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Leonid Kogan
Birth name Leonid Borisovich Kogan
Born November 14, 1924
Dnipropetrovsk, Ukrainian SSR, USSR
Died December 17, 1982 (age 58)
Mytishchi, USSR
Genres Classical
Occupations Violinist
Instruments Violin

Leonid Borisovich Kogan (Russian: Леони́д Бори́сович Ко́ган; Ukrainian: Леонід Борисович Коган; November 14, 1924 – December 17, 1982[1]) was a preeminent Soviet violinist during the 20th century. He is considered to have been one of the greatest representatives of the Soviet School of violin playing.

Life and career[edit]

Kogan was born in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, the son of a photographer who was an amateur violinist. After showing an early interest and ability for violin playing, his family moved to Moscow, where he was able to further his studies. From age ten he studied there with the noted violin pedagogue Abram Yampolsky. In 1934, Jascha Heifetz played concerts in Moscow. "I attended every one," Kogan later said, "and can remember until now every note he played. He was the ideal artist for me." When Kogan was 12, Jacques Thibaud was in Moscow and heard him play. The French virtuoso predicted a great future for Kogan.

Kogan studied at the Central Music School in Moscow (1934–43), then at the Moscow Conservatory (1943–48), where he studied as a postgraduate (1948–51).

At the age of 17, and while still a student, he performed throughout the USSR. He was co-winner of the first prize at the World Youth Festival in Prague. In 1951 Kogan won first prize at the Queen Elizabeth Competition in Brussels with a dazzling performance of Paganini's first concerto that included an outstanding interpretation of Sauret's cadenza.

His official debut was in 1941, playing the Brahms Concerto with the Moscow Philharmonic in the Great Hall of the Moscow Conservatory.

His international solo tours took him to Paris and London in 1955, and then South America and the USA in the following years. Kogan had a repertoire of over 18 concerti and a number of concerti by modern composers were dedicated to him.

In 1952, Kogan began teaching at the Moscow Conservatory, and in 1980 he was invited to teach at the Accademia Musicale Chigiana in Siena, Italy.

Kogan, a brilliant and compelling violinist, shunned publicity. His career was always overshadowed by that of David Oistrakh, who was strongly promoted by the Soviet authorities. Kogan was made an Honoured Artist in 1955 and a People's Artist of the USSR in 1964. He received the Lenin Prize in 1965.

Kogan married Elizabeth Gilels (sister of pianist Emil Gilels), also a concert violinist. His son, Pavel Kogan (b. 1952) became a famous violinist and conductor. His daughter, Nina Kogan (b. 1954), is a concert pianist and became the accompanist and sonata partner of her father at an early age.

Kogan was Jewish.[2]

Kogan died of a heart attack in the city of Mytishchi, while travelling by train between Moscow and Yaroslavl to a concert he was to perform with his son. Two days before, he had played the Beethoven Concerto in Vienna.

Many speculate that Kogan played an all steel strings, though there is not an outright confirmation. While his close associates indicate he played on gut strings with a steel 'e', it is most likely that he used different combinations over the course of his career.

Instruments[edit]

Kogan used two Guarneri del Gesù violins: the 1726 ex-Colin and the 1733 ex-Burmester. He used French bows by Dominique Peccatte. Kogan never actually owned these instruments; they were provided on loan from the Soviet government. Today they are worth more than $4 million USD.

Recordings[edit]

Kogan formed a Trio with pianist Gilels and cellist Rostropovich. Their recordings include Beethoven's Archduke Trio, the Schumann D minor, the Tchaikovsky, the Saint-Saëns, the Brahms Horn Trio with Yakov Shapiro (horn), and the Fauré C minor Quartet with Rudolf Barshai (viola). Kogan later formed another Trio with the conductor Svetlanov on piano and cellist Luzanov. Kogan was the first Soviet violinist to play and record Berg's Violin concerto. He also made a famous recording of Khachaturian's violin concerto on RCA (his America debut recording), a version still considered the most exciting reading of the work. Kogan recorded violin concerti by other Soviet composers, including the two by Tikhon Khrennikov. With Karl Richter Kogan recorded J.S Bach's 6 Violin Sonatas in 1972. There are more than 30 albums of his performances on the Arlecchino label. In 2006, EMI France issued a 4-CD box set ("Les Introuvables de Leonid Kogan") containing his concerto recordings for that label, all digitally remastered the same year.

