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Legal profession is a profession, and legal professionals study, develop and apply law. Usually, there is a requirement for someone choosing a career in law to first obtain a law degree or some other form of legal education.

It is difficult to generalize about the structure of the profession, because

  • there are two major legal systems, and even within them, there are different arrangements in jurisdictions, and
  • terminology varies greatly.

While in civil law countries there are usually distinct clearly defined career paths in law, such as judge, in common law jurisdictions there tends to be one legal profession, and it is not uncommon, for instance, that a requirement for a judge is several years of practising law privately.

Judge[edit]

Lyman Poore Duff.jpg
Main article: Judge

Historically, this has been the first legal specialization. In civil law countries, this is often a lifelong career. In common law legal system, on the other hand, judges are recruited from practising lawyers.

Lawyer, advocate, attorney[edit]

M Battye.jpg
Main articles: Lawyer and advocate

Practising law means advising and representing clients as a private practitioner or in a law firm. In most countries, law graduates need to undergo some sort of apprenticeship, membership in a professional organization and a licence.

The name for this profession is lawyer or attorney in most of English-speaking world, and advocate in many other countries.

In civil law countries, but also some common law jurisdictions there is one Law society for all lawyers who want to provide services to the public. But in the United Kingdom and some of its former colonies, there are two quite separate kinds of lawyers providing legal services to the public.

Solicitor[edit]

Main article: Solicitor

Solicitors advise clients, draft contracts for them and represent them in lower courts of law.

Barrister[edit]

Main article: Barrister

Barristers, also called counsels, are court specialists, who traditionally do not come into contact with their lay clients, but are instructed by solicitors. There is only about a 10% of barristers in most common law jurisdictions.

Jurist[edit]

Main article: Jurist

People, who study, organize, teach, and through that also create law, often working at universities, are called jurists. In civil law countries, their role is greater, because they draft codes, which are major laws that govern whole areas of law. In common loan countries, the creation and interpretation of law has traditionally been the domain of judges.


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legal_profession — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

2660 news items

Slate Magazine

Slate Magazine
Tue, 22 Jul 2014 05:15:40 -0700

Students studying at the New York Public Library. Law students shouldn't have to hitch their wagons to one state bar exam at a time. Photo by ChameleonsEye/Shutterstock. Law schools and the legal job market are having a mutual meltdown. The number of ...

Irish Independent

Irish Independent
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:31:20 -0700

Diversity helping to change the face of our legal profession. Teri Kelly. Published 18/07/2014|02:30. 0 Comments; Share. Minister for Children Charlie Flanagan. Picture: Colin Keegan, Collins Dublin. Last night, Charlie Flanagan, the new Minister for ...

Justia Verdict

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Sun, 06 Jul 2014 22:52:34 -0700

For those who have jobs, the median starting salary for lawyers has fallen 15 percent from 2009 to 2012. There is also no rosy employment outlook for lawyers already working in many large firms. In the past decade, twelve major firms with more than 1 ...
 
InsideARM
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 06:41:23 -0700

Ronald Canter July 18, 2014 4 Responses http://www.insidearm.com/daily/cfpb-takes-direct-aim-at-policing-legal-profession/. For centuries, the regulation of the practice of law has been delegated to the judicial branch of government. As the Supreme ...

Vancouver Sun

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Tue, 15 Jul 2014 19:01:10 -0700

The proposed Trinity Western University law school controversy continues to fuel a bitter internecine fight within the Law Society of B.C.. The benchers who govern the society have come under fierce attack for their response to a historic special ...
 
Nottingham Post
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 22:15:00 -0700

ONE of the first legal apprentices in Nottinghamshire has been honoured at an awards ceremony at the House of Lords. George Denton was one of 27 apprentices selected by West Nottinghamshire College Group from its crop of more than 10,000 ...

New Vision

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Thu, 31 Jul 2014 02:45:00 -0700

In Uganda, the term Pro Bono is used to describe professional legal aid work undertaken voluntarily and without payment or at a low cost to vulnerable or underprivileged persons. Historically, a certain segment of the legal profession felt responsible ...
 
spyghana.com
Fri, 04 Jul 2014 23:45:00 -0700

Shock enveloped the legal profession and the corporate headquarters of The Guardian in Lagos on Friday when news of the death of lawyer and member of its editorial board, Olakunle Alex Fadipe filtered in. Fadipe was killed at his Ifako-Ijaiye, Ogba ...
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