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The Atlanta Braves are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Atlanta, Georgia. They play in the National League East division. Also known in their early years as the "Boston Red Caps" (1876–82), "Boston Beaneaters" (1883–1906), "Boston Doves" (1907–10), "Boston Rustlers" (1911), "Boston Bees" (1936–40), "Boston Braves" (1912–35, 41–52), and "Milwaukee Braves" (1953–65),[1] pitchers for the Braves have thrown 14 no-hitters in franchise history.[2]

A no-hitter is officially recognized by Major League Baseball only "when a pitcher (or pitchers) retires each batter on the opposing team during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings".[3] No-hitters of less than nine complete innings were previously recognized by the league as official; however, several rule alterations in 1991 changed the rule to its current form.[4]

A perfect game, a special subcategory of no-hitter, has yet to be thrown in Braves history.[5] As defined by Major League Baseball, "in a perfect game, no batter reaches any base during the course of the game."[3]

History[edit]

Jack Stivetts threw the first no-hitter in Braves history on August 6, 1892; the most recent no-hitter was thrown by Kent Mercker on April 8, 1994.[5] Two left-handed pitchers have thrown no-hitters in franchise history while eleven were by right-handers. Twelve no-hitters were thrown at home and only two on the road. They threw three in April, one in May, two in June, five in August, and three in September. The longest interval between no-hitters was between the games pitched by Tom Hughes and Jim Tobin, encompassing 27 years, 10 months, and 20 days from June 16, 1916 till April 27, 1944. Conversely, the shortest interval between no-hitters was between the games pitched by Lew Burdette and Warren Spahn, encompassing merely 29 days from August 18, 1960 till September 16, 1960.[5]

They no-hit the Philadelphia Phillies the most, which occurred four times, which were no-hit by George Davis in 1914, Jim Wilson in 1954, Burdette in 1960, and Spahn in 1960. There is one no-hitter which the team allowed at least a run, thrown by Vic Willis in 1899. The most baserunners allowed in a no-hitter was by Hughes (in 1916), who allowed seven. Of the 14 no-hitters, three have been won by a score of 1–0, 2–0, and 7–0, more common than any other results. The largest margin of victory in a no-hitter was an 11–0 win by Stivetts in 1892. The smallest margin of victory in a no-hitter was a 1–0 wins by Burdette in 1960, Spahn in 1961, and a combined no-hitter by Kent Mercker, Mark Wohlers, and Alejandro Peña in 1991.

The Braves are the only team to claim three straight no-hitters with no other teams throwing one between: the Burdette and Spahn no-hitters in 1960, followed by Spahn's second no-hitter in 1961.

Umpire[edit]

The umpire is part of any no-hitter. The task of the umpire in a baseball game is to make any decision "which involves judgment, such as, but not limited to, whether a batted ball is fair or foul, whether a pitch is a strike or a ball, or whether a runner is safe or out… [the umpire's judgment on such matters] is final."[6] Part of the duties of the umpire making calls at home plate includes defining the strike zone, which "is defined as that area over homeplate (sic) the upper limit of which is a horizontal line at the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants, and the lower level is a line at the hollow beneath the kneecap."[6] These calls define every baseball game and are therefore integral to the completion of any no-hitter.[7] 12 different umpires presided over each of the franchise's 14 no-hitters.

Manager[edit]

The manager is another integral part of any no-hitter. The tasks of the manager include determining the starting rotation as well as batting order and defensive lineup every game. Managers choosing the right pitcher and right defensive lineup at a right game at a right place at a right time would contribute to a no-hitter.[citation needed] 10 different managers, most recently Bobby Cox, have led the franchise during the team's 14 no-hitters.

List of no-hitters in Braves history[edit]

