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Krishnanagar
কৃষ্ণনগর
Goari
City
External view of Royal Palace
External view of Royal Palace
Krishnanagar is located in West Bengal
Krishnanagar
Krishnanagar
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°24′N 88°30′E / 23.4°N 88.5°E / 23.4; 88.5Coordinates: 23°24′N 88°30′E / 23.4°N 88.5°E / 23.4; 88.5
Country India
State West Bengal
District Nadia
Elevation 14 m (46 ft)
Population (2001)[1]
 • City 13,041
 • Metro[2] 181,182
Languages
 • Official BengaliEnglish
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Lok Sabha constituency Krishnanagar
Vidhan Sabha constituency Krishnanagr Uttar
Website nadia.nic.in
Entrance of Royal Palace

Krishnanagar /ˌkrɪʃnəˈnʌɡə/ is a city and administrative headquarters of Nadia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Krishnanagar is located at 23°24′N 88°30′E / 23.4°N 88.5°E / 23.4; 88.5.[3] It has an average elevation of 14 metres (45 feet). Krishnagar is beside the Jalangi River.

History[edit]

It was the residence of Raja Krishnachandra, a patron of art and culture. Krishnagar municipality was established in 1864.

Culture[edit]

Krishnagar is an important centre for culture and literature. It counts literary figures Bharat Chandra, Dwijendralal Ray and Narayan Sanyal among many others. There is a vibrant culture of literary exchange among small groups of writers and poets.Born here are Sudhir Chakraborty( BOUL FAKIR KATHA),Debdas Acharya and Subodh Sarkar.But some creative figures too honoured this ancient place and are those-Subhash Mukhopadhyay,Sudhir Chakraborty,Sanjib Pramanik,Debdas Acharya.There is also a strong tradition of stage acting.

In a locality of Krishnagar called Ghurni, there is a colony of artists who work with clay. These artists produce images of Hindu gods and goddesses for traditional worship throughout the year, as well as clay models of human figures and real life objects they make. Open studios and shops of the artists comprise an important attraction for tourists. It is said that initially it was Raja Krishnachandra who had settled a few families of talented clay artists in the area. Since then the colony has grown and flourished. Some of the artists have recently worked with other media as well.Goutam Pal is among those creative ones. Jagaddhatri Puja is celebrated with great grandeur in Krishnagar, when lightings from the town of Chandannagar are brought.

Sons of the soil[edit]

Ramtanu Lahiri, Dwijendralal Roy,Hemanta Sarkar,Haripada Chattapadhyaya,Dilip Kumar Roy,Shyamacharan Lahiri,Soumitra Chattopadhyay,Subhash Mukhopadhyay,Narayan Sannyal were born in this City.Some others too having no birth connections with Krishnagar became KRISHNANAGARIC and helped reaching the city at the national level-Subhash Mukhopadhyay,Sudhir Chakraborty,Saikat Kundu,Sanjib Pramanik(She Ek Shamol Mrittu)[4][5] ,Debdas Acharya,Subodh Sarkar,Mallika Sengupta,Swapan Baran ACharya,[6][7][8] Tamal Bandyopadhyay, Susanta Halder (KRISHNANAGAR SINCHAN).

Landmarks[edit]

  • Ghurni is the birthplace of Yogiraj Sri Shyama Charan Lahiri Mahasaya, fountain-head of Kriya yoga.[9]
  • Rajbari: (Royal Palace) with a Durga temple in the courtyard. Every year, the Jhulan Mela is celebrated around the Rajbari in July–August and Baro Dol (as it is held 12 days after Dol Purnima) in March–April every year.
  • Roman Catholic Church: The church is famous for its architectural and sculptural splendour. There are 27 oil paintings describing the life of Lord Jesus Christ. Of special mentions are the wooden sculptures by Italian artists.

Others include the College Bhavan (1846), the Public Library (1856), Krishnagar Collegiate School(1846) (the former house of barrister Monomohun Ghose), Krishnagar High School, Krishnanagar Govt Girls High School, Krishnanagar A V School,Krishnagar Ram Baux Chetlingia High School, Krishnanagar C M S School, Anandamoyi Tola Kali Bari,Siddheshwari Kalibari Mandir, the Krishnanagar Academy and the Protestant Church.

Company Bagan is a horticultural garden run by the state government.

