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Koothambalam or Kuttampalam meaning temple theatre is a closed hall for staging Koothu, Nangiar koothu and Koodiyattam, the ancient ritualistic art forms of Kerala, India. Koothambalams are said to be constructed according to the guide lines given in the chapter 2 of Nātyasāstra of Bharata Muni. The stage within the hall is considered to be as sacred as the temple sanctum. It is constructed within the cloister of the Temple; more precisely within the pancaprakaras of the temple. The prescribe location is between the prakaras of bahyahara and maryada. In Kerala tradition it is considered as one among the pancaprasadas of a temple complex. Its dimension vary from temple to temple.A square platform with a separate pyramidal roof supported by pillars in the center called natyamandapam is constructed as s separate structure within the large hall of Koothampalam. The floor of the hall is divided into two equal halves and one part is for performance (including stage, instruments, green room etc.) and other half for seating audience. During the performance, the stage is decorated with fruit-bearing plantains, bunches of coconuts and fronds of the coconut palm. A para[1] filled with rice is placed on the stage. A nilavilakku with three thiri is used for lighting. The mizhavu, a percussion instrument for accompanying Koothu, is placed within a railed enclosure, with a high seat for the drummer( belonging to nampiar community).

Only men from the Chakyar community are allowed to perform Koothu and Koodiyattam inside the Koothambalam. The women of the Ambalavasi-Nambiar caste (Nangyarammas), play Nangyar Koothu and the female characters of Koodiyattam. The traditional Ambalavasi-Nambiars play the mizhavu.

Famous temples with Koothambalams include the Sreekrishna Temple, Guruvayoor, Vadakkumnathan Temple, Trichur, Koodalmanikyam Temple, Irinjalakkuda, Mahadeav Temple, Peruvanam, Trichur District, Sree Mahadeva temple,Thiruvegappura, Thirumandhamkunnu Bhagavathi Temple,Angadippuram, Malappuram District, Subrahmania temple, Harippad, [Thirumuzhikkulam Lakshamana Temple near Aluva], Subrahmania temple, Kitangur, Siva Temple, Chengngennur etc. The Kerala Kalamandalam, Deemed University for Art and Culture, Cheruthuruthy, Thrissur District houses a beautiful Koothambalam. Another koothambalam at Vyloppilly Samskarika Nilayam, Trivandrum which is built recently is another example built out of traditional context- i.e., outside temple premises. All these are rectangular in plan. The plan, elevation and structure of these follow the shape grammar typical to the traditional Kerala architecture following the vastu rules prescribed in thantrasamuccayam and silparatnam, the authentic texts on temple vastu.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Kerala Tourism - Souvenirs". Kerala Tourism - Govt. of Kerala. Retrieved 02-12-2011.  , /wiki/Para

1.Govardhan Panchal, "Kuttampalam and Kutiyattam", Sangeet Natak Akademi, New Delhi, 1984

Other sources[edit]

  • vendore,thrissur,kerala

External links[edit]

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3 news items

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 02:45:00 -0700

As a mizhavu artiste, his presence behind the majestic copper pot that resonates in a koothambalam during a Koothu, Koodiyattam or Nangiarkoothu performance is alive in our memories of evenings at the Margi in Thiruvananthapuram. The total negation of ...
The New Indian Express
Wed, 02 Jul 2014 19:15:00 -0700

Tripunithura municipal chairman R Venugopal said that the Koothambalam model auditorium would be completed before the Tripunithura 'Athaghosham', which will be held for 10 days during Onam. “The project will be inaugurated by Speaker G Karthikeyan, ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Sat, 05 Jul 2014 20:45:00 -0700

Bhargavikutti from Neelavelicham arrived in typical ghostly fashion, appearing first on a swing outside the koothambalam. If not for the posse of photographers around her, that would have been a bit more eerie. This being the 50th anniversary year of ...

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