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Louis Bromfield, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1933

Louis Bromfield (December 27, 1896 – March 18, 1956) was an American author and conservationist who gained international recognition, winning the Pulitzer Prize and pioneering innovative scientific farming concepts.

Biography[edit]

Louis Bromfield was born in Mansfield, Ohio, in 1896 to Charles Brumfield, originally from New England, and Annette Marie Coulter Brumfield, the daughter of an Ohio pioneer. Bromfield decided to change the spelling of his name after it was misspelled on one of his early works.

One of Mansfield's most famous natives, he made his home at Malabar Farm, near Lucas, Ohio, from 1939 until his death in 1956. Bromfield was friends with some of the most celebrated personalities of his era, including famous architect F. F. Schnitzer, and Malabar Farm was the location for the wedding of Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall.

Bromfield studied agriculture at Cornell University from 1914 to 1916,[1] but transferred to Columbia University to study journalism. While at Columbia University, Louis Bromfield was initiated into the fraternal organization Phi Delta Theta. His time at Columbia would be brief; he left after less than a year to go to war. After serving with the American Field Service in World War I and being awarded the Croix de Guerre and the Legion of Honor, he returned to New York City and found work as a reporter. In 1924, his first novel, "The Green Bay Tree", won instant acclaim. He won the 1927 Pulitzer Prize for best novel for Early Autumn. All of his 30 books were best-sellers, and many, such as The Rains Came and Mrs. Parkington, were made into successful motion pictures.

In 1925, Bromfield and his family left for a vacation in France, a country he had come to love during the war. They stayed for thirteen years. Paris, between the wars was known for its expatriate community of American writers. Among the Bromfields' literary friends in the city were Edith Wharton, Natalie Barney, Sinclair Lewis, and Gertrude Stein.

As World War II threatened Europe, the Bromfield family returned to the United States, where Bromfield bought 1,000 acres near his native Mansfield, Ohio. The farm, which he named "Malabar Farm" was to become his major work during his last 20 years. Bromfield was an early proponent of organic and self-sustaining gardening, and his farm was one of the first to stop using pesticides. The farm was used as a government test site for soil conservation practices.[2]

Bromfield's writings turned from fiction to nonfiction and his reputation and influence as a conservationist and farmer continued to expand. Today, thousands of visitors annually visit Malabar Farm State Park, which still operates under Bromfield's management philosophy. One of the park's notable features is the Doris Duke Woods, named for philanthropist Doris Duke, who was a friend of Bromfield's and whose donation helped purchase the property after his death.

In the 1980s, Louis Bromfield was posthumously elected to the Ohio Agricultural Hall of Fame, and in December 1996, the centennial of his birth, the Ohio Department of Agriculture placed a bust of him in the lobby named for him at the department's new headquarters in Reynoldsburg, Ohio.

The innovative and visionary work of Louis Bromfield continues to influence agricultural methodologies around the world. Malabar Brazil, under the direction of Ellen Bromfield Geld, has expanded the horizons of her father's principles and pursuits. To ensure the work continues well into the 21st century, the Malabar 2000 Foundation plans to develop a center for study at Malabar Farm to further the work begun in Richland County (Mansfield, Ohio) by Louis Bromfield.

Louis Bromfield was married in 1921 to New York socialite Mary Appleton Wood, the daughter of prominent New York City attorney Chalmers Wood and his wife Ellen Appleton Smith. Mary Appleton Wood Bromfield died in 1952. They had three daughters, Ann Bromfield, Hope Bromfield and Ellen Bromfield.

Bibliography[edit]

The Green Bay Tree, 1924
Possession, 1925
Early Autumn, 1926
A Good Woman, 1927
The House of Women, 1927
The Work of Robert Nathan, 1927
The Strange Case of Miss Annie Spragg, 1928
Awake and Rehearse, 1929
Tabloid News, 1930
Twenty-four Hours, 1930
A Modern Hero, 1932
The Farm, 1933
The Man Who Had Everything, 1935
The Rains Came, 1937
McLeod's Folly, 1939
England: A Dying Oligarchy, 1939
Night in Bombay, 1940
Wild Is the River, 1941
Mrs. Parkington, 1943
The World We Live In: Stories, 1944
What Became of Anna Bolton, 1944
Pleasant Valley, 1945
Bitter Lotus, Cleveland, Ohio: The World Publishing Company, 1945, (German translation by Elisabeth Rotten, Wien, Stuttgart: Humboldt-Verlag, 1941)
A Few Brass Tacks, 1946
Colorado, 1947
Kenny, 1947
Malabar Farm, 1948
Out of the Earth, 1950
Mr. Smith, 1951
The Wealth of the Soil, 1952
Up Ferguson Way, 1953
A New Pattern for a Tired World (available online), 1954
Animals and Other People, 1955
From My Experience, 1955

