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Leonid Kogan
Birth name Leonid Borisovich Kogan
Born November 14, 1924
Dnipropetrovsk, Ukrainian SSR, USSR
Died December 17, 1982 (age 58)
Mytishchi, USSR
Genres Classical
Occupation(s) Violinist
Instruments Violin

Leonid Borisovich Kogan (Russian: Леони́д Бори́сович Ко́ган; Ukrainian: Леонід Борисович Коган; November 14, 1924 – December 17, 1982[1]) was a preeminent Soviet violinist during the 20th century. He is considered to have been one of the greatest representatives of the Soviet School of violin playing.

Life and career[edit]

Kogan was born in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, the son of a photographer who was an amateur violinist. After showing an early interest and ability for violin playing, his family moved to Moscow, where he was able to further his studies. From age ten he studied there with the noted violin pedagogue Abram Yampolsky. In 1934, Jascha Heifetz played concerts in Moscow. "I attended every one," Kogan later said, "and can remember until now every note he played. He was the ideal artist for me." When Kogan was 12, Jacques Thibaud was in Moscow and heard him play. The French virtuoso predicted a great future for Kogan.

Kogan studied at the Central Music School in Moscow (1934–43), then at the Moscow Conservatory (1943–48), where he studied as a postgraduate (1948–51).

At the age of 17, and while still a student, he performed throughout the USSR. He was co-winner of the first prize at the World Youth Festival in Prague. In 1951 Kogan won first prize at the Queen Elizabeth Competition in Brussels with a dazzling performance of Paganini's first concerto that included an outstanding interpretation of Sauret's cadenza.

His official debut was in 1941, playing the Brahms Concerto with the Moscow Philharmonic in the Great Hall of the Moscow Conservatory.

His international solo tours took him to Paris and London in 1955, and then South America and the USA in the following years. Kogan had a repertoire of over 18 concerti and a number of concerti by modern composers were dedicated to him.

In 1952, Kogan began teaching at the Moscow Conservatory, and in 1980 he was invited to teach at the Accademia Musicale Chigiana in Siena, Italy.

Kogan, a brilliant and compelling violinist, shunned publicity. His career was always overshadowed by that of David Oistrakh, who was strongly promoted by the Soviet authorities. Kogan was made an Honoured Artist in 1955 and a People's Artist of the USSR in 1964. He received the Lenin Prize in 1965.

Kogan married Elizabeth Gilels (sister of pianist Emil Gilels), also a concert violinist. His son, Pavel Kogan (b. 1952) became a famous violinist and conductor. His daughter, Nina Kogan (b. 1954), is a concert pianist and became the accompanist and sonata partner of her father at an early age.

Kogan was Jewish.[2]

Kogan died of a heart attack in the city of Mytishchi, while travelling by train between Moscow and Yaroslavl to a concert he was to perform with his son. Two days before, he had played the Beethoven Concerto in Vienna.

Many speculate that Kogan played an all steel strings, though there is not an outright confirmation. While his close associates indicate he played on gut strings with a steel 'e', it is most likely that he used different combinations over the course of his career.

Instruments[edit]

Kogan used two Guarneri del Gesù violins: the 1726 ex-Colin and the 1733 ex-Burmester. He used French bows by Dominique Peccatte. Kogan never actually owned these instruments; they were provided on loan from the Soviet government. Today they are worth more than $4 million USD.

Recordings[edit]

Kogan formed a Trio with pianist Gilels and cellist Rostropovich. Their recordings include Beethoven's Archduke Trio, the Schumann D minor, the Tchaikovsky, the Saint-Saëns, the Brahms Horn Trio with Yakov Shapiro (horn), and the Fauré C minor Quartet with Rudolf Barshai (viola). Kogan later formed another Trio with the conductor Svetlanov on piano and cellist Luzanov. Kogan was the first Soviet violinist to play and record Berg's Violin concerto. He also made a famous recording of Khachaturian's violin concerto on RCA (his America debut recording), a version still considered the most exciting reading of the work. Kogan recorded violin concerti by other Soviet composers, including the two by Tikhon Khrennikov. With Karl Richter Kogan recorded J.S Bach's 6 Violin Sonatas in 1972. There are more than 30 albums of his performances on the Arlecchino label. In 2006, EMI France issued a 4-CD box set ("Les Introuvables de Leonid Kogan") containing his concerto recordings for that label, all digitally remastered the same year.

