digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

"Latin Rite" redirects here. For the liturgical rites known as Latin rites, see Latin liturgical rites.
Latin Church
St. Peter's Basilica, burial place of Saint Peter
Classification Catholic
Orientation Western Christianity
Polity Episcopal
Leader Pope Francis
Region Rome and Worldwide
Origin 1st century
Roman province of Africa
Merge of Catholic Church
Separations Protestantism, Old Catholic Churches
Members 1,197 million (Dec 2011)
Other name(s) Latin Catholic Church
Official website www.vatican.va

The Latin Church is the largest particular church within the Catholic Church. It is a particular church not on the level of the local particular churches known as dioceses or eparchies, but on the level of autonomous ritual churches, of which there are 23, the remaining 22 of which are Eastern Catholic Churches.

The Latin Church first developed in the Roman province of Africa,[1] after which it spread to Rome and the Latin-speaking parts of the Roman Empire (Western Europe and North Africa). Here, from classical antiquity to the Renaissance, Latin was the principal language of education and culture. The various Latin liturgical rites that developed in that area also use or have used that language.

Terminology[edit]

"Church" and "rite"[edit]

The 1990 Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches defines the use within that Code (in hoc Codice) of the words "church" and "rite" as follows:

Church: A group of Christian faithful united by a hierarchy according to the norm of law which the supreme authority of the Church expressly or tacitly recognizes as sui iuris is called in this Code a Church sui iuris.[2]
Rite: A rite is the liturgical, theological, spiritual and disciplinary patrimony, culture and circumstances of history of a distinct people, by which its own manner of living the faith is manifested in each Church sui iuris.[3]

In accordance with these definitions of usage within the Code that governs the Eastern Catholic Churches, the Latin Church is one such group of Christian faithful united by a hierarchy and recognized by the supreme authority of the Catholic Church as an autonomous particular church. The Latin rite is the whole of the patrimony of that distinct particular church, by which it manifests its own manner of living the faith, including its own liturgy, its theology, its spiritual practices and traditions and its canon law.

A person is a member of or belongs to a particular church. A person also inherits or "is of",[4] a particular patrimony or rite. Since the rite has liturgical, theological, spiritual and disciplinary elements, a person is also to worship, to be catechized, to pray and to be governed according to a particular rite.

Particular Churches that inherit and perpetuate a particular patrimony are identified by metonymy with that patrimony. Accordingly, "rite" has been defined as "a division of the Christian church using a distinctive liturgy",[5] or simply as "a Christian Church"[6] In this sense, "rite" and "Church" are treated as synonymous, as in the glossary prepared by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops and revised in 1999, which states that each "Eastern-rite (Oriental) Church ... is considered equal to the Latin rite within the Church".[7] The Second Vatican Council likewise stated that "it is the mind of the Catholic Church that each individual Church or Rite should retain its traditions whole and entire and likewise that it should adapt its way of life to the different needs of time and place".[8] and spoke of patriarchs and of "major archbishops, who rule the whole of some individual church or rite".[9] It thus used the word "rite" as "a technical designation of what may now be called a particular church".[10] "Church or rite" is also used as a single heading in the United States Library of Congress classification of works.[11]

"Latin Catholic" and "Roman Catholic"[edit]

At times, the Holy See has used the term "Roman Catholic" to refer to the whole Catholic Church that is in communion with the Bishop and Church of Rome.[12][13] It has never used the term "Roman Catholic" to refer exclusively to the Latin Church, and one would have to go back more than two and a half centuries to find a papal document that used "Roman" as equivalent to "Latin".[14] The Holy See quite commonly uses the term "Roman" (again, not "Roman Catholic") with reference to the diocese of Rome, as in "Holy Roman Church". It does not use the term "Roman Church" to refer exclusively to the Latin Church, unlike the writer in the 1910 Catholic Encyclopedia who stated: "A German Catholic is not, strictly speaking, a member of the Church of Rome but of the Church of Cologne, or Munich-Freising, or whatever it may be, in union with and under the obedience of the Roman Church (although, no doubt, by a further extension Roman Church may be used as equivalent to Latin Church for the patriarchate)."[15]

However, some Eastern Catholics use the expression "Roman Catholic" to mean "Latin Catholic",[16] while others "are proud to call themselves Roman Catholics",[17] and "Roman Catholic" sometimes appears in the compound name of Eastern Catholic churches and parishes.[18]

Distinguishing characteristics[edit]

Liturgical patrimony[edit]

The then Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger spoke on 24 October 1988 of the Latin liturgical rites as follows: "Several forms of the Latin rite have always existed, and were only slowly withdrawn, as a result of the coming together of the different parts of Europe. Before the Council there existed side by side with the Roman rite, the Ambrosian rite, the Mozarabic rite of Toledo, the rite of Braga, the Carthusian rite, the Carmelite rite, and best known of all, the Dominican rite, and perhaps still other rites of which I am not aware".[19] Today, the most common Latin liturgical rites are the Roman Rite (either in its ordinary form or in an extraordinary form of the Roman Rite such as the 1962 version officially authorized for present-day use), the Ambrosian Rite, the Mozarabic Rite, and variations of the Roman Rite such as the Anglican Use. The 22 Eastern Catholic Churches share 5 families of liturgical rites: the Alexandrian Rite (shared by 2 churches), the Antiochene or West Syrian Rite (3 churches), the Armenian Rite (1 church), the Byzantine Rite (14 churches), and the Chaldean or East Syrian Rite (2 churches). The Latin liturgical rites, like the Armenian, are used only in a single autonomous particular church.

Disciplinary patrimony[edit]

Canon law for the Latin Church was codified in the Code of Canon Law, of which there have been two editions, the first promulgated by Pope Benedict XV in 1917, and the second by Pope John Paul II in 1983. The Eastern Catholic Churches, which each have their own canon law, have in common the canons codified in the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches of 1990.[20]

In the Latin Church, the norm for administration of confirmation is that, except when in danger of death, the person to be confirmed should "have the use of reason, be suitably instructed, properly disposed, and able to renew the baptismal promises",[21] and "the administration of the Most Holy Eucharist to children requires that they have sufficient knowledge and careful preparation so that they understand the mystery of Christ according to their capacity and are able to receive the body of Christ with faith and devotion."[22] In the Eastern Churches these sacraments are usually administered immediately after baptism, even for an infant.[23]

Celibacy, as a consequence of the duty to observe perfect continence, is obligatory for priests in the Latin Church.[24] Rare exceptions are permitted for men who, after ministering as clergy in other churches, join the Catholic Church.[25] This contrasts with the discipline in most Eastern Catholic Churches ordination, in which priesthood (but not episcopate) may be conferred on married men. In the Latin Church a married man may not be admitted even to the diaconate unless he is legitimately destined to remain a deacon and not become a priest.[26] As in Eastern Catholic Churches, marriage after their ordination is not allowed.[27] There is also no difference between the churches with regard to those who have taken religious vows of celibacy.

Bishops in the Latin Church are appointed by the Pope on the advice of the various dicasteries of the Roman Curia.[28] The synods of Eastern patriarchal and major archiepiscopal Churches elect bishops for their own territory, receiving from the Pope only letters of recognition; although the Pope can in fact veto the decision, this rarely if ever happens. The bishops for other territories and those of lesser Eastern Catholic Churches are appointed in the same way as Latin bishops, on the advice of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Isidore of Seville (p. 17)
  2. ^ CCEO, canon 27
  3. ^ CCEO, canon 28 §1
  4. ^ Code of Canon Law, canons 383 §2, 450 §1, 476, 479 §2, 1021
  5. ^ Merriam Webster Dictionary
  6. ^ Collins English Dictionary
  7. ^ Glossary of Church Terms
  8. ^ Decree on the Eastern Rite Orientalium Ecclesiarum, 2
  9. ^ Orientalium Ecclesiarum, 10
  10. ^ William W. Bassett, The Determination of Rite, an Historical and Juridical Study (Gregorian University Bookshop, 1967 ISBN 978-88-7652129-4), p. 73
  11. ^ Library of Congress Classification - KBS Table 2
  12. ^ "The terms 'Roman Church' and 'Roman Catholic Church' date from at least the early Middle Ages, but the stress on these terms became prominent after the Protestant Reformation. The reason was to emphasize the distinctive quality of being not only a Christian, because baptized, but of being a Catholic, because in communion with the Pope " ([http://www.catholicreference.net/index.cfm?id=36128 John Hardon, Modern Catholic Dictionary).
  13. ^ Pope Pius XII taught in Humani Generis that "the Mystical Body of Christ and the Roman Catholic Church are one and the same thing" (Encyclical Humani Generis, 27).] Pope Benedict XVI called the Church "the Roman Catholic Church" at a meeting in Warsaw on 25 May 2006 and in joint declarations that he signed with the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, on 23 November 2006 and with Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople on 30 November 2006.
  14. ^ The 1755 papal encyclical Allatae sunt said: "The Oriental Church is composed of four rites - Greek, Armenian, Syriac, and Coptic; all these rites are referred to by the single name of the Greek or Oriental Church, just as the name of the Latin or Roman Church signifies the Roman, Ambrosian, and Mozarabic rites, as well as the special rites of different Regular Orders" (Encyclical Allatae sunt, 3)
  15. ^ Adrian Fortescue, "Latin Church" in Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1910)
  16. ^ For instance, "We are not Roman Catholics" (Fran Colie: Roman or Melkite, What's the Difference); "Byzantine Catholics hold the same beliefs as Roman Catholics, but often have different emphases" (Saint Michaels Byzantine Catholic Church); Richard P. McBrien, Catholicism, HarperCollins: 1994. pp. 4-5, etc.
  17. ^ "Surrounded by Mussulmans, schismatics, and heretics, they are proud to call themselves Roman Catholics" (Catholic Encyclopedia, article Maronites).
  18. ^ Even excluding Wikipedia, its mirrors and citations from it, a Google search turns up about 9,670 references to "Maronite Roman Catholic".
  19. ^ Address on 24 October 1998 for the tenth anniversary of the motu proprio Ecclesia Dei
  20. ^ Codes of Canon Law
  21. ^ Code of Canon Law, canon 889 §2
  22. ^ Code of Canon Law, canon 913 §1
  23. ^ Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, canons 695 §1 and 710
  24. ^ Code of Canon Law, canon 277 §1
  25. ^ Anglicanorum coetibus, VI §§1-2
  26. ^ Code of Canon Law, canon 1042
  27. ^ Code of Canon Law, canon 1087
  28. ^ Specifically, the Congregation for Bishops, the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples (for countries in its care), the Section for Relations with States of the Secretariat of State (for appointments that require the consent or prior notification of civil governments), and the Congregation for the Oriental Churches (in the areas in its charge, even for the appointment of Latin bishops).