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Louis Bromfield - Ohio History Central - A product of the Ohio Historical Society". Ohio History Central. Retrieved 2012-03-19. 
  2. ^ "Louis Bromfield: Mansfield's Favorite Son". About.com. Retrieved 2012-03-18. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Bromfield — Please support Wikipedia.
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Malabar Farm - America's Heartland

Louis Bromfield's Malabar Farm is a living memorial to a man whose vision made him an early supporter of sustainable agricultural practices in the United Sta...

TV10 Columbus, Ohio - Interview with Stephen Bogart & Tyrone Power, Jr. at Malabar Farm

TV Interview with Stephen Bogart and Tyrone Power, Jr. on their visit to Malabar Farm where Stephen's parents Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall married in 19...

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Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall Wedding at Malabar

Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall get married at Malabar Farms in Mansfield, OH, at the home of Louis Bromfield. This video was used in part by WOSU for its ...

Malabar Farm

Today's farmers are good stewards of the land. That's due in part to the work of Ohio farmer and author Louis Bromfield. Our Heritage segment leads us to Mal...

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Can we reach 1 Like? Watch video to the end :) --- Make sure to leave a like if you enjoyed the video! :D Video by Pronounce Daily http://www.pronouncedaily....

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Louis Bromfield was an Ohio native who built Malabar Farm in Richland County Ohio in 1939. Bromfield was a writer and conservationist who cared about the env...

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Malabar Farms in Lucas, Ohio was built by Pulitzer Prize winning author, Louis Bromfield.

The Rains Of Ranchipur

THE RAINS OF RANCHIPUR is the second version of Louis Bromfield's novel to be adapted for the big screen. The first version, 1939's The Rains Came, bore the title of his book, but it was the...

The Rains Of Ranchipur

THE RAINS OF RANCHIPUR is the second version of Louis Bromfield's novel to be adapted for the big screen. The first version, 1939's The Rains Came, bore the ...

3337 videos foundNext > 

6 news items

 
Mansfield News Journal
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 08:23:40 -0700

In November 1938, Mansfield's favorite novelist was coming home, and the News Journal sent its favorite columnist, Jane Williams, to pave the way. She wrote in her usual breezy style, “When Louis Bromfield slips quietly into Mansfield tomorrow or ...
 
Mansfield News Journal
Sat, 13 Sep 2014 14:56:15 -0700

24 column: A reader thought my reference to Louis Bromfield's “1,000 acres” was not correct, saying it was more like 585 acres. According to a Jan. 14, 1939, News Journal story, Bromfield signed the papers that day to acquire from C.M. Herring and ...
 
Mansfield News Journal
Sat, 06 Sep 2014 14:07:10 -0700

Louis Bromfield's Malabar Farm so dominates recent Richland County history, I wonder if anyone remembers there was another one in Texas. With apologies to the musical “Camelot,” don't let it be forgot, that once there was a spot, for one brief not-so ...
 
Milwaukee Magazine
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 14:22:30 -0700

Charles Allis starts to wind down its summer program of originals and remakes with this 1939 adaptation of Louis Bromfield's novel of the same name. If you can tolerate Tyrone Power playing a Hindu doctor, maybe this tale of forbidden love between him ...

Columbus Dispatch

Columbus Dispatch
Sat, 23 Aug 2014 05:22:30 -0700

“Dear Ms. Bacall: There are five people in this room who have been to Malabar Farm (the Louis Bromfield farm in Mansfield, where she had married Humphrey Bogart in 1945), and we are the four others. Would you please autograph our playbills and have ...
 
Tribune-Review
Sat, 23 Aug 2014 16:37:30 -0700

A large, pastoral parkland with regular tours, the park includes the Pugh cabin, where Andy's wife and her lover were killed in the opening scene, and the 32-room mansion of conservation pioneer and Pulitzer Prize-winning author Louis Bromfield. This ...
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