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For the New York City band, see Lotion (band). For the song, see The Greenskeepers. For the band Bodylotion, see Neophyte (band).
Lotion and shampoo at The Banff Centre
Ginseng hand cream from North Korea

A lotion is a low- to medium-viscosity topical preparation intended for application to unbroken skin.[1] By contrast, creams and gels have higher viscosity.

Lotions are applied to external skin with bare hands, a brush, a clean cloth, cotton wool, or gauze. Many lotions, especially hand lotions and body lotions are formulated not as a medicine delivery system, but simply to smooth, re-hydrate, and soften the skin. These are particularly popular with the aging and aged demographic groups, and in the case of face usage, can also be classified as a cosmetic in many cases, and may contain fragrances.

Most lotions are oil-in-water emulsions using a substance such as cetearyl alcohol to keep the emulsion together, but water-in-oil lotions are also formulated. The key components of a skin care lotion, cream or gel emulsion (that is mixtures of oil and water) are the aqueous and oily phases, an emulgent to prevent separation of these two phases, and, if used, the drug substance or substances. A wide variety of other ingredients such as fragrances, glycerol, petroleum jelly, dyes, preservatives, proteins and stabilizing agents are commonly added to lotions. Lotions can be used for the delivery to the skin of medications such as:

It is not unusual for the same drug ingredient to be formulated into a lotion, cream and ointment. Creams are the most convenient of the three but are inappropriate for application to regions of hairy skin such as the scalp, while a lotion is less viscous and may be readily applied to these areas (many medicated shampoos are in fact lotions). Historically, lotions also had an advantage in that they may be spread thinly compared to a cream or ointment and may economically cover a large area of skin, but product research has steadily eroded this distinction. Non-comedogenic lotions are recommended for use on acne prone skin.

Manufacturing process[edit]

Since thickness and consistency are key factors in lotions and creams, it is important to understand the manufacturing process that determines viscosity.

Manufacturing lotions and creams can be completed in two cycles: 1. Emollients and lubricants are dispersed in oil with blending and thickening agents. 2. Perfume, color and preservatives are dispersed in the water cycle. Active ingredients are broken up in both cycles depending on the raw materials involved and the desired properties of the lotion or cream.

A typical oil-in-water manufacturing process might go like this:

• Step 1: Add flake/powder ingredients to the oil being used to prepare the oil phase.

• Step 2: Disperse active ingredients.

• Step 3: Prepare the water phase containing emulsifiers and stabilizers.

• Step 4: Mix the oil and water to form an emulsion. (Note: This is aided by heating to between 110-185 F (45-85 C) depending on the formulation and viscosity desired.)

• Step 5: Continue mixing until the end product is uniform.

Careful note should be taken in choosing the right mixing equipment for lotion manufacturing to avoid agglomerates and long processing times. It can make all the difference in manufacturing time and costs. Conventional agitators can present a number of problems including agglomerates and longer processing times. On the other hand, high shear in-line mixers can produce quality lotions and creams without many of the complications encountered with conventional mixers. Sonolation is also a process that is growing in popularity.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Remington, Joseph Price (2006), Beringer, Paul, ed., Remington: The Science And Practice Of Pharmacy (21st ed.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, p. 772, ISBN 0781746736. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lotion — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
614239 videos foundNext > 

Greenskeepers - Lotion

check this song too: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gKOW4a8-RVc.

Greens Keepers - Lotion

"It puts the lotion on it's skin." Inspired by Silence of the Lambs.

How to Make Homemade Lotion with Recipe

How to Make Homemade Lotion at home from scratch with recipe. please watch my homemade lye soap videos too. RECIPE BELOW.... YOU CAN BUY SOAP AND LOTION FROM...

SELF TANNER LOTION PRANK

I put the strongest/darkest self tanner you can buy in John's body lotion. Now John looks dirty! Subscribe to our vlog: http://www.youtube.com/user/NIkkiandJ...

