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Legal profession is a profession, and legal professionals study, develop and apply law. Usually, there is a requirement for someone choosing a career in law to first obtain a law degree or some other form of legal education.

It is difficult to generalize about the structure of the profession, because

  • there are two major legal systems, and even within them, there are different arrangements in jurisdictions, and
  • terminology varies greatly.

While in civil law countries there are usually distinct clearly defined career paths in law, such as judge, in common law jurisdictions there tends to be one legal profession, and it is not uncommon, for instance, that a requirement for a judge is several years of practising law privately.

Judge[edit]

Lyman Poore Duff.jpg
Main article: Judge

Historically, this has been the first legal specialization. In civil law countries, this is often a lifelong career. In common law legal system, on the other hand, judges are recruited from practising lawyers.

Lawyer, advocate, attorney[edit]

M Battye.jpg
Main articles: Lawyer and advocate

Practising law means advising and representing clients as a private practitioner or in a law firm. In most countries, law graduates need to undergo some sort of apprenticeship, membership in a professional organization and a licence.

The name for this profession is lawyer or attorney in most of English-speaking world, and advocate in many other countries.

In civil law countries, but also some common law jurisdictions there is one Law society for all lawyers who want to provide services to the public. But in the United Kingdom and some of its former colonies, there are two quite separate kinds of lawyers providing legal services to the public.

Solicitor[edit]

Main article: Solicitor

Solicitors advise clients, draft contracts for them and represent them in lower courts of law.

Barrister[edit]

Main article: Barrister

Barristers, also called counsels, are court specialists, who traditionally do not come into contact with their lay clients, but are instructed by solicitors. There is only about a 10% of barristers in most common law jurisdictions.

Jurist[edit]

Main article: Jurist

People, who study, organize, teach, and through that also create law, often working at universities, are called jurists. In civil law countries, their role is greater, because they draft codes, which are major laws that govern whole areas of law. In common loan countries, the creation and interpretation of law has traditionally been the domain of judges.


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legal_profession — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

2386 news items

 
Law Times
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 05:00:00 -0700

The conference is an annual event planned a year ahead of time and justice ministers always attend, except those trying to snub the judiciary and the legal profession. But then again, if MacKay was once again going to make some sort of stupid remark ...
 
Huffington Post
Mon, 04 Aug 2014 17:44:27 -0700

If law is the organizing principle that sustains civilizations, the practitioners of the legal profession might be expected to be leaders in advancing diversity and fairness. Instead, women and minorities continue to be disadvantaged in U.S law firms ...

Irish Times

Irish Times
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 17:50:30 -0700

Michael Lavelle, the well-known Dublin legal eagle and property investor, is preparing to march his newly renamed firm, Lavelle Solicitors, from its current Hatch Street headquarters down the road to a new home on Adelaide Road next month. The move ...
 
SourceWire (press release)
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 01:03:45 -0700

The new Storacall-ST call recording systems is ideal for situations where a permanent record of telephone conversations is needed. the ability to verify and prove who said what, when and to whom is vital to protecting legal practices, safeguarding ...

The Economist (blog)

The Economist (blog)
Fri, 01 Aug 2014 04:23:17 -0700

A group called the Lawyers' Secular Society (LSS) has been lobbying hard for the practice note's withdrawal. The campaigners argue that through the note, the legal profession is not just tolerating but actively facilitating practices which violate ...
 
PQ Monthly
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 09:30:00 -0700

The class with cover the legal profession's work toward LGBT equality in Oregon, up to, but not including, the recent last pushes that culminated in marriage equality, which will be the topic of a separate CLE class later in the month. The session will ...

shropshirelive.com (press release)

shropshirelive.com (press release)
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 00:52:30 -0700

Experts at a Telford law firm have welcomed a new colleague to their growing team who has taken an unusual route into the legal profession. Gemma Himsworth has joined the family law team at Martin-Kaye Solicitors. Gemma Himsworth, who has been ...

V3.co.uk

V3.co.uk
Tue, 05 Aug 2014 06:27:52 -0700

The Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) has voiced its concern with a spat of data-protection blunders in the legal profession, warning barristers and solicitors they face fines as high as £500,000 if they put their clients' data at risk ...
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