The EMI Kogan recordings from 1950s and 1960s used to belong to Columbia, who released about five stereo recordings of Kogan in the vinyl period: Beethoven Violin Concerto (SAX 2386), Brahms Violin Concerto (SAX 2307), Tchaikovsky Violin Concerto (SAX 2323), Lalo Symphonie espagnole (SAX 2329) and Leclar/Telemann/Ysaye Sonatas for duo Violins (SAX 2531). Nowadays, these Kogan records are among the most sought-after records for classical vinyl collectors. For example, the price of the Beethoven Violin Concerto (SAX2386) record soars up to 10,000 dollars in eBay auctions.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Boris Schwarz and Margaret Campbell. "Kogan, Leonid." Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, accessed November 14, 2013, http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/subscriber/article/grove/music/15259.
  2. ^ Staff. "The World: The Harsh Plight of the Soviet Jews", Time (magazine), January 25, 1971. Accessed August 31, 2011. "Bolshoi Prima Ballerina Maya Plisetskaya and perhaps 90% of the Bolshoi Orchestra are Jewish, as are Violinists Leonid Kogan and David Oistrakh and Pianist Emil Gilels."
  3. ^ http://www.popsike.com/LEONID-KOGAN-SILVESTRI-Beethoven-ORIG-bs-SAX-2386-UK1960-LP-MINT/251264036946.html

References[edit]

  • Roth, Henry (1997). Violin Virtuosos: From Paganini to the 21st Century. Los Angeles, CA: California Classics Books. ISBN 1-879395-15-0
  • В сб.: Музыкальное исполнительство, в. 6, М., 1970, с. 162—193; - Гринберг М., Пронин В., В классе П. С. Столярского
  • «Советская музыка», 1972, № 3. - Ойстрах Д., Фурер С., Мордкович Л., О нашем учителе. (К столетию П. С. Столярского)
  • Elena Fedorovich, Ekaterinburg, 2007
  • Leonid Kogan Bibliography - M. Zazovsky, L. K. (Moscow, 1956).
  • "Leonid Borisovich Kogan." BAKER'S BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF MUSICIANS, Centennial Edition. Nicolas Slonimsky, Editor Emeritus. Schirmer, 2001.

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonid_Kogan — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
91982 videos foundNext > 

Leonid Kogan - Paganini - Nel cor più non mi sento (HD)

Canal Grandes Músicos FACEBOOK: http://migre.me/5SDfK Siga-me no TWITTER : http://twitter.com/#!/GrandeesMusicos Leonid Kogan Borisovich (17 de novembro de 1...

Leonid Kogan - Shostakovich: Violin Concerto No.1 in A minor, Op.99

Leonid Kogan, USSR State Symphony Orchestra.

Leonid Kogan - Cantabile, Paganini

Violinist Leonid Kogan plays Paganini´s Cantabile. He´s definitely one of my favorites.

Leonid Kogan Documentary

Leonid Kogan interview Kogan was born in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, the son of a photographer who was an amateur violinist. After showing an early interest and...

Leonid Kogan plays Brahms Hungarian Dance, no.1

Leonid Kogan (1924-1982), the great Russian violinist. Johannes Brahms (1833-1897) Hungarian Dance (trans. Joseph Joachim) no.1 in G minor Andrei Mytnik, pia...

Leonid Kogan - Waxman: Variations on Bizet's "Carmen", Op.25

Leonid Kogan, USSR State Symphony Orchestra 1956.

