Laparoscopy (from Ancient Greek λαπάρα (lapara), meaning "flank, side", and σκοπέω (skopeó), meaning "to see") is an operation performed in the abdomen or pelvis through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) with the aid of a camera. It can either be used to inspect and diagnose a condition or to perform surgery.
There are two types of laparoscope: (1) a telescopic rod lens system, that is usually connected to a video camera (single chip or three chip), or (2) a digital laparoscope where a miniature digital video camera is placed at the end of the laparoscope, eliminating the rod lens system.
The laparoscope allows doctors to perform both minor and complex surgeries with a few small cuts in the abdomen.
There are a number of advantages to the patient with laparoscopic surgery versus an open procedure. These include reduced pain due to smaller incisions and hemorrhaging, and shorter recovery time.
Gynecological diagnosis 
In gynecology, diagnostic laparoscopy may be used to inspect the outside of the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes, for example in the diagnosis of female infertility. Usually, there is one incision near the navel and a second near to the pubic hairline.
For gynecological diagnosis a special type of laparoscope can be used, called a fertiloscope. A fertiloscope is modified to make it suitable for trans-vaginal application.
A dye test may be performed to detect any blockage in the reproductive tract, wherein a dark blue dye is passed up through the cervix and is followed with the laparoscope through its passage out into the fallopian tubes to the ovaries.
Pediatric laparoscopy 
Although laparoscopy in adult age group is widely accepted, its advantages in pediatric age group is questionable. The efficacy of laparoscopy is inferior to open surgery in situations such as pyloromyotomy for infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Although laparoscopic appendectomy results in less wounds than open surgery, the former is also associated with more intra-abdominal abscesses.
Thu, 23 May 2013 00:25:49 -0700
Her son had been slightly apprehensive about the 40-minute laparoscopy – keyhole surgery – but doctors assured the family it was a low-risk routine procedure. ''Ryan was a little scared about going into hospital. He had that fear that I think we all ...
EurekAlert (press release)
Wed, 22 May 2013 09:37:16 -0700
Now, with the addition of laparoscopy, robotic surgery and other minimally invasive techniques, there are 135 categories of surgical procedures," says study leader Steven M. Frank, M.D., an associate professor of anesthesiology and critical care ...
Profitable.com (press release)
Wed, 22 May 2013 19:00:11 -0700
iData Research is an international market research and consulting group focused on providing market intelligence for medical device and pharmaceutical companies. iData covers research in: women's health, imaging, video endoscopy, laparoscopy, soft ...
Alexandria Town Talk
Tue, 21 May 2013 05:11:33 -0700
“It is a simple laparoscopy.” The tissue sample is taken from one ovary, while the other is left untouched. (Page 2 of 2). “That gives the patient the opportunity of having normal fertility if the chemotherapy or radiation therapy did not kill all the ...
Mon, 20 May 2013 11:03:20 -0700
For example, 4 patients lost their neovagina (1 because of hematoma and 3 because of total vaginal prolapse with rectovaginal fistulas); 4 had partial vaginal prolapse corrected (1 with laparoscopy and 3 with suprapubic suspension); 1 had a prolapsed ...
New Haven Register
Mon, 20 May 2013 14:06:32 -0700
In 2011, he completed a fellowship in advanced laparoscopy and bariatric surgery at Danbury Hospital. As Medical Director of Griffin Hospital's Bariatric Surgery Program, Ramlogan will regularly present free weight loss surgery seminars offered ...
Becker's ASC Review
Wed, 22 May 2013 07:15:44 -0700
Robotic surgery was first adopted in the field of urology and then gynecology. Today, it is a continually growing trend in several fields, including colorectal surgery. Dr. Cleary first explored minimally invasive surgery through laparoscopy during his ...
Accident Injury Lawyer (blog)
Tue, 21 May 2013 07:31:46 -0700
... annual meeting, researchers from St. Lukes-Roosevelt Hospital Center reported that 10% of patients operated on through robotic surgery for pelvic lesions suffered major postoperative complications, compared to 7% of those who underwent laparoscopy.
Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter
You can talk about Laparoscopy with people all over the world in our discussions.