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Kottakkal
municipality
Landscape of Kottakkal
Landscape of Kottakkal
Kottakkal is located in Kerala
Kottakkal
Kottakkal
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 10°59′58″N 76°00′07″E / 10.9995434°N 76.0019588°E / 10.9995434; 76.0019588Coordinates: 10°59′58″N 76°00′07″E / 10.9995434°N 76.0019588°E / 10.9995434; 76.0019588
Country  India
State Kerala
District Malappuram
Government
 • Chairperson T.V SULAIKHABI
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 676503
Telephone code 91483
Vehicle registration KL-10,KL-55

Kottakkal (Malayalam: കോട്ടക്കല്‍, literally Land of the Fort) is a municipal town in Malappuram district in Kerala, southern India having 32 wards. It is located 12 km south-west of Malappuram, the district headquarters, and 12 km from Tirur Railway Station.

The National Highway 66 separates the municipality from Edarikkodu gram panchayat on some parts in the west.[1] However, the fast developing Kottakkal urban area is now spread up to different parts of neighboring panchayats such as Edarikkodu.

Kottakkal is known for its ayurvedic institute, Arya Vaidya Sala Kottakkal, as well as its temple festival, Kottakkal Puram, celebrated over seven days during March–April months.[2]

History[edit]

Medieval period[edit]

Kottakkal, formerly known as "Sweta Durgam" (the White Fort) in Sanskrit, "Venkalikotta" and "Venkitta Kotta" in Malayalam, was a military base of the Kingdom of Valluvanadu in the medieval period. It was under the control of the Karuvayoor Moosad, the chief marshal and preacher of the Moopil Nairs. It may be the forts and castles constructed by the Karuvayoor Moosad that were the origin of the name "Kottakkal". The suburbs of Kottakkal were known as Changuvettikkadu and Eyyakkadu (now Changuvetti is developing as a twin town to Kottakkal).

In the first half of 15th century, Karuvayoor Moosad assassinated Thinayancherry Elayath, one of the ministers of the Zamorin of Calicut. Then Moonnarpadu Thampuran, the cousin of the Zamorin, killed Karuvayoor Moosad in combat and occupied the fort. The descendants of Moonnarpadu Thampuran dwelt in Kottakkal thereafter and the area came under the rule of the Zamorin of Calicut.

Modern era[edit]

The invasion of the de facto ruler of the kingdom of Mysore, Tippu Sultan, altered the course of Kottakkal's history. A kinsman of the Zamorin of Kozhikode who had been sheltered in Travancore, fearing the Mysore invasion, later settled in Kottakkal after the death of Tippu in 1799. Among them was Manorama Thampuratty, a female scholar, from whom the Kottakkal branch of the Zamorin dynasty grew.

Kottakkal challenged the British occupation by cultural confrontation. Probably this started with Kunhikuttan Thampuran, who translated the epic Mahabharata, inspired by the socio-religious reformation movement of the 19th century.[citation needed]

After this expression of the elegance of language[citation needed], P. S. Varier carried on the tradition. His attempts were closely related to the cultural resurrection of Kerala during the colonial period[citation needed]. He gave the local practice of medicine a new shape and dimension.[citation needed] He established a school of medicine in 1917 at Calicut with the idea of education and practice to the Arya Vaidya doctors, and later transferred this institution to Kottakkal. Many cultural, intellectual and other activities were centered in this institution[citation needed], including Kavana Kaumudi edited by Kavikula Guru P. V. Krishna Varier, Parama Valsam Theatre, Dhanwanthary Magazine, and a Kathakali troupe. Even though the perception of "Kerala unity" was visible in the works of Kunhikuttan Thampuran, the conception of a united Kerala materialized mostly[citation needed] through the Arya Vaidya Samajam founded by P. S. Varier in 1902. The Samajam was organized and operated on the political fields of Travancore, Cochin and Malabar.

