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For the New York City band, see Lotion (band). For the song, see The Greenskeepers. For the band Bodylotion, see Neophyte (band).
Lotion and shampoo at The Banff Centre
Ginseng hand cream from North Korea

A lotion is a low- to heavy-viscosity topical preparation intended for application to unbroken skin.[1] By contrast, creams and gels have higher viscosity.

Lotions are applied to external skin with bare hands, a brush, a clean cloth, cotton wool, or gauze. Many lotions, especially hand lotions and body lotions are formulated not as a medicine delivery system, but simply to smooth, moisturize and soften the skin. These are particularly popular with the aging and aged demographic groups, and in the case of face usage, can also be classified as a cosmetic in many cases, and may contain fragrances.

Most lotions are oil-in-water emulsions using a substance such as cetearyl alcohol to keep the emulsion together, but water-in-oil lotions are also formulated. The key components of a skin care lotion, cream or gel emulsion (that is mixtures of oil and water) are the aqueous and oily phases, an emulgent to prevent separation of these two phases, and, if used, the drug substance or substances. A wide variety of other ingredients such as fragrances, glycerol, petroleum jelly, dyes, preservatives, proteins and stabilizing agents are commonly added to lotions. Lotions can be used for the delivery to the skin of medications such as:

It is not unusual for the same drug ingredient to be formulated into a lotion, cream and ointment. Creams are the most convenient of the three but are inappropriate for application to regions of hairy skin such as the scalp, while a lotion is less viscous and may be readily applied to these areas (many medicated shampoos are in fact lotions). Historically, lotions also had an advantage in that they may be spread thinly compared to a cream or ointment and may economically cover a large area of skin, but product research has steadily eroded this distinction. Non-comedogenic lotions are recommended for use on acne prone skin.

Manufacturing process[edit]

Since thickness and consistency are key factors in lotions and creams, it is important to understand the manufacturing process that determines viscosity.

Manufacturing lotions and creams can be completed in two cycles: 1. Emollients and lubricants are dispersed in oil with blending and thickening agents. 2. Perfume, color and preservatives are dispersed in the water cycle. Active ingredients are broken up in both cycles depending on the raw materials involved and the desired properties of the lotion or cream.

A typical oil-in-water manufacturing process might go like this:

• Step 1: Add flake/powder ingredients to the oil being used to prepare the oil phase.

• Step 2: Disperse active ingredients.

• Step 3: Prepare the water phase containing emulsifiers and stabilizers.

• Step 4: Mix the oil and water to form an emulsion. (Note: This is aided by heating to between 110-185 F (45-85 C) depending on the formulation and viscosity desired.)

• Step 5: Continue mixing until the end product is uniform.

Careful note should be taken in choosing the right mixing equipment for lotion manufacturing to avoid agglomerates and long processing times. It can make all the difference in manufacturing time and costs. Conventional agitators can present a number of problems including agglomerates and longer processing times. On the other hand, high shear in-line mixers can produce quality lotions and creams without many of the complications encountered with conventional mixers. Sonolation is also a process that is growing in popularity.

Brands[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Remington, Joseph Price (2006), Beringer, Paul, ed., Remington: The Science And Practice Of Pharmacy (21st ed.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, p. 772, ISBN 0781746736. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lotion — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
651448 videos foundNext > 

Greenskeepers - Lotion

Check Wise tones channel: http://www.youtube.com/user/wisetones Subscribe my channel for more music: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=ziomalx.

Greens Keepers - Lotion

"It puts the lotion on it's skin." Inspired by Silence of the Lambs.

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How to Make Homemade Lotion at home from scratch with recipe. please watch my homemade lye soap videos too. RECIPE BELOW.... YOU CAN BUY SOAP AND LOTION FROM...

Can You Lotion My Body Prank 2014!

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DIY: Body Lotion | ShowMeCute

DIY: Here is a great video on how to make your own body lotion at home. This DIY Body Lotion is just as good as you can buy at the store, but cost a whole lo...

Easy Homemade Lotion Recipe—(How to make homemade lotion)

Homemade lotion that's super luxurious (and chemical free!), you'll never buy it from a store again. http://mariahdolan.com/how-to-make-homemade-lotion/ Clic...

SELF TANNER LOTION PRANK

I put the strongest/darkest self tanner you can buy in John's body lotion. Now John looks dirty! Subscribe to our vlog: http://www.youtube.com/user/NIkkiandJ...

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5195 news items

New York Daily News

fox8.com
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 16:15:00 -0700

NEW YORK — A New York mother faces second-degree murder charges after police said she struck her 4-year-old daughter at a homeless shelter because she spilled lotion, according to WPIX. Linayjah Meraldo, 4, was pronounced dead at the Briarwood ...

WRAL.com

WRAL.com
Sun, 26 Oct 2014 07:37:30 -0700

Rite Aid has some good deals this week on Halloween candy and costumes, Colgate toothpaste (free!), Keri lotion, Nivea lip care, Nivea Men's acre, Opti-free solution, Pampers & more! The Rite Aid coupon policy can be found on their website. More ...

Huffington Post

Huffington Post
Tue, 28 Oct 2014 09:07:30 -0700

Note: Do not read on if you have not seen Season 6, Episode 6 of CBS's The Good Wife, titled "Old Spice." 2014-10-28-GoodWife606.jpg. A lot of people really liked this episode, especially after last week's installment. But I don't know about this. I ...

DNAinfo

DNAinfo
Mon, 27 Oct 2014 14:13:05 -0700

Curry told investigators she became angry at the girl after she spilled lotion and started beating her, officials said. According to the criminal complaint, she hit the child in the stomach and in the face, knocking her tooth out. She also threw the ...
 
New York's PIX11 / WPIX-TV
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 15:36:40 -0700

The defendant allegedly became angry when the girl spilled lotion and struck her in the face and stomach. The woman then allegedly threw the child against a wall and struck her again. The defendant is now facing serious charges that could put her ...

Treehugger

Treehugger
Wed, 01 Oct 2014 04:03:45 -0700

With only a handful of pure, all-natural ingredients, you can whip up a batch of homemade lotion bars that moisturize skin beautifully and will impress anyone who tries them. Lotion bars are quick and easy to make at home. If you've detoxed your beauty ...
 
Palm Beach Post
Wed, 22 Oct 2014 20:56:15 -0700

A woman selected 18 pairs of panties, a bottle of perfume and a bottle of lotion, placed them inside a black shopping bag, and then attempted to return the items for cash while still inside the store in the 3100 block of PGA Boulevard. A worker at the ...

Wall Street Journal

TVRuckus
Mon, 27 Oct 2014 12:01:34 -0700

The two are enamored of each other's scents, Old Spice for him and baby lotion for her. Since they seem absolutely suited for each other, last week's distractions in the courtroom were replayed, but without the photos of animals. Tascioni used their ...
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