digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Escudo de España (mazonado).svg
Lists of monarchs of medieval Spain:
List of Aragonese monarchs
List of Asturian monarchs
List of Castilian monarchs
List of monarchs of al-Andalus
List of Galician monarchs
List of monarchs of Granada
List of Leonese monarchs
List of monarchs of Majorca
List of Navarrese monarchs
List of Valencian monarchs
List of Visigothic monarchs
List of Galician Suebic monarchs
Coat of Arms of Castile with the Royal Crest.svg
Arms of the Crown Castile with the Royal Crest.svg
Arms of the Crown Castile with the Royal Crest.svg
See also List of Castilian consorts

This is a list of kings and queens of the Kingdom and Crown of Castile. For their predecessors, see List of Castilian counts.

Kings of Castile[edit]

Jiménez Dynasty[edit]

Monarch Image Nickname Began Ended Notes
Ferdinand I TumboA ferdinand1.jpg The Great 1037 27 December 1065 also King of León
Sancho II Sancho II de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg The strong 27 December 1065 6 October 1072  
Alfonso VI AlfonsoVI of Castile.jpg The Brave 6 October 1072 30 June 1109 also King of León
Urraca UrracaRegina TumboA.jpg   30 June 1109 8 March 1126 also Queen of León

House of Burgundy[edit]

The follow dynasts are descendants, in the male line, of Urraca's first husband, Raymond of Burgundy.

Monarch Image Nickname Began Ended Notes
Alfonso VII Alfonso VII.jpg The Emperor 10 March 1126 21 August 1157 also King of León
Sancho III Sancho III el Deseado (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg The Desired 21 August 1157 31 August 1158  
Alfonso VIII Alfons8Kastilie.jpg The Noble 31 August 1158 6 October 1214 May 1085 defeated the taifas of Seville, Badajoz and Zaragoza, took city of Toledo, which became the capital of León and Castile

16 July 1212 won a decisive victory for the Reconquista at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa

Henry I Enrique I de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg   6 October 1214 6 June 1217  
Berengaria Berenguela I de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg The Great 6 June 1217 30 August 1217 abdicated in favor of her son, Ferdinand III; died 1246
Ferdinand III Fernando III de Castilla.png The Saint 30 August 1217 30 May 1252 also King of León from 1230; all later kings were King of León as well
Alfonso X The Learned The Wise 30 May 1252 4 April 1284 elected King of the Romans in 1257, a title which he claimed until he renounced it in 1275
Sancho IV Sancho IV de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg The Brave 4 April 1284 25 April 1295  
Ferdinand IV Fernando IV de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg The Summoned 25 April 1295 7 September 1312  
Alfonso XI Alfonso XI de Castilla y León.jpg The Just 7 September 1312 26 March 1350  
Peter Pedro I de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg The Cruel 26 March 1350 23 March 1369 Killed by Henry II of Castile

Claimants as King of Castile and Léon[edit]

Coat of arms of the Crown of Castile
(Castile and León)

John of Gaunt claimed the title of King of Castile and Léon by virtue of his marriage to Constance, daughter of Peter of Castile. He conducted several military actions, borrowing heavily from London merchants, to solidify his title, without success.

House of Trastámara[edit]

Henry II was the illegitimate son of Alfonso XI. He was made duke of Trastámara.

Monarch Image Nickname Began Ended Notes
Henry II Enrique II de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg The Bastard 23 March 1369 29 May 1379 also claimed the throne from 1366
John I Juan I de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg   29 May 1379 9 October 1390  
Henry III Enrique III de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg The Infirm 9 October 1390 25 December 1406  
John II Juan II de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg   25 December 1406 21 July 1454  
Henry IV Enrique IV de Castilla (Ayuntamiento de León).jpg The Impotent 21 July 1454 11 December 1474  
Isabella I Isabel la Católica-2.jpg The Catholic 11 December 1474 26 November 1504 After ruling for a month on her own, Isabella was then joined by her husband, Ferdinand, who ruled Castile jure uxoris as Ferdinand V.
Ferdinand V Michel Sittow 004.jpg The Catholic 15 January 1475 26 November 1504 Ferdinand was in Aragon when Isabella succeeded to the throne on 11 December 1474. He arrived at Segovia on 2 January 1475 and a negotiation ensued that was arbitrated by Archbishop Carrillo and Cardinal Mendoza. One of the points determined was whether Ferdinand was to be consort or jure uxoris king. In Concordia de Segovia, Carrillo and Mendoza wrote the opinion in 15 January 1475 that Ferdinand was jure uxoris King of Castile.

