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Krupuk
Fried Krupuk Udang.JPG
krupuk udang, made from prawn
Type Snack
Place of origin Indonesia
Region or state Southeast Asia, also widely available in the Netherlands
Creator(s) Traditional food
Serving temperature Room temperature
Main ingredient(s) Deep fried dried starch and other ingredients, the most popular is prawn
Variations Different variations according to ingredients

Krupuk or kerupuk (Indonesian), keropok (Malaysian) or kroepoek (Dutch) are deep fried crackers made from starch and other ingredients that serve as flavouring. They are a popular snack in parts of Southeast Asia, but most closely associated with Indonesia[1] and Malaysia.

Etymology[edit]

In Indonesia, the term krupuk refers to the type of relatively large crackers, while the term kripik or keripik refers to smaller bite-size crackers; the counterpart of chips (or crisps) in western cuisine. For example potato chips are called kripik kentang in Indonesia. Both terms; krupuk and kripik sound like the breaking or crumbling of this crispy snack to denote its crispiness.

Usually krupuk is made from the dried paste from the mixture of starch with other ingredients, while kripik is usually made entirely from thinly sliced, sun-dried, and fried products without any mixture of starch.

Preparation and consumption[edit]

To achieve maximum crunchiness, most of this pre-packed raw krupuk must be sun-dried first before being deep fried at home. To cook krupuk, a wok and plenty of very hot cooking oil is needed. Raw krupuk is quite small, hard, and darker in color than cooked one.[2]

Krupuk and kripik can be consumed solely as a snack, or cracked and sprinkled on top of certain food as a complement to add crispy texture. Certain Indonesian dishes such as gado-gado, karedok, rujak, asinan, bubur ayam and certain kinds of soto were known to require certain type of krupuk for toppings.

Types[edit]

Krupuk gendar (brown rice cracker) and krupuk kampung or krupuk putih (cassava starch crackers) in vacuum tin cans
Variety of raw unfried krupuk sold at Indonesian traditional market, Bengkulu province

Indonesia has perhaps the largest variety of krupuk.[1] There are many variations on krupuk, many of which are made from starch with seafood (shrimp, fish, or squid), but occasionally with rice, fruits, nuts or vegetables; these variations are more usual in Southeast Asia.

  • Krupuk udang, shrimp cracker or prawn cracker probably is the most internationally well-kown variant of krupuk. The examples of popular krupuk udang brands in Indonesia is Finna[3] and Komodo brand.
  • Krupuk bawang, onion cracker
  • Krupuk kampung, cassava starch cracker is ubiquitous in Indonesia
  • Krupuk gendar, ground rice cracker
  • Krupuk kemplang, a type of flat fish cracker is particularly popular in Southern Sumatran city of Palembang
  • Krupuk ikan, fish cracker, commonly found in Indonesia, especially seafood industry production centers, such as Palembang, Bangka, Cirebon and Sidoarjo. Wahoo is the most popular fish used to make krupuk ikan, however a more expensive variant uses belida fish.
  • Krupuk kuku macan, a brown-colored nugget-shaped fish cracker, popularly associated with the island of Bangka.
  • Krupuk kulit (most parts of Indonesia), Krupuk jangek (Minangkabau), or Rambak (Java), refer to cracker made from dried cattle skin, particularly popular in Minangkabau area West Sumatra.
  • Krupuk mie (noodle cracker) is yellowish krupuk made from noodle-like paste usually used for asinan topping, particularly popular in Jakarta and most of markets in Java.

Other similar crackers[edit]

These are similar crackers, however commonly not considered as krupuk.

  • Emping is a type of cracker made from melinjo (Gnetum gnemon) nuts.
  • Rempeyek is another flour-based cracker with brittle of peanuts, anchovies or shrimp bound by crispy flour cracker.
  • Rengginang or intip (Javanese) ia rice cracker made from sun-dried and deep fried leftover rice.
  • Kripik or keripik refers to smaller bite-size crackers; the counterpart of chips (or crisps).

Production centers[edit]

Sidoarjo in East Java, also Cirebon and Garut in West Java, are major producers of krupuk, and many recipes originate from there.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Yohan Handoyo. "Christmas Crackers". Jakarta Java kini. Retrieved April 4, 2014. 
  2. ^ Indonesian Regional Food and Cookery: Prawn cracker
  3. ^ Krupuk Udang Finna

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krupuk — Please support Wikipedia.
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30 news items

Philly.com

Philly.com
Thu, 17 Apr 2014 00:07:30 -0700

Indonesians typically cook with a lot of oil, deep-frying fish, chicken, turnovers, tofu, tempeh, and the crackers known as krupuk. White said her mother, cooking for a family of four, might use several gallons a week. In Indonesia, many people just ...

Manila Standard Today

Manila Standard Today
Tue, 15 Apr 2014 04:15:00 -0700

All these delectable food were made by Indonesian brands and restaurants such as Dharma Wanita Persatuan (DWP) KBRI Manila, Warung-Warung, Wow Krupuk, Martabak/Matahari, Sedap Mantab, Warung Indo, Hanju's Kitchen, Bali Bleu, Kebab Turki, ...
 
OC Weekly
Wed, 26 Mar 2014 15:07:37 -0700

Sold for $7.50 per plate, it's served with rice, a salad, some fried tempeh, and a handful of krupuk (shrimp crackers)—a hodgepodge of potluck-style grub you'd likely find at Indonesian birthday parties and picnics. On the way toward the entrance, we ...
 
Dichtbij.nl
Sat, 19 Apr 2014 14:45:00 -0700

Bij de schotel krijg je satésaus, gado gado, krupuk, allemaal prima in orde en meer dan genoeg. Verder kies ik voor de rijst. Je kunt ook kiezen uit longtong, stokbrood of friet. Voor nasi goreng, nasi goreng betawi, bami goreng betaal je 2 euro extra.

Indosiar

Indosiar
Mon, 21 Apr 2014 03:07:30 -0700

Sego gajah, yakni nasi goreng khas rempah, yang memiliki ukuran jumbo, lengkap dengan aneka sayuran dan krupuk, yang bisa disantap untuk empat orang. Hmm.. cocok ya untuk porsi keluarga. Dan, jangan lupa menu nasi gajah ini ternyata lebih mantab ...

XãLuận.com tin tức việt nam 24h cập nhật

XãLuận.com tin tức việt nam 24h cập nhật
Tue, 08 Apr 2014 00:16:48 -0700

Dù ở biển đảo, núi non hay đồng bằng, trong bữa ăn của người Indonesia cũng không thể thiếu món nước sốt chấm sambal, bánh phồng krupuk và món bánh làm bằng đậu nành và bột gạo qua dạng lên men tempeh.

Republika Online

Okezone
Thu, 17 Apr 2014 04:15:00 -0700

Krupuk tersebut diremas-remas hingga menjadi beberapa bagian kecil-kecil. "Kerupuk ini saya berikan kepada Bawaslu agar tidak melempem saat mengusut dugaan money politics. Bawaslu tidak boleh melempem, itu saja," tegasnya. Sementara, Ketua ...

Kabar Indonesia

Kabar Indonesia
Wed, 09 Apr 2014 21:30:45 -0700

Jenis makanan ringan itu seperti jenis kerupuk, kacang-kacangan, kue kering berbahan terigu, snack dari bahan singkong dan jagung, jenis makanan kremes, klitik, kacang atom, teng-teng, krupuk melarat, krupuk kulit, dan lain-lain. Selain makanan ringan ...
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