digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

A legislature is a decision-making organization, usually associated with national government, that has the power to enact, amend, and repeal laws.[1] Legislatures observe and steer governing actions and usually have exclusive authority to amend the budget or budgets involved in the process. The most common names for national legislatures are "parliament" and "congress", although these terms have more specific meanings.

Terminology[edit]

Because members of legislatures usually sit together in a specific room to deliberate, seats in that room may be assigned exclusively to members of the legislature. In parliamentary language, the term "seat" is sometimes used to mean that someone is a member of a legislature. For example, to say that a legislature has 100 "seats" means that there are 100 members of the legislature; and saying that someone is "contesting a seat" means they are trying to be elected as a member of the legislature. By extension, the term "seat" is often used in less formal contexts to refer to an electoral district itself, as, for example, in the phrases "safe seat" and "marginal seat".

In parliamentary systems of government, the executive is responsible to the legislature which may remove it with a vote of no confidence. According to the separation of powers doctrine, the legislature in a presidential system is considered an independent and coequal branch of government along with both the judiciary and the executive.[2]

Institutional framework[edit]

A legislature creates a complex interaction between individual members, political parties, committees, rules of parliamentary procedure, and informal norms.

Chambers[edit]

A legislature is composed of one or more deliberative assemblies that separately debate and vote upon bills. These assemblies are normally known as chambers or houses. A legislature with only one house is a unicameral legislature, while a bicameral legislature possesses two separate chambers, usually described as an "upper house" and a "lower house". These usually differ in the duties and powers they exercise – the upper house being more revisionary or advisory in parliamentary systems – and the methods used for the selection of members. Tricameral legislatures are rare; the Massachusetts Governor's Council still exists, but the most recent national example existed in the waning years of caucasian-minority rule in South Africa.

In presidential systems, the powers of the two houses are often similar or equal, while in federations, the upper house typically represents the federation's component states. This is a case with the supranational legislature of the European Union. The upper house may either contain the delegates of state governments – as in the European Union and in Germany and, before 1913, in the United States – or be elected according to a formula that grants equal representation to states with smaller populations, as is the case in Australia and the United States since 1913. In the United States the legislative branch is split into the Senate and the House of Representatives.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Debate #3 Glossary". Hansard Society. November 2003. Retrieved 2008-10-16. 
  2. ^ "Governing Systems and Executive-Legislative Relations (Presidential, Parliamentary and Hybrid Systems)". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 2008-10-16. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legislature — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
119207 videos foundNext > 

EFF members storm Gauteng legislature, Julius Malema escourted out

Stun grenades were thrown inside the foyer of the Gauteng legislature in Johannesburg on Tuesday where EFF leader Julius Malema and others were refusing to m...

Civics - 1. Union Legislature

This video teaches much in detail on understanding Civics. It speaks about Rules, Regulation and Laws. It also explains about legislature, executives and Jud...

Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: State Legislatures and ALEC (HBO)

While midterm coverage is largely focused on the parts of Congress that do very little, vital (and bizarre) midterm elections are going unexamined. State leg...

1 Union Legislature

Julius Malema forcefully removed from Gauteng legislature

Economic Freedom Fighters' leader Julius Malema and other party members were removed after attempting to storm the Gauteng legislature during a march against...

EFF members forcefully removed from the Gauteng Legislature

EFF members were forcefully removed from the Gauteng legislature on Tuesday. Police were called in after they refused to leave the House because of wearing "...

Raw: Clashes Outside Hong Kong Legislature

Students smashed windows at the Hong Kong legislature building overnight drawing a swift response from police. By morning, clean up of the protest site was u...

EFF invade Gauteng legislature chambers

Dramatic scenes became the order of the day at the Gauteng legislature as the EFF invaded chambers, in an attempt to force their members to be allowed with t...

Malema hurt in fracas at Gauteng Legislature

Johannesburg - Police fired tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse defiant members of the Economic Freedom Fighters at the Gauteng Legislature in Johannesbu...

Texas Legislation

Which should bother you more, that half aren't even there, or what happens when they're not?

119207 videos foundNext > 

7388258 news items

 
Sun Sentinel
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 10:11:15 -0800

Re-upping a lucrative gambling deal between the state and the Seminole Tribe will be a crapshoot when lawmakers return to Tallahassee next year. A portion of the agreement, called a "compact," signed in 2009 giving the tribe exclusive rights to conduct ...

Omaha World-Herald

Omaha World-Herald
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 08:30:00 -0800

State Sen. Steve Lathrop questions William Spaulding during testimony at an investigative committee hearing on Tuesday at the State Capitol building in Lincoln. Previous Next. Hearing 2. RYAN SODERLIN/THE WORLD-HERALD ...

Reboot Illinois

Reboot Illinois
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 03:51:58 -0800

This isn't the first time a new, Republican governor has prepared to take office facing a fiscal crisis and a Democrat-dominated Legislature. It happened 24 years ago and the guy preparing to take over was Jim Edgar. I bumped into Edgar on election ...
 
Buffalo News
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 20:18:45 -0800

With four legislators trapped in their homes because of the storm, three days of Legislature hearings on County Executive Mark C. Poloncarz's 2015 budget proposal had to be postponed. Those hearings with county department heads resumed at 9 a.m. ...

Elmira Star-Gazette

Elmira Star-Gazette
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 17:07:30 -0800

The situation gets a little more serious every year, said legislature Chairwoman Donna Draxler, R-14th District. “You can keep pushing the state to try to get them to take more mandate relief, but it doesn't always work, so you've got to do what you've ...

CBS Local

CBS Local
Tue, 25 Nov 2014 10:00:00 -0800

He said during taping of “Michigan Matters” he remains hopeful a deal will be worked out in the lame duck hours of the Lansing legislature to address the need. But he added if a deal wasn't reached, he was prepared to help take the matter to voters ...

SFGate

SFGate
Mon, 24 Nov 2014 18:03:45 -0800

The students protesting the decision by the University of California Regents to raise tuition 28 percent over the next five years have every right to be angry. Years of escalating tuition and fee increases for higher education have put a college ...
 
Tampabay.com (blog)
Sun, 23 Nov 2014 08:52:30 -0800

House and Senate Republican leaders are preparing legislation to rewrite many of the state's existing environmental laws to respond to the amendment, which requires the Legislature and governor to set aside one-third of all taxes collected from the ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight