digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For other uses, see Liturgy (disambiguation).
Wedding ceremony at Kiuruvesi Church in Kiuruvesi, Finland

Liturgy (Greek: λειτουργία) is the customary public worship done by a specific religious group, according to its particular traditions.

The word, sometimes rendered by its English translation "service", may refer to an elaborate formal ritual such as the Eastern Orthodox Divine Liturgy (Greek: Θεία Λειτουργία) and Catholic Mass, or a daily activity such as the Muslim salat[1] and Jewish services. As a religious phenomenon, liturgy is a communal response to the sacred through activity reflecting praise, thanksgiving, supplication, or repentance. Ritualization may be associated with life events such as birth, coming of age, marriage and death. It thus forms the basis for establishing a relationship with a divine agency, as well as with other participants in the liturgy. Methods of dress, preparation of food, application of cosmetics or other hygienic practices are all considered liturgical activities.

Etymology[edit]

The word liturgy, derived from the technical term in ancient Greek, leitourgia, signifies the often expensive offers of service to the people, and thus to the polis and the state.[2] Through the leitourgia the rich carried a financial burden and were correspondingly rewarded with honours. The leitourgia became both mandatory and honorific, supporting the patron's standing among the elite. The holder of a Hellenic leitourgia was not taxed a specific sum, but entrusted with a particular ritual, which could be performed with greater or lesser magnificence. The chief sphere remained that of civic religion, embodied in the festivals: M.I. Finley notes "in Demosthenes' day there were at least 97 liturgical appointments in Athens for the festivals, rising to 118 in a (quadrennial) Panathenaic year."[3] Eventually, under the Roman Empire, such obligations, known as munera, devolved into a competitive and ruinously expensive burden that was avoided when possible.

Christianity[edit]

Main article: Christian liturgy

Frequently in Christianity a distinction is made between "liturgical" and "non-liturgical" churches based on how elaborate and/or the antiquity of the worship; in this usage, churches whose services are unscripted or improvised are called "non-liturgical". Others object to this usage, arguing that this terminology obscures the universality of public worship as a religious phenomenon.[4] Thus, even the open or waiting worship of Quakers is liturgical, since the waiting itself until the Holy Spirit moves individuals to speak is a prescribed form of Quaker worship, sometimes referred to as "the liturgy of silence."[5] Typically in Christianity, however, the term "the liturgy" normally refers to a standardised order of events observed during a religious service, be it a sacramental service or a service of public prayer. In the Catholic tradition, liturgy is the participation of the people in the work of God, which is primarily the saving work of Jesus Christ. In the liturgy, Christ continues the work of redemption.[6]

The term "liturgy" literally in Greek means "work of the people," but a better translation is "public service" or "public work," as made clear from the origin of the term as described above. The early Christians adopted the word to describe its principal act of worship, the Sunday service (Holy Eucharist, Holy Communion, Mass or Divine Liturgy). This service, liturgy, or ministry (from the Latin 'ministerium') is a duty for Christians as a priestly people by their baptism into Christ and participation in his high priestly ministry. It is also God's ministry or service to the worshippers. It a reciprocal service. As such, many Christian churches designate one person who participates in the worship service as the liturgist. The liturgist may read announcements, scriptures, and calls to worship, while the minister preaches the sermon, offers prayers, and blesses sacraments. The liturgist may be either an ordained minister or a layman. The entire congregation participates in and offers the liturgy to God.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford Dictionary of World Religions, p. 582–3
  2. ^ N. Lewis, "Leitourgia and related terms," Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 3 (1960:175–84) and 6 (1965:226–30).
  3. ^ Finley, The Ancient Economy 2nd ed., 1985:151.
  4. ^ Underhill, E., Worship (London: Bradford and Dickens, 1938), pp. 3–19.
  5. ^ Dandelion, P., The Liturgies of Quakerism, Liturgy, Worship and Society Series (Aldershot, England and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2005).
  6. ^ Catechism of the Catholic Church 1069(London: Chapman, 1994).

Further reading[edit]

  • Baldovin, John F., SJ (2008) Reforming the Liturgy: a Response to the Critics. The Liturgical Press
  • Bowker, John, ed. (1997) Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-213965-7.
  • Bugnini, Annibale, (1990) The Reform of the Liturgy 1948–1975. The Liturgical Press
  • Dix, Dom Gregory (1945) The Shape of the Liturgy
  • Donghi, Antonio, (2009) Words and Gestures in the Liturgy. The Liturgical Press
  • Johnson, Lawrence J., (2009) Worship in the Early Church: an Anthology of Historical Sources. The Liturgical Press
  • Jones, Cheslyn, Geoffrey Wainwright, and Edward Yarnold, eds. (1978) The Study of Liturgy. London: SPCK.
  • Marini, Piero, (2007) A Challenging Reform: Realizing the Vision of the Liturgical Renewal. The Liturgical Press
  • Scotland, N. A. D. (1989). Eucharistic Consecration in the First Four Centuries and Its Implications for Liturgical Reform, in series, Latimer Studies, 31. Latimer House. ISBN 0-946307-30-X
  • "What Do Quakers Believe?". Quaker Information Center, Philadelphia, PA, 2004.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liturgy — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
239047 videos foundNext > 

LITURGY: VEINS OF GOD

Liturgy live at RED 7 in Austin Texas. Presented by ACOLYTE (acolyte-bsa.blogspot.com).

