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Kuzman Shapkarev decorated with the Bulgarian Order "For Civil Merit", 5th Class

Kuzman Anastasov Shapkarev, (Bulgarian: Кузман Анастасов Шапкарев), (1 January 1834 in Ohrid - 18 March 1909 in Sofia) was a Bulgarian[1][2] folklorist, ethnographer and scientist from the Ottoman region of Macedonia, author of textbooks and ethnographic studies and a significant figure of the Bulgarian National Revival. He is considered an ethnic Macedonian in the Republic of Macedonia.


Kuzman Shapkarev was born in Ohrid in 1834. He was a teacher in a number of Bulgarian schools in Ohrid, Bitola, Prilep, Kilkis, Thessaloniki, (1854-1883). In these towns he was especially active in introducing the Bulgarian language in local schools. Не initiated the establishment of two Bulgarian high schools in Solun in 1882–1883.

He wrote the following textbooks: "A Bulgarian Primer" (1866), "A Big Bulgarian Reader" (1868), "Mother tongue" (1874), "Short Land description (Geography)" (1868), "Short Religion Book" (1868) and others. Shapkarev shared the view that the codified Bulgarian language should have more features of the Macedonian dialects. He considered the dialect of some of his textbooks as "more comprehensible for Bulgarians from Macedonia" ("A Big Bulgarian reader book", 1868, p. 4).

Shapkarev was a contributor of many Bulgarian newspapers and magazines - "Tsarigradski vestnik" (Constantinople newspaper), "Gayda" (Bagpipe), "Macedonia", "Pravo" (Justice), "Savetnik" (Adviser), "Balgarska pchela" (Bulgarian bee) and others. Shapkarev was a collaborator of the revolutionary Georgi Rakovski and in the field of ethnography, he assisted the Miladinov Brothers.

After 1883 he lived in Bulgaria - in Plovdiv, Sliven, Stara Zagora, Vraca and Orhanie (Botevgrad). Along with his scientific and public occupation in Bulgaria he worked as a notary and a judge.

From onwards 1900 he was a regular member of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.

His autobiographical book is called "Materials for the Revival of Bulgarian national spirit in Macedonia".

The son of Kuzman Shapkarev - Kliment Shapkarev was one of the leaders of VMORO.[3]


Scientific works[edit]

  • Rusalii. The old and too interesting Bulgarian custom preserved in Southern Macedonia, Plovdiv, 1884
  • "The Serbian Greatideas' endeavours and our scientifists", 1888
  • "Several notes about Macedono-Slav collection of P. Draganov" 1895
  • "Collection of folk monuments (Bulgarian folk tales and beliefs), 1885
  • Collection of Bulgarian Folklore (Сборник от български народни умотворения), vol. І-ІІІ, Sofia, 1891–1894
  • Materials for biography of Miladinov Brothers - Dimitar and Konstantin (Материали за животоописанието на Братя Миладинови, Димитрия и Константина), Plovdiv 1884


Autobiographical books[edit]

  • Contribution to education in Macedonia. One autobiography of Kuzman Shapkarev, Macedonian review, Sofia 1927, vol 2
  • "Materials for Revival of Bulgarian national spirit in Macedonia", Sofia 1984

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Autobiography of Kuzman Shapkarev, 1864, Macedonian review, year ІІІ, 1927, № 1, № 2.; Also in "Materials for the Revival of Bulgarian national spirit in Macedonia"
  2. ^ MacDermott, Mercia (1998). Bulgarian Folk Customs. Jessica Kingsley. p. 31. ISBN 1-85302-485-6. 
  3. ^ Николов, Борис. ВМОРО - псевдоними и шифри 1893-1934, Звезди, 1999, стр. 6.
  4. ^ Тодор Моллов, БЕЛЕЖКА НА РЕДАКТОРА - Editor's Note to a later edition

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuzman_Shapkarev — Please support Wikipedia.
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4 news items

Fri, 25 Sep 2015 05:45:00 -0700

... under the regulation of the Commercial Code and art. 122 and the following of the Law on Public Offering of Securities and chooses "Elana Trading" AD VAT number 831470130, based on 4, Kuzman Shapkarev Str. for a consultant in relation to the merger.

Greek Reporter

Greek Reporter
Sat, 18 Jan 2014 01:46:46 -0800

As you seem to be very confused on your ethnic origin I will include a quote from your fellow Bulgarian Kuzman Shapkarev (who surprise surprise is called “ethnic Macedonian” in your country of Paeonia): “But even stranger is the name Macedonians, which ...

Greek Reporter

Greek Reporter
Fri, 18 Oct 2013 07:40:43 -0700

gruevsky1-630x286 Nikola Gruevski, the Prime Minister of Skopje, caused trouble once again, expressing his annoyance at the name FYROM, making some verbal attacks against Greece. During his speech to the members of his party, he called Greece ...
Fri, 06 Jan 2012 07:22:18 -0800

Българският възрожденски книжовник и фолклорист, Кузман Шапкарев, е редовен член на Българското книжовно дружество, днес БАН. Кузман Шапкарев е роден на 1 февруари 1834 година в Охрид. Първоначалното си образование получава в ...

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