DIY: Body Lotion | ShowMeCute

DIY: Here is a great video on how to make your own body lotion at home. This DIY Body Lotion is just as good as you can buy at the store, but cost a whole lo...

Some Lotion! Parody - Landon Moss ft Ricky Sauce, Caramel Kitten and Sharkiesha

Starring: Landon Moss and Chris Hester (Ricky Sauce) Featuring Caramel Kitten and Jessica Vannessa Written by @MotivatedDame Edited by: PointSide Productions...

Jail Bait Lotion Prank Featuring Howie Mandel

Become a Breaker for new episodes of Hanky Pranky! ▻ http://bit.ly/BreakSubscribe Our sexy, female friend is worried about getting sun burned while on the be...

HOW TO MAKE COCONUT LOTION

A simple,quick, homemade coconut lotion that moisturizes and softens. Easy to find ingredients and easy to mix. Coconut oil has many wonderful qualities, my ...

Can You Lotion My Body? Prank (feat. Rush Da Russian Rapper)

Can You Lotion My Body prank (feat. Rush Da Russian Rapper) Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MelissaFlentzeris Instagram: https://instagram.com/MelissaFlen...

Robert's Lotion Bars

CLICK HERE FOR MORE BODY CARE DIYS http://bit.ly/1ptLRFb See more KIN DIY: http://bit.ly/Kin_DIY SUBSCRIBE To Robert's Channel http://bit.ly/CraftedWithRober...

614239 videos foundNext > 

4761 news items

 
MarketWatch
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 05:56:15 -0700

Syneron Medical Ltd. (NASDAQ:ELOS) , a leading global aesthetic device company, announced today that it has received the China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) clearance for its elure™ Advanced Skin Brightening Lotion. The elure skin brightening ...
 
International Business Times AU
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 15:30:00 -0700

The Sports Illustrated model was seen having a good time with her alleged boyfriend on a beach in Cancun. Upton was seen wearing a flowery print bikini, which put her assets on your display. Verlander rubbed some sunscreen lotion on her ladylove while ...

Allure Magazine (blog)

Allure Magazine (blog)
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 08:00:00 -0700

“Once you formulate a product to meet these criteria, it's less likely to look and feel like a body lotion." Which explains why body lotions with SPF tend to only go as high as 20: "The higher the SPF value, the more 'sunscreen stuff' a formula needs ...

Forbes

Forbes
Sun, 06 Jul 2014 07:15:00 -0700

A few years ago, L'Oréal introduced two new product lines that used “gene science” to “crack the code” and make your skin young again. The new products were supposed to boost the production of “youth proteins” in your skin, making it look years younger.

SavingAdvice.com

First Coast News
Wed, 09 Jul 2014 15:30:53 -0700

Dr. Joshi has some advice for parents who are heading to the beach and find themselves with a bottle of spray-on lotion. "For Mom and Dad, put it on their hands and then put it on the child themselves so that the child isn't getting exposed to the ...

E! Online

TVGrapevine.com
Wed, 16 Jul 2014 10:26:15 -0700

“Itputs the lotion on the skin. Or else it gets the hose again” You hear BB in the background telling the house guests that bedroom lights must remain on during the day. Frankie is talking about waxing during his HOH. Frankie said he had the most ...
 
The Trentonian
Fri, 11 Jul 2014 14:55:16 -0700

Then, around 4 p.m. Wednesday, two different suspects stole a large amount of perfume and lotion from Victoria's Secret. Store management told police that two males walked into the perfume area with a large black bag and concealed 22 bottles of perfume ...

The Independent

The Independent
Sun, 20 Jul 2014 01:12:30 -0700

After two days of widespread electrical thunderstorms and flood alerts across the UK, temperatures will be rising again next week with another predicted heatwave. Forecasters say there will be a three-day spell from Wednesday when temperatures are ...
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