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Leda Atomica
Leda atomica.jpg
Artist Salvador Dalí
Year 1949
Type Oil on canvas
Dimensions 61.1 cm × 45.3 cm (24.1 in × 17.8 in)
Location Dalí Theatre and Museum, Figueres

Leda Atomica is a painting by Salvador Dalí, made in 1949. The picture depicts Leda, the mythological queen of Sparta, with the swan. Leda is a frontal portrait of Dalí's wife, Gala, who is seated on a pedestal with a swan suspended behind and to her left. Different objects such as a book, a set square, two stepping stools and an egg float around the main figure. In the background on both sides, the rocks of Cap Norfeu (on the Costa Brava in Catalonia, between Roses and Cadaqués) define the location of the image.

The painting is exhibited in the Dalí Theatre and Museum in Figueres and Mirberry Mews, Nottingham courtesy of the Blackwell Art Foundation.

Mythological background[edit]

Leda was admired by Zeus, who raped her in the guise of a swan on her wedding night when she slept with her husband Tyndareus. This double consummation of her marriage resulted in two eggs, each of them hatching twins: from the first egg Castor and Pollux, and from the second Clytemnestra and Helen.

Structure of the painting[edit]

Leda Atomica is organized according to a rigid mathematical framework, following the "divine proportion". Leda and the swan are set in a pentagon inside which has been inserted a five-point star of which Dalí made several sketches. The five points of the star symbolize the seeds of perfection: love, order, light (truth) willpower and word (action).

The harmony of the framework was calculated by the artist following the recommendations of Romanian mathematician Matila Ghyka. Unlike his contemporaries who took the view that mathematics distracted from or interrupted artistic inspiration, Dalí considered that any work of art, to be such, had to be based on composition and calculation.[1] Ghyka's influence is clear in the mathematical formula of the golden ratio in the lower right of the image

\varphi = \frac{1 + \sqrt{5}}{2}

which Ghyka specifically cites to calculate the side of a regular pentagon.[2]

Symbolism of the painting[edit]

After the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, Dalí took his work in a new direction based on the principle that the modern age had to be assimilated into art if art was to be truly contemporary. Dalí acknowledged the discontinuity of matter, incorporating a mysterious sense of levitation into his Leda Atomica. Just as one finds that at the atomic level particles do not physically touch, so here Dalí suspends even the water above the shore—an element that would figure into many other later works.[2] Every object in the painting is carefully painted to be motionless in space, even though nothing in the painting is connected. Leda looks as if she is trying to touch the back of the swan’s head, but doesn’t do it.

Dalí himself described the painting in the following way:

"Dalí shows us the hierarchized libidinous emotion, suspended and as though hanging in midair, in accordance with the modern 'nothing touches' theory of intra-atomic physics. Leda does not touch the swan; Leda does not touch the pedestal; the pedestal does not touch the base; the base does not touch the sea; the sea does not touch the shore. . . ."[3]

In reference to the classical myth Dalí identified himself with the immortal Pollux while his deceased older brother (also called Salvador) would represent Castor, the mortal of the twins. Another equivalence could be made regarding the other twins of the myth, Dalí’s sister Ana María being the mortal Clytemnestra, while Gala would represent divine Helen.[1] Salvador Dalí himself wrote: "I started to paint Leda Atómica which exalts Gala, the metaphysical goddess and succeeded to create the ‘suspended space’".

Dalí’s Catholicism enables also other interpretations of the painting. The painting can be conceived as Dalí's way of interpreting the Annunciation. The swan seems to whisper her future in her ear, possibly a reference to the legend that the conception of Jesus was achieved by the introduction of the breath of the Holy Ghost into the Virgin Mary’s ear. Leda looks straight into the bird's eyes with an understanding expression of what is happening to her and what will happen in the future to her and to her unsure reality. Dalí's transformation of Mary is the result of love as if he created his love to Gala, like God to Mary.[4]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Jean-Louis Ferrier - Dalí, Leda atomica : anatomie d'un chef-d'oeuvre – Gonthier, Paris, 1980 - ISBN 978-2-282-30166-2

