14
  3. ^ Lyttelton and Hart Davis, p. 40 – letter of 17 March 1960
  4. ^ "The Papers of Lucy Cavendish". 
  5. ^ Renfrew, Jane M. "Who was Lucy Cavendish?". Rooms of Our Own - Lucy Cavendish College. Retrieved 1 March 2012. 


External links[edit]

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3281 news items


Fri, 30 Jan 2015 01:00:00 -0800

I am rather enjoying my new-found sense of purpose. I don't quite know what has changed but suddenly I feel imbued with a sort of life-enhancing energy. I usually hate these long, dark, dragging days of winter. But now I count the extra minutes of ...

Cambridge News

Cambridge News
Sat, 24 Jan 2015 23:52:30 -0800

A Cambridge college is celebrating 50 years of educating women by hearing from a series of 'outstanding women of achievement'. Lucy Cavendish College, the only women's college in the country exclusively for students aged 21 and over, will be marking ...


Fri, 23 Jan 2015 01:00:00 -0800

By the time the local mechanic turns up to fix the car – or enough for me to limp home – I have bonded with the farmer's mother. She has spent an hour cooking me a delicious fried breakfast and plied me with tea. I don't know what it is about her, but ...
Fri, 16 Jan 2015 01:00:00 -0800

After her car breaks down, Lucy Cavendish meets a kind stranger. How the other half lives: an overwhelmed Lucy Cavendish is helped by a friendly farmer. Lucy Cavendish's car has broken down in the middle of nowhere. 'You've hit something major on the ...


Fri, 02 Jan 2015 01:00:00 -0800

Lucy Cavendish has a new plan for her love life. How the other half lives: from now on Lucy Cavendish will consider what friends may think about potential suitors. Lucy Cavendish discusses romantic relationships with a friend. 'Handsome Friend thinks ...


Fri, 09 Jan 2015 01:00:00 -0800

I have just dropped off my daughter at school and am heading towards Oxford for a work meeting when my car breaks down. In a way, I knew it was going to happen. As I'd driven to the school up the tiny narrow hill with the overhanging trees with the ...

NW Evening Mail

NW Evening Mail
Sat, 31 Jan 2015 02:45:23 -0800

Lord and Lady Cavendish, and their daughter Lucy Cavendish, arrived in Barrow for the official Devonshire Buildings open day. The historic premises underwent a £4m revamp after falling into disrepair towards the end of last century. Built in the 1870s ...

Times Higher Education

Times Higher Education
Wed, 07 Jan 2015 16:00:00 -0800

Later this year Jackie Ashley will become the eighth president of Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge, the only women's university college in Europe for students aged 21 and over. She has been a political journalist and commentator for ITN, Channel 4 ...

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