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Koothambalam or Kuttampalam meaning temple theatre is a closed hall for staging Koothu, Nangiar koothu and Koodiyattam, the ancient ritualistic art forms of Kerala, India. Koothambalams are said to be constructed according to the guide lines given in the chapter 2 of Nātyasāstra of Bharata Muni. The stage within the hall is considered to be as sacred as the temple sanctum. It is constructed within the cloister of the Temple; more precisely within the pancaprakaras of the temple. The prescribe location is between the prakaras of bahyahara and maryada. In Kerala tradition it is considered as one among the pancaprasadas of a temple complex. Its dimension vary from temple to temple.A square platform with a separate pyramidal roof supported by pillars in the center called natyamandapam is constructed as s separate structure within the large hall of Koothampalam. The floor of the hall is divided into two equal halves and one part is for performance (including stage, instruments, green room etc.) and other half for seating audience. During the performance, the stage is decorated with fruit-bearing plantains, bunches of coconuts and fronds of the coconut palm. A para[1] filled with rice is placed on the stage. A nilavilakku with three thiri is used for lighting. The mizhavu, a percussion instrument for accompanying Koothu, is placed within a railed enclosure, with a high seat for the drummer( belonging to nampiar community).

Only men from the Chakyar community are allowed to perform Koothu and Koodiyattam inside the Koothambalam. The women of the Ambalavasi-Nambiar caste (Nangyarammas), play Nangyar Koothu and the female characters of Koodiyattam. The traditional Ambalavasi-Nambiars play the mizhavu.

Famous temples with Koothambalams include the Thirunakkara Mahadeva Temple - Kottayam, Sreekrishna Temple - Guruvayoor, Vadakkumnathan Temple - Trichur, Koodalmanikyam Temple - Irinjalakkuda, Mahadeva Temple - Peruvanam in Trichur District, Sree Mahadeva temple - Thiruvegappura, Thirumandhamkunnu Bhagavathi Temple - Angadippuram in Malappuram District, Subramanya temple - Harippad, Thirumuzhikkulam Lakshamana Temple - near Aluva, Subramanya temple - Kidangoor, Siva Temple - Chengannur etc. The Kerala Kalamandalam, Deemed University for Art and Culture, Cheruthuruthy, Thrissur District houses a beautiful Koothambalam. Another koothambalam at Vyloppilly Samskarika Nilayam, Trivandrum which is built recently is another example built out of traditional context- i.e., outside temple premises. All these are rectangular in plan. The plan, elevation and structure of these follow the shape grammar typical to the traditional Kerala architecture following the vastu rules prescribed in thantrasamuccayam and silparatnam, the authentic texts on temple vastu.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Kerala Tourism - Souvenirs". Kerala Tourism - Govt. of Kerala. Retrieved 2011-12-02. 

1.Govardhan Panchal, "Kuttampalam and Kutiyattam", Sangeet Natak Akademi, New Delhi, 1984

Other sources[edit]

  • vendore,thrissur,kerala

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koothambalam — Please support Wikipedia.
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184 news items

Times of India
Sat, 23 Apr 2016 22:48:45 -0700

Thiruvananthapuram: It is not just a joint exhibition of paintings by children and grown-ups. It is perhaps a confluence of different genres of the art, through different medium. Organized by Tint Academy of Arts here, the exhibition titled 'Prithvi ...

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Sun, 24 Apr 2016 18:41:15 -0700

The second exhibition, put up at the 'Koothambalam' of Vyloppilly Samskrithi Bhavan, featured around 300 paintings in acrylic, oil painting, knife, digital and pencil and murals. They presented diverse themes; from Christ and Krishna in a single work ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 07 Apr 2016 17:33:22 -0700

Watch a Bharatanatyam performance by Vidhun Kumar from Pathanamthitta on April 9, 6.30 p.m.. Venue: Vyloppilly Samskriti Bhavan. Drisyavedi stages 'Banayudham' Kathakali on April 12, 6 p.m. Kalamandalam Pradeep dons the role of Banan and ...
The New Indian Express
Mon, 29 Apr 2013 23:11:15 -0700

The Tripunithura Municipal authorities' promise to complete the 'Koothambalam' project before March this is yet to be kept. The work is not even half way through. According to the plan, a 40X40-sqft Koothambalam was to be constructed at Laayam Ground, ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Mon, 12 Dec 2011 00:41:35 -0800

The koothambalam was being constructed by the Culture Department using funds allotted by the Tourism Department. The plan for the koothambalam was prepared by the Vastu Vidya Gurukulam, Aranmula. Work on the koothambalam began in 2006 with an ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 25 Feb 2016 06:01:13 -0800

... more determined to achieve as much as she can. Some of her short-term goals have been achieved while some others, such as the much-awaited reopening of the Koothambalam, are waiting in the wings. “We hope it will be reopened next year,” she says.

The Hindu

The Hindu
Mon, 25 Jan 2016 16:08:05 -0800

The body of actor Kalpana will be kept at Layam Koothambalam Hall, Tripunithura, on Tuesday from 2 p.m. for the public to pay their last respects, R. Chandrika Devi, municipal chairperson, said in a statement here. The body will be taken to the actor's ...

International Business Times, India Edition

International Business Times, India Edition
Tue, 26 Jan 2016 00:08:30 -0800

... Ramesh Chennithalla, minister K Babu, actors Siddique, Kunjan, Bala, Janardhanan, Kavya Madhavan, Lalu Alex, Mamta Mohandas, Suresh Babu, Manoj K Jayan, directors Siddhique, Viji Thampy, Thampi Kannanthanam, have arrived in Koothambalam.

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