This is a list of special or exceptional tribunals and courts for the trying of people. Sometimes, courts that don't try people but curtail political freedoms are also derogatively called "special tribunals," as well as court that establish a privileged jurisdiction for powerful individuals or the government. List coverage is through history and world wide.
- Revolutionary Tribunal (France, 1792-1795)
- Exchequer Court of Canada (Canada, 1875-1971)
- Canadian Human Rights Commission (Canada, 1977-)
- Special Tribunal for the Defense of the State (Italy, 1926-1943)
- Sondergerichte (Germany, 1933-1945)
- People's Court (Germany) (Germany, 1934-1945)
- Special Tribunal for the Defense of the RSI State (Italy, 1943-1945)
- Court of Parties (Egypt, 1977-)
- Tribunal de Orden Público (Spain, 1963-1977)
- Audiencia Nacional of Spain (Spain, 1977-)
- Iraqi Special Tribunal (Iraq, 2003-)
- Special Tribunal for Lebanon (2009-)
- Show trial
- Political trial
- A. V. Dicey's principle that people should not be judged by special courts.
- Laughland, John A history of political trials: from Charles I to Saddam Hussein, p.242
- Nathalie Bernard-Maugiron (2008) Judges and political reform in Egypt p.221
- Ian Bushnell The Federal Court of Canada: a history, 1875-1992, p.67
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