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Leonid Kogan
Birth name Leonid Borisovich Kogan
Born November 14, 1924
Dnipropetrovsk, Ukrainian SSR, USSR
Died December 17, 1982 (age 58)
Mytishchi, USSR
Genres Classical
Occupation(s) Violinist
Instruments Violin

Leonid Borisovich Kogan (Russian: Леони́д Бори́сович Ко́ган; Ukrainian: Леонід Борисович Коган; November 14, 1924 – December 17, 1982[1]) was a preeminent Soviet violinist during the 20th century. He is considered to have been one of the greatest representatives of the Soviet School of violin playing.

Life and career[edit]

Kogan was born in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, the son of a photographer who was an amateur violinist. After showing an early interest and ability for violin playing, his family moved to Moscow, where he was able to further his studies. From age ten he studied there with the noted violin pedagogue Abram Yampolsky. In 1934, Jascha Heifetz played concerts in Moscow. "I attended every one," Kogan later said, "and can remember until now every note he played. He was the ideal artist for me." When Kogan was 12, Jacques Thibaud was in Moscow and heard him play. The French virtuoso predicted a great future for Kogan.

Kogan studied at the Central Music School in Moscow (1934–43), then at the Moscow Conservatory (1943–48), where he studied as a postgraduate (1948–51).

At the age of 17, and while still a student, he performed throughout the USSR. He was co-winner of the first prize at the World Youth Festival in Prague. In 1951 Kogan won first prize at the Queen Elizabeth Competition in Brussels with a dazzling performance of Paganini's first concerto that included an outstanding interpretation of Sauret's cadenza.

His official debut was in 1941, playing the Brahms Concerto with the Moscow Philharmonic in the Great Hall of the Moscow Conservatory.

His international solo tours took him to Paris and London in 1955, and then South America and the USA in the following years. Kogan had a repertoire of over 18 concerti and a number of concerti by modern composers were dedicated to him.

In 1952, Kogan began teaching at the Moscow Conservatory, and in 1980 he was invited to teach at the Accademia Musicale Chigiana in Siena, Italy.

Kogan, a brilliant and compelling violinist, shunned publicity. His career was always overshadowed by that of David Oistrakh, who was strongly promoted by the Soviet authorities. Kogan was made an Honoured Artist in 1955 and a People's Artist of the USSR in 1964. He received the Lenin Prize in 1965.

Kogan married Elizabeth Gilels (sister of pianist Emil Gilels), also a concert violinist. His son, Pavel Kogan (b. 1952) became a famous violinist and conductor. His daughter, Nina Kogan (b. 1954), is a concert pianist and became the accompanist and sonata partner of her father at an early age.

Kogan was Jewish.[2]

Kogan died of a heart attack in the city of Mytishchi, while travelling by train between Moscow and Yaroslavl to a concert he was to perform with his son. Two days before, he had played the Beethoven Concerto in Vienna.

Many speculate that Kogan played on all steel strings, though there is not an outright confirmation. While his close associates indicate he played on gut strings with a steel 'e', it is most likely that he used different combinations over the course of his career.


Kogan used two Guarneri del Gesù violins: the 1726 ex-Colin and the 1733 ex-Burmester. He used French bows by Dominique Peccatte. Kogan never actually owned these instruments; they were provided on loan from the Soviet government. Today they are worth more than $4 million USD.


Kogan formed a Trio with pianist Gilels and cellist Rostropovich. Their recordings include Beethoven's Archduke Trio, the Schumann D minor, the Tchaikovsky, the Saint-Saëns, the Brahms Horn Trio with Yakov Shapiro (horn), and the Fauré C minor Quartet with Rudolf Barshai (viola). Kogan later formed another Trio with the conductor Svetlanov on piano and cellist Luzanov. Kogan was the first Soviet violinist to play and record Berg's Violin concerto. He also made a famous recording of Khachaturian's violin concerto with Pierre Monteux and the Boston Symphony Orchestra for RCA Victor (his America debut recording), a version still considered the most exciting reading of the work. Kogan recorded violin concerti by other Soviet composers, including the two by Tikhon Khrennikov. With Karl Richter Kogan recorded J.S Bach's 6 Violin Sonatas in 1972. There are more than 30 albums of his performances on the Arlecchino label. In 2006, EMI France issued a 4-CD box set ("Les Introuvables de Leonid Kogan") containing his concerto recordings for that label, all digitally remastered the same year.

