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Louis Bromfield, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1933

Louis Bromfield (December 27, 1896 – March 18, 1956) was an American author and conservationist who gained international recognition, winning the Pulitzer Prize and pioneering innovative scientific farming concepts.

Biography[edit]

Louis Bromfield was born in Mansfield, Ohio, in 1896 to Charles Brumfield, originally from New England, and Annette Marie Coulter Brumfield, the daughter of an Ohio pioneer. Bromfield decided to change the spelling of his name after it was misspelled on one of his early works.

One of Mansfield's most famous natives, he made his home at Malabar Farm, near Lucas, Ohio, from 1939 until his death in 1956. Bromfield was friends with some of the most celebrated personalities of his era, including famous architect F. F. Schnitzer. Malabar Farm was the location for the wedding of Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall.

Bromfield studied Agriculture at Cornell University (1914-16),[1] but he transferred to Columbia University to study Journalism, where he was initiated into the fraternal organization Phi Delta Theta. His time at Columbia would be brief; he left after less than a year to go to war. After serving with the American Field Service in World War I and being awarded the Croix de Guerre and the Legion of Honor, he returned to New York City and found work as a reporter. In 1924, his first novel, "The Green Bay Tree", won instant acclaim. He won the 1927 Pulitzer Prize for best novel for Early Autumn. All of his 30 books were best-sellers, and many, such as The Rains Came and Mrs. Parkington, were made into successful motion pictures.

In 1925, Bromfield and his family left for a vacation in France, a country he had come to love during the war. They stayed for thirteen years. Paris, between the wars was known for its expatriate community of American writers. Among the Bromfields' literary friends in the city were Edith Wharton, Natalie Barney, Sinclair Lewis, and Gertrude Stein.

As World War II threatened Europe, the Bromfield family returned to the United States, where Bromfield bought 1,000 acres near his native Mansfield, Ohio. The farm, which he named "Malabar Farm" was to become his major work during his last 20 years. Bromfield was an early proponent of organic and self-sustaining gardening, and his farm was one of the first to stop using pesticides. The farm was used as a government test site for soil conservation practices.[2]

Bromfield's writings turned from fiction to nonfiction and his reputation and influence as a conservationist and farmer continued to expand. Today, thousands of visitors annually visit Malabar Farm State Park, which still operates under Bromfield's management philosophy. One of the park's notable features is the Doris Duke Woods, named for philanthropist Doris Duke, who was a friend of Bromfield's and whose donation helped purchase the property after his death.

In the 1980s, Louis Bromfield was posthumously elected to the Ohio Agricultural Hall of Fame, and in December 1996, the centennial of his birth, the Ohio Department of Agriculture placed a bust of him in the lobby named for him at the department's new headquarters in Reynoldsburg, Ohio.

The innovative and visionary work of Louis Bromfield continues to influence agricultural methodologies around the world. Malabar Brazil, under the direction of Ellen Bromfield Geld, has expanded the horizons of her father's principles and pursuits. To ensure the work continues well into the 21st century, the Malabar 2000 Foundation plans to develop a center for study at Malabar Farm to further the work begun in Richland County (Mansfield, Ohio) by Louis Bromfield.

Louis Bromfield was married in 1921 to New York socialite Mary Appleton Wood, the daughter of prominent New York City attorney Chalmers Wood and his wife Ellen Appleton Smith. Mary Appleton Wood Bromfield died in 1952. They had three daughters, Ann Bromfield, Hope Bromfield and Ellen Bromfield.

Bibliography[edit]

The Green Bay Tree, 1924
Possession, 1925
Early Autumn, 1926
A Good Woman, 1927
The House of Women, 1927
The Work of Robert Nathan, 1927
The Strange Case of Miss Annie Spragg, 1928
Awake and Rehearse, 1929
Tabloid News, 1930
Twenty-four Hours, 1930
A Modern Hero, 1932
The Farm, 1933
The Man Who Had Everything, 1935
The Rains Came, 1937
McLeod's Folly, 1939
England: A Dying Oligarchy, 1939
Night in Bombay, 1940
Wild Is the River, 1941
Mrs. Parkington, 1943
The World We Live In: Stories, 1944
What Became of Anna Bolton, 1944
Pleasant Valley, 1945
Bitter Lotus, Cleveland, Ohio: The World Publishing Company, 1945, (German translation by Elisabeth Rotten, Wien, Stuttgart: Humboldt-Verlag, 1941)
A Few Brass Tacks, 1946
Colorado, 1947
Kenny, 1947
Malabar Farm, 1948
Out of the Earth, 1950
Mr. Smith, 1951
The Wealth of the Soil, 1952
Up Ferguson Way, 1953
A New Pattern for a Tired World (available online), 1954
Animals and Other People, 1955
From My Experience, 1955

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Louis Bromfield - Ohio History Central - A product of the Ohio Historical Society". Ohio History Central. Retrieved 2012-03-19. 
  2. ^ "Louis Bromfield: Mansfield's Favorite Son". About.com. Retrieved 2012-03-18. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Bromfield — Please support Wikipedia.
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194 news items

 
Tallmadge Express
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 12:07:30 -0700

The only state park that fits that bill is Malabar Farm, former homestead of author Louis Bromfield. 43. Payday Lending: Did you see those news stories earlier this year about pawnbroker license provisions stuck in the budget as a means to allow so ...
 
Mansfield News Journal
Tue, 09 Jun 2015 15:07:30 -0700

Hollywood Returns 2015 is a fundraising event sponsored by the Malabar Farm Foundation, a nonprofit group focused on preservation and restoration efforts at Malabar and promoting Louis Bromfield's legacy. “I got a phone call (Tuesday) morning from a ...
 
Farm and Dairy
Wed, 03 Jun 2015 21:52:30 -0700

Hollywood helped to make writer Louis Bromfield a rich man, but his childhood homeland on the sweeping hills of Richland County's Malabar Farm is where he longed to be. “Then I pushed open the door and walked into the smell of cattle and horses and hay ...

Richland Source

Richland Source
Sat, 13 Jun 2015 13:03:45 -0700

... role to play in the history of a couple of these prominent American invasives and, oddly enough, both of these phenomena were intimately linked with two of Richland's most well known and nationally revered persons: John Chapman and Louis Bromfield.

Richland Source

Richland Source
Fri, 12 Jun 2015 13:31:11 -0700

"The Hollywood Returns theme is based on this idea that [Louis] Bromfield brought all of his Hollywood friends to Malabar Farm to relax, and so what we're doing is we're making an effort to do the same thing--to bring some Hollywood celebrities to ...

Mansfield News Journal

Mansfield News Journal
Sat, 27 Sep 2014 16:26:15 -0700

LUCAS – Ellen Bromfield Geld, daughter of the late Pulitzer Prize-winning author Louis Bromfield, said she always likes to come back to Mansfield. Bromfield Geld, who has lived in Brazil since 1953, and her husband, Carson, brought with them two of ...

KQED QUEST (blog)

KQED QUEST (blog)
Tue, 04 Feb 2014 07:02:20 -0800

“The problem of soil and water conservation is our gravest and most fundamental national problem.” — Louis Bromfield (1896-1956). In the heart of Ohio lies a one-of-a-kind state park that is also a working farm. Malabar Farm is the living legacy of an ...
 
Plain Dealer
Thu, 26 Sep 2013 14:11:15 -0700

The 32-room mansion, part of author Louis Bromfield's Malabar Farm estate near Mansfield, recently underwent nearly $500,000 in overdue renovations. Among the improvements: a fresh paint job, new landscaping, roofing repairs and more. The public is ...
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