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World map by quartiles of Human Development Index in 2013.
  Very high
  Low
  High
  Data unavailable
  Medium
World map indicating the Human Development Index (based on 2012 data, published on 14 Mar 2013).[1]
  0.900 and over
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  0.349 and under
  Data unavailable

This is a list of all countries by Human Development Index as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report. The latest report was released on 14 March 2013 and compiled on the basis of estimates for 2012.[2]

In the 2010 Human Development Report a further Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI) was introduced. While the simple HDI remains useful, it stated that "the IHDI is the actual level of human development (accounting for inequality)" and "the HDI can be viewed as an index of “potential” human development (or the maximum IHDI that could be achieved if there were no inequality)".[3]

Methodology[edit]

The UN report covers 185 member states of the United Nations (out of 193), along with Hong Kong and the Palestinian territories; 8 UN member states are not included because of lack of data. The average HDI of regions of the World and groups of countries are also included for comparison.

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education, standards of living, and quality of life for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an underdeveloped country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq[4] and Indian economist Amartya Sen.[5]

Countries fall into four broad human development categories, each of which comprises 47 countries: Very High Human Development, High Human Development, Medium Human Development and Low Human Development (46 countries in this category).

Because of the new methodology adopted since the 2010 Human Development Report, the new reported HDI figures appear lower than the HDI figures in previous reports.

From 2007 to 2010, the first category was referred to as developed countries, and the last three are all grouped in developing countries. The original "high human development" category has been split into two as above in the report for 2007.

Some older groupings (high/medium/low income countries) have been removed that were based on the gross domestic product (GDP) in purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, and have been replaced by another index based on the gross national income (GNI) in purchasing power parity per capita.

The country with the largest decrease in HDI since 1998 is Zimbabwe, falling from 0.514 in 1998 by 0.140 to 0.374 in 2010. The country with the largest decrease since 2009 is Cape Verde, which decreased by 0.170.

Over half of the world's population live in countries with "medium human development" (51%), while less than a fifth (18%) populate countries falling in the "low human development" category. Countries with "high" to "very high" human development account for slightly less than a third of the world's total population (30%).

The only year without a Human Development Report since 1990 was 2012. The latest report was launched on 14 March 2013 in Mexico City.[2]

Complete list of countries[edit]

2012 Very High HDI nations, by population size
Europe
  
492.3
N. America
  
350.5
Asia
  
227.0
S. America
  
56.7
Oceania
  
27.4
Africa
  
0.1
  • Increase = increase.
  • Steady = steady.
  • Decrease = decrease.
  • The number in brackets represents the number of ranks the country has climbed (up or down) relative to the ranking in 2011 report.

Very high human development[edit]

High human development[edit]

Medium human development[edit]

Low human development[edit]

List of countries by continent[edit]

Africa[edit]

Americas[edit]

Asia and Oceania[edit]

Europe[edit]

List of countries by non-continental region[edit]

Arab League[edit]

Council of Europe[edit]

East Asia and the Pacific[edit]

European Union[edit]

Latin America[edit]

Middle East and North Africa[edit]

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development[edit]

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries[edit]

HDI by regions and groups[edit]

Countries missing from latest report[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The UN does not recognize the Republic of China (Taiwan) as a sovereign state. The HDI report does not include Taiwan as part of the People's Republic of China when calculating China's figures (see [9]). Taiwan's government calculated its HDI to be 0.882, based on 2010 new methodology of UNDP for calculating 2011 HDIs.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "The 2013 Human Development Report – "The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World"". HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. pp. 144–147. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "2013 Human Development Report". UNDP. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  3. ^ Human Development Report, The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development (2010) 87
  4. ^ "History of the Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 26 March 2009. 
  5. ^ "The Human Development concept". UNDP. 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "International Human Development Indicators". Human Development Report 2013, The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "2011 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. p. 151. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an Filling Gaps in the Human Development Index, United Nations ESCAP, February 2009
  9. ^ http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2010_EN_Readers_reprint.pdf
  10. ^ "2011中華民國人類發展指數 (HDI)" (PDF) (in Chinese). Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  11. ^ The UN does not calculate the HDI of Macau. The government of Macau calculates its own HDI.Macau in Figures, 2013
  12. ^ "Human Development Report - Kosovo 2012". UNDP. 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_Human_Development_Index — Please support Wikipedia.
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