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For other uses, see Lotion (disambiguation).
"Bodylotion" redirects here. For the band, see Neophyte (band).
Lotion and shampoo at The Banff Centre
Ginseng hand cream from North Korea

A lotion is a low- to heavy-viscosity topical preparation intended for application to unbroken skin.[1] By contrast, creams and gels have higher viscosity.

Lotions are applied to external skin with bare hands, a brush, a clean cloth, cotton wool, or gauze. Many lotions, especially hand lotions and body lotions are formulated not as a medicine delivery system, but simply to smooth, moisturize and soften the skin. These are particularly popular with the aging and aged demographic groups, and in the case of face usage, can also be classified as a cosmetic in many cases, and may contain fragrances.

Most lotions are oil-in-water emulsions using a substance such as cetearyl alcohol to keep the emulsion together, but water-in-oil lotions are also formulated. The key components of a skin care lotion, cream or gel emulsion (that is mixtures of oil and water) are the aqueous and oily phases, an emulgent to prevent separation of these two phases, and, if used, the drug substance or substances. A wide variety of other ingredients such as fragrances, glycerol, petroleum jelly, dyes, preservatives, proteins and stabilizing agents are commonly added to lotions. Lotions can be used for the delivery to the skin of medications such as:

It is not unusual for the same drug ingredient to be formulated into a lotion, cream and ointment. Creams are the most convenient of the three but are inappropriate for application to regions of hairy skin such as the scalp, while a lotion is less viscous and may be readily applied to these areas (many medicated shampoos are in fact lotions). Historically, lotions also had an advantage in that they may be spread thinly compared to a cream or ointment and may economically cover a large area of skin, but product research has steadily eroded this distinction. Non-comedogenic lotions are recommended for use on acne prone skin.

Manufacturing process[edit]

Since thickness and consistency are key factors in lotions and creams, it is important to understand the manufacturing process that determines viscosity.

Manufacturing lotions and creams can be completed in two cycles: 1. Emollients and lubricants are dispersed in oil with blending and thickening agents. 2. Perfume, color and preservatives are dispersed in the water cycle. Active ingredients are broken up in both cycles depending on the raw materials involved and the desired properties of the lotion or cream.

A typical oil-in-water manufacturing process might go like this:

• Step 1: Add flake/powder ingredients to the oil being used to prepare the oil phase.

• Step 2: Disperse active ingredients.

• Step 3: Prepare the water phase containing emulsifiers and stabilizers.

• Step 4: Mix the oil and water to form an emulsion. (Note: This is aided by heating to between 110-185 F (45-85 C) depending on the formulation and viscosity desired.)

• Step 5: Continue mixing until the end product is completed

Careful note should be taken in choosing the right mixing equipment for lotion manufacturing to avoid agglomerates and long processing times. It can make all the difference in manufacturing time and costs. Conventional agitators can present a number of problems including agglomerates and longer processing times. On the other hand, high shear in-line mixers can produce quality lotions and creams without many of the complications encountered with conventional mixers. Sonolation is also a process that is growing in popularity.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Remington, Joseph Price (2006), Beringer, Paul, ed., Remington: The Science And Practice Of Pharmacy (21st ed.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, p. 772, ISBN 0781746736. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lotion — Please support Wikipedia.
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183510 news items

Philly.com (blog)

Philly.com (blog)
Mon, 27 Jul 2015 08:31:46 -0700

“I was doing my album and I asked him to give me a verse for my album,” Mill told the crowd. “But he gave me a verse that he didn't write that another [person] wrote. I heard that s--t, that s--t was very soft. Baby lotion soft.” ...

One Green Planet

One Green Planet
Tue, 21 Jul 2015 04:37:30 -0700

I've found lots of nice lotion recipes online that seem to work well for a lot of people, but I've generally been disappointed with their ability to really nourish (and even penetrate) the scaly skin on my hands and even when I have dry skin everywhere ...

The Indian Express

Junior College
Mon, 27 Jul 2015 23:11:15 -0700

Mill responded on Twitter, as he is wont to do, by calling the track “baby lotion soft.” Meek Mill and rap superstar Drake have been taking shots at each other for the past few days, after Meek accused Drake of not writing his own raps. Miller wrote on ...


Mon, 13 Jul 2015 04:37:48 -0700

Anacor intends to seek U.S. approval for the lotion, known as crisaborole, in the first half of next year, based on the data collected from the studies. Shares of Anacor were up 57% to $133.02 in Monday's premarket session, driven by the crisaborole ...


Fri, 03 Jul 2015 02:22:30 -0700

I don't think it ever occurred to us to use store-bought lotion. We were like Amish, but Italian. We passed up Coppertone, which came in only one SPF, minus 5. And we would never spring for Bain de Soleil, which squirted like orange toothpaste from a tube.

The American Bazaar

Scranton Times-Tribune
Tue, 14 Jul 2015 18:03:57 -0700

A man who smeared white lotion on his face to disguise his appearance robbed a West Scranton bank Tuesday afternoon, Scranton police said. The man walked into the PNC Bank branch office at 136 S. Main Ave. around 2 p.m. and demanded money, Chief ...


Sat, 18 Jul 2015 06:52:30 -0700

They recruited fellow University of North Carolina student Chris Jenks to help them with their formula for the antiperspirant lotion. Jenks, a chemistry major, developed more than 50 prototypes throughout the 2014-15 school year before the team ...


Tue, 14 Jul 2015 05:22:30 -0700

We've opened the windows, fired up the grill and slathered on the sunscreen before we dip our toes in the ocean. Summer brings wonderful smells. And some of those scents — like freshly cut grass, the ocean spray or sizzling hot dogs — will have the ...

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