The EMI Kogan recordings from 1950s and 1960s used to belong to Columbia, who released about five stereo recordings of Kogan in the vinyl period: Beethoven Violin Concerto (SAX 2386), Brahms Violin Concerto (SAX 2307), Tchaikovsky Violin Concerto (SAX 2323), Lalo Symphonie espagnole (SAX 2329) and Leclar/Telemann/Ysaye Sonatas for duo Violins (SAX 2531). Nowadays, these Kogan records are among the most sought-after records for classical vinyl collectors. For example, the price of the Beethoven Violin Concerto (SAX2386) record soars up to 10,000 dollars in eBay auctions.[3]

Tchaikovsky[edit]

Kogan recorded Tchaikovsky's Concerto in D Major opus 35, as well as the first ever recording of the Waltz Scherzo opus 34 with the Paris National Symphony Orchestra in the 1950s.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Boris Schwarz and Margaret Campbell. "Kogan, Leonid." Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, accessed November 14, 2013, http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/subscriber/article/grove/music/15259.
  2. ^ Staff. "The World: The Harsh Plight of the Soviet Jews", Time (magazine), January 25, 1971. Accessed August 31, 2011. "Bolshoi Prima Ballerina Maya Plisetskaya and perhaps 90% of the Bolshoi Orchestra are Jewish, as are Violinists Leonid Kogan and David Oistrakh and Pianist Emil Gilels."
  3. ^ http://www.popsike.com/LEONID-KOGAN-SILVESTRI-Beethoven-ORIG-bs-SAX-2386-UK1960-LP-MINT/251264036946.html
  4. ^ Que Records LP, CLS 2005

References[edit]

  • Roth, Henry (1997). Violin Virtuosos: From Paganini to the 21st Century. Los Angeles, CA: California Classics Books. ISBN 1-879395-15-0
  • В сб.: Музыкальное исполнительство, в. 6, М., 1970, с. 162—193; - Гринберг М., Пронин В., В классе П. С. Столярского
  • «Советская музыка», 1972, № 3. - Ойстрах Д., Фурер С., Мордкович Л., О нашем учителе. (К столетию П. С. Столярского)
  • Elena Fedorovich, Ekaterinburg, 2007
  • Leonid Kogan Bibliography - M. Zazovsky, L. K. (Moscow, 1956).
  • "Leonid Borisovich Kogan." BAKER'S BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF MUSICIANS, Centennial Edition. Nicolas Slonimsky, Editor Emeritus. Schirmer, 2001.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonid_Kogan — Please support Wikipedia.
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from the movie "Paganini" purest and cleanest sound, pure music.

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14 news items

 
redbankgreen
Sat, 20 Sep 2014 09:01:13 -0700

Going up at 4 pm and presented free of charge, the concert is a mother-son duet featuring pianist Nina Kogan and violinist Daniel Miklis — respectively the daughter and the grandson of legendary violinists Leonid Kogan and Elizaveta Gilels. Kogan ...

HotNews

HotNews
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 06:58:54 -0700

... la Conservatorul de Stat Ceaikowsky din Mosova, Sergey Kravchenko (n.1947) a absolvit faimoasa Scoala de Muzica Stolyarsky din Odessa in 1965 si a intrat la Conservatorul din Moscova. Profesorul sau a fost renumitul violinist si musician Leonid Kogan.
 
La Provincia Pavese
Sun, 14 Sep 2014 20:00:00 -0700

Il fondatore e direttore musicale dell'orchestra è il celebre violinista solista, Ashot Tigranyan, discepolo del leggendario insegnante del Conservatorio di musica di Mosca, Leonid Kogan. Il tour dell'orchestra comprende undici concerti in Italia, per ...

Pesarourbinonotizie.it (Blog)

Pesarourbinonotizie.it (Blog)
Fri, 26 Sep 2014 03:30:00 -0700

Il fondatore e direttore musicale dell'orchestra è il celebre violinista solista, Ashot Tigranyan, discepolo del leggendario insegnante del conservatorio di Musica di Mosca, Leonid Kogan. Il concerto sarà un'occasione importante anche a livello ...

La Stampa

La Stampa
Tue, 16 Sep 2014 01:03:45 -0700

Fondatore e direttore musicale dell'orchestra è il violinista solista Ashot Tigranyan, discepolo del leggendario Leonid Kogan, spesso in concerto come solista o in trio con Rostropovich ed Emil Gilels, poi insegnante del Conservatorio di Mosca.

La Provincia di Varese

La Provincia di Varese
Thu, 11 Sep 2014 07:26:15 -0700

Sul palco 27 giovani talenti diretti da Ashot Tigranyan, celebre violinista di livello internazionale, famoso anche per essere discepolo del leggendario insegnante del Conservatorio di Mosca Leonid Kogan. Eppure, seguendo la tradizione barocca, ...

YLE

YLE
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 02:56:15 -0700

00:46 Beethoven: Pianotrio B-duuri (Arkkiherttua). (Emil Gilels, piano, Leonid Kogan, viulu, ja Mstislav Rostropovitsh, sello). 01:31 Verdi: Pajulaulu ja rukous oopp. Otello. (Malvina Major, sopraano, ja Margaret Findlay, mezzosopraano, sekä Uuden ...

PUGLIALIVE.NET

PUGLIALIVE.NET
Tue, 09 Sep 2014 04:03:45 -0700

Mercoledì 10 Settembre alle ore 21 nel meraviglioso scenario offerto dal Sagrato della Cattedrale di Monopoli, l'Assessorato alla Cultura e al Turismo della Provincia di Bari in collaborazione con l'Assessorato allo Sviluppo Economico della Città di ...
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