digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Colombia–Peru War
Guerra peru1 1932 d.jpg
Colombian Army making maneuvers
Date September 1, 1932 - May 24, 1933
(8 months, 3 weeks and 2 days)
Location Colombia
Result Resolved by the League of Nations, which upheld the Salomón–Lozano Treaty, and the Rio de Janeiro Protocol signed by Colombia and Peru which reinstated the status quo ante bellum.
Belligerents
Peru Peru
Army
Navy
Air Force
Colombia Colombia
Army
Navy
Air Force
National Police
Commanders and leaders
Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro
Oscar R. Benavides
Enrique Olaya Herrera
Strength
Approximately 1000 Approximately 1000
Casualties and losses
150 to 250, mostly through jungle diseases 140 to 200, mostly through jungle diseases

The Leticia Incident, also called the Leticia War or the Colombia–Peru War (1 September 1932 – 24 May 1933), was a short-lived armed conflict between the Republic of Colombia and the Republic of Peru over territory in the Amazon Rainforest.

Civilian takeover[edit]

The Colombia–Peru War of 1932-3 was the result of dissatisfaction with the Salomón-Lozano Treaty and the imposition of heavy tariffs on sugar. The war started with an internal insurrection in Peru, a civilian takeover of the city Iquitos. On September 1, 1932 President Luis Miguel Sánchez dispatched two regiments of the Peruvian Army to Leticia and Tarapacá, both settlements located in the Amazonas Department in present day southern Colombia. These actions were mostly ignored by the Colombian Government at the time.

Colombian patriotism[edit]

It was not until September 17 of that same year that the Colombian Government took notice. The Peruvian Military Forces which were encroached upon the banks of the Putumayo River stopped several large trade ships from traveling to Leticia. The result of this was an explosion of Colombian patriotism. Laureano Gómez head of the Senate minority proclaimed, "Peace, peace, peace in inner Colombia; War, war, war on the border against our despicable enemy."

On September 19, El Tiempo reported that they had received over 10,000 letters calling for war and control of Leticia. That same day thousands of Colombian students marched through the streets of Bogotá chanting, "Sánchez Cerro will die and Colombia will defy!" Vásquez Cobo was declared general of the Colombian Amazonian Navy and 10 million dollars were approved by the Senate to fund his venture. Over 400 kilos of gold were donated by the Colombian cities as a symbol of gratitude to Huilan engineer, César García Álvarez.

War Memorial in Tarapacá, Colombia. Plaque reads,"To the Heroes of the Colombian Air Force; who with true courage gave the best of themselves; flying with their noble aircraft over river and jungle. Declaring over our Amazonia with the sound of their motors the sovereignty of our country during the war with Peru."

The war[edit]

President Sánchez believed Colombia had no chance of defending itself: lacking roads and a proper Navy, the Amazon region had no Colombian military presence. It was not until December 1932 that General Alfredo Vásquez Cobo reached the mouth of the Amazon River with a fleet of old ships he acquired in Europe. Within 90 days Colombia organized a respectable military response to the Peruvian invasion. Herbert Boy and the other German Aviators of SCADTA (later to become Avianca) fitted their commercial planes for war as a temporary Colombian Air Force. The first attack by the Colombian Navy was upon Tarapacá. The city had been chosen because Leticia was on the border with Brazil and the Colombian Forces feared to attack the well defended Peruvian position in that city.[citation needed] The recuperation of Tarapacá was a bloodless event since no Peruvian troops were present in that town. The day before, February 14, 1933, the Peruvian Air Force had attempted to bomb the Colombian Fleet, but most of the bombs had hit off target.[1] The Peruvian forces in Leticia could not been forced to withdraw but the events in Lima, and the assassination of the Peruvian president, changed the situation and the new Peruvian president ordered undefeated Peruvian troops to leave Leticia. Part of Peruvian's Pacific fleet were coming through the Amazon River to engage in combat.

Rio de Janeiro Protocol[edit]

On the same day, the Colombian president Enrique Olaya broke off all relations with the Peruvian government due to aerial attack. He ordered an attack on Leticia but what was repelled by Peruvian troops.

On April 30, 1933, after giving a speech at the Lima Senatal Dome, President Sánchez was shot dead on the steps of the dome by a young cook. 15 days later, his successor, Óscar Benavides, met with the head of the Colombian Liberal Party, Alfonso López Pumarejo, to secure an agreement to turn Leticia over to a League of Nations commission.

Colombia and Peru met in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to sign a peace treaty. In the Rio de Janeiro Protocol, as it was called, Peru stated that, "We sincerely deplore the events that occurred starting September, 1932. Specifically those that damaged our relationship with Colombia." The Salomón-Lozano Treaty was also reaffirmed by the Peace Treaty.

References[edit]

  1. ^ von Rauch 1984, p.6
  • von Rauch, Herbert. "A South American Air War...The Letcia Conflict." Air Enthusiast. Issue 26, December 1984-March 1985. Bromley, Kent: Pilot Press. Pages 1–8. ISSN 0143-5450.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leticia_Incident — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
932 videos foundNext > 

Taking off from Leticia Airport (Amazon) - Avianca Airbus A318

A 180 turn at the end of the runway, a bit blurry for the first 2 mins unfortunately.

NPF14 'MORTIDO' - Angela Betzien and Leticia Cáceres

At the 2014 National Play Festival in Sydney, Angela Betzien's 'Mortido' featured in a program of new work in development. Angela is a multi award-winning wr...

Leticia Singing 'Stay' by Rihanna

For everyone who liked Leticia singing 'Stay' by Rihanna, here is a better visual for you to enjoyed.

Sha vs Leticia (The Decision) (04-28-14) - Breakfast Club Power 105.1

SUBSCRIBE: www.youtube.com/user/TheDecision1051.

Leticia King

A modern dance focusing around issues of transphobia and the incident of the murder of Lawrence King, a queer youth from Oxanrd, California.

Valdicir Cavalheiro & Mayara Leticia

Fotos e Fatos.Importantes.

Leticia´inv VS Celluloid

cf postado obrigado a pedido dos players da celluloid que mais uma vez nao aceitao perder cf os top br como se dizem flw ae ta ae (Ninja)

Testimonial - Leticia Stuetley - Approved Car Loan

Learn more about how Approved Loan Store can get you approved for a car loan at www.approvedloanstore.com! These are real Approved Loan Store customers, not ...

Leticia vs nighthart in a Hardcore match

Leticia vs Nighthart in a hardcore match in wwe 12.

Polo accident

Men falls from horse during a polo match.

932 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Leticia Incident" right now.

Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Leticia Incident

You can talk about Leticia Incident with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!