LITURGY // RETURNER

AESTHETHICA out May 10, available now for pre-order on CD or 2xLP thrilljockey.com/​catalog/​?id=105276 Directed by Zev Deans © Panorama Programming 2011 vim...

Liturgy - Generation

No Copyright Intended.

Coptic Orthodox Liturgy by Fr. Mauritius Part 1-10.mp4

This Coptic Orthodox English Liturgy was celebrated by Fr. Mauritius Anba Bishoy at the Heavenly Cathedral Sharm El-sheikh, Egypt. Filmed by Aghaby Christian...

Consecration in the Byzantine Rite liturgy

Epiclesis and consecration of the Eucharist, in the divine liturgy in the Byzantine Rite.

Liturgy- Aesthethica ALBUM REVIEW

Listen: http://theneedledrop.com/?p=4743 Do intentions matter: A reaction to transcendental black metal? http://theneedledrop.com/?p=4847 On Liturgy's latest...

Sergei Rachmaninoff - Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom Op. 31

This video I put in a request and hope to heal all people in the world suffering from malignant disease. Сергей Рахманинов - Литургия Иоанна Златоуста для см...

Liturgy - Interview @ Scion Rock Fest 2010 (Scion AV)

Liturgy performing "Pagan Dawn" at Scion Rock Fest 2010. Liturgy is a transcendental black metal band from Brooklyn, NY. Liturgy's music is an ecstatic affir...

Living the Liturgy

Chapter I: Intro - 00:00 Chapter II: Matins - 04:05 Chapter III: Lauds - 13:36 Chapter IV: Prime - 18:06 Chapter V: Terce - 21:43 Chapter VI: Sext - 32:40 Ch...

The Drone - Liturgy

Shot by The Drone @ La Villette Sonique, Paris Watch @ read more : www.the-drone.com.

239047 videos foundNext > 

3384 news items

ChristianityToday.com

ChristianityToday.com
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 06:45:19 -0700

Smith suggests that without participation in a rich liturgy, Christian education only stuffs minds full of unapplied doctrinal points. The result? Our desires untouched, he argues in both books, we remain vulnerable to being co-opted by the liturgies ...
 
Jazz Police (blog)
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 18:18:45 -0700

Each year, the Festival International de Jazz de Montréal presents an abundance of musical offerings, and inspires several of jazz-related events in the city. (See general review of the 2014 festival.) The Fourth Annual Jamming at St. James—A Jazz ...

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 08:56:15 -0700

MANILA, Philippines - Archbishop Jose Palma, chairman of the International Eucharistic Congress (IEC) 2016, hailed Living with Christ, Philippine Edition as the official Liturgy Publication partner of the next International Eucharistic Congress. Bayard ...
 
DFW Catholic
Mon, 08 Sep 2014 10:15:00 -0700

By Pat Archbold | Since the Council, the reformers of the Church have promised all kinds of things that were to improve upon the old, stale, and dusty Church. The dustiest place of all was seen to be the liturgy. It is not my intent here to rehash ...

Patheos (blog)

Patheos (blog)
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 09:07:30 -0700

The idea seems to be that if we're going to go into the world, that means taking the liturgy with us wherever we go. Quote Hendey: “While Mass in the mall may sound a bit odd, isn't this really the New Evangelization at its finest — finding people ...
 
The Jewish Week
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:22:30 -0700

Leonard Cohen: His songs will serve as inspiration for a New Jersey rabbi's High Holy Days sermons. GETTY IMAGES. Jeffrey Salkin remembers that the first book of poetry he ever owned was the “Selected Poems” of Leonard Cohen. Cohen's poetry, his ...

Treble

Treble
Sun, 07 Sep 2014 22:26:15 -0700

Liturgy, in particular, seemed to baffle many, based primarily on the idea that they weren't that traditional of a black metal band. And they're certainly not traditional. Drummer Greg Fox — also of Guardian Alien, and a recent appearance on the ...

Patheos (blog)

Patheos (blog)
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 19:24:38 -0700

Universalis in July published an edition of The Liturgy of the Hours for the Kindle Paperwhite. (Various editions for the Kindle Fire have been around for a while; I've used both the iBreviary and Divine Office apps, and they're both very good.) But if ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!