digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

A legislature is a decision-making organization, usually associated with national government, that has the power to enact, amend and repeal laws.[1] Legislatures observe and steer governing actions and usually have exclusive authority to amend the budget or budgets involved in the process. The most common names for national legislatures are "parliament" and "congress", although these terms have more specific meanings.

Terminology[edit]

As well as "parliament" and "congress", names for legislatures include "assembly", "diet", "majlis" and "council". "Parliament" generally refers to a legislature within a Westminster-style system.

Because members of legislatures usually sit together in a specific room to deliberate, seats in that room may be assigned exclusively to members of the legislature. In parliamentary language, the term "seat" is sometimes used to mean that someone is a member of a legislature. For example, to say that a legislature has 100 "seats" means that there are 100 members of the legislature; and saying that someone is "contesting a seat" means they are trying to be elected as a member of the legislature. By extension, the term "seat" is often used in less formal contexts to refer to an electoral district itself, as, for example, in the phrases "safe seat" and "marginal seat".

In parliamentary systems of government, the executive is responsible to the legislature which may remove it with a vote of no confidence. According to the separation of powers doctrine, the legislature in a presidential system is considered an independent and coequal branch of government along with both the judiciary and the executive.[2]

Institutional framework[edit]

A legislature creates a complex interaction between individual members, political parties, committees, rules of parliamentary procedure, and informal norms.

Chambers[edit]

A legislature is composed of one or more deliberative assemblies that separately debate and vote upon bills. These assemblies are normally known as chambers or houses. A legislature with only one house is a unicameral legislature, while a bicameral legislature possesses two separate chambers, usually described as an "upper house" and a "lower house". These usually differ in the duties and powers they exercise – the upper house being more revisionary or advisory in parliamentary systems – and the methods used for the selection of members. Tricameral legislatures are rare; the Massachusetts Governor's Council still exists, but the most recent national example existed in the waning years of caucasian-minority rule in South Africa.

In presidential systems, the powers of the two houses are often similar or equal, while in federations, the upper house typically represents the federation's component states. This is a case with the supranational legislature of the European Union. The upper house may either contain the delegates of state governments – as in the European Union and in Germany and, before 1913, in the United States – or be elected according to a formula that grants equal representation to states with smaller populations, as is the case in Australia and the United States since 1913.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Debate #3 Glossary". Hansard Society. November 2003. Retrieved 2008-10-16. 
  2. ^ "Governing Systems and Executive-Legislative Relations (Presidential, Parliamentary and Hybrid Systems)". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 2008-10-16. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legislature — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
154793 videos foundNext > 

EFF members storm Gauteng legislature, Julius Malema escourted out

Stun grenades were thrown inside the foyer of the Gauteng legislature in Johannesburg on Tuesday where EFF leader Julius Malema and others were refusing to move. Subscribe to News24: https://www.yo...

Civics - 1. Union Legislature

This video teaches much in detail on understanding Civics. It speaks about Rules, Regulation and Laws. It also explains about legislature, executives and Jud...

1 Union Legislature

Julius Malema forcefully removed from Gauteng legislature

Economic Freedom Fighters' leader Julius Malema and other party members were removed after attempting to storm the Gauteng legislature during a march against...

EFF invade Gauteng legislature chambers

Dramatic scenes became the order of the day at the Gauteng legislature as the EFF invaded chambers, in an attempt to force their members to be allowed with t...

EFF chaos at Gauteng legislature

EFF member of the Gauteng legislature, said their dress code was not inappropriate. Music: Five Armies by Kevin MacLeod Pictures by Jabu Kumalo.

Gauteng legislature declared 'national key point' due to EFF protest

Johannesburg - Hundreds of EFF members, led by Julius Malema, have stormed the Gauteng legislature. They have broken through police lines and are demanding to meet with speaker Ntombi Mekgwe.

Gauteng legislature says Malema should be held accountable for damage

Johannesburg - The deputy speaker of the Gauteng legislature says EFF leader Julius Malema should be held accountable for Tuesday's violent protest. Several people were hurt as police and EFF...

EFF disrupts proceedings at Gauteng legislature

There was chaos at the Gauteng legislature Monday morning. Hundreds of EFF members stormed and disrupted proceedings. They wanted to hand over a memorandum o...

Dress code dispute in Gauteng legislature heading to the High Courts

The dress code dispute in the Gauteng legislature, is heading to the High Courts. This comes after eight EFF members were barred from taking their seats in t...

154793 videos foundNext > 

3118621 news items

WFMZ Allentown

NJ.com
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 08:50:11 -0700

By calling a special session, Christie can compel the Legislature to come into session and can give a speech, but he cannot require it to take action on any legislation. Christie called a special session two years ago to try to prod the Legislature to ...
 
Press & Sun-Bulletin
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 09:00:23 -0700

Retirements and nearly a dozen contested races mean changes are ahead for the Broome County Legislature. All 15 seats on the county's policy-making and budgetary authority are up for election in November. Four legislators, including the Democratic ...

Boston Globe

MassLive.com
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 13:26:15 -0700

BOSTON - The Massachusetts Legislature sent a bill to the desk of Gov. Deval Patrick on Tuesday aimed at protecting patients' access to health clinics where abortions are performed. The bill was rushed through the legislative process after the U.S ...
 
Charleston Post Courier
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 21:13:14 -0700

As the Legislature trends downward to Congress' dismal level, its members should pay heed. Legislators need to accomplish more or sharply reduce the time they spend in Columbia - or preferably both. And after this session, they might want to hire a ...
 
Press & Sun-Bulletin
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 04:03:45 -0700

Debra Hogan will announce her candidacy for the county legislature today, the Broome Republicans said in a news release. Hogan is running for the seat in District 14, which covers Downtown Binghamton, the city's north and east sides, and a portion of ...
 
DNAinfo
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 04:36:17 -0700

DNAinfo New York analyzed campaign filings and endorsements of candidates in all five races, compiling a snapshot of who may end up joining the Legislature next year. All of the candidates who have filed financial statements with the state Board of ...

CBS News

WWNY TV 7
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 12:52:30 -0700

It has been eight years since Republicans last held control of the St. Lawrence County Legislature. With 9 of the 15 legislative districts having contested races in the fall election, GOP officials say it's a golden opportunity to reclaim the majority ...
 
Charleston Daily Mail
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 18:07:30 -0700

CHARLESTON, W.Va. — Although the Dangerous Wild Animals Act hasn't completed the rule making process, one state delegate would like to see the Legislature repeal it and start from scratch. Delegate Larry D. Kump, R-Berkeley, wrote to Gov. Earl Ray ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Legislature

You can talk about Legislature with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!