digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For the New York City band, see Lotion (band). For the song, see The Greenskeepers. For the band Bodylotion, see Neophyte (band).
Lotion and shampoo at The Banff Centre
Ginseng hand cream from North Korea

A lotion is a low- to heavy-viscosity topical preparation intended for application to unbroken skin.[1] By contrast, creams and gels have higher viscosity.

Lotions are applied to external skin with bare hands, a brush, a clean cloth, cotton wool, or gauze. Many lotions, especially hand lotions and body lotions are formulated not as a medicine delivery system, but simply to smooth, moisturize and soften the skin. These are particularly popular with the aging and aged demographic groups, and in the case of face usage, can also be classified as a cosmetic in many cases, and may contain fragrances.

Most lotions are oil-in-water emulsions using a substance such as cetearyl alcohol to keep the emulsion together, but water-in-oil lotions are also formulated. The key components of a skin care lotion, cream or gel emulsion (that is mixtures of oil and water) are the aqueous and oily phases, an emulgent to prevent separation of these two phases, and, if used, the drug substance or substances. A wide variety of other ingredients such as fragrances, glycerol, petroleum jelly, dyes, preservatives, proteins and stabilizing agents are commonly added to lotions. Lotions can be used for the delivery to the skin of medications such as:

It is not unusual for the same drug ingredient to be formulated into a lotion, cream and ointment. Creams are the most convenient of the three but are inappropriate for application to regions of hairy skin such as the scalp, while a lotion is less viscous and may be readily applied to these areas (many medicated shampoos are in fact lotions). Historically, lotions also had an advantage in that they may be spread thinly compared to a cream or ointment and may economically cover a large area of skin, but product research has steadily eroded this distinction. Non-comedogenic lotions are recommended for use on acne prone skin.

Manufacturing process[edit]

Since thickness and consistency are key factors in lotions and creams, it is important to understand the manufacturing process that determines viscosity.

Manufacturing lotions and creams can be completed in two cycles: 1. Emollients and lubricants are dispersed in oil with blending and thickening agents. 2. Perfume, color and preservatives are dispersed in the water cycle. Active ingredients are broken up in both cycles depending on the raw materials involved and the desired properties of the lotion or cream.

A typical oil-in-water manufacturing process might go like this:

• Step 1: Add flake/powder ingredients to the oil being used to prepare the oil phase.

• Step 2: Disperse active ingredients.

• Step 3: Prepare the water phase containing emulsifiers and stabilizers.

• Step 4: Mix the oil and water to form an emulsion. (Note: This is aided by heating to between 110-185 F (45-85 C) depending on the formulation and viscosity desired.)

• Step 5: Continue mixing until the end product is uniform.

Careful note should be taken in choosing the right mixing equipment for lotion manufacturing to avoid agglomerates and long processing times. It can make all the difference in manufacturing time and costs. Conventional agitators can present a number of problems including agglomerates and longer processing times. On the other hand, high shear in-line mixers can produce quality lotions and creams without many of the complications encountered with conventional mixers. Sonolation is also a process that is growing in popularity.

Brands[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Remington, Joseph Price (2006), Beringer, Paul, ed., Remington: The Science And Practice Of Pharmacy (21st ed.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, p. 772, ISBN 0781746736. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lotion — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
617560 videos foundNext > 

Greenskeepers - Lotion

Check Wise tones channel: http://www.youtube.com/user/wisetones Subscribe my channel for more music: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=ziomalx.

Greens Keepers - Lotion

"It puts the lotion on it's skin." Inspired by Silence of the Lambs.

Easy Homemade Lotion Recipe—(How to make homemade lotion)

Homemade lotion that's super luxurious (and chemical free!), you'll never buy it from a store again. http://mariahdolan.com/how-to-make-homemade-lotion/ Clic...

How to Make Homemade Lotion with Recipe

How to Make Homemade Lotion at home from scratch with recipe. please watch my homemade lye soap videos too. RECIPE BELOW.... YOU CAN BUY SOAP AND LOTION FROM...

Can You Lotion My Body Prank 2014!

Subscribe to Melissa: http://www.youtube.com/melissaflentzeristv New video by melissa HERE - http://youtu.be/zk48YbYwIyU Connect with Melissa! Facebook: http...

DIY Night Lotion Bars ♡ Face Renewal

Hey! I am in love with these homemade skin cream bars, i melt one onto my face, neck and chest just before bed. The oils leave my skin feel so soft and reple...

How to Make Lotion from Scratch

In this very thorough video not only does Anne-Marie show how to make lotion but she explains the purpose of each ingredient (and even uses charts!). After w...

DIY: Body Lotion | ShowMeCute

DIY: Here is a great video on how to make your own body lotion at home. This DIY Body Lotion is just as good as you can buy at the store, but cost a whole lo...

ASMR Roleplay: Lotion ~ey Ear Massage

Let me give you a lovely lotioney tingly ear massage :) Soft Spoken. Requested: An up close, in your ears massage with lotion. ♥ Relax & Tingle ♥ ~ ASMR Ther...

Jail Bait Lotion Prank Featuring Howie Mandel

Become a Breaker for new episodes of Hanky Pranky! ▻ http://bit.ly/BreakSubscribe Our sexy, female friend is worried about getting sun burned while on the be...

617560 videos foundNext > 

158095 news items

 
Fresno Bee
Tue, 09 Dec 2014 09:48:45 -0800

What really got me, though, was when said character made her own moisturizing lotion. How neat is that? Then, not a day later, I'm on Pinterest and I see a 14-year-old girl touting the benefits and ease of homemade lip balm. How neat is that? The real ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 18:01:07 -0800

Joan Collins was interrogated by US border officials after her overly moisturised fingers could not be read by an airport scanner. The 81-year-old actress said she was made to feel 'like a criminal' because her fingerprints were too greasy to be ...

Killeen Daily Herald (blog)

Killeen Daily Herald (blog)
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 08:07:30 -0800

COUPONING/MONEY SAVING TIP: Open a second email address and use it strictly for couponing and to sign up for samples and coupons. This will keep your personal and work email cleaner and less cluttered! Jennise "Savealotmom" Colin-Ventura ...

Times of India

Times of India
Sun, 14 Dec 2014 01:33:45 -0800

Known for its antiseptic and anti-allergic properties, calamine lotions are not only mild but also prevent the skin inflammation. It has a very soothing effect on the skin if you put a little bit of calamine lotion on a bruised area. 1) A bottle of ...
 
Resident Advisor
Fri, 12 Dec 2014 04:00:00 -0800

Due out today (December 12th), Body Lotion arrives nine months on from Jonnine Standish and Nigel Yang's latest album, the RA Recommended Psychic 9-5 Club. The music on Body Lotion dates back to the recording sessions that led to "Slo Glo," a track ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Sun, 23 Nov 2014 14:18:40 -0800

Christophe's top tip is to use body lotion as conditioner to get rid of frizz. 'Any brand will do,' he says. 'Comb through damp hair from roots to tips and rinse.' For a nourishing treatment, he recommends: 'Three days before applying hair dye, brush a ...

GhanaWeb

GhanaWeb
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:56:15 -0800

Shortly after its launch on the Ghanaian market, the new Vaseline Intensive Care range of lotions and creams has already become popular amongst many Ghanaian Women. Those already acquainted with Vaseline in its petroleum jelly format have tried and ...

Yahoo News

Press Release Rocket
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 10:25:27 -0800

The traditional prescription for treating dry skin has been a cream or lotion with moisturizers in it, in an attempt to replace the lost moisture and oils in the skin. However, new research has revealed that this may in fact be sending your skin the ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight