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A language map, different colours represent different language families:

This is a list of Australian Aboriginal languages and dialects. Many, but not all, of these languages are endangered. An endangered language is a language that it is at risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers. If it loses all of its native speakers, it becomes an extinct language. UNESCO distinguishes four levels of endangerment in languages, based on intergenerational transfer:[1]

Vulnerable 
Most children speak the language, but it may be restricted to certain domains (e.g., home)
Definitely endangered 
Children no longer learn the language as mother tongue in the home
Severely endangered 
Language is spoken by grandparents and older generations; while the parent generation may understand it, they do not speak it to children or among themselves
Critically endangered 
The youngest speakers are grandparents and older, and they speak the language partially and infrequently

A-F[edit]

Language Alt. names Speakers Status Notes
Adithinngithigh language Adetingiti extinct extinct extinct. Unwritten language.
Adnyamathanha language, Adynyamathanha language[1] Ad'n'amadana, Anjimatana, Anjiwatana, Atnyamathanha 20 (1990 Schmidt) Definitely endangered SA R. M. W. Dixon classifies Adnyamathanha and Guyani as a single language. Ethnologue treats them as separate, and so they each have their own ISO 639-3 codes
Aghu Tharrnggala language Aghu Tharnggalu Qld
Alawa language[1] 17 to 20 (1991 M Sharpe)There are 4 partial first-language speakers Critically endangered
Alngith dialect 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) extinct.[2]
Alyawarre language Alyawarr NT
Amarag language, Amurdag language 5 NT
Ami language 30 to 35 (1983 Black)
Andajin language WA
Andegerebinha language Andigibinha, Antekerrepinhe 10 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) NT, Hay River, Pituri Creek area, east of Alyawarra
Anguthimri language Awngthim Paman languages. Qld extinct
Anindilyakwa language[1] Enindhilyagwa Vulnerable
Anmatyerre language NT
Antakirinya language, Antakarinya language[1] 50 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Definitely endangered
Arabana language[1] 8 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Critically endangered
Areba language 2 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Aritinngithigh language Qld
Arrernte language[1] Aranda Vulnerable Alice Springs region NT Eastern, Western and Southern
Atampaya language 4 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Australian Aboriginal English language Developed post-contact
Australian Aboriginal Pidgin English language Pidgin. Developed post-contact
Australian Kriol language Creole, Pidgin English, Roper-Bamyili Creole WA, NT & Qld developed post-contact
Awabakal language Awabakal NSW extinct. Being revived
Ayabadhu language 6 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Ayapathu language
Badimaya language Widimaya, Parti-Maya 20 (1966 Voegelin and Voegelin) WA
Bandjigali language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Banjima language, Panytyima language[1] 50 (1972 B Geytenbeek) Severely endangered
Bardi language[1] Baadi, Badi, Ba:di, Baardi, Bard 20 (1999 Claire Bowern)Population includes 16 Bardi, 3 Jawi Severely endangered WA
Barngarla language Bangala, Banggala, Banggarla, Bungeha, Bungela, Pakarla, Pangkala, Pankalla, Parnkala, Parnkalla, Punkalla SA
Barrow Point language extinct[3]
Bayungu language 6 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Bidyara language, Bidjara language Bithara, Bitjara 20 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Qld
Broome Pearling Lugger Pidgin Broom Creole, Japanese Pidgin English, Koepang Talk, Malay Talk WA Developed post-contact
Bundjalung language, Bandjalang language[1] 10 (1983 R M W Dixon) Severely endangered NSW
Bunuba language[1] Bunaba, Bunapa, Punapa Severely endangered WA
Bunurong language Vic extinct
Burduna language Boordoona, Bootena, Boruna, Budina, Budoona, Buduna, Bu-tena, Poodena, Poordoona, Purduma, Purduna 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) WA
Damin language Demiin Constructed language. Qld extinct
Darkinjung language Darginjang, Darginyung, Darkinjang, Darkinoong, Darkinung, Darkinyun, Darkinyung, Darknung NSW extinct
Dharawal language[1] Dharawaal, Thurrawal, Thurawal, Turrubul Critically endangered NSW perhaps extinct
Dhargari language 6 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Dharug language[1] Daruk, Dharruk, Dharuk, Dharug, Darug Critically endangered NSW perhaps extinct
Dhauwurdwurung language Gunditjmara Vic extinct
Dhurga language[1] Critically endangered
Dirari language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Diyari language Dieri Pama–Nyungan languages, Karnic, Karna. SA extinct
Djabwurung language Tjap-wurrung Vic
Djangun language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Djawi language, Jawi language Chowie, Djau, Dyawi 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) WA
Djinang language[1] Definitely endangered Yolŋu languages
Djiringanj language SE NSW
Djiwarli language, Jiwarli language Djiwali, Djwarli, Guwari, Jiwali, Kuwari, Tci-warli, Tjiwarli 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) WA
Doolboong language Duulngari, Tulpung WA extinct
Dungidjau language[1] extinct
Dyaabugay language, Djabugay language Djabugai, Dyabugay, Tjapukai 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Qld
Dyaberdyaber language, Djabirr-Djabirr language Djaberdjaber, Djaber-Djaber, Jabirr-Jabirr, Jabirrjabirr 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) WA
Dyangadi language 5 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Dyirbal language[1] 40 to 50 (1983 R M W Dixon) Critically endangered Qld
Dyugun language, Djugun language Djugan, Djukan, Jookoon 2 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) WA
Eora language Iora NSW extinct
Erre language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Flinders Island language 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Yalgawarra language

G-K[edit]

Language Alt. names Speakers Status Notes
Gaagudju language, Gagadu language[1] 6 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) extinct
Gajerrong language, Gadjerawang language, Gajirrabeng language[1] Gadjerong, Gadyerong, Gajirrawoong, Kajirrawung 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Critically endangered WA & NT
Gambera language Gambere, Gamberre, Gambre, Gamgre, Guwan, Kambera 6 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) WA
Gamilaraay language[1] Camileroi, Gamilaroi, Kamilaroi, Yuwaalaraay, Wallarai 3 (1997 Coonabarabran Public School) Critically endangered NSW
Ganggalidda language, Ganggalida language[1] 5 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Critically endangered
Garawa language NT
Garig-Ilgar language 4 (2003 N Evans)Population includes 3 Ilgar, 1 Garig
Garrwa language[1] Severely endangered
Giyug language 2 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Gooniyandi language[1] Gunian, Guniandi, Guniyan, Guniyandi, Guniyn, Konejandi, Koneyandi, Kunan, Kunian, Kuniyan 100 (1990 Schmidt) Severely endangered WA
Gudanji language 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Gugadj language Kukatj 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Qld
Gugu Badhun language 2 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Gugubera language, Koko-Bera language, Koko Bera language[1] Kok Kaber, Kok-Kaper, Kukubera 15 (1991 SIL) 50 (1990 Schmidt) Severely endangered Qld
Guguyimidjir language, Guugu Yimithirr language, Guugu Yimidhirr language[1] Gogo-Yimidjir, Gugu-Gugu Yimijir, Gugu Yimithirr, Koko Imudji, Koko Yimidir, Kuku Jimidir, Kuku Kuku Yimithirr, Kukuyimidir 20 to 30 (1991 Wayne Rosendale)200 to 300 know and understand the language but prefer English 400 (1990 Schmidt) Vulnerable Qld
Gumbaynggirr language, Kumbainggar language[1] 10 (2000) Critically endangered
Gundungurra language Gandangara NSW
Gungabula language 2 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Gunin language Cuini, Kunan, Goonan, Gunan, Gwini, Gwiini WA
Gunya language 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Gupapuyngu language[1] Gobabingo, Gubabwingu Vulnerable NT
Gurindji Kriol language Gurindji children's language, Gurinji children's language NT. Developed post-contact
Gurrgoni language, Guragone language[1] 20 (1990 Schmidt) Vulnerable
Guwamu language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Guwij language Guidj, Guwidj WA
Iwaidja language[1] Vulnerable
Jaminjung language Djamindjung language[1] Djamindjung Severely endangered
Jardwadjali language Vic
Jaru language Djaru, Jaroo, Tjaru WA
Jawoyn language[1] Severely endangered
Jingulu language, Djingili language[1] 10 (1997) Severely endangered Pama–Nyungan languages, Barkly. NT
Jurruru language Chooraroo, Churoro, Djuroro, Jururu, Thuraru, Tjuroro, Tjurruru, Tjururu WA
Kabi Kabi language Gabi Gabi, Kabi Kabi, Dippil Qld
Kala Lagaw Ya language Qld
Kalaamaya language Galamai, Galamaya, Jaburu, Kaburn, Kalamaia, Kelamai, Natingero, Njindango, Takalako WA
Kalaku language Gala:gu, Galaagu, Kaburn, Kalaaku, Kalako, l, Kalarko, Kallaar, Kallaargu, Karlaku, Malba, Malpa, Marlba WA
Kalaw Kawaw Ya language Qld
Kalaw Lagaw Ya language[1] Definitely endangered
Kamu language 2 (1967)
Kaniyang language Ganajang, Kaneang, Kaniyan, Kunyung WA
Kanju language, Kaantju language Gandanju, Gandju, Kaantyu, Kamdhue, Kandju, Kandyu, Kanyu, Karnu 50 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Qld
Karajarri language, Karadjeri language[1] Garadjari, Garadjeri, Garadjiri, Garadyari, Gard'are, Guradjara, Karrajarri 12 (1991 SIL) Critically endangered WA
Kariyarra language Gariera, Kaierra, Kariara, Kariera, Karriara, Karriarra, Kariyara, Kyeara WA
Kaurna language SA
Kaurna language[1] Critically endangered
Kawarrangg language Qld
Kayardild language[1] Gajadilt, Gajardild, Gayadilt, Gayardild, Gayardilt, Kaiadilt, Malununda 6 (2000 Evans) 150 Critically endangered Pama–Nyungan languages, Tangic. Qld, Bentinck Island
Kija language[1] Gidja, Kidja, Kitja, Lunga, Lungga Severely endangered WA
Kokata language 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Western Desert Language
Kok-Nar language Kok Narr Qld
Kukatja language[1] Gogodja, Gugadja, Gugudja, Kukaja Vulnerable WA
Kuku Thaypan language 2 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Qld
Kuku Yalanji language[1] Gugu Guguyalanji, Koko-Yalangi Severely endangered Qld
Kuku-Mangk language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Kuku-Mu'inh language 7 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Kuku-Muminh language 31 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Kuku-Ugbanh language 6 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Kuku-Uwanh language 40 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Kullili language Kullila, Galili Qld
Kuluwarrang language Guluwarin, Kuluwarin WA
Kunbarlang language[1] 50 to 100 (1983 Black) Severely endangered
Kunggara language 10 (1971 SIL)
Kunggari language 10
Kunja language Qld
Kunjen language[1] 20 to 25 (1991 Bruce Sommer)40 with some knowledge 300 (1991 Bruce Sommer) Critically endangered
Kunwinjku language[1] Vulnerable
Kurrama language[1] Gurama, Karama, Karima, Kerama, Korama, Korima, Kurama 50 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Critically endangered WA
Kurtjar language, Gurdjar language[1] Kurtjjar, Kurrtjar 30 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) extinct Qld
Kuthant language 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Qld
Kuuk Thaayorre language[1] Gugudayor, Kuktayor, Kukudayore, Kuuk Thaayoore, Kuuk Taior, Thaayore, Thayore, Thayorre Definitely endangered Qld
Kuuku Ya'u language[1] Critically endangered
Kuuku Ya'u language Koko-Ja'o, Kokoyao, Kuuku-Ya'u, Ya'o Qld
Kuurinji language, Gurindji language[1] Gurinji, Kuurrinyji Definitely endangered NT
Kuyani language Guyani, Kijani, Kwiani SA extinct. R. M. W. Dixon classifies Adnyamathanha and Guyani as a single language. Ethnologue treats them as separate, and so they each have their own ISO 639-3 codes

L-M[edit]

Language Alt. names Speakers Status Notes
Lairmairrener language Central Tas
Lamu-Lamu language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Laragia language 6 (1983 Black)
Lardil language[1] Leerdil 2 (2000 Evans) Critically endangered Qld moribund
Larrakia language NT
Limilngan language 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Linngithigh language Leningitij, Linngithig Qld
Lower Burdekin languages
Luthigh language Qld
Matngele language, Madngele language[1] 15 to 20 (1983 Black), 10 (estimate fieldwork 2013) Critically endangered NT
Malgana language Malngin, Maljanna, Maldjana, Malkana WA
Malyangaba language Maljangapa, Maljangpa, Maljangaba, Malya-napa, Mullia-arpa, Mulya-napa, Mulya-nappa, Malynapa, Maljapa, Malyapa, Karikari, Bulali SA
Manda language 25 (1983 Black)
Mandandanyi language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Mangarla language, Mangala language[1] Manala, Mangalaa, Maŋala, Minala Critically endangered WA
Mangarrayi language, Mangarayi language[1] 50 (1983 Black) Critically endangered
Mangerr language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Mara language, Marra language 15 (1991 M Sharpe) NT
Maranunggu language 15 to 20 (1983 Black)
Margany language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Maridan language 20 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Marimanindji language 15 (1983 Black)
Maringarr language[1] 30 to 40 (1983 Black) Critically endangered
Mariyedi language 20 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Marrgu language, Margu language[1] 1 (2000 Evans) extinct
Marrisyefin language, Maridjabin language[1] 20 (1970 Oates) Critically endangered
Marrithiyel language, Marithiel language[1] 25 (1983 Black) Critically endangered
Marti Ke language 10 (2001 Alexander) 100
Martuwangka language[1] Vulnerable
Martuyhunira language, Martuthunira language Maratunia, Mardadhunira, Mardathon, Mardathoni, Mardathoonera, Mardatuna, Mardatunera, Mardudhoonera, Mardudhunera, Mardudhunira, Mardudjungara, Marduduna, Mardudunera, Marduthunira, Mardutunera, Mardutunira, Marduyunira, Martuthinya, and 5 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) WA extinct
Maung language[1] Vulnerable
Maya language (Australia) Maia, Maja WA
Mayaguduna language 2
Mbabaram language Barbaram 2 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Qld
Mbara language (Australia)
Mbariman-Gudhinma language 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Mbiywom language Qld
Meriam Mir language[1] Definitely endangered
Miriwoong language, Miriwung language[1] 10 to 20 (1990 Schmidt) Critically endangered
Miwa language Bagu, Miwi, Pela 4 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) WA
Mpakwithi dialect Qld
Mpalityanh language Qld
Mudburra language, Mudbura language[1] 50 (1983 Black) Severely endangered
MalakMalak, MullukMulluk[1] 9 to 11 (1988 SIL), 11 (estimate fieldwork 2013) Severely endangered
Muluridyi language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Munumburru language Munumburu WA
Muruwari language Muruwarri, Murawari, Murawarri 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Qld

N-U[edit]

Language Alt. names Speakers Status Notes
Nakkara language[1] Severely endangered
Nauo language Nawu SA extinct
Ndjébbana language Liverpool River in Arnhem Land, NT
Ngaanyatjarra language[1] Vulnerable
Ngaatjatjara language[1] Ngaatjatjara, Ngaadadjarra Severely endangered W.A
Ngadjunmaya language 10 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Ngadjuri language SA
Ngalakan language[1] 10 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Critically endangered NT
Ngaliwuru language[1] Critically endangered
Ngalkbun language, Dalabon language[1] Buin, Boun, Buan, Bouin, Buwan, Dangbon, Gundangbon, Ngalabon, Ngalkbon, Nalabon 20 (2000 N Evans) Severely endangered Gunwinyguan. NT
Ngamini language 2 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Ngandi language[1] Critically endangered
Ngangikurunggurr language[1] Severely endangered NT
Ngan'gityemerri language Ngan.gi-tjemerri, Nangikurrunggurr 150-200 NT
Ngardi language[1] Ngadi, Narti, Ngati Critically endangered WA
Ngarinman language[1] Severely endangered
Ngarinyin language[1] Definitely endangered
Ngarla language[1] 8 (1991 SIL)10 partial speakers extinct WA
Ngarluma language[1] Gnalluma, Gnalooma, Gnalouma, Ngallooma, Ngalluma, Ngalooma, Ngaluma 70 (1970 C.G von Brandenstein) Critically endangered WA
Ngarnawu language Ngarnaw WA
Ngarnka language Pama–Nyungan languages, Barkly. NT
Ngawun language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Ngkoth language Qld
Ngumbarl language Ngoombarl, Ngormbal, Ngumbal WA
Ngunawal language Ngunnawal NSW
Ngurmbur language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Nhanta language Nhanda WA
Nhuwala language Ngoala, Noala, Noalla, Nooela, Nuela 10 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) WA
Nijadali language 6 (1990 SIL)
Nimanbur language 2 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Ntra'ngith language Qld
Nuenonne language SE Tas extinct
Nungali language 2 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Nunggubuyu language[1] Severely endangered
Nyamal language[1] Gnamo, Namel, Njamal, Njamarl, Nyamel 20 to 30 (1991 SIL) Severely endangered WA
Nyangga language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Nyangumarta language[1] Vulnerable
Nyawaygi language 3 (1981)
Nyikina language, Nyigina language[1] 50 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Severely endangered
Nyininy language Njining, Njininj, Nyinin WA
Nyulnyul language Njul-Njul, Nyol-Nyol, Nyoolnyool, Nyul Nyul 1 (2001 McGregor) WA
Okunjan language Ogh-Undjan, Ogondyan Qld
Paakantyi language, Darling language[1] Baagandji, Kula, Southern Baagandji 5 Critically endangered Pama–Nyungan, Baagandji. NSW. Nearly extinct
Pakanha language 10 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Paredarerme language Tas
Peerapper language Pee Rapper Tas
Peramangk language SA Descendants List, R & D Hunter, L.E. Teakle
Pini language 10
Pinigura language 5 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Pintupi language[1] Vulnerable
Pitjantjatjara language[1] Vulnerable
Pitta Pitta language 2 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Plangermaireener language Tas
Popham Bay language (extinct)
Pyemmairre language Tas
Rembarrnga language[1] Critically endangered
Ritharrngu language[1] Definitely endangered
Tharkarri language
Dhalandji language[1] 20 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Critically endangered
Thaua language Thoorga, Durga, Dhurga South Coast of NSW
Thiin language WA extinct
Tiwi language[1] Vulnerable
Tommeginne language NNW Tas
Toogee language SW Tas
Tyaraity language 10 (1983 Black)
Tyerremotepanner language NNE Tas
Umbindhamu language 6 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Umbugarla language 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Umbuygamu language 7 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Umiida language Umida, Umi:da WA
Umpila language[1] Severely endangered
Unggarangu language Unggarangi WA
Unggumi language Ungkami, Wunggumi WA
Uradhi language 2 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Qld
Urningangg language 10 (1983 Black)
Uw Olkola language Olkola, Olgolo Qld
Uw Oykangand language Oykangand Qld

W-Z[edit]