Succeeding to the throne of Aragon as Ferdinand II on 19 January 1479, Ferdinand then ruled all of non-Portuguese Iberia except Granada (added in 1492) and Navarre (added in 1515) effectively creating a de facto united realm of España.

In 1478 established the Spanish Inquisition to displace the Papal Inquisition

Joanna Meister der Magdalenenlegende 002.jpg The mad 26 November 1504 12 April 1555 in name, with her husband Philip I (1504–1506).
in confinement, with regent Archbishop Cisneros (1506-1508).
in confinement, with her father Ferdinand V (1508-1516).
in confinement, with her son Charles I (1516–1555)

House of Habsburg[edit]

Monarch Image Nickname Began Ended Notes
Philip I Juan de Flandes 004.jpg The Handsome 26 November 1504 25 September 1506 jure uxoris king ruling on behalf of his wife, Joanna I
Charles I Carlos V rostro.JPG The Emperor 13 March 1516 16 January 1556 jointly with his mother Joanna I in confinement to 1555,
abdicated in favor of his son 1556, died 21 September 1558.
Philip II Philip II of Spain by Antonio Moro.jpg The Prudent 16 January 1556 13 September 1598 son of Charles I and Isabella of Portugal
Philip III Rey Felipe III.jpg The Pious 13 September 1598 31 March 1621 son of Philip II and Anna of Austria
Philip IV 'Portrait of King Philip IV of Spain' by Diego Velázquez and studio, Cincinnati.jpg The Great 31 March 1621 17 September 1665 son of Philip III and Margaret of Austria
Charles II Rey Carlos II.jpg The Bewitched 17 September 1665 1 November 1700 son of Philip IV and Mariana of Austria

The Crown of Castile existed on its own right within the Spanish crown and with its own law until the arrival of the Bourbon dynasty after the War of Spanish Succession.

Suggested Reading[edit]

  • Barton, Simon. The Aristocracy in Twelfth-Century León and Castile. Cambridge University Press, 1997. Appendix I: "The Counts of Twelfth Century León and Castile and Aragon, pp. 235–302.

See also[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Castilian_monarchs — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
29 videos foundNext > 

Europa Universalis IV World Conquest Castile Ep32

The goal of this series is to conquer the world ASAP; with a bit of luck we will complete it in record time; this can also fail miserably because this is my ...

King William I "The Conqueror" (1028-1087) - Pt 1/3

Episode 1 of the Channel Five series Kings & Queens, which looks at the life and reign of William I of England also known as "The Conqueror". The series look...

Provincial ownerships, Carew castle & a quick Vaux Castle list

Detailing peerage ownerships, of castles such as de Carew. (the de carew's are not with the king edward III line. though they are of castle surname importanc...

How to Pronounce Ferdinand

Learn how to say Ferdinand correctly with EmmaSaying's "how do you pronounce" free tutorials. Definition of Ferdinand (oxford dictionary): of Aragon (1452--1...

Monastery of Batalha (UNESCO/NHK)

The Monastery of the Dominicans of Batalha was built to commemorate the victory of the Portuguese over the Castilians at the battle of Aljubarrota in 1385. I...

The Bloodlines of The Illuminati 1/10

Did you know all 43 U.S. presidents have carried European royal bloodlines into office? 34 have been genetic descendants from just one person, Charlemagne, t...

How to Pronounce Spain

Learn how to say Spain correctly with EmmaSaying's "how do you pronounce" free tutorials. Definition of Spain (oxford dictionary): a country in SW Europe, oc...

Fotografía time-lapse que te dejará sin respiración

Colin Legg es uno de los más reputados fotógrafos de time-lapse del mundo. Hemos hablado con él, y nos ha cedido sus videos, para aprender trucos sobre cómo ...

Al-Andalus : The Mezquita (Cordoba Mosque) مسجد قرطبة

Al-Andalus (Arabic: الأندلس) was the Arabic name given to those parts of the Iberian Peninsula governed by Muslims, at various times in the period between 71...

2013 Beauty Favorites

Thanks to Sara for asking for more beauty videos. I recorded this on 1.1.14 and never edited it. This is for you, girl. And hopefully I will be more active o...

29 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "List of Castilian monarchs" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About List of Castilian monarchs

You can talk about List of Castilian monarchs with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!