The EMI Kogan recordings from 1950s and 1960s used to belong to Columbia, who released about five stereo recordings of Kogan in the vinyl period: Beethoven Violin Concerto (SAX 2386), Brahms Violin Concerto (SAX 2307), Tchaikovsky Violin Concerto (SAX 2323), Lalo Symphonie espagnole (SAX 2329) and Leclar/Telemann/Ysaye Sonatas for duo Violins (SAX 2531). Nowadays, these Kogan records are among the most sought-after records for classical vinyl collectors. For example, the price of the Beethoven Violin Concerto (SAX2386) record soars up to 10,000 dollars in eBay auctions.[3]


  1. ^ Boris Schwarz and Margaret Campbell. "Kogan, Leonid." Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, accessed November 14, 2013, http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/subscriber/article/grove/music/15259.
  2. ^ Staff. "The World: The Harsh Plight of the Soviet Jews", Time (magazine), January 25, 1971. Accessed August 31, 2011. "Bolshoi Prima Ballerina Maya Plisetskaya and perhaps 90% of the Bolshoi Orchestra are Jewish, as are Violinists Leonid Kogan and David Oistrakh and Pianist Emil Gilels."
  3. ^ http://www.popsike.com/LEONID-KOGAN-SILVESTRI-Beethoven-ORIG-bs-SAX-2386-UK1960-LP-MINT/251264036946.html


  • Roth, Henry (1997). Violin Virtuosos: From Paganini to the 21st Century. Los Angeles, CA: California Classics Books. ISBN 1-879395-15-0
  • В сб.: Музыкальное исполнительство, в. 6, М., 1970, с. 162—193; - Гринберг М., Пронин В., В классе П. С. Столярского
  • «Советская музыка», 1972, № 3. - Ойстрах Д., Фурер С., Мордкович Л., О нашем учителе. (К столетию П. С. Столярского)
  • Elena Fedorovich, Ekaterinburg, 2007
  • Leonid Kogan Bibliography - M. Zazovsky, L. K. (Moscow, 1956).
  • "Leonid Borisovich Kogan." BAKER'S BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF MUSICIANS, Centennial Edition. Nicolas Slonimsky, Editor Emeritus. Schirmer, 2001.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonid_Kogan — Please support Wikipedia.
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181 news items

Huffington Post

Huffington Post
Thu, 01 Oct 2015 14:56:15 -0700

Born in Russia to father Leonid Kogan, a renowned Russian painter who studied at the Academy of Art in St.Petersburg, Ella entered the art world as a singer and pianist. Although she suffered from stage fright, Ella and her music were featured on ...


Wed, 07 Oct 2015 01:15:00 -0700

Si è formato nel Conservatorio di Mosca, dove ha studiato con il famoso violinista russo Leonid Kogan, e si è poi trasferito negli Stati Uniti, dove nel 2006 ha fondato in California la Classical Concert Chamber Orchestra. Questo è un ensemble compatto ...

AT news

AT news
Mon, 05 Oct 2015 08:56:15 -0700

Ashot Tigranyan, violinista riconosciuto a livello internazionale, si diploma nel conservatorio di Mosca dove studia con il leggendario violinista russo Leonid Kogan. Negli anni successivi si esibisce in Russia, Europa e Stati Uniti. Il 2006 ...


Thu, 01 Oct 2015 06:24:31 -0700

Musiikin saralta ovat esillä muun muassa Tamara Lund ja Aatos Tapala, Eri Klas, Viktoria Mullova, Leonid Kogan, Dizzy Gillespie, Hector, Veikko Tyrväinen, Päivi Paunu, Remu Aaltonen, Jussi Raittinen, Kaj Chydenius ja Erja Lyytinen. Kirjallisuutta ...


Thu, 01 Oct 2015 23:33:45 -0700

Io non provengo da una famiglia di musicisti. In realtà sono il primo musicista di classica in famiglia. Tutto è cominciato con il mio vicino di casa, che mi faceva da babysitter ma al contempo un cantante di opera lirica professionista e di grande ...

Slipped Disc

Slipped Disc
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 12:55:31 -0700

Leonid Kogan is mentioned as one of Zaks' classmates at the Moscow Conservatory. Leonid Kogan and his son Pavel played the J.S. Bach concerto with the Bolshoi Theater Orchestra during the 1977 Athens visit – before Zaks' accident, if I remember ...


Thu, 17 Sep 2015 23:42:12 -0700

La editia din 1973 au fost prezenti pe scenele Festivalui Enescu Leonid Kogan, care l-a înlocuit pe Sviatoslav Richter, Philippe Entremont, Ghenadi Rojdestvenski si Radmila Bakocevici. Leonid Kogan este unul dintre violonistii celebri ai secolului 20 ...
Sun, 26 Sep 2010 00:08:53 -0700

lossless FLAC download: http://www.filefactory.com/file/c34d2... Prokofiev: 'Masks' from Romeo and Juliet Leonid Kogan, violin. From 02888 (USSR 12" LP) Digitized by Patrick Wong Sep 2010. Music. "'Masks' from Romeo and Juliet arr. Heifetz" by ...

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