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This article lists the member states of the German Confederation of 1815–1866, the North German Confederation of 1866–1871 which became a federal empire in 1867, the German Empire of 1871–1918, and lastly the republic of Weimar Germany of 1919–1933.

States of the German Confederation[edit]

A map of the German Confederation.

List of member states:

1. Austrian Empire (only including Bohemia-Moravia, Austria and most of Slovenia)
2. Kingdom of Prussia (excluding provinces East Prussia, West Prussia and Posen)
3. Kingdom of Bavaria
4. Kingdom of Hanover
5. Kingdom of Saxony
6. Kingdom of Württemberg
7. Grand Duchy of Baden
8. Grand Duchy of Hesse
9. Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (in personal union with the United Netherlands, independent since 1839 losing half of its territory in the process)
10. Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
11. Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
12. Grand Duchy of Oldenburg (upgrade from duchy in 1829)
13. Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
14. Duchy of Anhalt (since 1863)
15. Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau (until 1863)
16. Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg (until 1863)
17. Duchy of Anhalt-Köthen (until 1847 when it merged with Anhalt-Dessau)
18. Duchy of Brunswick
19. Duchy of Holstein (in personal union with the Kingdom of Denmark until 1864 and attached to the Duchy of Schleswig under confederal occupation since 1864)
20. Duchy of Limburg (part of the Netherlands, member since 1839)
21. Duchy of Nassau
22. Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (until 1825)
23. Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (until 1825)
24. Duchy of Saxe-Hildburghausen (Saxe-Altenburg since 1826)
25. Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (since 1826)
26. Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg (in personal union with Denmark till 1864, with Prussian since 1865)
27. Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen
28. Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel
29. Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg (member since 1817)
30. Principality of Lichtenberg (sold to Prussia 1834)
31. Principality of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (annexed by Prussia 1849)
32. Principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (annexed by Prussia 1849)
33. Principality of Liechtenstein
34. Principality of Lippe
35. Principality of Reuss, senior line
36. Principality of Reuss, junior line
37. Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe
38. Principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
39. Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
40. Principality of Waldeck-Pyrmont
41. Free City of Bremen
42. Free City of Frankfurt
43. Free City of Hamburg
44. Free City of Lübeck

States of the North German Confederation[edit]

A map of the North German Conmfederation.

List of the member states:[1]

1. Kingdom of Prussia
2. Kingdom of Saxony
3. Grand Duchy of Hesse (only Upper Hesse)
4. Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
5. Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
6. Grand Duchy of Oldenburg
7. Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
8. Duchy of Anhalt
9. Duchy of Brunswick
10. Duchy of Saxe-Altenburg
11. Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
12. Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg (in personal union with Prussia)
13. Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen
14. Principality of Lippe
15. Principality of Reuss, senior line
16. Principality of Reuss, junior line
17. Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe
18. Principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
19. Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
20. Principality of Waldeck-Pyrmont
21. Free City of Bremen
22. Free City of Hamburg
23. Free City of Lübeck

States of the German Empire[edit]

A map of the German Empire.

List of the imperial states:[2]

1. Kingdom of Prussia
2. Kingdom of Bavaria
3. Kingdom of Saxony
4. Kingdom of Württemberg
5. Grand Duchy of Baden
6. Grand Duchy of Hesse
7. Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
8. Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
9. Grand Duchy of Oldenburg
10. Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
11. Duchy of Anhalt
12. Duchy of Brunswick
13. Duchy of Saxe-Altenburg
14. Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
15. Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg (merged into Prussia on 1 July 1876)
16. Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen
17. Principality of Lippe
18. Principality of Reuss, senior line
19. Principality of Reuss, junior line
20. Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe
21. Principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
22. Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
23. Principality of Waldeck-Pyrmont
24. Free City of Bremen
25. Free City of Hamburg
26. Free City of Lübeck
27. Territory of Alsace-Lorraine

States of Weimar Germany[edit]

A map of the Weimar Republic.

List of the free states:[3]

1. Free State of Prussia
2. Free State of Bavaria
3. Free State of Saxony
4. Free State of Württemberg
5. Free State of Hesse
6. Free State of Baden
7. Free State of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
8. Free State of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
9. Free State of Oldenburg
10. Free State of Anhalt
11. Free State of Brunswick
12. Free State of Lippe
13. Free State of Schaumburg-Lippe
14. Free State of Waldeck(-Pyrmont) (ceded exclave Pyrmont in 1921, merged with Prussia in 1929)
15. Free State of Thuringia (since 1920, created from the Thuringia states)
16. State of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (merged to create Thuringia)
17. State of Saxe-Altenburg (merged to create Thuringia)
18. State of Saxe-Gotha (merged to create Thuringia)
19. State of Saxe-Coburg (merged with Bavaria 1920)
20. State of Saxe-Meiningen (merged to create Thuringia)
21. State of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (merged to create Thuringia)
22. State of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (merged to create Thuringia)
23. State of Reuss (merged to create Thuringia)
24. Free City of Bremen
25. Free City of Hamburg
26. Free City of Lübeck

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_historic_states_of_Germany — Please support Wikipedia.
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