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Landscape of Kottakkal
Landscape of Kottakkal
Kottakkal is located in Kerala
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 10°56′25″N 76°00′05″E / 10.94015°N 76.00147°E / 10.94015; 76.00147Coordinates: 10°56′25″N 76°00′05″E / 10.94015°N 76.00147°E / 10.94015; 76.00147
Country  India
State Kerala
District Malappuram
 • Chairperson T.V SULAIKHABI
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 676503
Telephone code 91483
Vehicle registration KL-10,KL-55

Kottakkal (Malayalam: കോട്ടക്കല്‍, literally Land of the Fort) is a municipal town in Malappuram district in Kerala, southern India having 32 wards. It is located 12 km south-west of Malappuram, the district headquarters, and 12 km from Tirur Railway Station.

The National Highway 66 separates the municipality from Edarikkodu gram panchayat on some parts in the west.[1] However, the fast developing Kottakkal urban area is now spread up to different parts of neighboring panchayats such as Edarikkodu.

Kottakkal is known for its ayurvedic institute, Arya Vaidya Sala, Kottakkal, as well as its temple festival, Kottakkal Puram, celebrated over seven days during March–April months.[2]


Medieval period[edit]

Kottakkal, formerly known as "Sweta Durgam" (the White Fort) in Sanskrit, "Venkalikotta" and "Venkitta Kotta" in Malayalam, was a military base of the Kingdom of Valluvanadu in the medieval period. It was under the control of the Karuvayoor Moosad, the chief marshal and preacher of the Moopil Nairs. It may be the forts and castles constructed by the Karuvayoor Moosad that were the origin of the name "Kottakkal". The suburbs of Kottakkal were known as Changuvettikkadu and Eyyakkadu (now Changuvetti is developing as a twin town to Kottakkal).

In the first half of 15th century, Karuvayoor Moosad assassinated Thinayancherry Elayath, one of the ministers of the Zamorin of Calicut. Then Moonnarpadu Thampuran, the cousin of the Zamorin, killed Karuvayoor Moosad in combat and occupied the fort. The descendants of Moonnarpadu Thampuran dwelt in Kottakkal thereafter and the area came under the rule of the Zamorin of Calicut.

Modern era[edit]

The invasion of the de facto ruler of the kingdom of Mysore, Tippu Sultan, altered the course of Kottakkal's history. A kinsman of the Zamorin of Kozhikode who had been sheltered in Travancore, fearing the Mysore invasion, later settled in Kottakkal after the death of Tippu in 1799. Among them was Manorama Thampuratty, a female scholar, from whom the Kottakkal branch of the Zamorin dynasty grew.

Kottakkal challenged the British occupation by cultural confrontation. Probably this started with Kunhikuttan Thampuran, who translated the epic Mahabharata, inspired by the socio-religious reformation movement of the 19th century.[citation needed]

After this expression of the elegance of language[citation needed], P. S. Varier carried on the tradition. His attempts were closely related to the cultural resurrection of Kerala during the colonial period[citation needed]. He gave the local practice of medicine a new shape and dimension.[citation needed] He established a school of medicine in 1917 at Calicut with the idea of education and practice to the Arya Vaidya doctors, and later transferred this institution to Kottakkal. Many cultural, intellectual and other activities were centered in this institution[citation needed], including Kavana Kaumudi edited by Kavikula Guru P. V. Krishna Varier, Parama Valsam Theatre, Dhanwanthary Magazine, and a Kathakali troupe. Even though the perception of "Kerala unity" was visible in the works of Kunhikuttan Thampuran, the conception of a united Kerala materialized mostly[citation needed] through the Arya Vaidya Samajam founded by P. S. Varier in 1902. The Samajam was organized and operated on the political fields of Travancore, Cochin and Malabar.

All Indian villages were the focus of sudden agricultural developments in the beginning of the 20th century. However, such events did not affect Kottakkal due to the compassionate attitude of the landowners of Kizhake kovilakam. They were strict in matters of lease and they never tortured farmers. The general state of HinduMuslim landowner–tenant setup common to the Malabar area was prevalent in Kottakkal also. Kottakkal has had a history of profound religious harmony for centuries.[citation needed] The Moplah Rebellion of 1921, despite widespread riots, did not disturb the peace of this small village. The intervention of P. S. Varier and the forbearance of the kovilakam helped the situation not getting violent. Muslims under the leadership of Odayappurath Chekkutti from the nearby village Kalpakancheri guarded Kizhake kovilakam and Arya Vaidya Sala.[citation needed]

