digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

A legislature is the law-making body of a political unit, usually a national government, that has power to amend and repeal public policy. Laws enacted by legislatures are known as legislation. Legislatures observe and steer governing actions and usually have exclusive authority to amend the budget or budgets involved in the process. The most common names for national legislatures are "parliament" and "congress". The members of a legislature are called legislators.

Terminology[edit]

Because members of legislatures usually sit together in a specific room to deliberate, seats in that room may be assigned exclusively to members of the legislature. In parliamentary language, the term "seat" is sometimes used to mean that someone is a member of a legislature. For example, to say that a legislature has 100 "seats" means that there are 100 members of the legislature; and saying that someone is "contesting a seat" means they are trying to be elected as a member of the legislature. By extension, the term "seat" is often used in less formal contexts to refer to an electoral district itself, as, for example, in the phrases "safe seat" and "marginal seat".

In parliamentary systems of government, the executive is responsible to the legislature which may remove it with a vote of no confidence. According to the separation of powers doctrine, the legislature in a presidential system is considered an independent and coequal branch of government along with both the judiciary and the executive.[1]

Institutional framework[edit]

A legislature creates a complex interaction between individual members, political parties, committees, rules of parliamentary procedure, and informal norms.

Chambers[edit]

The Congress of the Republic of Peru, the country's national legislature, meets in the Legislative Palace in 2010

A legislature is composed of one or more deliberative assemblies that separately debate and vote upon bills. These assemblies are normally known as chambers or houses. A legislature with only one house is a unicameral legislature, while a bicameral legislature possesses two separate chambers, usually described as an "upper house" and a "lower house". These usually differ in the duties and powers they exercise – the upper house being more revisionary or advisory in parliamentary systems – and the methods used for the selection of members. Tricameral legislatures are rare; the Massachusetts Governor's Council still exists, but the most recent national example existed in the waning years of caucasian-minority rule in South Africa.

In presidential systems, the powers of the two houses are often similar or equal, while in federations, the upper house typically represents the federation's component states. This is a case with the supranational legislature of the European Union. The upper house may either contain the delegates of state governments – as in the European Union and in Germany and, before 1913, in the United States – or be elected according to a formula that grants equal representation to states with smaller populations, as is the case in Australia and the United States since 1913.

List of Legislatures[edit]

Some legislatures are known simply as the Legislature, including:

Current[edit]

National[edit]

Country Body Type
 Guam Legislature of Guam Unicameral
 Liberia Legislature of Liberia Bicameral
 Marshall Islands Legislature of the Marshall Islands Unicameral
 Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth Legislature Bicameral
 South Sudan National Legislature Bicameral
 Sudan National Legislature Bicameral
 U.S. Virgin Islands Legislature of the Virgin Islands Unicameral

Sub-national[edit]

Country Region Body Type
 India Maharashtra Maharashtra Legislature Bicameral
 India Bihar Bihar Legislature Bicameral
 India Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir Legislature Bicameral
 India Karnataka Karnataka Legislature Bicameral
 India Kerala Kerala Legislature Unicameral
 India Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Legislature Unicameral
 India Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Legislature Bicameral
 South Africa Eastern Cape Eastern Cape Provincial Legislature Unicameral
 South Africa Free State Free State Legislature Unicameral
 South Africa Gauteng Gauteng Provincial Legislature Unicameral
 South Africa KwaZulu-Natal KwaZulu-Natal Legislature Unicameral
 South Africa Limpopo Limpopo Legislature Unicameral
 South Africa Mpumalanga Mpumalanga Provincial Legislature Unicameral
 South Africa North West North West Provincial Legislature Unicameral
 South Africa Northern Cape Northern Cape Provincial Legislature Unicameral
 United States Alabama Alabama Legislature Bicameral
 United States Alaska Alaska Legislature Bicameral
 United States Arizona Arizona State Legislature Bicameral
 United States California California State Legislature Bicameral
 United States Florida Florida Legislature Bicameral
 United States Hawaii Hawaii State Legislature Bicameral
 United States Idaho Idaho Legislature Bicameral
 United States Kansas Kansas Legislature Bicameral
 United States Louisiana Louisiana State Legislature Bicameral
 United States Maine Maine Legislature Bicameral
 United States Michigan Michigan Legislature Bicameral
 United States Minnesota Minnesota Legislature Bicameral
 United States Mississippi Mississippi Legislature Bicameral
 United States Montana Montana Legislature Bicameral
 United States Nebraska Nebraska Legislature Unicameral
 United States Nevada Nevada Legislature Bicameral
 United States New Jersey New Jersey Legislature Bicameral
 United States New Mexico New Mexico Legislature Bicameral
 United States New York New York State Legislature Bicameral
 United States Oklahoma Oklahoma Legislature Bicameral
 United States South Dakota South Dakota Legislature Bicameral
 United States Texas Texas Legislature Bicameral
 United States Utah Utah State Legislature Bicameral
 United States Washington Washington State Legislature Bicameral
 United States West Virginia West Virginia Legislature Bicameral
 United States Wisconsin Wisconsin Legislature Bicameral
 United States Wyoming Wyoming Legislature Bicameral

