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A local ordinance is a law usually found in a code of laws for a political division smaller than a state or nation, such as a municipality, county, parish, prefecture, etc.

United States[edit]

In the United States, these laws are enforced locally in addition to state law and federal law. In states such as Connecticut, legislative bodies at the local level develop city and town ordinances to govern the public.[1]

Japan[edit]

In Japan, ordinances (条例 jōrei?) may be passed by any prefecture or municipality under authority granted by Article 94 of the Constitution.

There must generally be a statutory basis for an ordinance, the ordinance must be in compliance with any overlapping statutes (although it may impose a stricter standard or penalty), and the ordinance must be related to the affairs of the local government in question.

Ordinances must generally be approved by a local assembly and promulgated by the mayor or governor of the local government in question, who may demand a second vote but may not veto the ordinance.

Under the Local Autonomy Law, an ordinance may impose a penalty of up to two years imprisonment and/or 1 million yen in fines, although any penalty under an ordinance must be prescribed in accordance with the Code of Criminal Procedure. There are even some ordinances, such as bans on smoking on the street, for which the police in some districts state that there is no penalty for failure to obey the ordinance.

Germany[edit]

The Federal Republic of Germany reacted to the state-sanctioned mass-murder under the Nazi rule with a range of safeguards and structural changes including limiting central police and public order as well as planning laws. The Constitution grants states certain exclusive rights include police and public order powers. States delegate many of their responsibilities and powers to local authorities. Local authorities have powers to pass local ordinances (Satzungen) to determine the use of land, planning questions, local police, emergency and transport issues etc. The ordinance must follow a public disclosure and consultation procedure and then approved by the local assembly as well as the elected representative of the executive (e.g. the mayor). The state authorities or stakeholders including citizens who can show that they have a sufficiently strong interest to establish standing may object to the final implementation. If the conflict cannot be resolved, Courts may be asked to rule on whether or not the ordinance is valid or if may strike if it violates State law or the State Constitution.

British colonies[edit]

All laws enacted by the legislature of British colonies are referred to as Ordinances, which sometimes delegate power to other parties (usually government departments) to make subsidiary legislations that supplement the Ordinances. In Hong Kong, all laws enacted by the territory's Legislative Council remain to be known as Ordinances (Chinese: 條例; Jyutping: tiu4lai6) after the transfer of the territory's sovereignty to the China in 1997.

References[edit]

See also[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Local_ordinance — Please support Wikipedia.
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439 news items

 
Post-Bulletin
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 07:44:33 -0700

Officer Jeff Stobbs speaks at the city-county Government Center in Rochester Monday about his experience with panhandlers. Buy this photo. Posted: Tuesday, July 22, 2014 9:39 am | Updated: 10:47 am, Tue Jul 22, 2014. Ordinance to ban aggressive ...
 
San Diego 6
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 17:22:30 -0700

SAN DIEGO (CNS) - Members of an environmental group plan Tuesday to urge Mayor Kevin Faulconer to move forward with an environmental review of a proposed ordinance that would sharply curtail the use of plastic shopping bags in San Diego.
 
The Bay City Times
Mon, 07 Jul 2014 18:05:12 -0700

If a Bay City company wants to take advantage of the local ordinance preference, it must fill out a local vendor affidavit. To date, 43 Bay City companies have signed up. Changing the ordinance. Irving suggested the city adopt a weighted system that ...
 
Tehachapi News
Wed, 09 Jul 2014 10:37:29 -0700

Tehachapi's city council on Monday, July 7 finalized a repeal of a local ordinance in order to stave off potential lawsuits. City Attorney Tom Schroeter, in his report, recommended the council repeal an ordinance adopted in 2010 that was a stricter ...
 
The Doings Oak Brook
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 13:15:00 -0700

Oak Brook has created another option for dealing with adults who allow underage drinking at their residence or any other private property. An ordinance unanimously adopted by the Village Board July 22 allows for prosecution by local ordinance and sets ...
 
Press-Enterprise
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 21:30:41 -0700

... ruling that struck down those limits. “The real legal limit is whatever amount of marijuana is consistent with a patient's need,” she wrote in an email. “We recommend patients still stay within state guidelines, however, whenever there is no local ...
 
Loudoun Times-Mirror
Wed, 16 Jul 2014 08:09:54 -0700

Randy Minchew (R-10th) that would've applied the public assets prohibition to themselves – something that dismayed local supervisors – state lawmakers amended the code to allow jurisdictions to implement a local ordinance forbidding the abuse of public ...
 
Meadville Tribune
Wed, 09 Jul 2014 04:50:02 -0700

WEST MEAD TOWNSHIP — Roughly two years of dialogue regarding noise complaints against JD's Tap House have owners Michelle and Dan Perrine ready to pack up their business unless township supervisors can produce their desired result — a ...
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