Wieniawski - Polonaise brilliante (LEONID KOGAN)

ORIGINAL historic record 1949/50 . The early years of Leonid Kogan. One of my rarest Mono treasures. original russian Vinyl LP (this is a special LP size bet...

Leonid Kogan - Russian School DVD (Part 2)

Leonid Kogan - Russian School DVD (Part 2)

Leonid Kogan - Lalo Symphonie Espagnole (1st mov.)

Leonid Kogan plays Lalo's Symphonie Espagnole in D minor, Op. 21 1. Allegro non troppo Kirill Kondrashin and the London Philharmonia Orchestra February, 1959...

Leonid Kogan | Henryk Wieniawski - Variations on an Original Theme

Henryk Wieniawski: Variations on an Original Theme, for violin and piano, Op.15 Piano: A.Kaplan Violin: Leonid Kogan (1955) AMAZING PERFORMANCE !!!

91982 videos foundNext > 

149 news items

 
Stimme Russlands
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 03:21:49 -0800

Leonid Kogan wurde in der Stadt Jekaterinoslaw, heute Dnepropetrowsk geboren, hat in der Zentralen Musikschule gelernt und am Moskauer Konservatorium studiert. Bekannt wurde er nach seinen Siegen bei den Weltfestspielen der Jugend und Studenten ...
 
Głos Rosji
Fri, 14 Nov 2014 22:56:15 -0800

Leonid Kogan umarł u szczytu swojej kariery: w 1982 roku w pociągu z Moskwy do Jarosławia, gdzie miał odbyć się jego koncert. Bardzo lubił to miasto i często tam występował. Dlatego decyzja o przeprowadzeniu w tym mieście tuż przed jubileuszem ...
 
Český rozhlas
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 03:40:50 -0800

... nejoblíbenějších skladeb – První koncert pro housle a orchestr Dmitrije Šostakoviče. Ve Velkém sále Moskevské konzervatoře dále zazněla koncertní Ravelova rapsodie Cikánka a Pátá symfonie P. I. Čajkovského. Leonid Kogan zemřel 17. prosince 1982.
 
Hamburger Abendblatt
Sun, 16 Nov 2014 22:56:56 -0800

Die Awo-Ehrenamtlichen Leonid Kogan und Vladimir Stanov ersetzen den zerstörten Container nun durch einen neuen. Die Awo hat zudem Strafanzeige gestellt. Durch das Feuer sei ein Sachschaden in Höhe von mehreren Hundert Euro entstanden, sagt ...
 
YouTube
Sun, 26 Sep 2010 00:08:53 -0700

lossless FLAC download: http://www.filefactory.com/file/c34d2... Prokofiev: 'Masks' from Romeo and Juliet Leonid Kogan, violin. From 02888 (USSR 12" LP) Digitized by Patrick Wong Sep 2010. Music. "'Masks' from Romeo and Juliet arr. Heifetz" by ...
 
redbankgreen
Sat, 20 Sep 2014 09:01:13 -0700

Going up at 4 pm and presented free of charge, the concert is a mother-son duet featuring pianist Nina Kogan and violinist Daniel Miklis — respectively the daughter and the grandson of legendary violinists Leonid Kogan and Elizaveta Gilels. Kogan ...
 
Seeking Alpha
Wed, 04 Jun 2014 13:06:57 -0700

Innovation, be it in the manufacturing process, supply chain management, product development or any other aspect of a company's business, can (and does) provide companies with a competitive edge. Companies that understand and embrace innovation ...
 
RT
Tue, 06 Sep 2011 10:48:45 -0700

The grandson of Leonid Kogan, who was close to Dmitry Shostakovich himself and Elizaveta Gilels, who was the sister of famed Russian pianist Emil Gilels, Dmitry had no doubt about becoming a musician. The deep musical roots in his family led him to a ...
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