Defunct[edit]

National[edit]

Country Body Type
 Burma Legislature Bicameral
 British Guiana Legislature Bicameral
 Kingdom of Hawaii Legislature of the Kingdom of Hawaii Bicameral/unicameral
   Nepal Interim legislature of Nepal Unicameral
 Philippines Philippine Legislature Bicameral

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legislature — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
190759 videos foundNext > 

NJAC Debate with Arnab Goswami | Legislature Vs Judiciary | Arun Jaitley Vs Justice R M Lodha - Full

Please watch: "Caste & Beef Politics Behind BJP's Big Bihar Loss" ➨ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CXSCrAyGGk0 -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- On the backdrop of ...

What is the Legislature?

The legislature (Parliament) is the representative of the people of South Africa. It consists of two Houses: National Assembly and National Council of Provinces.

The Bicameral Congress: Crash Course Government and Politics #2

In which Craig Benzine teaches you about the United States Congress, and why it's bicameral, and what bicameral means. Craig tells you what the Senate and ...

Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: State Legislatures and ALEC (HBO)

While midterm coverage is largely focused on the parts of Congress that do very little, vital (and bizarre) midterm elections are going unexamined.

Haiti Palais Legislatif: Les députés de la 50e legislature ont prêtés le serment ce dimanche

La séance de validation et de prestation de serment des deputés elus pour la 50eme legislature a eu lieu le dimanche10 Janvier 2016 au palais legislatif a ...

National NJAC Debate | Legislature Vs Judiciary

Please watch: "Caste & Beef Politics Behind BJP's Big Bihar Loss" ➨ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CXSCrAyGGk0 -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Subscribe to Times ...

CBC: Winnipeg's Secret Code (Manitoba's Masonic Legislature building)

Is this just a war mural in the Manitoba Legislature, or does it actually depict the Passion of Christ? We meet the man who says the Manitoba Legislature is ...

BC Legislature -Motion on BC Ferries

Ms. Trevena moved — "Be it resolved that this House agrees that B.C. needs a ferry system that is part of the provincial infrastructure, working for the benefit of ...

The Legislature Today 02/02/2015

At the legislature today, the senate re-visited West Virginia's Medical Liability Act to add another health care position to the list of professions protected by a cap ...

Union Executive & Legislature 001

President:- qualification, oath, term, salary and other perks. grade viii+.

190759 videos foundNext > 

22195698 news items

Casper Star-Tribune Online

Casper Star-Tribune Online
Sun, 07 Feb 2016 13:45:00 -0800

Once you have parked and stepped through the Jonah building's main entrance, you'll be greeted by a security desk. To get to the Legislature, you'll want to head down the hallway just right of the desk. The hallway opens on a large atrium, which ...

Indianapolis Star

Indianapolis Star
Sun, 07 Feb 2016 04:00:00 -0800

While the most contentious issue is effectively dead, plenty of others remain unresolved at the midpoint of the 2016 legislative session. The effort to protect gay Hoosiers from discrimination failed, but lawmakers are still working on proposals to ...

New York Post

New York Post
Sat, 06 Feb 2016 16:56:15 -0800

Watch out: The pols up in Albany are peddling a long list of wacko, high-cost ideas. If nobody hits the brakes, the state's headed for a crash. Start with the Democrats who run the Assembly. On Tuesday, they rolled out a plan (yet again) to sock the ...

Statesman Journal

Statesman Journal
Sun, 07 Feb 2016 18:15:00 -0800

Lawmaking in the Oregon Legislature begins and ends with the rap of a gavel. Rap — a bill is called to the floor of the Oregon Senate or House, debated and voted upon. Rap — and then it's on to the next bill. The whole process can take a matter of ...

Wyoming Tribune

Wyoming Tribune
Sun, 07 Feb 2016 04:56:15 -0800

His plan also differs from the budget panel's proposal in that the governor is calling for the Legislature to accept the optional Medicaid expansion – a move he says will result in a net general fund savings of $33.4 million over the next two years.

Gazettextra

Gazettextra
Sun, 07 Feb 2016 22:11:15 -0800

Senate Majority Leader Scott Fitzgerald is making a late-session push to bar any county executive from serving in the Legislature until the person's term as a county official ends. Of the 11 county executives, five are former legislators. Seeking ...
 
Fairbanks Daily News-Miner
Sun, 07 Feb 2016 01:11:15 -0800

JUNEAU, Alaska — The board tasked with regulating Alaska's legal pot industry is set to meet as the date to begin accepting marijuana business applications nears. Also in the days ahead, lawmakers plan to discuss a bill that would require students who ...

Lincoln Journal Star

Lincoln Journal Star
Sat, 06 Feb 2016 15:00:49 -0800

Phase Two is already unfolding behind the headlines and will continue in force beginning next year, when Smith, 56, plans to seek a second two-year term as chairman of the Legislature's Transportation and Telecommunications Committee. That's when his ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight