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Lake Teletskoye
Teletskoe ozero yug.jpg
The southern bank
Location Altai Republic
Coordinates 51°31′45″N 87°42′53″E / 51.52917°N 87.71472°E / 51.52917; 87.71472Coordinates: 51°31′45″N 87°42′53″E / 51.52917°N 87.71472°E / 51.52917; 87.71472
Primary inflows Chulyshman River (70 rivers and 150 temporary streams)
Primary outflows Biya River
Basin countries Russia
Max. length 78 km (48 mi)
Max. width 5 km (3.1 mi)
Surface area 233 km2 (90 sq mi)
Average depth 174 m (571 ft)
Max. depth 325 m (1,066 ft)
Water volume 40 km3 (9.6 cu mi)
Surface elevation 434 m (1,424 ft)

Lake Teletskoye (Russian: Телецкое озеро, Altay: Алтын Кӧл, Altyn-Köl, literally: "Golden Lake") is the largest lake in the Altay Mountains and the Altai Republic, Russia, and has depth up to 325 meters.[1]

Situated at a height of 434 m (1,424 ft) above the sea level, the lake is 78 km (48 mi) long and 5 km (3.1 mi) wide and lies between the mountain ridges Korbu and Al-tyntu, on the junction of the Sailughem Mountains and the Western Sayans. Its surface area is 233 km2 (90 sq mi); however, due to its considerable depth (325 m; 1,066 ft), the lake contains no less than 40 km³ (9.6 cubic miles) of fresh water. Annual water level fluctuations are estimated at some 348 sm. The lake transparency is high, with the visibility of the lake water ranging from six to fourteen meters.

About 70 rivers and 150 temporary streams flow into the lake, the largest of them, Chulyshman River, supplying more than half of the lake's water. The lake is drained through a single outlet, the Biya River, which, after its confluence with the Katun River, forms one of Siberia's largest rivers, the Ob River.

The lake is surrounded by mountains of 600-1,300 m in the northern part and about 1,700–2,400 m (5,600–7,900 ft) in the southern part. Lake Teletskoe is included into Altaisky Nature Reserve. That reserve along with the Katun Natural Reserve and the Ukok Plateau Nature Refuge were listed as one of UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites under the name "Golden Mountains of Altai".[2]

The Altay people have a legend about the name of the lake in their language, which means Golden Lake. According to this story, once, a rich man had an ingot of gold, which he wanted to use to buy food. He travelled around Altai, but could not find anyone who would sell him any food. Eventually, he threw the gold into the lake. This legend is the origin of the name.[3]


There is a field base of Institute of Taxonomy and Ecology of Animals (Russian: Институт систематики и экологии животных СО РАН) by the Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian: Сибирское отделение Российской академии наук) at the northwest part of the lake, about 6 km from head water of Biya River. Therein studies are performed of the insect-eaters and rodents of Altai Republic, helminthofauna of vertebrates in biocenoses of taiga, ichthyocenose and animal plankton of Lake Teletskoye. Near the base there is located the research-and-production sport-and-sanitary base of Gorno-Altaisk State University. Tomsk State University carries out its investigation more than 50 years. Many years here work ecologists from the Institute of Water and Ecological Problems (Russian: Институт водных и экологических проблем СО РАН) by the Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and also geologists and archeologists from the Academy. Geomorphologists and geologists scrutinize geological structure of Lake Teletskoye, its paleogeography, age, and origin.

It has been known for a long time that there are gold in placers and bedrock deposits in the Altay. The Geomorphologists from Tomsk State University works in the Teletskoye geology-prospecting detachment searching for gold-placers. They managed to establish a new search criterion for a placer. The base for the discovery were the palaeoglaciological studies during the last few years and theoretical models of the diluvial morpholithogenesis. The content of the precious component is everywhere much higher than the lowest accepted industrial standard, sometimes it’s tremendous.

Geomorphology expeditions of National Research Tomsk State University in the area of Lake Teletskoye (2008—2010, Photos - Alexei Rudoy)
Altay. August 2009
Fairy tale. August 2010
On the rocky coast. July 2010
Waterfall. August 2010
Bonfire on the beach. August 2008
Gravel on the shore. Summer 2010
For aero-visual recording. July 2010
Strange evening light. July 2010
Camp on shore. August 2010
The young researcher. Juli 2010
Last fire. 23 August 2010
Last Camp. August 2010
Morning. View from the tent. August 2009
Taiga. August 2010
Bath-house. August 2009
Route across the lake. July 2008

The investigators carried out large-scale exploration routes on vast territories near watersheds of the upper reaches of all the rivers in the northern and western parts of the Teletskoye Lake basin. These explorations included studies of exposures, boring of prospect-holes, pits and hollow wells (up to 15 m deep). The results of these investigations let us speak about the regularity and reliability of the new criterion. The first 14C-method data for the layered clays on the flat watersheds showed the age of 15 thousand years and younger. This important fact leads to an unavoidable conclusion about the youth of the Teletskoje Lake depression – the post-glacial age of “the last cutting” during the pre-glacial (Late Quaternary) peneplain.



  1. ^ "Altai Reserve". altai-republic.ru. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  2. ^ "Altai - Pearl of Siberia". Retrieved 2006-11-30. 
  3. ^ "Altai Republic :: official portal". Retrieved 2010-01-14. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Lake Teletskoye at Wikimedia Commons

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Teletskoye — Please support Wikipedia.
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7 news items

Tourism Review

Tourism Review
Sun, 14 Jun 2015 12:23:00 -0700

The biggest lake in Altai is Lake Teletskoye. It is situated among high ridges that are surrounded with taiga. It is one of the deepest lakes in Russia and even in the whole world (its depth is more than 325 meters). Traditionally Lake Teletskoye is ...


Wed, 14 Jan 2015 03:21:34 -0800

Memorable mountains. The Altai, a spectacular mountain range in southern Siberia, is a storehouse of winter entertainment. You can go horse riding or skiing, ride a snowmobile, take part in ice fishing on Lake Teletskoye, hunt, go for a Russian banya ...


Wed, 13 Nov 2013 20:31:32 -0800

I wash my balls with ice water from Lake Teletskoye in the coldest depths of winter. The only time my frigid heart feels any warmth is when I see the sight of another man's blood," or some such nonsense. Minakov won the right to face Volkov for the ...
Sun, 18 Nov 2007 00:00:00 -0800

The collapse of the Soviet Union and the following economical crisis brought about real hardships to ballet companies, which used to be generously financed from the state budget before that. Lots of dancers and ballet masters chose to leave the country ...
Tue, 26 Dec 2006 11:16:23 -0800

All works by Yevgeni Kazantsev reveal the originality of his artistic outlook. Kazantsev is a vivid example of artists able to see and convey the peculiar spirits and splendour of Russian broad expanses, as well as transient sensations of people and ...
Tue, 19 Dec 2006 05:30:00 -0800

'I want to state and assure you, that author's song demands great work. This song is always living with you, never giving you rest.' -Vysotsky said. One had to live several lives to feel keenly all the personages featured in his songs. These songs ...
Tue, 16 Oct 2007 00:00:00 -0700

... Russia Russian business Lake Teletskoye Krasnoyarsk Painting Russian geography Darya Saltykova Russia Chelyabinsk Russian academy of sciences Andrei Bely Russian politics World City Political Walk Helsinki Russian media society Sheremetyevo ...

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