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latin_Church — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Why do you have different priest vestments than the Latin Church?

http://www.stnickbyz.com - Fr. Deacon Robert Cripps, St. Emilian Byzantine Catholic Church, Brunswick Ohio.

Latin Language Pronunciation | Visual Latin Curriculum

BUILD WORD POWER: http://www.dwanethomas.com/ LEARN LATIN: http://www.compassclassroom.com/visual-latin/overview/ LATIN ONLINE: http://www.compassclassroom.c...

The Old Roman Catholic Church, Latin Rite2

A video with music of the consecration of two Bishops for the Old Roman Catholic Church, Latin Rite, at Huron College Chapel May 5, 2012.

Pretiosus Thesaurus, Latin in the modern Church

Europe, the continent and its culture was mainly developed through Latin. Even though today, Latin is considered a dead language, its a lot more important th...

Traditional Catholic Latin Mass of the Angels

Some music from the Latin Mass of the Angels (Christmas Mass). - Kyrie Eleison at 0:01 - Gloria in Excelsis Deo at 2:07 - Memorial Acclamation (Not Missa de ...

The Moth Presents Jimmy Krenn: Church Latin

A radio personality remembers his first time in the spotlight. Jimmy Krenn is a radio personality and comedian who has been working on WDVE Radio in Pittsbur...

Latin church yafia

KCCNA TOWN HALL MEETING 2014 - SACRAMENTS IN LATIN CHURCH

Sacraments in latin Church for Knanaya Catholics in Syro Malabar rite.

An Easter concert at St. James Latin Church, Beit Hanina, Jerusalem. .2014

What\'s next for the Church in Latin America?

One year after the election of Pope Francis, the Pontifical Commission for Latin America looks into the future of the Church in the Americas.

1000000 videos foundNext > 

17 news items

 
Independent Catholic News
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 16:37:30 -0700

The Holy Family Latin Church in Gaza has just received an evacuation order warning them that Israei is planning to bomb their neighbourhood tonight. In a message, a priest writes: " The church of Gaza has received an order to evacuate.. they will bomb ...

Middle East Eye

Middle East Eye
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 03:07:30 -0700

Father Manuel Musallam, a former priest of the Latin Church, has always been an advocate for Palestinian unity. “When they destroy your mosques, call your prayers from our churches”. There are approximately 1,500 Christians in Gaza. Mosques stand next ...

Eureka Street

Eureka Street
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 22:03:45 -0700

Even UN-run shelters are not safe, and now, as I write this, there are reports that Israel has warned the Holy Family Latin Church in Gaza to evacuate. According to the church, it has 27 handicapped children, and nine elderly ladies who are not mobile ...

TIME

TIME
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 09:40:31 -0700

The only available date was Friday, July 11th. Little did we know last April, when we met with the priest at the Latin Church in Ramallah with our expected new in-laws, that this July date would be in the crossfires of a war on Gaza in which rockets ...

Catholic Sentinel

Catholic Sentinel
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 17:00:00 -0700

A local monk was ordained a deacon for the Maronite Catholic Church. Rev. Mr. Anthony Joseph Alles, who lives with three others in a Beaverton home-turned monastery, is a Portlander who graduated with a philosophy degree from the Franciscan University ...

National Catholic Register

National Catholic Register
Wed, 02 Jul 2014 07:12:06 -0700

Apparently the devil still uses Latin, yet when officers of the Latin Church square off against him these days, it's in the language of everyday speech. The syllables and intonations of Latin exude antiquity, authority, mysticism and esoteric power ...
 
The Age
Sun, 13 Jul 2014 16:03:45 -0700

He had long been fascinated with Latin Church music, and had already written several short pieces in the genre, but there would have been no place for a complete Latin mass setting in a Lutheran church service, and in any case, the sheer length of the ...

The Daily Star

The Daily Star
Fri, 04 Jul 2014 13:53:32 -0700

The study also examines Saint Nicolas Cathedral and Sidon's Latin Church. With detailed blueprints, “Patrimoine” may be useful for beginner students in archeology or architecture. General readers curious about the area may find it less interesting.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Latin Church

You can talk about Latin Church with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!