Language Alt. names Speakers Status Notes
Waanyi language[1] Critically endangered Garawa. Qld
Wadjiginy language 12 (1988 SIL)
Wadjigu language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Wagaya language 10 (1983 Black)
Wagiman language, Wageman language[1] 10 (2000) Severely endangered
Wajarri language[1] Watjari, Watjarri, Wadjari, Wadjeri 50 (1981 W Douglas) 200 or fewer (1981 W Douglas) Severely endangered WA
Wakawaka language 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Walangama language Qld
Walbanga language Pama–Nyungan languages, Yuin–Kuric languages, Yuin. South Coast of New South wales
Walmajarri language Tjiwaling, Tjiwarlin WA
Walmajarri language[1] Definitely endangered
Wambaya language[1] 12 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Critically endangered Pama–Nyungan languages, Barkly. NT
Wamin language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Wandandian language Pama–Nyungan languages, Yuin-Kuric, Yuin. South Coast of New South wales
Wangaaybuwan language, Wangaaybuwan-Ngiyambaa language[1] 12 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Critically endangered
Wangai language Wongai or Wankai Goldfields of Western Australia
Wanggamala language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Wangganguru language 8 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Wangkajunga language Wangkatjungka, Wonggadjunggu WA
Wangkumara language, Ngura language[1] Wanggumara 6 (1981 Wurm and Hattori). Population includes 1 Punthamara, 4 Wongkumara, 2 Badjiri, and 1 Kalali Critically endangered Qld
Wanyjirra language Wandjira, Wandjirra, Wanjira NT
Waray language 4 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Wardaman language[1] 50 (1983 Black) Severely endangered WA
Warlmanpa language 50 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Warlpiri language[1] Vulnerable
Warluwara language 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Warnman language, Wanman language[1] 20 (1973 SIL) Severely endangered
Warrgamay language 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Warrungu language Warrangu, Warrango Qld
Warrwa language Warwa, Warwar 2 (2001 McGregor) WA
Warumungu language[1] Severely endangered
Warungu language 2 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Western Desert language See article for the various dialects WA, NT & SA
Wik Me'nh language Qld
Wik Mungkan language[1] Vulnerable
Wik Ngathan language[1] Definitely endangered
Wik-Epa language 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Wik-Iiyanh language 40 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Wik-Keyangan language 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Wik-Me'anha language 12 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Wik-Ngatharr language Wik-Ngathara, Wik-Ngatharr, Wik-Ngatharra, Wik-Ngathrr, Wikngatara Qld
Wikngenchera language, Wik Ngencherr language[1] 50 (1970 Oates) Severely endangered
Wilawila language Wila-Wila 2 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) WA
Winyjarrumi language Windjarumi WA
Wiradjuri language, Wiradhuri language[1] 3 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Critically endangered
Wirangu language Warrangoo, Wirongu, Wironguwongga, Wirrung, Wirrunga 2 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) SA
Woiwurrung language Woiwurrong, Woiworung Pama–Nyungan languages, Kulin. Vic extinct
Wolyamidi language Woldjamidi, Wol'jamidi, Wolyamidi WA
Worimi language NSW extinct
Worrorra language, Worora language[1] 20 (1990 Schmidt) Critically endangered
Wulna language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Wunambal language[1] Unambal, Wunambul 20 (1990 A Schmidt) Critically endangered WA
Wurla language Ola, Worla, Wula WA
Yandruwandha language Yandrruwantha 2 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) SA & Qld
Yankunytjatjara language[1] Definitely endangered
Yan-nhangu language, Jarnango language[1] 40 (1983 Black) Definitely endangered
Yanyuwa language[1] Severely endangered
Yawarawarga language Yawarrawarrka 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) SA & Qld
Yawijibaya language Jawdjibara, Yaudjibara, Yawjibarra WA
Yawuru language Jauor, Yaoro, Yawooroo 30 (2001 K Hosokawa) WA
Yidiny language Idin, Idindji, Idinji, Jidindji, Yetinji, Yiddinji, Yidin, Yidindji, Yidini, Yitintyi 12 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) Qld
Yiiji language[1] Jeidji, Yeidji 20 (1990 A Schmidt) Critically endangered WA
Yindjilandji language 1 (1981 Wurm and Hattori)
Yinggarda language Inggarda, Ingara, Ingarda, Ingarra, Ingarrah, Inparra, Jinggarda, Yingkarta, Kakarakala 5 (1981 Wurm and Hattori) WA
Yinhawangka language Inawonga, Innawonga, Inyawonga WA
Yinwum language Qld
Yir Yoront language[1] 15 (1991 Bruce Sommer) extinct
Yir-Thangedl language Qld
Yorta Yorta language Vic
Yukulta language Jokula Qld, Doomagee region
Yulparija language Julbaridja, Julbre, Yulbaridya, Yurlparija WA
Yuwaaliyaay language Euahlayi, Yuwaalayaay NSW

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd Moseley, Christopher (ed.). 2010. Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger, 3rd edn. Paris, UNESCO Publishing. Online version: http://www.unesco.org/culture/en/endangeredlanguages/atlas
  2. ^ Lewis, M. Paul (ed.), 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/.
  3. ^ [1] Lewis, M. Paul (ed.), 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version: [2]

These sources conflict to some degree with one another


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