All Indian villages were the focus of sudden agricultural developments in the beginning of the 20th century. However, such events did not affect Kottakkal due to the compassionate attitude of the landowners of Kizhake kovilakam. They were strict in matters of lease and they never tortured farmers. The general state of HinduMuslim landowner–tenant setup common to the Malabar area was prevalent in Kottakkal also. Kottakkal has had a history of profound religious harmony for centuries.[citation needed] The Moplah Rebellion of 1921, despite widespread riots, did not disturb the peace of this small village. The intervention of P. S. Varier and the forbearance of the kovilakam helped the situation not getting violent. Muslims under the leadership of Odayappurath Chekkutti from the nearby village Kalpakancheri guarded Kizhake kovilakam and Arya Vaidya Sala.[citation needed]

The Mappila Outrageous Act, passed as a result of the 1921 revolt, slowed down the political activities of Malabar generally. Kottakkal however, was little affected, and during this period the political activities were led by students of the Ayurveda College. Their attempt to celebrate National Day in 1937 was a declaration of solidarity with the Youth Leadership of Congress. Greater awareness of social justice and equality led to the establishment of the Navajeevan Yuva Jana Samajam, under the leadership of P. V. Krishna Varier, P. Sankara Varier, Pulickal Sooppi Kuttykakka and C. R. Varier. The principal aim of this organization was the eradication of untouchability and awareness against malign influences. This was the indication that the political activities of Kottakkal had transcended from intellectual exercises to new horizons of creativity.[citation needed] The political support of P. M. Krishna Menon from Ramanattukara and K. C. K. Raja expedited it.[citation needed] Kottakkal was brought to national attention when it staged the 1939 Parappur Kerala State Congress meeting. The slogan "Enemy of Unity, Enemy of Strike" was approved at this meeting. Farmers began to work as a part of National movement after this meeting, and many agricultural movements began in Kottakkal, Amariyil Kunhikomu being a leader. Many other societies were also formed in Mannazhi, Chengottur and Kottakkal-Kuttippuram and they struggled against agricultural debts.[citation needed]

Kottakkal town

In 1943, during attempts to eradicate cholera, a relief committee and an orphanage were set up in Kottakkal with the help of the Servants of India Society, to help the orphans left by cholera. This was achieved even while the country was suffering from the effects of World War II and famine. A Co-operative society was also established under the Presidency of P. K. Varier.[citation needed]

The development activities of women included modern publications such as Amritha Bhashini and Bala Chandrika, published by Kovilakam. Independence and socialism were discussed in these publications. The earlier women's movement was started by Vallikad Kamalakshi, Kunhanujatti Thampuratti, Madhavikutti Varier, V. P. Kalyani, and others.

Cherukunnu[edit]

Cherukunnu is a small town 4 km from Kottakkal having scenic beauty, where a temple situate, Annapoorneshwari. On the way you have to face two hair pin turns while driving. Many accidents have occurred there. Balaprobhodini school is the famous school more over madrassa also exist behind the school. Society of the area are well behaving to others. From cherukunnu to arichol a read has been opened recently by this route you more easy to go to perintalmanna

Municipal elections[edit]

The United Democratic Front won the first elections (held in October 2010) to the Kottakkal municipality.[3] T.V SULAIKHABI and Paroli Moosakutty Haji of Indian Union Muslim League were elected as the Chairperson and Vice-Chairman respectively of the municipality.[4]

Kottakkal Chanda[edit]

Kottakkal Chanda (also known as Puthur Chanda) is the local fair and market held at Kottakkal on every Saturday. Local merchants from different parts of Malappuram district gathers in the market.

In first half of 20th century, Kottakkal Chanda was one of the most dependable cattle fairs in Malabar and betal leaves and vegetables were the most important commodities in market. During that period, economical stability of region fully depended upon the Kottakkal Chanda. Initially it was held in present day Kottakkal Bus Stand. The land to held the market was donated by the Kizhakke Kovilakam to the Muslims of Parappanangadi and Tirurangadi. During the Moplah Revolts of 1921, traders from Tirurangadi were the first informants of the uprising in the Kottakkal area.