Economy[edit]

Krishnanagar is an agricultural distribution centre. The economy is primarily based on small- to medium-scale agro-industries and trades.

The surrounding region produces rice, jute, ceramics, mangoes, cattle, poultry and fish. There is unrealized demand for building large food storage, refrigeration and processing plants.[10] Live cattle are smuggled across the nearby border to Bangladesh. There are a few sugar mills. Many expertised gems are to be found in this heritage city.

Halwaikars or moyras (who prepare sweets) of Krishnagar are famous. While they produce all varieties of sweets, there are some which bear the hallmark of the city. 'Sarbhaja' and 'Sarpuria' are inventions that mark the talent of Krishnagar's halwaikars. Three shops of "Adhar Chandra Das" are famous widely for the above-mentioned sweet variants.

Despite the economic boom in India in the 21st century,there have been no major industrial investment proposals for the town so far.

Transport[edit]

Krishnanagar is 100 km north of Kolkata. Being the district headquarters, residents of Krishnanagar enjoy some unique facilities as fer as transport is considered: wide roads, intra-city connectivity by auto-rickshaws, cycles and town service buses. Express buses are available for places like Kolkata, Malda, Siliguri, etc. from the city's Bus Stnd or PWD stand very close to NH 34 .

Road[edit]

It is on NH 34. Krishnagar is connected with Nabadwip through Krishnagar Route no 8. There are buses like Kaseshowri, Ma Laxmi, Bubu, Tarama, Camelian, Sharica, Ma Manasha, Biswarup, Nandini, Buraraj, Shartaci, Ma Durga in this route. Krishnagar connected with the Karimpur as well as Palashi para, Majdia. One can drive from Krishnagar station to reach Nabadwip Ghat throughnarrow gauge.

Railway station

.one of important route is krishnagar patikabari bus through state highway 11 and via chapra,tehatta,palashipara.patikabari bus like sonarhorin,mamira,maharshi,rupsa,durgaprasad,parusettam etc. is the major bus of the route.

Rail[edit]

Krishnanagar is a junction on the broad gauge [Lalgola branch line] of Eastern Railway. Local EMU trains are the most convenient option to reach Kolkata. Lalgola passengers stop at the station for a brief time. A narrow gauge rail line used to pass through Krishnagar but was recently closed for conversion to broad gauge. This narrow gauge line connects the two cities of Santipur and Nabadwip Ghat. Gauge conversion work is completed between Santipur and Krishnagar and it is open for train service. Broad gauge train service between this two cities Santipur and Krishnagar have started.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2001 census, Krishnanagar town had a population of 13,041 in 2,635 households.[1] It is at the centre of a much bigger urban agglomeration which as of the 2011 census, had a population of 181,182.[2] The urban agglomeration had a sex ratio of 978 females per 1,000 males and 7.5% of the population were under six years old.[2] Effective literacy was 88.09%; male literacy was 90.84% and female literacy was 85.29%.[2]

Education[edit]

Krishnagar Collegiate School, Krishnanagar High School, Shaktinagar High School, Krishnagar Debnath High School, Holy Family and Government Girls are some of the few Bengali medium schools situated there, affiliated to the West Bengal Board for Secondary Education. Kabi Vijoylal H.S. Institute is an institution for the higher secondary education.

The English medium schools in the city are Bishop Morrow School (formerly known as Mary Immaculate School) and Krishnagar Academy. Both are affiliated to the Indian Council for Secondary Examination (ICSE), Delhi board and Kendriya Vidyalaya affiliated to the CBSE board . Besides there are many colleges namely Krishnagar Government College, Dwijendralal College, etc.

Krishnagar Government College, Dwijendralal College, and Krishnagar Women's College are the colleges of higher education in Krishnagar. There are two engineering colleges: B.P.C. Institute of Technology (polytechnic college) and Global Institute of Management & Technology (B.Tech. college).

Administration[edit]

The area of the municipality is around 16 km2 and is divided into 24 wards with 24 councilors. The Indian National Congress (INC) took 14 seats to win Krishnagar municipality in the 2008 elections under the chairmanship of Sri Asim Saha. Trinamool Congress won eight seats and the West Bengal Socialist Party, two seats.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Krishnanagar travel guide from Wikivoyage


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krishnanagar,_Nadia — Please support Wikipedia.
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