The Mappila Outrageous Act, passed as a result of the 1921 revolt, slowed down the political activities of Malabar generally. Kottakkal however, was little affected, and during this period the political activities were led by students of the Ayurveda College. Their attempt to celebrate National Day in 1937 was a declaration of solidarity with the Youth Leadership of Congress. Greater awareness of social justice and equality led to the establishment of the Navajeevan Yuva Jana Samajam, under the leadership of P. V. Krishna Varier, P. Sankara Varier, Pulickal Sooppi Kuttykakka and C. R. Varier. The principal aim of this organization was the eradication of untouchability and awareness against malign influences. This was the indication that the political activities of Kottakkal had transcended from intellectual exercises to new horizons of creativity.[citation needed] The political support of P. M. Krishna Menon from Ramanattukara and K. C. K. Raja expedited it.[citation needed] Kottakkal was brought to national attention when it staged the 1939 Parappur Kerala State Congress meeting. The slogan "Enemy of Unity, Enemy of Strike" was approved at this meeting. Farmers began to work as a part of National movement after this meeting, and many agricultural movements began in Kottakkal, Amariyil Kunhikomu being a leader. Many other societies were also formed in Mannazhi, Chengottur and Kottakkal-Kuttippuram and they struggled against agricultural debts.[citation needed]

Kottakkal town

In 1943, during attempts to eradicate cholera, a relief committee and an orphanage were set up in Kottakkal with the help of the Servants of India Society, to help the orphans left by cholera. This was achieved even while the country was suffering from the effects of World War II and famine. A Co-operative society was also established under the Presidency of P. K. Varier.[citation needed]

The development activities of women included modern publications such as Amritha Bhashini and Bala Chandrika, published by Kovilakam. Independence and socialism were discussed in these publications. The earlier women's movement was started by Vallikad Kamalakshi, Kunhanujatti Thampuratti, Madhavikutti Varier, V. P. Kalyani, and others.


Cherukunnu is a small town 4 km from Kottakkal having scenic beauty, where a temple situate, Annapoorneshwari. On the way you have to face two hair pin turns while driving. Many accidents have occurred there. Balaprobhodini school is the famous school more over madrassa also exist behind the school. Society of the area are well behaving to others. From cherukunnu to arichol a read has been opened recently by this route you more easy to go to perintalmanna

Municipal elections[edit]

The United Democratic Front won the first elections (held in October 2010) to the Kottakkal municipality.[3] T.V SULAIKHABI and Paroli Moosakutty Haji of Indian Union Muslim League were elected as the Chairperson and Vice-Chairman respectively of the municipality.[4]

Notable personalities[edit]

Kottakkal Shasheendran(kathakali artist ) Dr.P. K Varier (arya vaidyasala's chairman&doctor )

Panoramic view[edit]

The Heart of Kottakkal

Basic information of Kottakkal Municipality[edit]

Area 20.43 Km2
Wards 32
Taluk Tirur
City Malappuram
Assembly Constituency Kottakkal
Loksabha Constituency Ponnani
Vehicle Registration No. KL-55, KL-10 & KL-65
Neighbouring Panchayaths Edarikode, Parappur, Othukkungal, Ponmala and Marakkara
Post Offices Kottakkal, Puthoor, Indianoor, Pathayakkallu, Kuttippuram, Pandamangalam,


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kottakkal — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

706 news items

The Hindu

The Hindu
Wed, 07 Oct 2015 21:52:30 -0700

Kottakkal Madhu, Kalanilayam Hari and Nedumpalli Rammohan rendered the padams mellifluously. Madhu did not indulge his propensity for experimentation this time. Senior percussion artistes Kalamandalam Unnikrishnan and Kalamandalam Narayanan ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Fri, 10 Jul 2015 17:08:16 -0700

Attempts from certain political circles to hush up a sex racket involving minor siblings at Kottakkal have raised serious doubts and fears about the involvement of more people. Childline officials who exposed the child flesh trade centred on a housing ...
The New Indian Express
Thu, 09 Jul 2015 16:37:30 -0700

KOTTAKKAL:The police arrested the half brother of the victim of the Kottakkal sex abuse case on Thursday. Police said that the 18-year-old person had sexually abused his 13-year-old sister, 11-year-old sister and nine-year-old brother. The police took ...
Times of India
Tue, 07 Jul 2015 12:52:30 -0700

MALAPPURAM: The sex scandal involving a Kottakkal family became murkier on Tuesday with the police detaining a 19-year-old for allegedly raping his stepsisters—aged 12 and 11—and nine-year-old stepbrother. The detained youth's mother (37) and ...
The Hindu
Fri, 02 Oct 2015 17:13:40 -0700

... : The Samasya Quiz conducted as part of the upcoming Tathva '15, an annual techno-management festival of the National Institute of Technology – Calicut (NIT-C), at different venues in the State will begin on Saturday. Conducted by Enquire Quiz Club ...


Times of India
Sun, 27 Sep 2015 06:38:32 -0700

The deceased are Puthuveetil Kunjumon, 65, native of Uroob Nagar in Ponnani and Pookkayil Muhammed Kutty, 30, native of Edarikode near Kottakkal in the district. Kunjumon, who was working in a paint manufacturing company in Riyad went to perform haj ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Wed, 23 Sep 2015 17:11:15 -0700

Kathakali exponent Kottakkal Chandrasekharan and team had a different interface with students of the Government Higher Secondary School at Puthuparamba on Wednesday. The higher secondary and high school students got a rare chance to learn ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Wed, 08 Jul 2015 16:48:43 -0700

MALAPPURAM:The police on Wednesday arrested 12 persons, including the mother and stepfather of a 12-year-old girl, in the Kottakkal sex abuse case. Police said that there are three more suspects in the case and one of them is abroad. They have been ...

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