Places of worship[edit]

The pond of the old Siva Temple near Kottakkal (en route Malappuram)
Vettaikkaran Hindu Temple
Vettaikkaran Hindu Temple, another image

The important Hindu temples and mosques at Kottakkal are,

  • Venkatta Tevar Siva Temple, Kottappati
  • Sreekrishna Temple, Pandamangalam
  • Vettekkaran Temple, Kottappati
  • Sree Viswambara Temple, within Arya Vaidya Sala Complex, known for Kottakkal pooram
  • Sree Kurumpa Temple, Parappur
  • Sree Ganapati Temple, Indiannur
  • Kuttippurath Kavu, Kuttippuram
  • Annapoorneswari Temple, Cherukunnu
  • Palappura Juma Masjid
  • Indianoor Juma Masjid
  • Kolathuparamba Juma Masjid
  • Othukkungal Juma Masjid
  • Puthur Juma Masjid
  • Cherukunnu Masjid
  • Atteeri Juma Masjid

Important institutions[edit]

The important institutions at Kottakkal include,

  • Arya Vaidya Sala
  • Centre for Medicinal Plants Research (CMPR),AVS,Kottakkal
    • Oushdodyanam and Botanical Research Institute
    • Ayurveda College
  • P. S. V. Natyasangham, the School of Kathakali
  • Government Raja's High School and Higher Secondary School
  • Almas Hospital
  • Almas Ayurvedic Centre, Kottakkal
  • Peace International School, Kottakkal

Famous persons[edit]

Panoramic View of Kottakkal Town[edit]

The Heart of Kottakkal

Basic Information of Kottakkal Municipality[edit]

Area 20.43 Km2
Wards 32
Taluk Tirur
City Malappuram
Assembly Constituency Kottakkal
Loksabha Constituency Ponnani
Vehicle Registration No. KL-55, KL-10 & KL-65
Neighbouring Panchayaths Edarikode, Parappur, Othukkungal, Ponmala and Marakkara
Post Offices Kottakkal, Puthoor, Indianoor, Pathayakkallu, Kuttippuram, Pandamangalam, Cherushola

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kottakkal — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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28 news items

 
The New Indian Express
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 17:33:45 -0700

KOZHIKODE: The list of teachers, who have won the national awards, was announced by the Ministry of Human Resource Development on Wednesday. As many as 14 teachers from the state, seven each from primary school section and secondary school ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 17:33:45 -0700

Suhail Kottakkal who is currently pursuing Master's in Development Management from Madras School of Social Work, Chennai, is the General Secretary of Dreamers India, which he started in 2011, at Kottakkal, Malappuram, Kerala. It aims at promoting ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 31 Jul 2014 07:03:45 -0700

Actors Kottakkal Kesavan Kundalayar and Peesappalli Rajeevan and musician Kottakkal Madhu rose to the challenge with their performances. The role of Bheema in this part is highly systematic in terms of grammar. Kundalayar, though known for his Kathi ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 04:37:30 -0700

Kottayathu Thampuran's 'Kalyanasougandhikam', 'Kirmeeravadham', 'Kalakeyavadham' and 'Bakavadham' are often referred to as the 'perfect four' among Kathakali plays. The lead roles in these plays pose a challenge for the actors. In 'Bakavadham' the ...
 
Times of India
Wed, 06 Aug 2014 11:57:31 -0700

During the hearing, the bench observed that the condition of roads in the state was pathetic and that if one travels through these roads, the situation is such that he can go home only after availing ayurvedic treatment from Kottakkal. When contractors ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 10:15:00 -0700

... by a researcher, the rare tree was rediscovered from the Muthikulam High Value Biodiversity Area by a team of scientists from the Centre for Medicinal Plants Research (CMPR), Arya Vaidyasala, Kottakkal, and the Kerala Forest Research Institute ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Wed, 06 Aug 2014 22:37:30 -0700

The major participants in the auction are temples, Ayurveda medicine manufacturers, soaps and cosmetic producers, trusts and handicraft units. The main buyers of sandal are Karnataka Soaps and Cosmetics Ltd., temples, and Kottakkal Arya Vaidyasala.
 
Deccan Chronicle
Thu, 07 Aug 2014 16:03:45 -0700

Kozhikode: The next time you smell cow's urine, realise that it has medicinal properties. The Arya Vaidya Sala, the prominent ayurveda treatment and research centre at Kottakkal, Malappuram, has been successfully using it in its medicines to treat cancer.
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