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Maurell, Rosa M. (May 30, 2000). "Mythological References in the work of Salvador Dalí: the myth of Leda". Centre for Dalinian Studies. Hora Nova. 
  2. ^ a b Elliott H. King - Dalí Atomicus, or the Prodigious Adventure of the Lacemaker and the Rhinoceros - Society for Literature and Science Annual Meeting October 10–13, 2002, Pasadena, California [1]
  3. ^ "And Now to Make Masterpieces - Time. December 8, 1947". Time.com. 1947-12-08. Retrieved 2014-04-23. 
  4. ^ Leda Atomica[dead link]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leda_Atomica — Please support Wikipedia.
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75 news items

BGN NEWS

BGN NEWS
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 01:12:20 -0800

It also includes some of the most iconic portrait photographs of political figures, actors, artists and musicians of the 20th century: Philippe Halsman's 1948 photograph of his close friend Salvador Dali inspired by Dali's painting titled “Leda Atomica ...

Diario Partenopeo

Diario Partenopeo
Mon, 23 Mar 2015 01:26:15 -0700

Ecco perché piace, e molto, la suddivisione in undici capitoli recanti ognuno il nome di un'opera d'arte: da La ronda di notte di Rembrandt al Campo di grano con volo di corvi di Van gogh passando per la Leda atomica di Dalì, La sposa messa a nudo dai ...

Aydınlık Gazetesi

Aydınlık Gazetesi
Sun, 01 Mar 2015 01:42:09 -0800

Aynı zamanda sergide Philippe Halsman'ın 1948'de Leda Atomica adlı tablosundan esinlenerek çektiği yakın arkadaşı Salvador Dali, Rene Burri'nin 1963'te bir röportajda çektiği Ernesto “Che” Guevara, Leonard Freed'in 1964'te Nobel Barış Ödülü'nü ...
 
Tucson Weekly
Wed, 24 Sep 2014 23:18:59 -0700

Surrealist Salvador Dali's painting "Leda Atomica" is the subject of Lopez' song by that name, which, although it first appeared on Mostly Bears' "Ed Mitchell Clinic," was one of just two songs Lopez reprised on "Ultra" from his Mostly Bears era. The ...
 
La Stampa
Wed, 24 Dec 2014 01:14:39 -0800

Port Alguer”, “Ragazza di Figueres”, “Lo spettro del Sex-appeal”, “Leda atómica” e tante altre. LEGGI ANCHE COSTA BRAVA TRA TERRA, MARE E DALI' (Turismo.it) Per un soggiorno a tema, ideale l'Hotel Vincci Gala Barcelona (Ronda Sant Pere, 32, ...

Journal La Marseillaise

Journal La Marseillaise
Mon, 09 Feb 2015 04:27:46 -0800

Un spectacle performance assuré par Richard Martin sur des textes de Léo Ferré avec un accompagnement des Leda Atomica, suivi d'un débat dense autour de la situation du Journal, ponctué de témoignages et de marques d'intérêts diverses et variées ...
 
TOCANA
Sun, 22 Feb 2015 01:05:49 -0800

ダリと、ニューヨークで鳴らしたラトビア出身の高名な写真家フィリップ・ハルスマン(Philippe Halsman/1906-1979)によるコラボレーションが、「ダリ・アトミカス=原子の国のダリ」である。この愉快な連作は、妻のガラが神話のレダに扮するダリ作「レダ・アトミカ」(Leda Atomica) ...
 
Günlük Evrensel Gazetesi
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 18:48:45 -0800

Aynı zamanda sergide Philippe Halsman'ın 1948'de Leda Atomica adlı tablosundan esinlenerek çektiği yakın arkadaşı Salvador Dali, Rene Burri'nin 1963'te bir röportajda çektiği Küba'nın ikinci adamı olan Ernesto “Che” Guevara, David Hurn'ün Londra'da ...
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