digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For the New York City band, see Lotion (band). For the song, see The Greenskeepers. For the band Bodylotion, see Neophyte (band).
Lotion and shampoo at The Banff Centre
Ginseng hand cream from North Korea

A lotion is a low- to heavy-viscosity topical preparation intended for application to unbroken skin.[1] By contrast, creams and gels have higher viscosity.

Lotions are applied to external skin with bare hands, a brush, a clean cloth, cotton wool, or gauze. Many lotions, especially hand lotions and body lotions are formulated not as a medicine delivery system, but simply to smooth, moisturize and soften the skin. These are particularly popular with the aging and aged demographic groups, and in the case of face usage, can also be classified as a cosmetic in many cases, and may contain fragrances.

Most lotions are oil-in-water emulsions using a substance such as cetearyl alcohol to keep the emulsion together, but water-in-oil lotions are also formulated. The key components of a skin care lotion, cream or gel emulsion (that is mixtures of oil and water) are the aqueous and oily phases, an emulgent to prevent separation of these two phases, and, if used, the drug substance or substances. A wide variety of other ingredients such as fragrances, glycerol, petroleum jelly, dyes, preservatives, proteins and stabilizing agents are commonly added to lotions. Lotions can be used for the delivery to the skin of medications such as:

It is not unusual for the same drug ingredient to be formulated into a lotion, cream and ointment. Creams are the most convenient of the three but are inappropriate for application to regions of hairy skin such as the scalp, while a lotion is less viscous and may be readily applied to these areas (many medicated shampoos are in fact lotions). Historically, lotions also had an advantage in that they may be spread thinly compared to a cream or ointment and may economically cover a large area of skin, but product research has steadily eroded this distinction. Non-comedogenic lotions are recommended for use on acne prone skin.

Manufacturing process[edit]

Since thickness and consistency are key factors in lotions and creams, it is important to understand the manufacturing process that determines viscosity.

Manufacturing lotions and creams can be completed in two cycles: 1. Emollients and lubricants are dispersed in oil with blending and thickening agents. 2. Perfume, color and preservatives are dispersed in the water cycle. Active ingredients are broken up in both cycles depending on the raw materials involved and the desired properties of the lotion or cream.

A typical oil-in-water manufacturing process might go like this:

• Step 1: Add flake/powder ingredients to the oil being used to prepare the oil phase.

• Step 2: Disperse active ingredients.

• Step 3: Prepare the water phase containing emulsifiers and stabilizers.

• Step 4: Mix the oil and water to form an emulsion. (Note: This is aided by heating to between 110-185 F (45-85 C) depending on the formulation and viscosity desired.)

• Step 5: Continue mixing until the end product is uniform.

Careful note should be taken in choosing the right mixing equipment for lotion manufacturing to avoid agglomerates and long processing times. It can make all the difference in manufacturing time and costs. Conventional agitators can present a number of problems including agglomerates and longer processing times. On the other hand, high shear in-line mixers can produce quality lotions and creams without many of the complications encountered with conventional mixers. Sonolation is also a process that is growing in popularity.

Brands[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Remington, Joseph Price (2006), Beringer, Paul, ed., Remington: The Science And Practice Of Pharmacy (21st ed.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, p. 772, ISBN 0781746736. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lotion — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
622680 videos foundNext > 

I'm in Love with the coco parody starring Donnell Rawlings

Donnell Rawlings does a parody of the Song COCO! If you know somebody that needs lotion please tag bitches!

Greenskeepers - Lotion

Check Wise tones channel: http://www.youtube.com/user/wisetones Subscribe my channel for more music: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=ziomalx.

Greens Keepers - Lotion

"It puts the lotion on it's skin." Inspired by Silence of the Lambs.

Easy Homemade Lotion Recipe—(How to make homemade lotion)

Homemade lotion that's super luxurious (and chemical free!), you'll never buy it from a store again. http://mariahdolan.com/how-to-make-homemade-lotion/ Clic...

How to Make Homemade Lotion with Recipe

How to Make Homemade Lotion at home from scratch with recipe. please watch my homemade lye soap videos too. RECIPE BELOW.... YOU CAN BUY SOAP AND LOTION FROM...

ASMR Roleplay: Lotion ~ey Ear Massage

Let me give you a lovely lotioney tingly ear massage :) Soft Spoken. Requested: An up close, in your ears massage with lotion. ♥ Relax & Tingle ♥ ~ ASMR Ther...

How to Make Lotion from Scratch

In this very thorough video not only does Anne-Marie show how to make lotion but she explains the purpose of each ingredient (and even uses charts!). After w...

Can You Lotion My Body Prank 2014!

Instant Gaming (PC Games 30-70%) ➨ http://www.instant-gaming.com/igr/bigsale/ Subscribe to Melissa: http://www.youtube.com/melissaflentzeristv New video by m...

Binaural lotion massage ASMR (no talking, sounds/audio only)

Relax as I give you a lotion massage.

DIY Night Lotion Bars ♡ Face Renewal

Hey! I am in love with these homemade skin cream bars, i melt one onto my face, neck and chest just before bed. The oils leave my skin feel so soft and reple...

622680 videos foundNext > 

175040 news items

 
Ticker Report
Mon, 26 Jan 2015 18:03:45 -0800

A revolutionary discovery in the field of skin care, Skin MD Natural Shielding lotion, will not cause this to happen; it works with the body's skin and not against it. Dr. Brian Zogg, board-certified dermatologist comments, “Artificial moisturizers in ...

Fort Worth Star Telegram

Fort Worth Star Telegram
Fri, 23 Jan 2015 12:20:42 -0800

Described as revolutionizing the way we think about moisturizing, Nivea's In-Shower Body Lotion (available at Target for $5.99) is reportedly activated by water, which means you simply apply the lotion to your wet skin after you've finished washing ...
 
Hutchinson News
Fri, 23 Jan 2015 22:03:33 -0800

Dear Heloise: I use hand lotion from pump bottles. When the product stops reaching the tube, I unscrew the cap and wipe the lotion off the tube – it's messy. There are still months of product left. Read more... Dear Heloise: I use hand lotion from pump ...

The Northwest Florida Daily News

The Northwest Florida Daily News
Wed, 21 Jan 2015 21:03:45 -0800

DESTIN - A Fort Walton Beach woman is accused of taking three bottles of perfume and three boxes of lotion from Marshall's Department Store, 4477 Commons Drive. Okaloosa County Sheriff's deputies were called for the theft on Jan. 5, according to the ...

TMZ.com

TMZ.com
Tue, 13 Jan 2015 13:58:42 -0800

Cosmedicine fired off a cease and desist letter to Alba's highly successful The Honest Company last week -- claiming her brand name and their "Honest Face" lotion were too similar. Now Honest Co. wants a judge to settle the dispute ... claiming no one ...

THV 11

THV 11
Wed, 21 Jan 2015 03:05:26 -0800

Know someone who digs gardening? We're betting you do, because gardening is one of the most popular hobbies. Chris Olsen shared some great gift ideas for the gardener in your life on THV11 This Morning—handmade scrubs and lotions. Loading…

Four States Homepage

Four States Homepage
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 00:26:15 -0800

Have you ever wanted to make your own lotion at home, but didn't know where to start? Jessica has an easy recipe that you can whip up in your own kitchen! Copyright 2015 Nexstar Broadcasting, Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not be published ...
 
Ticker Report
Thu, 08 Jan 2015 11:32:00 -0800

The traditional prescription for treating dry skin has been a cream or lotion with moisturizers in it, in an attempt to replace the lost moisture and oils in the skin. However, new research has revealed that this may in fact be sending your skin the ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight