|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||4|
|Number of stations||60|
|Began operation||never built|
|Operator(s)||Lahore Transport Company|
|System length||82 km (50.95 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
The Lahore Metro or Lahore Rapid Mass Transit System (LRMTS) (Urdu: لاہور میٹرو) was a light rail transit system designed for Lahore, the second largest city of Pakistan. First proposed in 1991, funding was not secured and in 2012, it was abandoned in favour of the more cost–effective Lahore Metro Bus System by the Punjab government which opened in February 2013.
In 2005, the Transport Department of Pakistan revisited the project and carried out a feasibility study and in 2007, the Asian Development Bank provided PKR1 billion to conduct a study on the project. An 82 km (51 mi) long rail network with 60 stations was to be constructed in four separate phases as a part of the project. The first phase involved construction of a 27 km (17 mi) km railway line called green line which would include an 11.6 km (7.2 mi) underground network. This line would carry 250,000–300,000 passengers after construction. The construction was expected to start in 2008 and complete in 2010. However, the new Pakistani government in 2008, shifted its priorities to other projects.
In June 2010, Malaysia based Scomi International proposed a US$1.15 billion monorail–based alternative to LRMTS. However, the project was not approved as the Chinese government agreed to loan the LRMTS US$1.8 billion. The infrastructural investment required in LRMTS was US$61.9 million per km which was higher than the average range of US$13–50 million per km for similar projects.
As a part of the project, four separate tracks were to be constructed in different operational phases.
The Green Line was expected to cost US$2.4 billion to construct and would have extend from Shahdara to Hamza Town. The total length of Green Line was expected to be 27 km (17 mi), with 11.6 km (7.2 mi) underground and 15.4 km (9.6 mi) overhead. There would be in total 12 underground stations and 10 overhead stations built. The route of green line was changed slightly. Instead of going to the Regal Chowk, the route was designed to pass through Lyton road and then join Lake road in the previously proposed route.
The Orange Line was expected to cost US$1.9 billion to construct and would have extend from Ali Town to Dera Gujran. The total length of Orange Line was expected to be 27 km (17 mi), with 7 km (4.3 mi) underground and 20 km (12 mi) overhead. 6 underground stations and 20 overhead stations would have been built.
The Blue Line was expected to be a total of 24 km (15 mi) and would have extended from Chauburji to College Road.
The Purple Line would have joined the Green line, at Date Darban and the Orange Line, at Lakshami, to the Allama Iqbal International Airport.
As per January 2014. Punjab Government has decided to restart the project. Construction of orange line will be started in November 2014 and estimated completion time is 27 months. The cost is $1.6 billion. 6.5 km of the track will be underground. Major areas that will be covered by orange line:
- Ali town
- Judicial colony
- Thokar Niaz Baig
- Canal View
- Sabzi mandi / Multan chungi
- Allama Iqbal town
- Yateem khana chowk / Niazi adda
- New Chouburji park
- Islamia Park
- Jain mandir
- AG Office
- GPO General Post Office, Lahore
- Lahore High Court
- Old / New Anarkali (Anarkali Bazaar)
- Hall road
- Dayal Singh college
- Lakshmi chowk
- Cinema bazaar
- Qila Gujjar Singh
- Lahore Hotel
- Haji camp
- Daewoo bus stand
- Lahore Railway Station
- Tezab Ahata
- University of Engineering & Technology
- Ghaas mandi
- Shalimar bagh (Shalimar Gardens, Lahore)
- Angoori bagh
- Sukh Neher
- Akhri Mint
- Dhobhi Ghat
- Asian Development Bank 2008, p. 2.
- The Express Tribune 2011.
- Asian Development Bank 2008, p. 3.
- Asian Development Bank 2009.
- Morichi 2013, pp. 129–130.
- Daily Times 2011.
- Asian Development Bank 2008, p. iv.
- "Proposed Technical Assistance Loan", Asian Development Bank Projects (Asian Development Bank), retrieved 18 January 2013
- "Lapse of Validity of Loan Approval", Asian Development Bank Documents (Asian Development Bank), retrieved 18 January 2013
- Punjab project: Lahore rapid transit scheme being revived, The Express Tribune, retrieved 18 January 2013
- LRMT fares for 2011, Daily Times, retrieved 18 January 2013
- Morichi, Shigeru (2013), Transport Development in Asian Megacities, Springer, ISBN 978-3-642-29743-4
- Mughal, Owais (2007-08-20). "Lahore Rapid Mass Transit Rail Project". All Things Pakistan.
- "Lahore mass transit system". DAWN (Pakistan). 2007-07-12.