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A local ordinance is a law usually found in a code of laws for a political division smaller than a state or nation, such as a municipality, county, parish, prefecture, etc.

United States[edit]

In the United States, these laws are enforced locally in addition to state law and federal law. In states such as Connecticut, legislative bodies at the local level develop city and town ordinances to govern the public.[1]

Japan[edit]

In Japan, ordinances (条例 jōrei?) may be passed by any prefecture or municipality under authority granted by Article 94 of the Constitution.

There must generally be a statutory basis for an ordinance, the ordinance must be in compliance with any overlapping statutes (although it may impose a stricter standard or penalty), and the ordinance must be related to the affairs of the local government in question.

Ordinances must generally be approved by a local assembly and promulgated by the mayor or governor of the local government in question, who may demand a second vote but may not veto the ordinance.

Under the Local Autonomy Law, an ordinance may impose a penalty of up to two years imprisonment and/or 1 million yen in fines, although any penalty under an ordinance must be prescribed in accordance with the Code of Criminal Procedure. There are even some ordinances, such as bans on smoking on the street, for which the police in some districts state that there is no penalty for failure to obey the ordinance.

Germany[edit]

The Federal Republic of Germany reacted to the state-sanctioned mass-murder under the Nazi rule with a range of safeguards and structural changes including limiting central police and public order as well as planning laws. The Constitution grants states certain exclusive rights include police and public order powers. States delegate many of their responsibilities and powers to local authorities. Local authorities have powers to pass local ordinances (Satzungen) to determine the use of land, planning questions, local police, emergency and transport issues etc. The ordinance must follow a public disclosure and consultation procedure and then approved by the local assembly as well as the elected representative of the executive (e.g. the mayor). The state authorities or stakeholders including citizens who can show that they have a sufficiently strong interest to establish standing may object to the final implementation. If the conflict cannot be resolved, Courts may be asked to rule on whether or not the ordinance is valid or if may strike if it violates State law or the State Constitution.

British colonies[edit]

All laws enacted by the legislature of British colonies are referred to as Ordinances, which sometimes delegate power to other parties (usually government departments) to make subsidiary legislations that supplement the Ordinances. In Hong Kong, all laws enacted by the territory's Legislative Council remain to be known as Ordinances (Chinese: 條例; Jyutping: tiu4lai6) after the transfer of the territory's sovereignty to the China in 1997.

References[edit]

See also[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Local_ordinance — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

400 news items

Courierpress/news/gleaner/

Courierpress/news/gleaner/
Sun, 20 Jul 2014 14:15:48 -0700

Councilwoman Missy Mosby, a 2nd Ward Democrat who works as a real estate broker and associate, said local builders, real estate professionals and landlords are asking why a local ordinance should be more strict than state and federal laws already in ...
 
The Union of Grass Valley
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 23:56:15 -0700

The Nevada City Chamber of Commerce has been overwhelmed with concerned responses from our members, Grass Valley Chamber and their members, and NCWeds, our local business group representing the wedding industry (and we don't use that term ...
 
Castine Patriot
Thu, 26 Jun 2014 08:11:15 -0700

Court rulings in Dan Brown case offer narrow interpretation of local ordinance. “Farmer” Dan Brown and his cows. Dan Brown of Gravelwood Farm in Blue Hill shown with Sprocket(left) and her daughter Princess, lost his Maine Supreme Court appeal on June ...
 
Tehachapi News
Wed, 09 Jul 2014 10:37:29 -0700

Tehachapi's city council on Monday, July 7 finalized a repeal of a local ordinance in order to stave off potential lawsuits. City Attorney Tom Schroeter, in his report, recommended the council repeal an ordinance adopted in 2010 that was a stricter ...
 
The Bay City Times
Mon, 07 Jul 2014 18:05:12 -0700

If a Bay City company wants to take advantage of the local ordinance preference, it must fill out a local vendor affidavit. To date, 43 Bay City companies have signed up. Changing the ordinance. Irving suggested the city adopt a weighted system that ...

Maine Public Broadcasting

Maine Public Broadcasting
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 14:45:00 -0700

Environmentalists are anticipating passage later tonight of a local ordinance that blocks Canadian tar sands oil and other raw crude from being loaded onto tanker ships. The South Portland City Council's action could complicate plans to use a ...
 
The Republic
Wed, 25 Jun 2014 04:15:00 -0700

The vote was symbolic because a state law that takes effect July 1 supersedes local ordinance. That law allows concealed carry of knives. The Lawrence Journal-World reports (http://bit.ly/UITW0E ) the city's attorney recommended repealing the ordinance ...

MyHighPlains

MyHighPlains
Tue, 24 Jun 2014 08:39:53 -0700

AMARILLO -- The Amarillo Police Department and the Amarillo Fire Marshal's Office are reminding everyone of the city ordinance that prohibits the possession, manufacture, storage, sale, handling and use of any firework within the city limits. This ...
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