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Koothambalam or Kuttampalam meaning temple theatre is a closed hall for staging Koothu, Nangiar koothu and Koodiyattam, the ancient ritualistic art forms of Kerala, India. Koothambalams are said to be constructed according to the guide lines given in the chapter 2 of Nātyasāstra of Bharata Muni. The stage within the hall is considered to be as sacred as the temple sanctum. It is constructed within the cloister of the Temple; more precisely within the pancaprakaras of the temple. The prescribe location is between the prakaras of bahyahara and maryada. In Kerala tradition it is considered as one among the pancaprasadas of a temple complex. Its dimension vary from temple to temple.A square platform with a separate pyramidal roof supported by pillars in the center called natyamandapam is constructed as s separate structure within the large hall of Koothampalam. The floor of the hall is divided into two equal halves and one part is for performance (including stage, instruments, green room etc.) and other half for seating audience. During the performance, the stage is decorated with fruit-bearing plantains, bunches of coconuts and fronds of the coconut palm. A para[1] filled with rice is placed on the stage. A nilavilakku with three thiri is used for lighting. The mizhavu, a percussion instrument for accompanying Koothu, is placed within a railed enclosure, with a high seat for the drummer( belonging to nampiar community).

Only men from the Chakyar community are allowed to perform Koothu and Koodiyattam inside the Koothambalam. The women of the Ambalavasi-Nambiar caste (Nangyarammas), play Nangyar Koothu and the female characters of Koodiyattam. The traditional Ambalavasi-Nambiars play the mizhavu.

Famous temples with Koothambalams include the Thirunakkara Mahadeva Temple - Kottayam, Sreekrishna Temple - Guruvayoor, Vadakkumnathan Temple - Trichur, Koodalmanikyam Temple - Irinjalakkuda, Mahadeva Temple - Peruvanam in Trichur District, Sree Mahadeva temple - Thiruvegappura, Thirumandhamkunnu Bhagavathi Temple - Angadippuram in Malappuram District, Subramanya temple - Harippad, Thirumuzhikkulam Lakshamana Temple - near Aluva, Subramanya temple - Kidangoor, Siva Temple - Chengannur etc. The Kerala Kalamandalam, Deemed University for Art and Culture, Cheruthuruthy, Thrissur District houses a beautiful Koothambalam. Another koothambalam at Vyloppilly Samskarika Nilayam, Trivandrum which is built recently is another example built out of traditional context- i.e., outside temple premises. All these are rectangular in plan. The plan, elevation and structure of these follow the shape grammar typical to the traditional Kerala architecture following the vastu rules prescribed in thantrasamuccayam and silparatnam, the authentic texts on temple vastu.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Kerala Tourism - Souvenirs". Kerala Tourism - Govt. of Kerala. Retrieved 2011-12-02. 

1.Govardhan Panchal, "Kuttampalam and Kutiyattam", Sangeet Natak Akademi, New Delhi, 1984

Other sources[edit]

  • vendore,thrissur,kerala

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koothambalam — Please support Wikipedia.
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220 news items

The Hindu
Thu, 11 Feb 2016 16:36:38 -0800

An Aksharasloka Sadasu, which is a monthly event, will be held at 3 p.m. at the Koothambalam of Vyloppilly Samskriti Bhavan, Thiruvananthapuram on February 19. On the same day, at 3 p.m. there will be a presentation of Aksharasloka (Aksharasloka ...
The Hindu
Thu, 04 Feb 2016 16:11:15 -0800

A book festival organised by the International Book Fair Committee will begin at the Layam Koothambalam in Tripunithura on Friday. The 8-day festival will be inaugurated by Madhusoodana Kurup, Vice-Chancellor, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean ...

The News Minute

The News Minute
Mon, 25 Jan 2016 23:54:59 -0800

Popular Malayalam actress Kalpana Ranjini is expected to reach her final resting place by around 1p.m. at Tripunithura in Ernakulam on Tuedsay. Her grieving fans will be able to pay their respects at the Layam Koothambalam Hall in Tripunithura where ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Tue, 02 Feb 2016 16:56:15 -0800

I made my debut performance at Vadakkunnathan Temple Koothambalam in 1991,” says Aparna, who has doctorate in Sanskrit. Aparna was initiated into Koodiyattom at the age of 7 at Ammannur Chachu Chakiar Smaraka Gurukulam, which she says molded ...

International Business Times, India Edition

International Business Times, India Edition
Tue, 26 Jan 2016 00:08:30 -0800

... Ramesh Chennithalla, minister K Babu, actors Siddique, Kunjan, Bala, Janardhanan, Kavya Madhavan, Lalu Alex, Mamta Mohandas, Suresh Babu, Manoj K Jayan, directors Siddhique, Viji Thampy, Thampi Kannanthanam, have arrived in Koothambalam.

The Hindu

The Hindu
Mon, 25 Jan 2016 16:08:05 -0800

The body of actor Kalpana will be kept at Layam Koothambalam Hall, Tripunithura, on Tuesday from 2 p.m. for the public to pay their last respects, R. Chandrika Devi, municipal chairperson, said in a statement here. The body will be taken to the actor's ...

Times of India

Times of India
Wed, 27 Jan 2016 23:27:48 -0800

Then the body was taken to Layam Koothambalam hall in Tripunithura by 1.30pm where thousands paid their last respects. Later, the body was taken to her apartment Daffodils Garden near Kannankulangara where her relatives, including her sister Urvashi, ...

Kaumudi Online

Kaumudi Online
Tue, 26 Jan 2016 01:00:46 -0800

KOCHI: The body of actress Kalpana, who passed away yesterday, has been kept at Koothambalam in Thripunithura for the people to pay homage. The body which was flown from Hyderabad was received by the film fraternity at the Nedumbassery airport.

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