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Kumihimo

Kumihimo is a Japanese form of braid-making. Cords and ribbons are made by interlacing strands. Kumi himo is Japanese for "gathered threads".

History[edit]

Kumihimo cord was first created by a form of finger-loop braiding. Later tools such as the marudai and the takadai were employed to make more complex braids in shorter time. The most prominent historical use of the cords was by samurai as both a functional and decorative way to lace their lamellar armour and their horses' armor (barding). Kumihimo cords are now used as ties on haori jackets and obijimes, which are used for tying on an obi (kimono sash).

A modern kumihimo disk made of firm but flexible foam plastic with notches can also be used as a portable marudai. The disks have 32 notches that create the tension that is usually created by tama on a marudai. The disks are convenient but are not as versatile as the marudai. On a marudai, any thickness or amount of string can be used, but on a disk only 32 or fewer strand braids can be made from thin cord. Also, marudai can make many types of braids, such as flat, four sided, and hollow. There are also rectangular foam cards, especially suitable for making flat braids.

The foam kumihimo disk is lightweight, portable, and significantly more affordable than the traditional marudai. Braiders can create complex braids up to 24 bobbins and incorporate beads. There are many sizes and shapes of foam disks available. Look for a disk that is sturdy and doesn't bend easily, otherwise the braider will experience uneven tension.

Related terms[edit]

  • Kagami – the top braiding surface on a marudai; Japanese for "mirror."
  • Kongō Gumi – a class of patterns for round cord all involving eight threads folded in half for a total of sixteen strands. In clockwise order, each bobbin is moved to the opposite side. When different combinations of thread color are used, many interesting patterns emerge, including diagonal stripes, diamonds on a background, triangles resembling hearts, and tiny six-petalled flowers.
  • Marudai or maru dai – the frame for the braiding; "maru dai" Japanese for "round stand."
  • Obi – the broad cloth sash used in traditional dress; a kumihimo belt, called the obijime, is tied around the obi.
  • Obijime – the cord used to bind the obi securely.
  • Takadai – a rectangular or square frame for creating flat kumihimo, as opposed to the round kumihimo made by the marudai.
  • Tama – bobbins. The thread is kept from unwinding by passing the thread under itself, forming a loop around the tama. True silk is a hollow fiber with a rough surface that resists slipping past the loop unless gently pulled. For synthetic fibers, a flexible plastic "clamshell" bobbin may be preferable.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kumihimo — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Kumihimo Introduction by BeadSmith

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How to Make a 10-Warp Flat Kumihimo Braid

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Part I Easy Kumihimo Beaded Bracelet

In this video I show you how to add beads to Kumihimo for an easy, gorgeous bracelet. I came up with a very quick and easy way to string your beads onto your...

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How to Braid Beaded Kumihimo and Make a Bracelet

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Beading4perfectionists : Kumihimo bracelet : basic braid beginners tutorial

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Flat wire kumihimo braid

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Japanese Braiding (Kumihimo) in Blackpool

Yuko Howes of Japan Outpost (www.japanoutpost.org.uk) visited Marge, a keen member of UK Braid Society in Blackpool, to learn about Japanese braiding (Kumihi...

Leopard print kumihimo braid

This is a tutorial on how to make a leopard print kumihimo braid. Please feel free to give it a go yourself and I hope you enjoy. Materials: Round kumihimo d...

60686 videos foundNext > 

3 news items

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 23:00:00 -0700

Catherine lived in Japan where she learnt the complex art of kumihimo silk braiding. Back in the UK, she transferred this skill to braiding in platinum and gold, weaving them together with Zen-like patience to create a delicate piece of metallic fabric ...
 
Ocala
Sat, 16 Aug 2014 19:39:18 -0700

... and adults, quilting, Photoshop and other graphic arts, bead weaving, basket weaving, colored pencil, paper crafting, card making, Kumihimo, large scrapbooking, wire wrapping, photography lecture series, decorating cupcakes and cookies, and Zentangle.

maville.com

maville.com
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 19:03:45 -0700

Cette fois-ci, les participants pouvaient confectionner des poupées en laine et perles en bois. Vingt-quatre personnes étaient présentes, dont treize enfants. Parallèlement, les organisatrices avaient prévu des kumihimo (bracelets japonais) ou les ...
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