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This is a list of sites where claims for the use of archaeoastronomy have been made, sorted by country.

Clive Ruggles and Michel Cotte recently edited a book on heritage sites of astronomy and archaeoastronomy that provides a list of the main archaeoastronomical sites around the world.[1]

Australia[edit]

  • Ngaut Ngaut oral tradition says these engravings represent lunar cycles.[2]
  • Wurdi Youang, a stone arrangement with possible solar alignments[3]

Bangladesh[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

Cambodia[edit]

  • Angkor Wat
  • Phnom Bakheng, According to Jean Filliozat of the École Française, the center tower represents the axis of the world and the 108 smaller ones represent the 4 lunar phases each with 27 days.[5]

Canada[edit]

Colombia[edit]

  • El Infiernito, (Spanish for "Little hell"), is a pre-Columbian Muisca site located at the outskirts of Villa de Leyva, Boyacá Department, Colombia. It is composed of several earthworks surrounding a setting of menhirs (upright standing stones); several burial mounds are also present. The site was a center of religious ceremonies and spiritual purification rites, and also served as a rudimentary astronomical observatory.

China[edit]

  • Puyang tomb, dated from 5000 BP, depicts a mosaic of constellations.[6]

Egypt[edit]

  • Abu Simbel, The axis of the temple was positioned by the ancient Egyptian architects in such a way that twice a year, on October 20 and February 20, the rays of the sun would penetrate the sanctuary and illuminate the sculpture on the back wall, except for the statue of Ptah, the god connected with the Underworld, who always remained in the dark.[7][8]
  • Great Pyramids of Egypt
  • Nabta Playa

Finland[edit]

  • Kastelli jätinkirkko (jätinkirkko means literally "giants' church" name given in folklore)

The biggest of several artefacts built around 3000-2000 BC which have connection to annual astronomical phenomena connected with the position of the Sun. Windows or gates have been set towards midsummer sunset, 1 May (Walpurgis, Beltaine),harvest equinox, winter solstice sunrise and winter solstice sunset.[9]

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

Golan Heights[edit]

Guatemala[edit]

Honduras[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

India[edit]

For a full list see the chapter on India in the ICOMOS book edited by Clive Ruggles and Michel Cotte.[10][11] These sites include:

J.M. Malville and Rana P.B. Singh have done much work on the archaeoastronomy of sacred sites in India.[12][13]

Iran[edit]

Ireland[edit]

  • Brú na Bóinne
  • Knowth
  • Dowth
  • Newgrange, once a year, at the winter solstice, the rising sun shines directly along the long passage into the chamber for about 17 minutes and illuminates the chamber floor.[14]
  • Loughcrew
  • Carrowkeel
  • Mound of the Hostages
  • Drombeg stone circle, at the winter solstice, the sun sets into a v formed by two distant overlapping hills and makes an alignment with the altar stone and the two main uprights. Due to the nature of the site and the western hills, local sunset is c. 15:50.

Israeli-occupied territories[edit]

See section "Golan Heights" above.

Italy[edit]

Kenya[edit]

Korea[edit]

Republic of Macedonia[edit]

  • Kokino Situated 1030 m above sea level on the Tatićev Kamen Summit near Kumanovo.

Malta[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Peru[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Romania[edit]

Russia[edit]

Syria[edit]

See section "Golan Heights" above.

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

Turkey[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

Other Lists[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clive Ruggles and Michel Cotte (ed.), Heritage Sites of Astronomy and Archaeoastronomy. ICOMOS and IAU, Paris, 2010.
  2. ^ Australian Aboriginal Astronomy at the CSIRO site. Accessed on 2009-08-02.
  3. ^ Norris, R.P.; Norris, P.M.; Hamacher, D.W.; Abrahams, R. (2013). "Wurdi Youang: an Australian Aboriginal stone arrangement with possible solar indications". Rock Art Research 30 (1): 55–65. 
  4. ^ The Magura Cave Prehistoric Paintings Dating Back to 10,000 BC
  5. ^ Time Life Lost Civilizations series: Southeast Asia: A Past Regained (1995) p.93-4
  6. ^ Zhentao Xu; David William Pankenier; Yaoting Jing (2000). East Asian Archaeoastronomy: Historical Records of Astronomical Observations of China, Japan and Korea. CRC Press. p. 2. ISBN 978-90-5699-302-3. 
  7. ^ Alberto Siliotti, Egypt: temples, people, gods,1994
  8. ^ Ania Skliar, Grosse kulturen der welt-Ägypten, 2005
  9. ^ Tähdet ja Avaruus, Ursa astronomical assosiacion's magazine 4 / 2009 p.15
  10. ^ Clive Ruggles and Michel Cotte (ed.), Heritage Sites of Astronomy and Archaeoastronomy. ICOMOS and IAU, Paris, 2010.
  11. ^ Subhash Kak, Archaeoastronomy in India. arXiv:1002.4513v2
  12. ^ J.M. Malville and L.M. Gujral, Ancient Cities, Sacred Skies. New Delhi, 2000.
  13. ^ Rana P.B. Singh, Cosmic Order and Cultural Astronomy. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009.
  14. ^ http://www.mythicalireland.com/ancientsites/newgrange/illumination.html
  15. ^ Anthony Aveni, Stairway to the Stars: Skywatching in Three Great Ancient Cultures (New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1997) 135-138 ISBN 0-471-15942-5
  16. ^ http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/news/latest-news/maya-zenith-passage-vin/
  17. ^ Langbroek M., Huilen naar de maan. Een verkennend onderzoek naar de orientaties van Nederlandse hunebedden. P.I.T. 1:2 (1999), 8-13
  18. ^ A History of Britain, Richard Dargie (2007), p. 12.
  19. ^ http://www.hao.ucar.edu/education/archeoslides/slide_14.php
  20. ^ http://www.hao.ucar.edu/education/archeoslides/slide_5.php
  21. ^ http://www.hao.ucar.edu/education/archeoslides/slide_18.php
  22. ^ Newark Earthworks
  23. ^ http://nmspacetrail.com/sites/02wallys/index.html

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_archaeoastronomical_sites_by_country — Please support Wikipedia.
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