 ¶  Indicates a perfect game
 £  Pitcher was left-handed
 *  Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
# Date Pitcher Final score Base-
runners
Opponent Catcher Plate umpire Manager Notes Ref
1 August 6, 1892 Stivetts, JackJack Stivetts 11–0 3 @ Brooklyn Grooms Ganzel, CharlieCharlie Ganzel Lynch, TomTom Lynch (1) Selee, FrankFrank Selee
  • First no-hitter in franchise history
  • First franchise's no-hitter on the road
  • First right-handed pitcher to throw a no-hitter in franchise history
  • Largest margin of victory in a franchise's no-hitter
  • First no-hitter as Boston Beaneater
[8]
2 August 7, 1899 Willis, VicVic Willis* 7–1 5 Washington Senators Bergen, MartyMarty Bergen Lynch, TomTom Lynch (2) Griffith, ClarkClark Griffith
  • First franchise's no-hitter at home
  • First and only franchise's no-hitter while allowing a run
[9]
3 May 8, 1907 Pfeffer, Big JeffBig Jeff Pfeffer 6–0 2 Cincinnati Reds Needham, TomTom Needham Emslie, BobBob Emslie Tenney, FredFred Tenney
  • Last no-hitter as Boston Beaneater
[10]
4 September 9, 1914 Davis, GeorgeGeorge Davis 7–0 6 Philadelphia Phillies Gowdy, HankHank Gowdy Quigley, ErnieErnie Quigley Stallings, GeorgeGeorge Stallings (1)
  • Second game of a doubleheader
  • First no-hitter as Boston Brave
[11]
5 June 16, 1916 Hughes, TomTom Hughes 2–0 7 Pittsburgh Pirates Blackburn, EarlEarl Blackburn Lynch, TomTom Lynch (3) Stallings, GeorgeGeorge Stallings (2)
  • Most baserunners allowed in a franchise's no-hitter
[12]
6 April 27, 1944 Tobin, JimJim Tobin 2–0 2 Brooklyn Dodgers Masi, PhilPhil Masi Stewart, BillBill Stewart Coleman, BobBob Coleman
  • Longest interval between no-hitters in franchise history
[13]
7 August 11, 1950 Bickford, VernVern Bickford 7–0 4 Brooklyn Dodgers Cooper, WalkerWalker Cooper Goetz, LarryLarry Goetz Southworth, BillyBilly Southworth
  • Last no-hitter as Boston Brave
[14]
8 June 12, 1954 Wilson, JimJim Wilson 2–0 2 Philadelphia Phillies Crandall, DelDel Crandall (1) Pinelli, BabeBabe Pinelli Grimm, CharlieCharlie Grimm
  • First no-hitter as Milwaukee Brave
[15]
9 August 18, 1960 Burdette, LewLew Burdette 1–0 1 Philadelphia Phillies Crandall, DelDel Crandall (2) Jackowski, BillBill Jackowski Dressen, ChuckChuck Dressen (1)
  • Smallest margin of victory in a franchise's no-hitter (tie)
  • Only baserunner was a hit by a pitch to Tony González
[16]
10 September 16, 1960 Spahn, WarrenWarren Spahn£ (1) 4–0 2 Philadelphia Phillies Crandall, DelDel Crandall (3) Gorman, TomTom Gorman Dressen, ChuckChuck Dressen (2)
  • First left-handed pitcher to throw a no-hitter in franchise history
  • Latest calendar date of franchise's no-hitter
[17]
11 April 28, 1961 Spahn, WarrenWarren Spahn£ (2) 1–0 3 San Francisco Giants Lau, CharleyCharley Lau Donatelli, AugieAugie Donatelli Dressen, ChuckChuck Dressen (3)
  • Smallest margin of victory in a franchise's no-hitter (tie)
  • Last no-hitter as Milwaukee Brave
[18]
12 August 5, 1973 Niekro, PhilPhil Niekro 9–0 5 San Diego Padres Casanova, PaulPaul Casanova Tata, TerryTerry Tata Mathews, EddieEddie Mathews
  • First no-hitter as Atlanta Brave
[19]
13 September 11, 1991 Mercker, KentKent Mercker£ (1) (6 IP)
Mark Wohlers (2 IP)
Alejandro Peña (1 IP)
1–0 3 San Diego Padres Olson, GregGreg Olson Wendelstedt, HarryHarry Wendelstedt Cox, BobbyBobby Cox (1)
  • Smallest margin of victory in a franchise's no-hitter (tie)
[20]
14 April 8, 1994 Mercker, KentKent Mercker£ (2) 6–0 4 @ Los Angeles Dodgers Lopez, JavyJavy Lopez Rapuano, EdEd Rapuano Cox, BobbyBobby Cox (2)
  • Most recent no-hitter in franchise history
  • Earliest calendar date of franchise's no-hitter
[21]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Atlanta Braves Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Atlanta Braves Franchise History". ESPN. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "MLB Miscellany: Rules, regulations and statistics". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  4. ^ Kurkjian, Tim (June 29, 2008). "No-hit win makes no sense, except in baseball". ESPN. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c "Atlanta Braves". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  6. ^ a b "Umpires: Rules of Interest". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  7. ^ Bronson, Eric. Baseball and Philosophy: Thinking Outside the Batter's Box, Pgs 98–99. ISBN 0-8126-9556-9. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  8. ^ "1892 Boston Beaneaters Schedule, Box Scores, and Splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  9. ^ "1899 Boston Beaneaters Schedule, Box Scores, and Splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  10. ^ "1907 Boston Doves Schedule, Box Scores, and Splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  11. ^ "1914 Boston Braves Schedule, Box Scores, and Splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  12. ^ "1916 Boston Braves Schedule, Box Scores, and Splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  13. ^ "April 27, 1944 Brooklyn Dodgers at Boston Braves Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  14. ^ "August 11, 1950 Brooklyn Dodgers at Boston Braves Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  15. ^ "June 12, 1954 Philadelphia Phillies at Milwaukee Braves Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  16. ^ "August 18, 1960 Philadelphia Phillies at Milwaukee Braves Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  17. ^ "September 16, 1960 Philadelphia Phillies at Milwaukee Braves Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  18. ^ "April 28, 1961 Philadelphia Phillies at Milwaukee Braves Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  19. ^ "August 5, 1973 San Diego Padres at Atlanta Braves Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  20. ^ "September 11, 1999 San Diego Padres at Atlanta Braves Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 
  21. ^ "April 8, 1994 Atlanta Braves at Los Angeles Dodgers Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 

External links[edit]


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