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Koothambalam or Kuttampalam meaning temple theatre is a closed hall for staging Koothu, Nangiar koothu and Koodiyattam, the ancient ritualistic art forms of Kerala, India. Koothambalams are said to be constructed according to the guide lines given in the chapter 2 of Nātyasāstra of Bharata Muni. The stage within the hall is considered to be as sacred as the temple sanctum. It is constructed within the cloister of the Temple; more precisely within the pancaprakaras of the temple. The prescribe location is between the prakaras of bahyahara and maryada. In Kerala tradition it is considered as one among the pancaprasadas of a temple complex. Its dimension vary from temple to temple.A square platform with a separate pyramidal roof supported by pillars in the center called natyamandapam is constructed as s separate structure within the large hall of Koothampalam. The floor of the hall is divided into two equal halves and one part is for performance (including stage, instruments, green room etc.) and other half for seating audience. During the performance, the stage is decorated with fruit-bearing plantains, bunches of coconuts and fronds of the coconut palm. A para[1] filled with rice is placed on the stage. A nilavilakku with three thiri is used for lighting. The mizhavu, a percussion instrument for accompanying Koothu, is placed within a railed enclosure, with a high seat for the drummer( belonging to nampiar community).

Only men from the Chakyar community are allowed to perform Koothu and Koodiyattam inside the Koothambalam. The women of the Ambalavasi-Nambiar caste (Nangyarammas), play Nangyar Koothu and the female characters of Koodiyattam. The traditional Ambalavasi-Nambiars play the mizhavu.

Famous temples with Koothambalams include the Thirunakkara Mahadeva Temple - Kottayam, Sreekrishna Temple - Guruvayoor, Vadakkumnathan Temple - Trichur, Koodalmanikyam Temple - Irinjalakkuda, Mahadeva Temple - Peruvanam in Trichur District, Sree Mahadeva temple - Thiruvegappura, Thirumandhamkunnu Bhagavathi Temple - Angadippuram in Malappuram District, Subramanya temple - Harippad, Thirumuzhikkulam Lakshamana Temple - near Aluva, Subramanya temple - Kidangoor, Siva Temple - Chengannur etc. The Kerala Kalamandalam, Deemed University for Art and Culture, Cheruthuruthy, Thrissur District houses a beautiful Koothambalam. Another koothambalam at Vyloppilly Samskarika Nilayam, Trivandrum which is built recently is another example built out of traditional context- i.e., outside temple premises. All these are rectangular in plan. The plan, elevation and structure of these follow the shape grammar typical to the traditional Kerala architecture following the vastu rules prescribed in thantrasamuccayam and silparatnam, the authentic texts on temple vastu.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Kerala Tourism - Souvenirs". Kerala Tourism - Govt. of Kerala. Retrieved 2011-12-02. 

1.Govardhan Panchal, "Kuttampalam and Kutiyattam", Sangeet Natak Akademi, New Delhi, 1984

Other sources[edit]

  • vendore,thrissur,kerala

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koothambalam — Please support Wikipedia.
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109 news items

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Tue, 25 Aug 2015 15:52:30 -0700

The event will is part of the Onam celebrations organised under the aegis of the Department of Tourism in the capital city. The dance programmes will be staged at the koothambalam and the open air stage at Vyloppilly Samskrithi Bhavan till August 30.
The Hindu
Sat, 15 Aug 2015 17:00:00 -0700

Organising Committee: Madurai Mani Iyer Musical Evening and 47{+t}{+h}Rememberance Day, Vivekananda Hall, P.S. HSS, Mylapore, 4.15 p.m.. Koothambalam : 'Natya Smirthi', a tribute programme to Natyacharya S. Aravindan, Sri Krishna Gana Sabha, ...
The New Indian Express
Thu, 20 Aug 2015 16:26:15 -0700

The open-air venue and Koothambalam at Samskrithi Bhavan will also host classical group dance. Vicinity of Public Office, Poojapura Maidan and Bharath Bhavan will be venues for musical shows. Magic and comedy shows (Sathyan Memorial Hall), ...
The Hindu
Mon, 12 Dec 2011 00:41:35 -0800

The koothambalam was being constructed by the Culture Department using funds allotted by the Tourism Department. The plan for the koothambalam was prepared by the Vastu Vidya Gurukulam, Aranmula. Work on the koothambalam began in 2006 with an ...
The Hindu
Sat, 20 Jun 2015 17:33:12 -0700

The eight-day festival organised by Vedadhwani Cultural Trust, will have Sopana Sangeetham, Carnatic music, Ottanthullal, Koodiyattam and Kathakali on various days at the Layam Koothambalam. The Festival will begin on Sunday morning with ...

Evartha English

Evartha English
Fri, 21 Aug 2015 00:07:30 -0700

The open-air venue and Koothambalam at Samskrithi Bhavan will also stage classical group dance. Public Office vicinity, Poojapura Maidan and Bharath Bhavan will be venues for musical shows. The fun carries on with magic and comedy shows (Sathyan ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Fri, 19 Jun 2015 17:33:13 -0700

The eight-day festival of percussion, music and dance, Poornojwalam Monsoon Festival 2015 opens at Layam Koothambalam, Tripunithura, on June 20 at 10 a.m. with Panchavadyam by Cheruplassery Narayanan Namboodiri and group. A Hindustani vocal ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 16 Jul 2015 06:52:30 -0700

Starting off as a lecturer in the Viswabharati University, he is now an Associate Professor in the Rabindra Bharati University, besides running his own institution Koothambalam. The title 'Nrityashali' conferred upon him by Padma Subramaniam befits him ...

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